National Repository of Grey Literature 15 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
"The Invention" of Intelligence and its Reflection in Czech Pedagogical and Social-pedagogical Discourse, Based on Selected Academic Journals from 1888 to 1944.
Čechová, Anežka ; Kolářová, Kateřina (advisor) ; Herza, Filip (referee)
The thesis deals with intelligence, as a socio-cultural concept that has its own history and development. It thus deconstructs the naturalized notions of a biological "essence" of intelligence, which has not been proved to this day. The scientific and philosophical modes of thinking, that participated in both "inventing" intelligence and its forming, are introduced. The analysis of the primary sources enables to compass the reflection of these dominant scientific approaches towards intelligence in the Czech expert discourses. The thesis also reflects on the important role intelligence has in the assessment of mental norm and disability, and it thus analyses the perception of disability during the defined historical period, including the discourse analysis of the different representations of disability. Key words Intelligence, disability, craniometry, eugenics, pedagogy, medicine, biopower.
The Nazi ideology in relation to persons with mental disabilities
Kučerová, Zuzana ; Marková, Alena (advisor) ; Vávra, Martin (referee)
Diploma thesis "Nazi ideology in relation to mentally ill people" focuses on starting points and ideas of this ideology, which in its consequences led to social exclusion and subsequent systematic extermination of people with a certain handicap. Although the thesis is limited in time from 1933 - 1945, it also follows development line of selected scientific disciplines, which were significantly reflected in the Nazi ideology. Primarily it concerns historical science, medical disciplines, genetics, racial hygiene, eugenic origins and other related disciplines. The thesis also takes into account the economic situation of that time with its many social problems which arose as a result of the new geopolitical arrangement after the World War I and the changes in the social world of that period and it also captures the process of changes in the social status of mentally ill people in the course of history. Last but not least, it describes the practical consequences of these changes, which were "forced sterilization" and "euthanasia" of both children and adults. The Nazi ideology is viewed in this regard from three perspectives: legal, theoretical with a broader historical context and on the practical level in the form of the consequences of the two previous perspectives. Key words: nazi ideology, mental...
H.S.Chamberlain: visionary of biological realism.
The diploma thesis delay with H. S. Chamberlain's thinking as a representative of biological determinism and racism, which id presented in the context of modern progress of secular thinking. Thesis further describes eugenics as the outcome of this way of thinking, which is presented in it's theory and the practice of Nazi "racial hygiene", but also at present, where eugenics practice in a certain measure still persists, under other names only.
Eugenika v kontextu rozvojových zemí
Alanová, Markéta
Eugenics in context of development countries. Bachelor Thesis, Brno: Mendel University, Faculty of Regional Development and International Studies, 2016. Supervisor of bachelor thesis Mgr. Eva Taterová, M.A. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to compare eugenics manifestations in two world areas and that in Rwanda and Tibet. Thesis deals with gradual development of eugenics and its outcome application in those two mentioned areas with an outline of their historical context. Bachelor thesis reveals interesting findings about gene pools manipulation as an important mile stones in this science field. At the end of the thesis are evaluated two similarities or different factors of two eugenics experiments (in Rwanda and Tibet).
Conception of Science in the Selected Works by Simon Mawer
Miháliková, Veronika ; Topolovská, Tereza (advisor) ; Chalupský, Petr (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to explore Simon Mawer's approach to science and to compare the roles of science in his novels Mendel's Dwarf and The Girl Who Fell from the Sky. The description of author's life and its influence on his work with emphasis on the scientific aspects is provided and his opinion on the relationship between science and literature given. The difference between fiction with aspects of science and science fiction is explained and other authors who deal with science in their fiction are exemplified. As Mendel's Dwarf employs genetics and eugenics and The Girl Who Fell from the Sky nuclear physics, the brief development of these scientific fields is described.
Smokers, Snuffers and Cigarette Smokers: The Representation of the Consumers of Tobacco Products in the Public Sphere between 1864 and 1914
Holíková, Tereza ; Storchová, Lucie (advisor) ; Šima, Karel (referee)
The subject of this thesis is the analysis of the period discourse of tobacco product consumption in the Czech lands between the years 1864 and 1914 with main focus on the unifying and differentiating potential of tobacco. The aim of the thesis is to portray how the tobacco consumer was perceived, whether they were a pipe smoker, cigar smoker, a smoker of cigarettes newly mechanically massproduced in this period or individuals insufflating ground tobacco, usually called snuffers. The thesis deals with the representation of the physical appearance and characteristic attributes of tobacco consumers in period source material. It also tries to depict how the smoking and snuffing by women and children was perceived. This thesis also aims to capture the social distinction that tobbaco consumption was associated with and how it was perceived by individual social groups of the period. The representation of period social space and its segmentation in connection to tobacco consumption is also a part of this research. The thesis also addresses the interconnection of the period eugenics discourse and the tobacco discourse. A wide spectrum of period monographies and periodics dealing with tobacco consumption was analysed as well as selected period illustrations representing tobacco consumption. The source of...
Manifest Destiny and Its Impact on Imperialism of the United States of America at the End of the 19th and Early 20th Century
Voborníková, Pavla ; Koura, Jan (advisor) ; Soukup, Jaromír (referee)
This bachelor thesis Manifest destiny and its influence on American imperialism in the late 19th century and early 20th century, is on the foreign policy of the United States during Progressivism, an era in which the country was going through crucial internal changes. The study focuses on Presidents William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William Taft and Woodrow Wilson. McKinley administration was included in the research since he launched the American-Spanish war and that was the beginning of a greater American involvement abroad. The work does not only analyze an impact of manifest destiny on the foreign policy of that time, it also deals with the internal crisis because it is seen as one reason why American politicians abandoned the policy of isolationism. Another important influence in American imperialism was racism. The Americans considered some nations as children who need to be raised. This issue is included in the study as well. The goal of this work is to answer the question whether manifest destiny had a greater influence on expansion than desire to find new markets for American products. Indeed, many historians believe that the economic reasons led to the colonialism rather than the ideals of spreading democracy in the world. The study also researches the development of Manifest Destiny...
A comparison of legal aspects of eugenics programs in the USA and Nazi Germany
Gregor, Adam ; Seltenreich, Radim (advisor) ; Horák, Záboj (referee)
Resumé This thesis titled ,,Comparison of legal aspects of eugenics programs of USA and nazi Germany" elaborates an interesting area of legal history, which describes and compares state eugenics policies of the United States in the 1st half of the 20th century and similarly motivated population policy of nazi Germany. The main sources of this legislation are thoughts associated with struggle against genetic degeneration of population gene pool, which takes place because of reproduction of physically and mentally ,,defective", who pass these indispositions on next generations, and, according to laws of heredity, weaken the human race. In the thesis I distinguish original Galtonʻs and Ploetzʻs eugenics and so called racist eugenics, whose motive is protection and purification of specific social group. The thesis is divided into five chapters, which are further divided into sub-chapters and other additional parts. The emphasis is put on the second, the third and the fourth chapter, whereas the first and the fifths are included in the work, because I considered it a good idea to complete the story of eugenics throughout the history till present. The first chapter contains brief narration about presence od eugenics in societies from pre - state structures till the end of the 19th century, when the first eugenics...

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