
Analysis of parallel operation of nodal areas of 110 kV Krasikov and Neznasov transformers stations
Kostkan, Petr ; Kopička, Marek (referee) ; Ptáček, Michal (advisor)
Currently, the nodal areas of Neznášov substation and Krasíkov substation, which belong to ČEZd distribution network 110 kV – East, are operand as separate units. In the defined setting, each nodal area comprises of two 400/110 kV transformers. In the case of failure of the transformer T401 or T402, the criterion N1 for twenty percent of the rated output is not met. Such problem can be solved by parallel operation of nodal areas of Neznášov substation and Krasíkov substation. The principal as well as practical aim of this thesis is to interconnect the bridge operated connection in separated areas into parallel/loop operation of nodal areas (supplied by 400/110 kV transformers). Computing software is used to calculate the steady state and shortcircuit conditions in the distribution network 110 kV for separate and parallel operation of mentioned nodal areas. Power flow analysis is aimed at assessment and evaluation of voltage conditions, transformers loading (400/110 kV and 110/vn) as well as 110 kV lines loading. Obtained shortcircuit indices is used to examine shortcircuit, withstand capability of the 110 kV substation. Finally, benefits as well as drawbacks of the separate and parallel operation are compared and evaluated. If necessary, the technical arrangements are proposed/designed in order to allow parallel operation of nodal areas Neznášov substation and Krasíkov substation.


Evaluation of possibilities for connection of wind farm Drahany 45 MW to 110 kV network
Gregr, Tomáš ; Opat, Jaroslav (referee) ; Topolánek, David (advisor)
This Master's thesis is focused on connecting of new power sources into electrical network, particularly, the steady state and allowed voltage variation in network nodes, which occur in steady state before and after connection of a new power source into distribution network, with regard to valid legislation. The new power source in question is the new wind farm Drahany with active power of 45 MW, which should be connected into distribution network 110kV, operated by distribution company E.ON. The aim of this work is to find the most suitable connection point of a wind farm into distribution network, considering transmission capacity of individual electric lines and voltage variations in network nodes, as well as Drahany wind farm's investor's expenses on construction of a connection line to connection point and the distribution network's operator's expenses on modification of the connection point. Also, methods of calculating of electric networks in steady state are described in this paper, particularly, linear calculations, because these are needed for the calculations in Evlivy program, in which the possible options of Drahany wind farm's connection into network 110 kV, in various places, were modeled. The description of the EVlivy program is also included in this paper. The E.ON company's materials form the basis for this Master's thesis, which will later serve as one of the documents needed for Drahany wind farm’s connection point evaluation into distribution network 110 kV.


Analysis of 110 kV distribution network in the Otrokovice nodal area
Vachutka, Ondřej ; Kučera, Michal (referee) ; Ptáček, Michal (advisor)
Master's thesis deals with analysis of distribution network 110 kV in south Moravia area. Therefore it makes basic description of the scope EG.D, a.s. company, current state of the 110 kV electricity network and their development. The practical part of the master's thesis is focused on the transmission capacity of the 110 kV wiring and the voltage monitoring in the substation during winter network load. Simulations were constructed for analysis of network load for the years 2020, 2025, 2030 and 2035. Steady state was calculated for the normal state as well as for the emergency state (N1). The analysis was created to ensure 110 kV distribution network in the nodal area Otrokovice during the failure of the entire 400/110 kV Otrokovice transformation station for the years 2025, 2030 and the design of a new 400/110 kV substation.


The Analysis of the Possibility of Realization of a New Substation 400/110kV as a Substitute for TR Tábor
Modlitba, Petr ; Kozák, Miroslav (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
This thesis deals with the assessment of the location of the new transformer station 400/110 kV in terms of conditions in the 110 kV network, which will be supplied from this substation. The new 400/110 kV transformer station will replace the current transformer station 220/110 kV Tábor, which will be decommissioned in connection with the overall 220 kV system attenuation in the Czech power transmission system. On the basis of the load flow simulation of the 110 kV distribution network and calculations of the shortcircuit conditions performed by simulation SW LUG two variants of the location of a new 400/110 kV transformer station were assessed. The 110 kV network calculations were focused on the evaluation of voltage conditions, the 110 kV lines loading in the standard operating scheme and in failure states according to the N1 criterion, shortcircuit conditions and losses. On the basis of the computational analyses, the technical measures necessary to ensure the reliable operation of the 110 kV network in the given area are designed and economically evaluated.


