National Repository of Grey Literature 27 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The needs of parents during the care of a terminally ill child
Helinská, Michaela ; Krejčí, Jiří (advisor) ; Lejsal, Matěj (referee)
This thesis deals with a very sensitive issue, such as the area of care of terminally ill and dying children. The fundamental theme of this thesis is the needs of parents during the care of a terminally ill child. The main purpose of this thesis is to map the needs of parents who are caring for their terminally ill child and to find out how their needs change during the course of their child's illness, dying and after death. An equally important aim is to find out how services providing children's palliative care respond to parents' needs and how parents assess the level of care provided. The thesis is divided into theoretical and empirical parts. In the introductory chapter of the theoretical part of the thesis, attention is paid to a general introduction to the field of dying and death. The following chapters deal with palliative care and the specifics of paediatric palliative care and the ways in which this care is provided in the Czech Republic. Another important topic of the theoretical part of the thesis is the area of human needs and their satisfaction. In the conclusion of the thesis the impact of a serious illness on the child and on the family of the sick child is also described. The empirical part of the thesis is devoted to qualitative research, which was carried out using...
The life quality of seniors at residential social care services within the framework of anti-pandemic restrictions of social contacts
ZEJDOVÁ, Veronika
Diploma thesis deals with the quality of life of seniors in residential services within the framework of anti-pandemic restrictions of social contacts. The aim of this qualification work is to evaluate the quality of life of seniors in two selected homes for the elderly within the framework of anti-pandemic restrictions on social contacts in the Czech Republic, together with an assessment of the effect of these measures on the general condition of the seniors. Four typological examples serve for this purpose. In the first chapter, through selected scientific disciplines, human is conceived as a naturally social being, while the importance of social contact and social relationship in his life is pointed out. In the second part, the basic aspects of ageing are outlined, on the basis of which it is established that in the life of a seniors, they can mean the emergence of certain needs and at the same time cause a different arrangement of the value scale. Their fulfillment or non-fulfillment is then directly related to the evaluation of the quality of their life. In the last part, the disease Covid-19 is characterized. Subsequently, the covid situation in both homes for the elderly is described, and finally the typological examples themselves are presented and their ethical evaluation.
The impact of Covid - 19 on paramedic's work
In this bachelor thesis I am dealing with a question of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on paramedic 's work in prehospital emergency care. In the theoretical part I am mentioning the COVID-19 disease itself. Furthermore, concepts of prehospital emergency care including emergency operations centre, paramedics, and specifics of their work during the pandemic of COVID-19 are defined. Concepts from the field of human needs are also included in the thesis. And because of the COVID-19 psychological impact on paramedics the issue of burnout syndrome is mentioned too. The research part consists of a qualitative research based on a semi-structured interview. The research sample are employees of the medical rescue service from the Vysočina Region with at least 2 years of working experience. The first goal of this thesis is to find out in which work activities the pandemic of COVID-19 has affected paramedics in providing prehospital emergency care. The second goal is to find out if paramedics perceive a difference between providing prehospital emergency care to patients before the pandemic and during the pandemic of COVID-19. The final goal of the thesis is to find out what fields of human needs paramedics are not satisfied in providing prehospital emergency care during the pandemic of COVID-19. Results of the bachelor thesis will be given to the Chief Executive of the Vysočina Region Medical Rescue Service to show support to their employees not only during the pandemic of COVID-19.
Psychosocial aspects in radiotherapy
ICHOVÁ, Barbora
The bachelor's thesis on "Psychosocial aspects in radiotherapy" deals with psychosocial aspects of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy and radiology assistants who assist with the treatment. The thesis set two goals. The first goal was to conduct research on psychosocial problems that patients undergoing radiotherapy face. The second goal was to survey psychosocial aspects related to radiology assistants and their job. The thesis has theoretical and practical parts and consists of 6 chapters. The theoretical part focuses on radiotherapy, current situation and human needs related to cancer treatment. It also focuses on psychological and social aspects of radiotherapy, stress and its mechanisms, and last but not least, problems which auxiliary medical personnel need to solve. The practical part contains a questionnaire survey which was carried out among oncological patients and radiology assistants. Questionnaires for both groups were designed in a semi-structured form and subsequently statistically processed. The results of the survey offer an opportunity to gain insight into experience of cancer patients and radiology assistants. It gives answers to questions about the most severe psychosocial distress in patients undergoing radiotherapy and about factors which most influence the quality of their life. The results also show the impact of psychosocial risks and stress on radiology assistants and the ways of coping with them. The thesis can be a useful aid for radiology assistants and medical students and can facilitate communication with cancer patients during their treatment.
