National Repository of Grey Literature 1,107 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Executive function in cerebral palsy and their implications for physiotherapy
Horníková, Dominika ; Javůrková, Alena (advisor) ; Vlček, Přemysl (referee)
Aim: The aim of this theoretical work is to gain an understanding of physiotherapy interventions that are effective on the executive function of children with cerebral palsy. Methodology: In a narrative review, we searched internet databases according to appropriate keywords to find studies dealing with our topic. Subsequently, the discovered studies had to meet our predefined inclusion criteria. We used MICROSOFT WORD and MICROSOFT EXCEL for this procedure. Results: Our findings are based on ten included studies consisting of three randomized controlled trials, three cross-sectional studies and four study protocols of randomized controlled trials. Some studies showed us a significant effect (p<0.05) of physiotherapy on executive function in children with cerebral palsy, where yoga, ballet modified for this diagnosis or intensive exercise were used in the intervention. In addition to their effectiveness on the executive functions we examined, these therapies also demonstrated an effect on improvement in reaching predetermined goals or walking. Conclusion: The effect of physiotherapy on executive function in children with cerebral palsy may seem like an undiscovered topic, but some of the studies we found used interventions that are effective on this investigated area. Keywords: children, cerebral...
Integration from the child's perspective: Case study of children in the adaptation group for children of foreigners migrating from Ukraine
Bartoňová-Dobenínová, Julie Diane ; Jelínková, Marie (advisor) ; Dobiášová, Karolína (referee)
This diploma thesis focuses on Ukrainian refugee children who came to the Czech Republic due to the war conflict in Ukraine and examines their perspective on integration into the Czech Republic. It discusses the obstacles these children face in integrating into the Czech environment, the position of Ukrainian refugee children in the issue of integration into the Czech Republic, why it is important to consider them as public policy actors, and the contribution of research with children. The theoretical concepts of migration and integration are the mainstays of the thesis, which is specified into the theoretical concept of social integration and its sub-aspects. Furthermore, the thesis uses the foreign model by Häkli and Kallio (2013), which posits the child as an agent in the political process. The practical part of the research includes findings from participant observation in an adaptation group in the non- profit organization Na zámečku Mother Centre in Nové Město nad Metují and is complemented by an interview with a child psychologist from Ukraine.
Primary school teacher's perspective on inclusive education
Dusilová, Kateřina ; Viktorová, Ida (advisor) ; Vítková Rulíková, Klára (referee)
This diploma thesis focuses on inclusive education and its close aspects, especially the perspective of elementary school teachers. The thesis itself is divided into several chapters. These explain the theoretical framework of inclusion in special pedagogy and associated topics, for example, a shift in a perception of a person with disabilities in individual periods, basic possible approaches to children's education, ie terms of exclusion, segregation, integration, and lastly, inclusion itself. They explain their definitions or principles. School legislation in the Czech Republic is also part of the thesis. The thesis is divided into two parts - theoretical part and practical part. The theoretical part focuses on the topics mentioned above and deals with the concepts related to education and special education in general, such as school as social institutions and individual social and professional roles in it, the concept of socialization or international trends in special pedagogy. The practical part contains qualitative research, ie structured interviews with specific pedagogical staff and outputs from these interviews. It deals with the experience of given elementary school staff, ie. executive workers, teachers, class teachers, assistants of teacher or school special educator. It reflects their...
Psychiatric comorbidity in the context of family factors in ADDA patients with a primary addiction diagnosis
Slopovská, Hana ; Jandáč, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kulhánek, Adam (referee)
Background: Psychiatric comorbidity means the concurrence of an addiction diagnosis with one or more psychiatric diagnoses in a given individual. Psychiatric comorbidities are one of the frequent complications not only in children and adolescents, and the family background can also have a major influence on their emergence and development. Aim: The aim of the thesis is a more detailed description of the occurrence of psychiatric comorbidities in the pediatric and adolescent outpatient clinic of the Addiction Clinic (ADDA) patients with a focus on family factors that may be related to the occurrence of dual diagnosis in the given population. Methods: ADDA patient data, which comes from two sources (FONS and the SAL questionnaire), will be used to process the research, which will then be matched and anonymized. Correlation analysis will be used to analyze the data. Results: The study, which took place in the years 2015-2021, included a total of 157 respondents aged 8-18 with a primary addiction diagnosis. There were a total of 61 children with psychiatric comorbidity. The most frequently present comorbidity was hyperkinetic disorder (15,3 %). A total of 14 % of families from the total group and 11,5 % of children with comorbidities are at risk of addiction. Conclusion: According to the results of our...
