National Repository of Grey Literature 60 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The Role of Privacy in Forming the European Union's Normative Power through Regulation
Hejtmánek, Matěj ; Young, Mitchell (advisor) ; Weiss, Tomáš (referee)
The question of privacy has long been an integral part of the debate on human rights and fundamental values, which national governments should ensure. The rapid technological development of last decades brought the topic of privacy protection even more to display mainly because of the rising digital economy and new challenges that are connect with it. This thesis discusses the role of privacy, as a fundamental right, in forming the European Union's role as a global power, specifically, the thesis builds on two theories: The Normative Power Europe and The Brussels Effect. Digital economy of the European Union has been growing exponentially over the last two decades. Given the increased importance of the digital economy since the 1990s the European Union started to gradually implement laws to regulate the flow of the personal data online. These new regulations often had influence on global markets and big tech companies operating on the European single market but residing outside of Europe. Apart from analyzing the development of the European data protection laws, and the role that was played by the European Courts in forming the European global power, the thesis overviews the debate surrounding the incentives to introduce new regulations to protect the right private life of European citizens.
The Impact of Edward Snowden on Data Protections, Individual Privacy, and Ontological Security
McCardel, Kylie ; Michálek, Luděk (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
Kylie McCardel This thesis will discuss the impacts of whistleblower Edward Snowden from his 2013 leaks of confidential documents to global media. In context of these leaks, this thesis will seek to determine the resulting changes and advancements made in the field of whistleblowing, as well as highlight other important whistleblowers in primarily American history to demonstrate the importance of their actions over the years for legislative change. Additionally, this thesis will also examine how corporations and private citizens have reacted to the Snowden revelations, with emphasis on the corporations' reactions following several major events in American society, as these entail the potential data leak from private devices.
Cross-border data flows from the EU: Data protection and the right to privacy
Pilgrim, Jan ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (advisor) ; Navrátil, Petr (referee)
Cross-border data flows from the EU: Data protection and the right to privacy Abstract This thesis outlines the privacy and data protection concepts, the legal framework of the EU, namely the relevant primary law, including the Charter of the Fundamental Rights, and secondary law, such as the Data Protection Directive and General Data Protection Regulation. It furthermore examines the data protection and privacy regime of the United States with regards to private entities as well as government authorities, giving a focus on the surveillance measures of the latter and their legal basis. With regards to the private entities, the sectorial nature of the US legal regime was emphasized, and the lack of systematic legislation was illustrated. Particular focus was given to known related surveillance measures such as PRISM and Upstream and their legal basis in US law via Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. Recourse mechanisms with regards to data protection rights were detailed and analyzed. The thesis subsequently examines the two former adequacy decisions issued by the Commission, the Safe Harbor and Privacy Shield frameworks, and points out their deficiencies which were assessed in the light of relevant case law, namely the so-called Schrems I. and Schrems II. cases, elaborating on their...
Permissibility of Machine Learning in the EU: Driving Concepts Surrounding Robust Artificial Intelligence
La Fontaine, Marina ; Špelda, Petr (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
LA FONTAINE, MARINA. Permissibility of Machine Learning in the EU: Driving Concepts Surrounding Robust Artificial Intelligence. 61 p. Master Thesis. Charles University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Political Science: International Security Studies. Supervisor: Petr Špelda, Ph.D. Abstract The European Commission's recent proposal, "Laying Down Harmonised Rules on Artificial Intelligence (Artificial Intelligence Act) And Amending Certain Union Legislative Acts" follows a focal shift towards the integration of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning within European society and economy. While Europe has been a leader in producing legislation encompassing artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) technologies, many critics have called for more vigorous legislation to support the efforts and goals of permissibility within the European Union. The new AI Act will be the first legislation written by the European Commission specifically directed at AI, with a goal of addressing both the risks and benefits through a human-centric approach to the technology. This thesis project assumes that there is an imminent necessity for the international security studies community to further recognize the role of such unprecedented technology within the social realities being formed. The outputs of...
Assessment of the level of cyber risks using the proposed tool
Černoušek, Robin ; Veselý Jindřich, Ing. MBA (referee) ; Sedlák, Petr (advisor)
The thesis deals with the issue of information security management system and determination of the current level of cybersecurity maturity and determination of risk areas. The theoretical part contains the basic background and concepts of the whole thesis. The chapter of the current state analysis introduces the organization and describes the current state of its information security management system and risk management. The actual design of the solution is a tool created in MS Excel that allows the organization to determine the current level of risk.
