National Repository of Grey Literature 116 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Musculoskeletal disorders and kinesiotherapy options in pregnant women
Strejciusová, Aneta ; Aujezdská, Eva (advisor) ; Michalčinová, Klaudia (referee)
BACHELOR THESIS ABSTRACT Author: Aneta Strejciusová Supervisor: Mgr. Eva Aujezdská Title: Musculoskeletal disorders and kinesiotherapy options in pregnant women Abstract: This bachelor thesis deals with the issue of frequent musculoskeletal disorders in pregnant women and kinesiotherapy options. The aim of the work is to describe these disorders and difficulties associated with them and to apply kinesiotherapy to selected patients in a suitable way to prevent or at least affect them. The bachelor thesis is divided into theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part first describes the changes taking place in all body systems during pregnancy. The next chapter deals with physical activities in this period. The main chapter of the theoretical part of the work describes in detail the most common disorders of the musculoskeletal system, which include decrease of the arch of the foot, low back pain, diastasis of the abdominal muscles, pelvic floor dysfunction and carpal tunnel syndrome. In the last chapter of the theoretical part mentions selected physiotherapeutic concepts and methods that can be used in kinesiotherapy in pregnant women. The practical part of the work consists of case reports of three patients containing kinesiological examination, the goal and plan of therapy and a description of past...
Parkinson's disease in the context of the musculoskeletal system and rehabilitation care
Špína, Martin ; Hráský, Pavel (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: Parkinson's disease (PD) in the context of comprehensive rehabilitation Objectives: The aim of the thesis was to process knowledge about Parkinson's disease and methods of treatment. The practical part of it focused on examining the symptoms, methods of exercise and home conditions of patients with PD. The results were used to make recommendation for these patients. Methods: Within a theoretical part a survey was created and compiled for patients with PD. The survey anonymously addressed 15 respondents suffering from PD. The research took place in May 2021. The respondents' anonymisation was fully preserved. Results: People with PD mostly suffer from symptoms such as rigidity, tremor and deterioration of cognitive abilities. Over 50% of the respondents do regular exercise on a ball. A smaller number of them do Yoga. None of them had experience with Schultz's autogenous training and Jacobson's progressive muscle relaxation. Keywords: Treatment, physical activity, symptoms, Parkinson's disease, therapy, comprehensive rehabilitation.
Non-pharmacological approaches towards treatments of mitochondrial disorders
Kudrnovská, Barbora ; Mráček, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kalous, Martin (referee)
Mitochondrial diseases are characterized by a high degree of genotypic and phenotypic heterogeneity, but as a whole group, they represent one of the most common forms of inborn errors of metabolism. Treatment of these diseases is still very limited, despite massive body of ongoing research projects, which are focussed on new therapeutic approaches. Besides pharmacological methods, there are also non-pharmacological approaches such as certain diet regimens, physical activity or exposition to hypoxia. Due to their relatively generalized mechanism of action, these methods may offer benefits to a wider range of mitochondrial patients, despite different primary genetic defects. This work summarizes the existing knowledge about the use of exercise, ketogenic diet, and hypoxia application as possible therapeutic approaches towards the treatment of mitochondrial diseases. Keywords: mitochondria, mitochondrial diseases, therapy, exercise, ketogenic diet, hypoxia
Cardiac ischemic tolerance in rats subjected to adaptation to chronic hypoxia and physical exercise: the role of TNF-alpha.
Svatoňová, Anna
Cardiovascular diseases represent the most important health risk factors because they are responsible for more than 50% of total mortality. Among them, the ischemic heart disease is leading cause of mortality. From the whole spectrum of different cardioprotective phenomena we have selected: 1) adaptation to chronic normobaric hypoxia (CNH) as the traditional experimental model in our laboratory area and 2) protective effect of exercise which in recent years represents promising and clinically relevant protective mechanism. The whole thesis is based on two studies. Aim of the first study was to characterize the expression of the main pro-inflammatory cytokine, TNF-α, in hearts of rats adapted to CNH. Chronic TNF-α inhibition by infliximab was used for discovering of certain role of TNF-α in CNH. We showed that increased myocardial level of TNF-α during adaptation to CNH was contributed via its receptor TNFR2 and nuclear factor κB-dependent activation of protective redox signalling with increased antioxidant defence. This adaptive pathway participates on the infarct size-limiting effect of CNH. Aim of the second study was find out whether exercise training and CNH could play synergy in cardiac protection in rats model. We reported that CNH and exercise reduced infarct size but their combination...