Quality of life of the elderly in residential facility
The bachelor thesis deals with the quality of life of seniors and their needs in the retirement homes. The first chapter describes ageing and old age, division of old age and preparation for old age. The second chapter describes human needs and their division, then attention is focused on the needs of seniors and on the specific needs of seniors in the home for the elderly and barriers to their fulfillment. The third chapter deals with the quality of life and with their division and measurement, than focus on the quality of life in old age and on the context of quality of life and the needs of seniors in the homes for the elderly. The final chapter describes the homes for the elderly, then discusses the standards of quality of social services, individual planning, using the client's life story in care and cooperation with the family of seniors as tools that significantly affect the fulfillment of specific needs and thereby affect the quality of life of seniors in the homes for elderly.
What patients need and what they miss from nurses.
KŘÍŽ, Miroslav
Human needs accompany a person throughout the entire life. They can be characterized as a property of the organism, which gives an impulse to perform certain activities or search for a certain conditions necessary for life. Needs have a direct effect on the person's mental aspect. If a person fails to satisfy his or her needs, mental well-being is disrupted. The aim of the bachelor's thesis was to find out in which area of nursing care patients feel a deficit. It was focused on the needs of patients hospitalized in the standard inpatient ward, who are not satisfied with the nurses to a sufficient extent or quality. The work deals with the care provided and whether it corresponds with the ideas of patients, whether it meets their expectations, and what shortcomings they encountered during their hospitalization. The basis of the work is the theoretical part, in which we described the patient's personality and their approach to health and illness. We characterized the profession of a nurse and the prerequisites for its performance. We focused on the relationship between a nurse and a patient, their mutual communication and cooperation. We have defined human needs, their division, satisfaction and barriers that complicate their fulfilment. We also talked about the care provided in inpatient wards, which is performed by the nursing process method. In the research part of the bachelor thesis we used a qualitative method of data collection. Through a semi-structured interview, we obtained information from patients hospitalized in the inpatient department of the hospital. The data obtained were processed by the pencil-paper coding method. The results of the interviews showed that a large number of nurses provide care to a sufficient extent and of appropriate quality. They actively seek and satisfy the needs of patients with helpfulness and tact. The informants find the nurses' care to be of good quality and observe that its level is constantly improving. They appreciate that a smile is often seen on faces of many nurses. Deficiencies were found in the care of immobile patients who were not provided with fully adequate care. In elderly patients, there isn't always enough time provided for the performance of required procedure. Some nurses cannot communicate properly with patients. They show signs of superiority and lesser self-control abilities. All informants talk about the high workload of nurses who work in small numbers, which leads to time pressure and failure to perform all the procedures needed to provide quality care. Informants see the main source of problems in the low number of nurses. This work could be a lesson for nurses who are in direct contact with patients. Many of them provide their care based on a medical diagnosis, doctor's instructions, or learned routine. But it is important to realize that nursing care is a wide range of activities that are based on what the person being cared for needs.
Quality of life of persons with mental disabilities from the perspective of their parents, depanding of the supply of social services in Pardubice
Trnková, Iveta ; Šiška, Jan (advisor) ; Latimier, Camille (referee)
SUMMARY: In my diploma work deals with evaluating the quality of life of persons with intellectual disabilities by their parents. The work used quantitative educational research, specifically survey. The first section summarizes selected theoretical background on the issue of mental disability and quality of life of people with intellectual disabilities. In the second part of my thesis is described by the research, which was investigated methods, what strategies were used and research items have been collected. The results obtained are summarized in the final part. The aim of this thesis was to explore whether a range of social services in Pardubice significant indicator of quality of life of people with intellectual disabilities from the perspective of their parents. The results show that it is not.
