National Repository of Grey Literature 303 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Digitaly controled cage change interval and it is influence on health condition and welfare at mice
In recent years, modern technologies have begun to be used more in laboratory mouse facilities, allowing monitoring of animals and their environment in a cage without the need to handle animals or the cage itself. Monitoring of the environment allows to significantly extend the individual cage-change intervals, and therefore the hypothesis of this work is that there is no disruption of welfare or increased stress at longer intervals. The study was focused on the DVC (digitally ventilated cage) system, which in the first part of the study defined a suitable date for cage-change for individual cages, and in the second part of the study continuously monitored the activity of animals, determined the circadian rhythm and detected its deviations. The DVC defined cage-change corresponds to the number of animals in the cage. DVC extended the interval up to 29 days for 1 animal in the cage, while shortened to 10 days for 5 animals in the cage compared to the commonly used 14-day interval. The curve of circadian rhythms differed slightly between cages with different numbers of animals. Cages with a higher number of animals and cages with males were showing higher activity. Females, on the other hand, showed higher activity immediately after the cage-change. Both sexes then had a higher tendency to create toilets in the front area of the cage. The digitally controlled cage-change optimizes the interval according to the current situation of the environment in the cage without disturbing the welfare and increasing the stress of the animals and it also allows to detect deviations in their daily activity. The extension of the interval leads to less activity of animals and milder reactions to cage-change and calmer establishment of a new hierarchy.
The crisis of bodiliness
Dubská, Jana ; Rybák, David (advisor) ; Pelcová, Naděžda (referee)
In today's society, more and more people face an identity crisis stemming from the alienation of one's own essence as a being of the whole (logos). The aim of this work is to find the causes of the mentioned alienation using phenomenological findings, the platform for investigation is represented by the transformation of the communication environment against the background of corporeality, which is perceived as a constitutive element of humanity. The first part outlines the phenomenon of the body and corporeal existence on the basis of Poseidonia's three- dimensional concept of soma-sarx-péxis, where the somatic body establishes the human being in space, the sarcotic in time and the péxistic body relates it to metaphysical movement. The second section then follows the historical development of the relationship to corporeality framed by the development of communication technologies, first approaching the concept of corporeality in pre-modern times and then proceeding chronologically to the present. The paper identifies Christian condemnation, Cartesian subject-object reductionism, Enlightenment rationalism, and industrial massification as key factors behind the displacement of corporeality in favor of digitality. The last chapter deals in more detail with digitization and its impact on the real...
Digitization of education at public grammar schools in Prague in connection with the Covid-19 epidemic
Urban, David ; Mouralová, Magdalena (advisor) ; Plaček, Michal (referee)
The bachelor's thesis "Digitalization of education at public grammar schools in Prague in connection with the epidemic of the disease Covid-19" deals with the effect of the pandemic of the disease Covid-19 between the years 2019 and 2022 on teaching at public grammar schools in Prague. The work examines the effects of the coronavirus pandemic on teaching and maps the changes in teaching in individual waves of the pandemic in relation to the use of technical and digital tools in teaching. The theoretical part contains previous research on the topic of digitization in connection with schools. It also deals with the progress of digitization in Czech education since 2010, including the ability of teachers to work with digital and technological tools. The practical part of the work presents teaching as it took place in Prague grammar schools before the coronavirus pandemic and to what extent technological and digital aids were used for teaching during this period. It also examines how teaching has developed during three pandemic waves and also the form of teaching after the end of the third pandemic wave at the beginning of 2022 in relation to the use of digital teaching tools. Furthermore, the thesis contains its own research, which seeks answers to the facts, for what reasons the transition to online...
Práce s obrazovým archivačním systémem (PACS)
The bachelor thesis deals with the importance of the role of archival image systems in healthcare and their use in practice. The theoretical part describes the general operations and structure of these systems. It deals with the distribution, security, flexibility, user service, advantages and disadvantages of individual solutions. The aim of the practical part was to evaluate the success of the implementation of a particular system for the distribution of medical image data in the Czech Republic by statistical descriptive and mathematical analysis. The dominant system for image data distribution is the ePACS system. I was provided the data for the statistical survey by ICZ a.s. which manages the system. The statistical features monitored were the numbers of image studies and the amount of data transferred by the system over time. The established hypotheses were verified by non-parametric testing, linear regression and correlation analysis. The results of the survey were expressed in graphs and tables for greater clarity. The benefit of the bachelor's thesis is to map the current state of healthcare digitization for the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic and ICZ a.s., which participated in the creation and operation of the ePACS system. The digitization of Czech healthcare was evaluated in the discussion and conclusion of the thesis.
