
The FrölicherNijenhuis bracket and its applications in geometry and calculus of variations
Šramková, Kristína ; Tomáš, Jiří (referee) ; Kureš, Miroslav (advisor)
This Master's thesis clarifies the significance of FrölicherNijenhuis bracket and its applications in problems of physics. The basic apparatus for these applications is differential geometry on manifolds, tensor calculus and differential forms, which are contained in the first part of the thesis. The second part summarizes the basic theory of calculus of variations on manifolds and its selected applications in the field of physics. The last part of the thesis is devoted to the applications of FrölicherNijenhuis bracket in the derivation of Maxwell's equations and to the description of the geometry of ordinary differential equations.


Geodesics
Čambalová, Kateřina ; Tomáš, Jiří (referee) ; Doupovec, Miroslav (advisor)
The goal of the thesis is to create an overivew of geodesics. At the beginning of their study, they were considered shortest paths connecting two points on surfaces. In the thesis we will show more of the complexity of the term and introduced the properties, some uses of the geodesics and methods of their computation. Later, the Clairaut patches and their geodesics will be analysed. Clairaut patches are characterized by a specific property which makes computation of geodesics simpler. 3D plots of some Clairaut patches and their geodesics are also included.


Geodesic curves and their applications
Orgoník, Svetoslav ; Hrdina, Jaroslav (referee) ; Vašík, Petr (advisor)
The aim of the thesis is to give a survey of basic results from the classical theory of curves. A special attention will be paid to geodesics and their properties. In particular, we treat geodesics on some special surfaces. We treat one application with animations. All examples will be illustrated by pictures, which were drawn by means of mathematical software.


Lie groups and their physical applications
Kunz, Daniel ; Kureš, Miroslav (referee) ; Tomáš, Jiří (advisor)
In this thesis I describe construction of Lie group and Lie algebra and its following usage for physical problems. To be able to construct Lie groups and Lie algebras we need define basic terms such as topological manifold, tensor algebra and differential geometry. First part of my thesis is aimed on this topic. In second part I am dealing with construction of Lie groups and algebras. Furthermore, I am showing different properties of given structures. Next I am trying to show, that there exists some connection among Lie groups and Lie algebras. In last part of this thesis is used just for showing how this apparat can be used on physical problems. Best known usage is to find physical symmetries to establish conservation laws, all thanks to famous Noether theorem.

 
 

Robust feature curve detection in 3D surface models
Hmíra, Peter ; Dupej, Ján (advisor) ; Pelikán, Josef (referee)
Most current algorithms typically lack in robustness to noise or do not handle Tshaped curve joining properly. There is a challenge to not only detect features in the noisy 3Ddata obtained from the digital scanners. Moreover, most of the algorithms even when they are robust to noise, they lose the feature information near the Tshaped junctions as the triplet of lines ``confuses'' the algorithm so it treats it as a plane. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)


Robust feature curve detection in 3D surface models
Hmíra, Peter
Most current algorithms typically lack in robustness to noise or do not handle Tshaped curve joining properly. There is a challenge to not only detect features in the noisy 3Ddata obtained from the digital scanners. Moreover, most of the algorithms even when they are robust to noise, they lose the feature information near the Tshaped junctions as the triplet of lines ``confuses'' the algorithm so it treats it as a plane. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)


Lie groups and their physical applications
Kunz, Daniel ; Kureš, Miroslav (referee) ; Tomáš, Jiří (advisor)
In this thesis I describe construction of Lie group and Lie algebra and its following usage for physical problems. To be able to construct Lie groups and Lie algebras we need define basic terms such as topological manifold, tensor algebra and differential geometry. First part of my thesis is aimed on this topic. In second part I am dealing with construction of Lie groups and algebras. Furthermore, I am showing different properties of given structures. Next I am trying to show, that there exists some connection among Lie groups and Lie algebras. In last part of this thesis is used just for showing how this apparat can be used on physical problems. Best known usage is to find physical symmetries to establish conservation laws, all thanks to famous Noether theorem.

 