Legal aspects of Cloud computing . SaaS as a form of Cloud services
Ohnišťová, Markéta ; Holcová, Irena (advisor) ; Křesťanová, Veronika (referee)
The thesis provides legal insight of the Cloud computing with a particular focus on a specific cloud service called software as a service (SaaS). There are discussed all cloud services and distribution models of the cloud infrastructure as well as its legal aspects. The thesis analyses legal requirements of contractual provisions for a provision of the SaaS services. The substantial part deals also with types of licenses, which can be used in relation to the provision of the SaaS services. The practical part of the thesis firstly contains above all the legal framework of data protection and its legal requirements on contractual relation between provider and customer of the cloud Services. Secondly the abovementioned part provides a comparison between contractual provisions related to the processing and protection of data between two contracts, Google Apps for Work and Microsoft Office 365. Keywords Cloud computing, cloud, software as a service (SaaS), data protection, contract
Protection of personal data in the course of rendering health care
Repovská, Ľudmila ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Hendrychová, Michaela (referee)
Protection of personal data in the course of rendering health care SUMMARY Medical treatment is based on trust. Patients coming to the medical facility often share details about their personal lives that could potentially embarrass or dishonour them and eventually discourage them from getting medical treatment at all. That is why patients seeking medical help need to know that those to whom they confide in are willing to keep the information private and discreet. This thesis will address the protection of personal data in the healthcare area and its main purpose is to provide complex analysis of the relevant legal framework, especially in the light of the recently passed legislation. Protection of personal data in the healthcare are is governed by two pieces of legislation - The Data Protection Act and The Healthcare Act. These statutes present main instruments by which the protection of patients' information is provided. The first part of the thesis examines the general principles of the data protection as they are outlined by the Data Protection Act. It also looks at the key terms of data protection, such as personal data, sensitive data, data subjects and processing and examines the role of the Data Protection Office. Second part the thesis deals with the duty of confidentiality and its personal,...
The Right to the Protection of Personal Data in Article 8 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
Mádr, Petr ; Král, Richard (advisor) ; Zemánek, Jiří (referee)
This thesis deals with the fundamental right to the protection of personal data as enshrined in Article 8 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union ('the Charter'). An analysis of the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) on Article 8 of the Charter reveals an intriguing paradox: although this provision has been repeatedly invoked in order to enhance protection of personal data and has featured prominently in several far-reaching judgments (Digital Rights Ireland, Google Spain or Schrems), there is considerable uncertainty as to the substantive scope of the right to the protection of personal data. The relationship between the right to privacy and the right to data protection has proved difficult to untangle, and the autonomous nature of Article 8 of the Charter has not always been respected. The aim of the thesis is to analyse the purpose and content of this fundamental right with reference to the CJEU's case law and recent academic debate. This thesis is divided into four chapters. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the European legal framework for data protection and demonstrates the limited value of the 'Explanations relating to the Charter' in interpreting Article 8. Chapter 2 analyses the CJEU's approach to interpreting and applying Article 8, while Chapter 3 is...
Protection of personal data in healthcare
Ryklová, Zuzana ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Hendrychová, Michaela (referee)
The thesis deals with the rules of the protection of personal data in the process of rendering healthcare. This topic is highly relevant because the act no. 89/2012 Coll., The Civil Code, came recently into force and influenced the topic of this thesis, mainly in case of the settlement called "The Healthcare". The work is divided into four chapters. The first chapter contains the most important legal sources for the protection of personal data in the process of rendering healthcare. The chapter also describes the major decisions of the European Court of Human Rights and the most important decisions of courts in Czech Republic. The second chapter deals with the protection of personality, right to privacy and with the protection of personal data. The protection of personal data in healthcare is undoubtedly a part of above mentioned rights. The third chapter deals with the duty of confidentiality of healthcare workers, the possibility of breaking the confidentiality and the legal liability for breach of a duty of confidentiality. The fourth chapter describes the regulation of medical records. The conclusion includes an evaluation of existing legal regulation and proposals de lege ferenda. The conclusion also contains topics which were not included in the thesis but due to their attractiveness are at...
Personal Data Protection in Labour Law Relationships
Mlýnková, Alice ; Pichrt, Jan (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
Personal Data Protection in Labour Law Relationships The thesis deals with personal data protection in relation to employees as a subject of data and an employer as a person processing such data. At the beginning, general issues of personal data protection are analysed, including a short overview of data protection regulations within both an international and domestic context. The introductory part also includes an explanation of terminology and a description of individual rights and obligations in the field of data protection. In the following part the author concentrates on the regulation of disposal of particular types of personal data that are processed in relation to creation, duration or termination of labour law relationships, and also on the relationship between the Act No. 101/2000 Coll., on Personal Data Protection, and the Labour Code, as well as other related legislation. Attention is devoted to the extent of personal data that the employer may request from candidates for a vacancy, as well as to the necessity of the employee's consent to the processing of their personal data by the employer. This section also discusses inclusion of certain pieces of information, such as information about a health conditions, criminal convictions or photos, into a sensible data category. The last and...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 60 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.