National Repository of Grey Literature 1,123 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
"Lost Ideas of Middle Age and Lify Cycle of Idea in Middle Age"
Koutský, Karel ; Komárek, Stanislav (advisor) ; Pinc, Zdeněk (referee) ; Janko, Jan (referee)
1 ABSTRACT This work consists of two parts. The first one, "Lost Ideas of Middle Age" has a character of an auxiliary study and does not hold any particular scientific ambitions. It serves as a reservoir for monitored case out of history of science in its widest meaning. Good deal of attention is dedicated to so called blind alleys of science, too (therefore "Lost Ideas"), as they are considered an important source. This wide scope was necessary due to the task of the second part of the work, i.e. tracking and identification of evolutionary processes of ideas/"memes" in medieval natural philosophy. Even those ideas, that do not directly share on "pedigree" of thesis claimed by modern science, were subject to evolution and in effect, even their death or degeneration should be of an interest. Another reason for chosen wide scope was a question of proper context. Medieval philosophers were interested in general questions and any particular problematic they were interested in was related to the "big picture". Medieval universe felt a bit like a living organism where every single part played its specific role in supporting harmony of the whole - in contrast to modern science which disintegrates into number of ever more specialised branches with increasing tendency to lose ability to communicate among themselves....
Ethical issues of assisted reproduction with emphasis cryopreservation methods
Zajíčková, Markéta ; Haškovcová, Helena (advisor) ; Křepelka, Petr (referee) ; Teplá, Olga (referee)
Human infertility is not a new phenomenon, but it is as old as humanity itself. Currently in most developed countries, the number of couples who have a problem with childbearing is growing. This is due, among other things, to the lifestyle associated with career development and postponement of parenthood. While in the past infertile couples usually had only two options to deal with their sterility - childlessness and a substitute life program, or adopting a child. Today, infertile couples have a third option and this is the treatment of infertility using assisted reproduction methods. This year, exactly forty years have elapsed since the birth of the first child by means of extracorporeal fertilization. Already then the assisted reproduction was considered a method that is ethically problematic. Numerous specialists, such as physicians, biologists, lawyers, philosophers, theologians, and others, have been involved in the quest for ethical issues. Not only there has been no solution to some problems during the whole lifetime of assisted reproduction on which most experts and the general public would agree, but with the gradual development of this treatment method new problems have arisen. Today's stage of development of artificial insemination techniques and procedures together with modern...
Post-war political situation in Lovosice (1945-1948)
Broul, Jan ; Čechurová, Jana (advisor) ; Randák, Jan (referee)
Příloha č. 2 Abstract In my bachelor's thesis I decided to write about the political situation in the town of Lovosice after World War II during the so-called Third Republic in the years 1945 - 1948. At the beginning, I would like to focus on the liberation of Lovosice by the Red Army and analyze the process of taking power by the National Committee, headed by Rudolf Kaftan. How the fighting took place, what influence the domestic Czech resistance had there and what was the resistance from German troops and local Germans. I would like to focus primarily on these issues. I would also like to process the subsequent expulsion of the German population from the city, where it may be interesting to follow the fates of some German families and important people. I want to find out how the expulsion of the Germans took place, in what amount, according to what rules and if there were any excesses and loss of life. I will also be interested in how the savage expulsion in 1945 differed from the organized one, which did not begin until May 1946. I also want to analyze the property relations and changes that took place during the expulsion and in the following months. I will also point out the significant demographic change of the city. Furthermore, in my work I will examine the political actions of the National...
The History of the Capuchin Monastery in Žatec
Frýba, Luboš ; Buben, Milan (advisor) ; Čepelák, Jiří Augustin (referee)
This work aims to present the Capuchin Monastery's history in Žatec, from its foundation in 1676 to its abolition in 1950. The monastery history itself is preceded by a presentation of the Capuchin order and a brief history of Žatec with a focus on the development of religion in the town. Within monastic history, important personalities connected with this monument are also presented. The next part deals with the artistic decoration of the Monastery Church of the Coronation of the Virgin Mary and the works of art of the monastery itself, which have been preserved in other institutions. At the end of the work is shown the current state of the whole monastery complex and its future plans.