Leisure Time of Roma Children and Youth at Prague 3
Štajnerová, Terezie ; Nová, Monika (advisor) ; Drahoňovský, Jan (referee)
ŠTAJNEROVÁ, Terezie. Leisure time of Roma children and youth in Prague 3. Prague 2023. Charles University in Prague. Faculty of Hussite Theology. Department of Psychosocial Sciences and Ethics. Thesis supervisor doc. PhDr. Monika Nová, Ph.D. MPH The theoretical part of this bachelor thesis describes leisure time - the history of leisure time, functions and leisure time of children and youth. It also describes the Roma community, the history of Roma in the Czech Republic and the topic of integration, segregation, discrimination and social exclusion of Romani people. It also focuses on Roma children and youth and their leisure time. The theoretical part concludes with a list of institutions working with Roma children and youth in Prague 3. In the practical part, a quantitative method was used to collect data through a questionnaire survey. The aim of the bachelor thesis was to find out how Roma children and youth in Prague 3 spend their leisure time.
Motivation and psychosocial needs of workers of the social and legal protection of children
Marková, Lucie ; Novák, Petr (advisor) ; Nová, Monika (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with social workers who work in the department of social and legal protection of children. The aim of the work was to characterize the motivation factors and psychosocial needs for the performance of the work of OSPOD social workers in Strakonice. My diploma thesis was divided into a theoretical part and a practical part. In the theoretical part of my diploma thesis, I described the basic concepts related to the concept of social-legal protection of children, including historical development, legislative framework, and I described the functioning system of social-legal protection of children in the Czech Republic. Furthermore, in this section I described terms such as the Code of Ethics for social workers, motivation, psychosocial needs, psychohygiene and burnout syndrome. In the practical part, the research strategy of qualitative research was used and the method of questioning and the technique of data collection in the form of a structured interview were chosen. Communication partners were employees of the Municipal Office in Strakonice, who work as social workers in the Department of Social and Legal Protection of Children. For the research in the practical part, the goal of the thesis, the main research question and three sub- research questions, which lead to the...
Inquiry-based science club for children
Šulcová, Alena ; Čapek Adamec, Martin (advisor) ; Blažková, Veronika (referee)
This Bachelor thesis is dealing with the use of research-oriented teaching during hobbies as part of leisure activities in the field of natural sciences, especially chemistry. Nowadays is noticeable trend to start with research activities and building relation to natural and technical sciences at very young age of students. In the theoretical part the thesis describe principles and forms of research-oriented teaching and their realization, lecturer qualification conditions and work safety during the experiments in the hobby, development of students potential during younger school age, specifics of this students period and characterizes leisure activities in detail and their delineation in relation to formal education. Part of the practical part is a local survey of the accessibility of research-oriented clubs in the Polepy and Libochovice districts. The empirical part contains verified proposals for five meetings of the science-oriented research group for students of younger school age. The preparation allows both: face-to-face and distance form and indicates the availability and price budget of the material, the risks and the safety of working with tools, the clearly stated goal of each meeting and a detailed description of the students research-oriented activities, including questions and...
The Perception of Poverty by Second Grade Pupils at Selected Elementary School
Tobišková, Dana ; Hanušová, Jaroslava (advisor) ; Blažková, Veronika (referee)
The diploma thesis focuses on the perception of poverty among the pupils of the second grade of the selected primary school - Primary School and Kindergarten Dolní Poustevna. Specifically, it deals with the extent to which pupils distinguish subjective perception of poverty, whether they are able to distinguish groups of people at risk of poverty, whether they are oriented in the possible assistance to people at risk of poverty. Distinguish and describe different aspects of child poverty. Interpretation of the issue. The theoretical part is divided into two parts. The first part explains and describes aspects of poverty, from the definition of poverty itself, to its concepts, causes, measurement, the poverty cycle and the issue of social exclusion. The second part focuses on the issue of the child and his/her needs. It deals with the psychological and biological development of the child and the importance of the family in the child's life. Attention is also paid to the social and legal protection of the child, the prevention of poverty and the role of the state in this issue. The practical part consists of a research investigation, which was carried out in the form of questionnaires in a primary school. It is a quantitative research where the method of questioning was used. The aim of the work is...

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