National Repository of Grey Literature 5 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Polarisation of X-ray emission from accretion discs in active galactic nuclei
Podgorný, Jakub ; Dovčiak, Michal (advisor) ; Marin, Frédéric (referee)
The presented thesis deals with theoretical modeling of the X-ray emission from active galactic nuclei. It studies spectral and polarisation properties of local radiation reflected from the surrounding accretion disc, which is being illuminated by a hot corona above, as well as global observational perspectives at infinity for unobscured radio-quiet sources. Modeling of this kind could then serve for observational fitting of spin of the central supermassive black hole, constraining the accretion disc's or coronal properties, or de- termining observer's inclination towards the systems. A radiative transfer Monte Carlo simulation code STOKES [Goosmann and Gaskell, 2007, Marin et al., 2012, 2015, Marin, 2018] is used for local computations. Its performance is compared to results of other attempts already existing in literature and analytical approximations. The local scheme is discussed mostly in terms of emergent polarisation that has been for the first time simulated for these types of objects with high accuracy. Integration over the accretion disc and superposition with the primary radiation in the so-called lamp-post or extended coronal model, including all general relativistic effects in the vicinity of the central super- massive black hole, is then performed on the basis of already existing routine...
Polarisation of X-ray emission from accretion discs in active galactic nuclei
Podgorný, Jakub ; Dovčiak, Michal (advisor)
The presented thesis deals with theoretical modeling of the X-ray emission from active galactic nuclei. It studies spectral and polarisation properties of local radiation reflected from the surrounding accretion disc, which is being illuminated by a hot corona above, as well as global observational perspectives at infinity for unobscured radio-quiet sources. Modeling of this kind could then serve for observational fitting of spin of the central supermassive black hole, constraining the accretion disc's or coronal properties, or de- termining observer's inclination towards the systems. A radiative transfer Monte Carlo simulation code STOKES [Goosmann and Gaskell, 2007, Marin et al., 2012, 2015, Marin, 2018] is used for local computations. Its performance is compared to results of other attempts already existing in literature and analytical approximations. The local scheme is discussed mostly in terms of emergent polarisation that has been for the first time simulated for these types of objects with high accuracy. Integration over the accretion disc and superposition with the primary radiation in the so-called lamp-post or extended coronal model, including all general relativistic effects in the vicinity of the central super- massive black hole, is then performed on the basis of already existing routine...
Perturbing the accretion flow onto a supermassive black hole by a passing star
Suková, Petra ; Zajaček, M. ; Witzany, V. ; Karas, Vladimír
The close neighbourhood of a supermassive black hole contains not only accreting gas and dust, but also stellar-sized objects like stars, stellar-mass black holes, neutron stars, and dust-enshrouded objects that altogether form a dense nuclear star-cluster.These objects interact with the accreting medium and they perturb the otherwise quasi-stationary configuration of the accretion flow. We investigate how the passages of a star can influence the black hole gaseous environment with GRMHD 2D and3D simulations. We focus on the changes in the accretion rate and the associated emergence of outflowing blobs of plasma.
Polarisation of X-ray emission from accretion discs in active galactic nuclei
Podgorný, Jakub ; Dovčiak, Michal (advisor) ; Marin, Frédéric (referee)
The presented thesis deals with theoretical modeling of the X-ray emission from active galactic nuclei. It studies spectral and polarisation properties of local radiation reflected from the surrounding accretion disc, which is being illuminated by a hot corona above, as well as global observational perspectives at infinity for unobscured radio-quiet sources. Modeling of this kind could then serve for observational fitting of spin of the central supermassive black hole, constraining the accretion disc's or coronal properties, or de- termining observer's inclination towards the systems. A radiative transfer Monte Carlo simulation code STOKES [Goosmann and Gaskell, 2007, Marin et al., 2012, 2015, Marin, 2018] is used for local computations. Its performance is compared to results of other attempts already existing in literature and analytical approximations. The local scheme is discussed mostly in terms of emergent polarisation that has been for the first time simulated for these types of objects with high accuracy. Integration over the accretion disc and superposition with the primary radiation in the so-called lamp-post or extended coronal model, including all general relativistic effects in the vicinity of the central super- massive black hole, is then performed on the basis of already existing routine...
Energy balance of corona in black-hole accretion disks
Tynianskaia, Valeriia ; Bursa, Michal (advisor) ; Svoboda, Jiří (referee)
The presence of X-ray radiation that comes from the innermost regions of Active Galactic Nuclei indicates a presence of a hot gas component located close to the central black hole. The exact location and geometry of this so called corona is not known and various configurations are being considered in the literature. One of the suggestions for the geometry is a rather compact region located on the symmetry axis of the black hole (lamp-post model). Another variant is a layer that surrounds the accretion disk on both sides (slab model). Other models consider anything in between also in combination with a truncated disk. One of the key questions connected with the corona that is not often addressed is how is the corona energized, i.e. where does it take energy from. Assuming the disk is the only source of energy in an accreting system and that its internal energy is partly radiated and partly used to support magnetic fields, we evaluate geometrical constraints on the corona from the energy conservation condition. Lastly, we try to investigate the total emitted spectrum of a system consisting of a central black hole, a thin accretion disk and a slab corona. 1

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