Math textbooks for elementary schools and their readiness for distance learning
The number of changes that accompany the current Czech school system is a response for global social and pandemic changes and it is focused on methods of pupils´ education. New educational trends are linked to a requirement to acquire key competences as a basis for lifelong learning with a change of educational content, which are means of a versatile development of a child´s personality, not just a goal. In this context, we also talk about distance learning regarding the transformation of educational content which is addressed in the thesis. The thesis deals with issues and critical points of distance as well as face-to-face learning of geometry. Interactive materials were created, that could help the students to overcome these critical points. At the end of the thesis, a reflection obtained from teachers and students, who worked with the mentioned materials, is attached.
Public and private aspects of business
This bachelor thesis addresses selected public and private aspects of business as a per-son who does business has to deal with them in everyday life. The individual actions are arranged as they would follow each other in a real situation, from the establishment to termination of business. Liabilities to state institutions can be identified as public law aspects. These are, for example, obligations towards the tax office, the la-bour office and the social security office. Private law aspects include the choice of form of business and the creation of internal company directives. The thesis is based on an analytical examination of the legal framework of the Czech Republic enabling business activities. The practical part contains summary of activities discussed in in previous chapters. Further points out the current state of modernization of the business environment and describes the functioning of the PES system. In the last part analyses studies Doing Business in the European Union 2018 which examines regulation of domestic compa-nies in 25 cities in Croatia, the Czech Republic, Portugal and Slovakia with another 186 economies and also Bureaucracy index research made in 2020.
Digitization of personal data in the selected company
PUCOVÁ, Simona
This thesis examines how human resources (HR) professionals process personal data and to propose an innovative measure named e-file to increase the efficiency of HR processes. The e-file is the conversion of paper personnel files of employees into the digital form, which contribute to the simplification and acceleration of the entire HR processes. The access to personal files of employees can be allowed to all necessary authorized persons. Digitization of personal data has reduced administrative complexity. The success of the implementation of the proposed measure has been proven by the results of mixed research. Quantitative comparison was performed through a structured questionnaire. The empirical part of the research included an interview with a representative of the HR department evaluating the situation after the implementation of the measure, supported by participatory observations.
Modernisation and digitization of assembly line
The thesis aims to analyse the introduction of digitisation in the selected plant and its ad-vantages. The first part of the thesis is devoted to the history of industry, the current fourth industrial revolution with an emphasis on the automotive industry in the Czech Republic and shows selected trends of digitization. The second half of the thesis focuses on the specific digitization of the production board, the analysis before and after the im-plementation, the implementation phases, as well as the advantages and obstacles of the implementation. The analysis is based on the employee's own experience of the chosen company. The output of the analysis is the tipping point of the selected investment and the timeline of the introduction in the selected plant.
Selected algorithms for detecting objects in the image and their use in guilding the robotic arm
This research work is focused on the detection of searched places in the image using selected algorithms. The work shows how closely physics is connected with informatics. In addition to the connection of these two areas, the work deals with the explanation of issues related to the fields. First of all, the algorithm is defned as such, as it is one of the key concepts in this work. Furthermore, the work characterizes the image and working with it not only from a cybernetic point of view, but also from a physical point of view. In this case, physical areas examining and describing electromagnetic radiation are expanded to better understand the image. Given that one of the final algorithms is practiced on the image from the thermal camera, the principle of the thermal camera function is generally explained in the work. Attention is also paid to neural networks (artificial intelligence) and the robotic arm. Several areas are mentioned in which this physical-cybernetic system is used. The practical part deals with the Python programming language, in which the basic algorithms are used, which can be used to detect an object in the image. Based on these and similar algorithms, which I would like to elaborate in more depth in the diploma thesis, the robotic arm will be guided.
Blended learning for teaching radiology subjects
The objective of my bachelor's thesis on Blended learning for teaching Radiology subjects, was to create a clear list of basic skiagraphic projections in radiodiagnostics, written instructions added to them, photographic documentation for easier understanding of the projection and teaching program in the Moodle ZSF JU environment. In the theoretical part of the work I dealt with the origin of X-rays, its properties and possibilities of use. I also mentioned the risks of its use, the need for proper radiation protection, and I analyzed the parts of the X-ray machine and the systems used in skiagraphy. In the practical part I created a list of standardly used skiagraphic projections. Using professional scripts, instructions, standards and experience of radiological staff of the Kyjov Hospital, I subsequently created a text manual for them, supplemented by photographic documentation of individual projections on a model. Subsequently, I created a tutorial in the Moodle ZSF JU environment, supplemented by a database of exam questions.

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