Creation as one of human needs
Melicharová, Julie ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Uhlář, Pavel (referee)
This thesis deals with the relationship between creation, human needs (focusing on the need for self-actualization) and creativity. The theoretical part describes the general and artistic creation and then creation is further divided into professional and amateur. The thesis briefly discusses the human needs and later focuses on the theory of basic human needs according to Maslow. Emphasis is put on the need for self-actualization. The last part of the theoretical section is devoted to creativity, the current perception of this phenomenon, and primarily focuses on the connection between creativity and self-actualization, as defined by Maslow. The empirical section describes the design of research that explores the correlation between self-actualization and creation, while comparing self-actualization and creativity among three groups: (1) people that create as a profession, (2) people that create as a hobby and (3) people that do not create. Keywords: Creation, human needs, self-actualization, creativity
The need of confidence and safety at selected pediatric departments
Hospitalization means a lot of changes for a child. A child does not feel well, is isolated from home, friends, and comes to a new unknown environment full of white coats, fear, and different illnesses. After coming to hospital, a child loses the feeling of safety and is afraid. Fulfilling the child´s needs of certainty and safety is crucial for the child´s healthy development that is why the thesis deals with this topic. The aim of the thesis is to map to what extend the needs of safety and certainty of children are fulfilled in chosen departments. The thesis aims to find out in what way the asked children adapt to the hospital environment and to map the nurses´ approach to the children in the context of fulfilling the needs of safety and certainty as well. In the theoretical part, classification of children´s needs is described and the needs of certainty and safety are characterized. This part deals with adaptation of a child to the hospital environment and cooperation with the family, the role of parents during child´s hospitalisation, and the issue of hospitalism. For the empirical part, qualitative research was chosen via a method of semi-structured interviews with hospitalized children and nurses. The research sample was created by 17 children of younger school age and 6 nurses in the same ratio from three children´s department of Motol University Hospital. When interviewing children, we were finding out how they feel at hospital, what they experience, if they have visitors, if they are not afraid, and how they are informed about the diagnosis, check-ups, and the length of hospitalization. We were interviewing nurses about ensuring the needs of certainty and safety, decreasing fear and pain, common hospitalization of parents and children, and preparation of children for check-ups. On the basis of the analysis of results, we made a conclusion that the needs of safety and certainty are fulfilled to a great extend at children. Children generally adapt to the hospital environment well. Nurses treat them with love and try to devote themselves to them, encourage them and substitute their parents if they are not hospitalized with them. We think, however, that they do no devote enough time to psychosocial anamnesis and that is why an adaptation questionnaire was created which will serve nurses after admitting a child to hospitalization.
Parkinson´s disease - enforced life transformation
OLTOVÁ, Eliška
The main goal of this thesis was to map the changes in the life of people diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. To shed light on this topic, three research questions were designated: How does the Parkinson's disease influence the biological site of the individual? How does the Parkinson's disease influence the mental site of the individual? How does the Parkinson's disease influence the social site of the individual? The empirical part of this bachelor thesis was conducted by a method of qualitative research investigation, which was conducted by a technique of semi-structured interview. Each interview was separated into four different parts. The first part was focused on the basic information about the interviewee. The second part was focused on the impact of the disease on the biological site of the individual. The third part was dedicated to unravelling the impact of the disease on the mental site of the individual and the fourth part was revolving around the impact of the disease to the social site of the individual. The researched group consisted of people with Parkinson's disease, who are attending the Parkinson's club in České Budějovice. The obtained results were processed with the method of open coding, utilizing the technique "pen-paper". The results are presented in separate categories, which are further divided into a specific number of subcategories. The first category focuses on the impact of the disease on the biological needs and involves subcategories focused on the first signs of the disease, the mobility, self-sufficiency, sleep and eating. The second category concentrates on the impact of the disease on the mental needs and is composed of subcategories looking at the adaptation to the disease, the mood, life values and priorities. The third category focuses on the impact of the disease on the social needs and involves subcategories focused on the free time activities, the vocational life, the family relationships, the relationships with friends and on the economic situation. Based on the obtained results, it is possible to state that the Parkinson's disease is not only a physical illness, as it strongly affects the mental and social site of the patient as well. This work brings a unified view on the topic of Parkinson's disease and its impact on the everyday life of the patient. This work can be used by anyone, who wants to obtain more thorough idea on the ordinary life of the patient diagnosed with Parkinson's disease and his/her needs.

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