Why is Arabic the language of Christian Malta? Oriental heritage in the forming of Maltese culture
Kolek, Michael ; Mikulicová, Mlada (advisor) ; Buben, Milan (referee)
Bachelor's work "Why is Arabic spoken in Christian Malta? The heritage of the Orient on the formation of Malta's culture first solves with in the Phoenician colonisation of the Mediterranean island of Malta. In addition, the information on the Christian-Jewish communities on the island is briefly outlined. Following the subsequent Arab government in the Mediterranean, the work focuses on the recatholicization of the island through the Inquisition. There will also be reference to the action of Jesuits, which paradoxically supported the Oriental heritage. The next part of the work is about Maltese, Semitic. The conclusion of the work looks at the current relationship of the Maltese to the Arab heritage, the effect of Arabic on the Maltese Catholic liturgy, and the attitude towards the Arab and Islam in general. Keywords Arabic, history, Islam, Christianity, Malta, Orient
Interviews about the Revival of the Czech Scout Movement after 1989
Kubicová, Kateřina ; Novotný, David Jan (advisor) ; Slanec, Jaroslav (referee)
This practical bachelor thesis is dedicated to the revival of the Czech scout movement after 1989. The thesis outlines the circumstances of the revival through interviews with contemporaries. The first part of the thesis describes the scout movement. It focuses on the foundations of the movement internationally and it introduces individuals who participated in it. Furthermore, the thesis depicts the circumstances of establishing the Czech scout movement and its history. It also describes the main principles and values of the movement. The second chapter of the theoretical part defines the interview as a specific journalistic genre. It specifies its key features and different types. At the same time, it mentions a number of principles and various approaches a journalist can take when conducting an interview. It describes the history of the genre and highlights significant authors and journalists who influenced it the most. The practical part of this bachelor thesis consists of six interviews and a photobook. The interviews were conducted with contemporaries, who were members of the scout movement after 1989 and remember its revival. At the time they were either leading it or were active in scout units. Through their memories, the practical part reveals different problems and circumstances connected...
A year in scout in photography
Pecháčková, Alžběta ; Géla, František (advisor) ; Slanec, Jaroslav (referee)
The theoretical part of this bachelor thesis is divided into four chapters. The first part consists of a short description of the history of the scout movement, furthermore, it conveys the circumstances of the origin of Scouting and its spreading all over the world. I pay attention to both the world and the Czech environment. The second chapter explains and clarifies the main ideas and values of the scout movement and its three "foundation stones" - the scout promise, law, and motto plus daily order. The third chapter presents some of the Czech Scouting magazines and their characteristics, however, the area of interest is focused only on currently published titles. I diverted from the thesis by adding another chapter about the media image of Scouting based on selected examples to keep the work up to date. The practical part is a book consisting of photographs that I took in the period from August to December 2020 on a summer camp and other scout events. The images are arranged in such a way as to outline the diversity of scout activities and so that readers can get an idea of what a normal day at a scout camp looks like.
A history of the profession and education of the midwives
Vaňková, Vendula ; Alušík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Černý, Karel (referee)
This work deals with the process of mapping the history of the profession and education of midwives, focusing on the Czech lands. The first mention of the existence of midwives dates back to the 2nd millennium BC (ancient Egypt, ancient Greece). Already at this time there was a detailed knowledge about pregnancy, childbirth and the complications that could occur. The aim of this work is to find out as much information and knowledge as possible about the way and system of education of midwives from the beginnings (given the available sources this is the period from the Late Middle Ages to the Early Modern times) to the present. The introductory chapters first describe the times where there was no comprehensive education system for midwives, so the teaching took place in such a way that a young girl served an apprenticeship with an experienced midwife, who passed all her knowledge and experiences on to her. Only since the end of the 18th century a compulsory training and qualification testing for midwives were introduced. In these days, future midwives prepare for the profession at universities by studying the bachelor's program in Midwifery, that lasts 3 years. The next chapters of the thesis discuss the general conditions that any midwife had to meet in order to do this profession (including the...
The Long Jump on the Modern Olympic Games and other International Competitions
Matějček, Tomáš ; Kolář, František (advisor) ; Kaplan, Aleš (referee)
Title: A long jump at the modern Olympic Games and other international competitions Subtitle: Personalities and records Objectives: The aim of the thesis is to monitor and analyse individual personalities who at modern Olympic Games and other international top competitions (World Championships, European Championships, Diamond League) pushed forward the record in the long jump, both in relation to the development of the jump technique and other factors affecting the discipline. The work deals more with the athletes themselves and their medallions than with the development of the discipline. Methods: The analysis method was used in the work. The analysis was carried out on results in the long jump from 1896, i.e. from the first modern Olympic Games to 2021. The change in the world record and its evolution, as well as the change in its holders, were analysed in the reporting period. Other personalities who made history in the long jump were also followed. Results: Records in the long jump has changed at international competitions depending on changes in training methods, technique, material and external conditions. Keywords: long jump; olympic games; world record; athletics

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