Acipimox during Short-Term Exercise Exerts A Negative Feedback of Growth Hormone on Ghrelin Secretion in Patients with Bulimia Nervosa and in Healthy Women: The Role of Lipolysis
Smitka, Kvido ; Nedvídková, Jara (advisor) ; Kršek, Michal (referee) ; Čáp, Jan (referee)
Title: Acipimox during Short-Term Exercise Exerts A Negative Feedback of Growth Hormone on Ghrelin Secretion in Patients with Bulimia Nervosa and in Healthy Women: The Role of Lipolysis Objective: Eating disorders, such as bulimia nervosa (BN) and anorexia nervosa (AN), are characterized by abnormal eating behavior. The main features of BN are binge-eating and inappropriate compensatory methods to prevent weight gain. The appetite-modulating peptide ghrelin is secreted by the stomach and shows a strong release of growth hormone (GH). A potential GH-ghrelin feedback loop between stomach and the pituitary has been recently reported. Acipimox (Aci), an analogue of nicotinic acid, inhibits lipolysis in adipose tissue (AT) and reduces plasma glycerol and free fatty acids (FFA) levels. Exercise and Aci are stimulators of GH secretion. We suppose that a negative feedback from increased GH levels during exercise may play a role in reducing plasma ghrelin levels. We surmised that altered baseline activity and exercise-induced activation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) results in excessive stimulation of lipolysis associated with negative energy balance and may lead to abnormal AT metabolism in patients with BN. Disruption of the gut-brain-AT axis might be involved in the pathogenesis of BN. The...
The influence of the Pilates method on faulty posture and low back pain
Štveráková, Tereza ; Vitujová, Marie (advisor) ; Ptáková, Karolína (referee)
The diploma thesis invastigates the effect of specifically designed six-week clinical Pilates program on posture and low back pain. The theoretical part contains an overview of the Pilates method - the history, principles and its usage in rehabilitation. It also briefly describes the concept of Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS), which, along with the original Pilates method and the Spiraldynamic concept, has created the current Pilates Clinic Method. Furthermore, one chapter is devoted to the system of training Pilates teachers in the Czech Republic. The main objective of the practical part is to evaluate and compare the effect of an organized and an individual six-week Pilates exercise programme in patients with faulty posture and low back pain. Subsequently, constitutive objectives are set on the basis of selected examination methods. Firstly, evaluation of the exercise programme by the means of clinical objective tests combined into 5 groups: standing and balance, spinal mobility, DNS tests, somatognosia (shoulder width) and respiratory amplitude. Secondly, with the instrumental measurement of Bodystat's values: height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, fat, active body mass, water and body mass index. Thirdly, subjective evaluation using standardized questionnaires the...
Mass motion composition of the younger school age children at the All - Sokol gatherings
Krutilková, Eva ; Hejlová, Helena (referee) ; Uhlířová, Jana (referee)
Keywords: gathering (slet), motion composition, Sokol, spartakiada, psychomotorics, exercise, drill, press reviews, educationalist-trainer, younger school age children Abstract: The substance of the thesis is tracing down the development of the mass gathering compositions intended for the younger school age children in given historical period, that is 1907 - 2018. The aim is to drill the mass Sokol gathering composition "The imitative exercise" from the year 1932 with 8 years old children and repeat it in the present time. Also to analyse this motion composition from the psychomotorical, educational and physical point of view. Practicing the motion composition helps solving the answer to this research question. Further more, in the performance of this motion composition, we search for the testimonies about the spirit of the time, educational approach and the characteristics of the physical education tutors of the time.
Attitude to rehabilitation and exercise in people with multiple sclerosis
Šmejkalová, Barbora ; Novotná, Klára (advisor) ; Slámová, Adéla (referee)
BACHELOR THESIS ABSTRACT Author: Barbora Šmejkalová Supervisor: Mgr. Klára Novotná, Ph.D. Consultant: Ing. Karolína Jakovcová Title: Attitude to Rehabilitation and Exercise in People with Multiple Sclerosis Abstract: The bachelor thesis adresses the attitude of patients with multiple sclerosis to rehabilitation and exercise. This bachelor thesis consists of theoretical and practical parts. The theoretical part includes a brief description of this disease and describes several possibilities of physiotherapy of multiple sclerosis. It also discusses the motivation of patients to exercise and appropriate physical activities. The practical part is based on a questionnaire survey conducted on the basis of a completed study in the MS Center at the Department of Neurology of the First Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital in Prague. Data obtained from the rehabilitation questionnaire and the Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity questionnaire are processed in the form of tables and graphs. The aim of this work is to find out the patients' attitude to rehabilitation and exercise. I was interested in what motivates patients to physical activity and exercise, or what limits or prevents it. I also focused on monitoring the relation of demographic parameters to physical activities. The results...

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