National Repository of Grey Literature 13 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Food Security and Machine Learning: Opportunities and Challenges
Hruška, Adam ; Špelda, Petr (advisor) ; Plattner, Simon Antonin (referee)
The emergence of the effects of global warming, as well as the ongoing depletion of fossil fuels and fertile soil pose a serious threat for the future of the agricultural industry. Alternatively, the continuous population growth mainly in the less developed regions highlights the future need of approximately 70-110 percent increase in the overall output of contemporary food production. While the current conventional agriculture deploys a multitude of technologies including the precision agriculture framework, the future needs of the population exceed the projected capabilities of the industry. Machine learning as the current fastest growing technology represents the potential remedy for the emerging issues, yet the extent of successful implementation remains uncertain. The thesis aims to uncover the potential future implications of implementation of machine learning based technology in agriculture through the use of the new scenario building methodology. The analysis builds on a varying set of empirical data, current state of art projects in machine learning and multiple future trend projections. Albeit the scenario building technique allows for a potentially endless number of constructed scenarios, the thesis concentrates on three main plot lines. First scenario tackles the more probable...
Potential for Agricultural Trade between China and Central and Eastern Europe within the 16+1 Framework
Rasenko, Elena ; Semerák, Vilém (advisor) ; Benáček, Vladimír (referee)
The goal of the following paper is to analyse the trade potential for Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and China in the trade of food products. Even though the trade in food products is comparably low, there are several reasons why it is worth a deeper analysis. Food security is having an important role in the Chinese domestic politics. Due to environmental, socio- economic and demographic changes, China cannot be self-sufficient and is therefore dependent on food imports. Since the introduction of the One Belt One Road Initiative and the 16+1 framework, China aims to improve the cooperation and trade in food commodities with participating countries. CEE can be a reliable partner because it produces high quality products with comparative advantages. With the help of the Gravity Model, the effects of the 16+1 framework was estimated, as well as the trade potential. Following the results, the introduction of the 16+1 framework has a positive and significant effect on agricultural trade between CEE and China. However, only five countries have potential to increase their food exports to China, while the remaining eleven already exceed their food exports. China on the other hand, is exporting below its potential in most of the cases.
Food security and staple crops
Čermáková, Lenka ; Milerová Prášková, Dagmar (advisor) ; Jančák, Vít (referee)
Nowadays, with growing population especially in developing countries, hunger and poverty are a huge problem. To reduce or eliminate hunger and poverty, the concept of food security was introduced. This concept describes an ideal situation to be reached. The first part of my work introduces this concept and introduces four basic pillars of food security. Food security is closely related crops, so the second part of my work focuses on selected staple crops that play a role in realizing the food security concept. These crops are rice, corn, potatoes and wheat. The concept will be fulfilled when all four pillars are met simultaneously. There are many obstacles in the way, from economic to climate ones. Changes need to be adapted whether through change in agriculture (more mechanization and electrification) or by improving the conditions of the farmers themselves. Improving the infrastructure will allow the consumer base to be broadened and thus revenue increased. The result is that everything depends on the crops themselves which have the potential to eliminate hunger. In the beginning, it is important to select a seed, to grow a crop that can provide income and that will not grow at the expense of farmers' livelihoods. Avoiding food degradation in poor storage or production can save many crops. With...
Land grabbing in developing countries
Hučík, Jakub ; Novotný, Josef (advisor) ; Vrtiška, Tomáš Josef (referee)
The objective of this study is to give a summary of today's knowledge and information about land grabbing thus about large land acuisitions for agricultural purposes, especially in the developing countries. These investments are led by various reasons, the main reason being economical profit. The most obvious and the most visible impacts fall mainly on poor local residents but also on country's economical development or environment. Besides causes and effects I looked at the total extent of land grabbing as shown by different statistics. In the last chapter I depicted land grabbing on an example of a particular country, namely Mozambique. Especially a possible extent of those land acqusitions and specific effects on population of this country.
The WTO, Agribusiness, and the Third Food Regime
Wilhelm-Ross, Samuel ; Hrishabh, Sandilya (advisor) ; Bernard Thompson Mikes, Antonin (referee)
Food regime theory emerged in the 1980s as a tool to delineate the history of the modern food system. Scholars insist that we have arrived at the third and putative corporate food regime that is dominated by a select group of agribusiness corporations. The corporate food regime"s ascent to dominance will be presented here as a product of the realization of neoliberal trade policies at the urging of the World Trade Organization. Initially promising development to fledgling countries, the WTO"s forays into agriculture have amounted to nothing less than a catastrophe for the Global South. The hope that developing countries would be able to trade their way out of debt has long been abandoned, and the gap between the developed and developing world has only been further exacerbated as a result of trade liberalization. Worse yet, the WTO"s Agreement on Agriculture was intentionally littered with loopholes that allow Northern countries to egregiously subsidize crops that are then exported off to Southern markets at artificially low prices, crippling local producers in the process. Through examining import and export flows in the Global South since the trade agreement, this cruel feature of the modern food system will become evident as will the subsequent jump in agribusiness" profits amid the direst of...
Obstacles and Solutions to Solving the Global Hunger Issue in the World
Obenbergerová, Lucie ; Pavlík, Petr (advisor) ; Kačírková, Eliška (referee)
The urgency of the global hunger and poverty issues has led to establishment of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals with the deadline at the end of 2015. The presented bachelor thesis focuses on the first and the most difficult goal which is to reduce extreme poverty and hunger by half compared to 1990. Obstacles to achieving the goal emerge, slow down the progress and lower the effect of the invested money and effort. The aim of the thesis is to define and evaluate the obstacles and their negative effect on developing countries and implementation of otherwise efficient solutions, which are afterwards described. The thesis supports, with an example of three successful countries from different parts of the world, the fact that by using adequate methods it is possible to achieve the goal.

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