Steady state and shortcircuit conditions within E.ON 110 kV power network at parallel operation of nodal areas of Čebín substation and Sokolnice substation
Múdry, Peter ; Rampl, Martin (referee) ; Blažek, Vladimír (advisor)
In the distribution network 110 kV of E.ON Company there are the nodal areas of Čebin substation and Sokolnice substation which are operated separately at the present time. There is one 400/110 kV transformer for each nodal area. In case of fault on one of these transformers or on busbar in which the set transformer is working, it comes to an outage of electric supply in the set nodal area. This problem has to be solved with help of the parallel operation of nodal areas of Čebín substation and Sokolnice substation. The main and also the practical task of this work is to design the bridge connection appropriate for parallel operation of nodal areas (supply transformers 400/110 kV). With help of a computing program there were made calculations of steady state and shortcircuit conditions in distribution network 110 kV for separated and parallel operation of nodal areas. Voltage conditions, load of transformers (400/110 kV and 110/vn kV) and conditions on 110 kV lines are evaluated and controlled as the result of steady state calculations. Based on shortcircuit conditions there is controlled the shortcircuit resistance of the substations. Finally there are compared advantages and disadvantages of separated and parallel operations of nodal areas. If necessary, technical arrangements required for introduction of parallel operation of nodal areas of Čebín substation and Sokolnice substation will be designed. The theoretical part of the work deals with calculation of steady state with help of iterative methods, namely Newton´s and GaussSeidel methods. There are further described the method of calculating shortcircuit currents, characteristic values and time behaviours of shortcircuit current.


Analysis of 110 kV distribution network in the Otrokovice nodal area
Vachutka, Ondřej ; Kučera, Michal (referee) ; Ptáček, Michal (advisor)
Master's thesis deals with analysis of distribution network 110 kV in south Moravia area. Therefore it makes basic description of the scope EG.D, a.s. company, current state of the 110 kV electricity network and their development. The practical part of the master's thesis is focused on the transmission capacity of the 110 kV wiring and the voltage monitoring in the substation during winter network load. Simulations were constructed for analysis of network load for the years 2020, 2025, 2030 and 2035. Steady state was calculated for the normal state as well as for the emergency state (N1). The analysis was created to ensure 110 kV distribution network in the nodal area Otrokovice during the failure of the entire 400/110 kV Otrokovice transformation station for the years 2025, 2030 and the design of a new 400/110 kV substation.


Analysis of parallel operation of nodal areas of 110 kV Krasikov and Neznasov transformers stations
Kostkan, Petr ; Kopička, Marek (referee) ; Ptáček, Michal (advisor)
Currently, the nodal areas of Neznášov substation and Krasíkov substation, which belong to ČEZd distribution network 110 kV – East, are operand as separate units. In the defined setting, each nodal area comprises of two 400/110 kV transformers. In the case of failure of the transformer T401 or T402, the criterion N1 for twenty percent of the rated output is not met. Such problem can be solved by parallel operation of nodal areas of Neznášov substation and Krasíkov substation. The principal as well as practical aim of this thesis is to interconnect the bridge operated connection in separated areas into parallel/loop operation of nodal areas (supplied by 400/110 kV transformers). Computing software is used to calculate the steady state and shortcircuit conditions in the distribution network 110 kV for separate and parallel operation of mentioned nodal areas. Power flow analysis is aimed at assessment and evaluation of voltage conditions, transformers loading (400/110 kV and 110/vn) as well as 110 kV lines loading. Obtained shortcircuit indices is used to examine shortcircuit, withstand capability of the 110 kV substation. Finally, benefits as well as drawbacks of the separate and parallel operation are compared and evaluated. If necessary, the technical arrangements are proposed/designed in order to allow parallel operation of nodal areas Neznášov substation and Krasíkov substation.


