National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Decentralized Finance from the Perspective of Czech Financial Regulation and MiCA Proposal
Koliba, Viktor ; Sejkora, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kotáb, Petr (referee)
1 Decentralized Finance from the Perspective of Czech Financial Regulation and MiCA Proposal Abstract Decentralized Finance constitutes a new system for allocating resources by using irreplicable digital data that can be processed within a predefined framework of automatic operations based on blockchain technology. Its development has brought not only new economic opportunities but also a number of risks and legal issues. Since Decentralized Finance is in its early stages, relevant legal questions relating to its positioning within the existing and forthcoming legal frameworks are still not firmly established yet. This thesis aims to answer those relating to the applicability of selected Czech financial regulations and the European Commission's Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on Markets in Crypto-assets, as well as validate the hypothesis that the wide scope of the MiCA Proposal could influence the ecosystem of Decentralized Finance. First, the important technical foundations of Decentralized Finance and their specifics were outlined, and relevant financial applications were established for further assessment. Subsequently, the applications were compared with the scope of the chosen Czech financial regulation, namely the Act on Payment System, the Act on Currency...
Blockchain-based DeFi lending: A challenge to traditional finance?
Knížek, Ondřej ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Hronec, Martin (referee)
The goal of the thesis is to identify the factors that determine the default rate of the loans, with a particular focus on the pioneering research of blockchain-based decentralised loans. The thesis describes blockchain technology, its development, and functions, introduces decentralised finance (DeFi), and examines its advantages and challenges. The thesis's analytic part compares DeFi loans and peer-to-peer loans as an alternative to the traditional financial system. The blockchain-based DeFi loans realized through lending Compound are analysed by a logit model that predicts liquidation rate and examines if it is possible to perform the prediction without any information about the borrower due to the complete anonymity in DeFi lending. To illustrate the difference, the data from the Czech peer-to-peer lending platform Zonky was used to set up two logit models. While the first model uses all available variables, the second model is based only on loan-related variables to achieve a more precise comparison to DeFi loans. Results revealed several statistically significant determinants of default rate in the case of all three models. While the results of the Compound model cannot be compared with the existing literature, the default rate determinants in the case of peer-to-peer loans confirm the...

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