National Repository of Grey Literature 142 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Development of insulation materials based on secondary textile fibers of lower quality
Mlynářová, Jana ; Třísko, Pavel (referee) ; Zach, Jiří (advisor)
This diploma thesis is focused on a suitable midification of acoustic and thermal insulation materials from recycled textile fibres of lower quality due to improvement of their reaction to fire. The aim is to find an effective flame retardant and to verify suitable method of flame retardant application onto this type of insulation material.
Impact of Operation Parameters on Fine Combustion Particles Concentration in the Flue Gas of Biomass Boilers
Poláčik, Ján ; Masaryk, Michal (referee) ; Adamec, Vladimír (referee) ; Pospíšil, Jiří (advisor)
This work deals with the impact of operating parameters on fine combustion particles formation in the flue gas of biomass combustion device. The research part of the work describes the properties of fine particles, its basic division, impact on human health and the environment. The basic knowledge of the influence of biomass combustion process on fine particles production up to 1 µm in size is summarized. The main part describes the experimental setup for evaluating the size distribution of fine particles. The following section describes the experimental setup with measured results for various combustion parameters in laboratory combustion, automatic boilers, as well as in the manual wood-burning combustion device. The main parameters which were tested were combustion temperature, oxygen amount, type of fuel and geometry of the burned biomass. The impact of individual parameters on the formation of the fine particles is evaluated. The final part of the thesis summarizes the ways in which it is possible to significantly influence the emissions of fine particles by the appropriate choice of combustion operating parameters.
Thermal stability of the biomass combustion process
Grygar, Jan ; Špiláček, Michal (referee) ; Poláčik, Ján (advisor)
This bachelor thesis is focused on fne particles, which are produced by small combustion units, and their reduction. The frst chapter deals with the issue of fne particles, their creation, composition and their impact on man and the enviroment. The last chapter deals with the design of solution for reducing of emissions of small biomass combustion units.
Fine particles and air-cleaning
Bírošíková, Martina ; Sitek, Tomáš (referee) ; Poláčik, Ján (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with issues with fine and ultrafine particles, also called particulate matter, which is strongly associated with enviromental problems and negative effect on human health, especially cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this work is to describe the formation and characteristics of fine particles produced by biomass combustion. The experimental part firstly explains funcional principle of used devices and then compares measured concentrations of ultra fine particles produced by combustion of spruce and beech wood. In the end, several posibilites how to eliminate the air pollutants are presented.
Risk of Waste Combustion in Small Boilers
Kopecká, Eliška ; Špiláček, Michal (referee) ; Lisý, Martin (advisor)
The bachelor's thesis deals with the issue of waste combustion in small boilers. In the first chapter, the components of household waste are specified in more detail, as well as the pro-duction and possible waste management. The second chapter is focused on the formation of the pollutants during combustion and their impact on the environment and the human organ-ism. In the third chapter is presented the process of the operation of the waste incinerator and there are mentioned the limit values of the emissions that are released into the air. The fourth chapter deals with the reason for the origin and the comparison of the pollutants aris-ing from combustion in small boilers. Materials defined as household waste and pollutants released from them during incineration are described here. In the end, the results of the the-sis are evaluated.
Emissions from the burning of garden waste
Kuznetsova, Oksana ; Poláčik, Ján (referee) ; Baláš, Marek (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the issue of production of gaseous and solid pollutants in the incineration of garden waste. The aim was to carry out and evaluate the experiment. During the evaluation, it was found that the incineration of garden waste produces many times more emissions, than the incineration of wood in the boiler. The reason for the high emission concentrations was the fuel composition and the combustion process. Furthermore, fine particles in the range 17.5–532.8 nm were investigated. In the theoretical part, a literary search was created, which was based on Czech and foreign professional literature.
40/5000 Fine particles produced by the stove
Škvařil, Ondřej ; Baláš, Marek (referee) ; Pospíšil, Jiří (advisor)
This master thesis deals with problematics of fine particles produced during combustion in fireplace stoves. The theoretical part is focused on the analysis of the atmosphere, health consequences, solid pollutants, the formation of particles (origin), particle separation and how they are regulated by laws. Theoretical section of the thesis addresses analysis of biomass and its combustion. In the applied section are listed given methods of the particles measuring according to regulations, common errors during measurement and methods of identification of measured fine particles. Then follow specific measurements of the formed very fine particles produced by the SMPS method. Subsequently, the results of the measurement are evaluated and summarized in the conclusion.
Small-scale electrostatic precipitator for domestic wood-burning appliances
Kantor, Tomáš ; Baláš, Marek (referee) ; Brázdil, Marian (advisor)
Master thesis deals with design of electrostatic precipitator for domestic wood-burning appliances. In the opening chapters, principles of electrostatic precipitation are described and a study of existing electrostatic precipitators for domestic combustion devices is made. In the practical part of the thesis, a mathematical model of electrostatic precipitator was created. Based on the mathematical model, electrostatic precipitator was designed and its performance parameters predicted.
Grate Boiler for Wood Chips - 96,4 t/h
Strnad, Ondřej ; Ryšavý, Milan (referee) ; Lisý, Martin (advisor)
This thesis deals with issue of grate boilers. It describes their properties, function principles and usage. The main part of this thesis is design of grate boiler burning biomass with steam output 96.4 tons/hour. Steam temperature and pressure at the output are 490 °C and 8.1 MPa.
Mercury emissions in energy industry
Hlavinková, Valérie ; Klimeš, Lubomír (referee) ; Charvát, Pavel (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with mercury emissions in the energy industry. The main sources are described and the combustion behavior of mercury is characterized. Legislative measures limit mercury emissions, which pollute the environment and endanger human health. The application method makes it possible to reduce these emissions.

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