The Analysis of the Possibility of Realization of a New Substation 400/110kV as a Substitute for TR Tábor
Modlitba, Petr ; Kozák, Miroslav (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
This thesis deals with the assessment of the location of the new transformer station 400/110 kV in terms of conditions in the 110 kV network, which will be supplied from this substation. The new 400/110 kV transformer station will replace the current transformer station 220/110 kV Tábor, which will be decommissioned in connection with the overall 220 kV system attenuation in the Czech power transmission system. On the basis of the load flow simulation of the 110 kV distribution network and calculations of the shortcircuit conditions performed by simulation SW LUG two variants of the location of a new 400/110 kV transformer station were assessed. The 110 kV network calculations were focused on the evaluation of voltage conditions, the 110 kV lines loading in the standard operating scheme and in failure states according to the N1 criterion, shortcircuit conditions and losses. On the basis of the computational analyses, the technical measures necessary to ensure the reliable operation of the 110 kV network in the given area are designed and economically evaluated.


Steady state and shortcircuit conditions within E.ON 110 kV power network at parallel operation of nodal areas of Čebín substation and Sokolnice substation
Múdry, Peter ; Rampl, Martin (referee) ; Blažek, Vladimír (advisor)
In the distribution network 110 kV of E.ON Company there are the nodal areas of Čebin substation and Sokolnice substation which are operated separately at the present time. There is one 400/110 kV transformer for each nodal area. In case of fault on one of these transformers or on busbar in which the set transformer is working, it comes to an outage of electric supply in the set nodal area. This problem has to be solved with help of the parallel operation of nodal areas of Čebín substation and Sokolnice substation. The main and also the practical task of this work is to design the bridge connection appropriate for parallel operation of nodal areas (supply transformers 400/110 kV). With help of a computing program there were made calculations of steady state and shortcircuit conditions in distribution network 110 kV for separated and parallel operation of nodal areas. Voltage conditions, load of transformers (400/110 kV and 110/vn kV) and conditions on 110 kV lines are evaluated and controlled as the result of steady state calculations. Based on shortcircuit conditions there is controlled the shortcircuit resistance of the substations. Finally there are compared advantages and disadvantages of separated and parallel operations of nodal areas. If necessary, technical arrangements required for introduction of parallel operation of nodal areas of Čebín substation and Sokolnice substation will be designed. The theoretical part of the work deals with calculation of steady state with help of iterative methods, namely Newton´s and GaussSeidel methods. There are further described the method of calculating shortcircuit currents, characteristic values and time behaviours of shortcircuit current.


Evaluation of possibilities for connection of wind farm Drahany 45 MW to 110 kV network
Gregr, Tomáš ; Opat, Jaroslav (referee) ; Topolánek, David (advisor)
This Master's thesis is focused on connecting of new power sources into electrical network, particularly, the steady state and allowed voltage variation in network nodes, which occur in steady state before and after connection of a new power source into distribution network, with regard to valid legislation. The new power source in question is the new wind farm Drahany with active power of 45 MW, which should be connected into distribution network 110kV, operated by distribution company E.ON. The aim of this work is to find the most suitable connection point of a wind farm into distribution network, considering transmission capacity of individual electric lines and voltage variations in network nodes, as well as Drahany wind farm's investor's expenses on construction of a connection line to connection point and the distribution network's operator's expenses on modification of the connection point. Also, methods of calculating of electric networks in steady state are described in this paper, particularly, linear calculations, because these are needed for the calculations in Evlivy program, in which the possible options of Drahany wind farm's connection into network 110 kV, in various places, were modeled. The description of the EVlivy program is also included in this paper. The E.ON company's materials form the basis for this Master's thesis, which will later serve as one of the documents needed for Drahany wind farm’s connection point evaluation into distribution network 110 kV.
