National Repository of Grey Literature 724 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Trump vs. Biden - Which side chose Czech TV's stations?
Kratochvíl, Michal ; Křeček, Jan (advisor) ; Nečas, Vlastimil (referee)
The US presidential election is undoubtedly the most important foreign policy event regularly covered by the Czech media. In the case of the latter, the battle for the White House became one of the main topics of autumn 2020. All three main national broadcasters - TV Nova, CT and TV Prima - joined the battle for viewers. For the first time in history, the election results were broadcast simultaneously on these three TV stations. But what was the practice in the Czech media. In the United States, it is quite standard for media houses to lean towards one of the candidates, that the coverage is pro-Democratic or pro-Republican. This thesis examined how this phenomenon manifested itself in Czech TV stations. Thus, the research questions focused on the number of reports on each candidate, their tone, and the total time devoted to the election itself and to both candidates. Based on the data collection, the thesis assessed that TV stations did not give equal space to both candidates. By far more space was given to Donald Trump at the expense of Joe Biden. Moreover, Trump was more often portrayed in a negative sense. In this respect, Czech Television was the least balanced Czech TV station, while TV Prima was the best. However, it in turn offered the least American election coverage, with TV Nova having...
The populist radical right and its influence on the US presidential elections in 2012, 2016, and 2020
Šusta, Filip ; Hasman, Jiří (advisor) ; Solik, Martin (referee)
This thesis examines voting behaviour in the United States presidential election between 2012 and 2020, focusing mainly on how the populist radical right influenced the results. It therefore compares the results of the 2012 election, when Mitt Romney, who is considered a traditional Republican, ran for president, with those of the 2016 and 2020 elections, when Donald Trump, a representative of the populist radical right, applied for office. The thesis draws on the concepts of national nostalgia, cleavage theory and describes the characteristics of American nativism. Through a two-level binary logistic regression, influence variables are assessed at the individual and contextual levels, which are taken to be the US states. The results reveal a very important influence of the attitudes to unauthorized migration on support for Donald Trump in particular. It was also found that American society has become significantly radicalised during Trump's presidency. The demographic characteristics of the electorate were projected onto attitudinal questions about immigration, and these in turn conditioned their affection for Donald Trump. Through the models, it was also possible to confirm that his support corresponded to the general support of the populist radical right. Key words: cleavage theory; national...
Federal Police Reform Efforts During the Barack Obama and Donald Trump Administrations
Kraus, Daniel ; Mertová, Viktorie (advisor) ; Sehnálková, Jana (referee)
Policing is a highly controversial topic in the United States, with critics claiming that police officers regularly abuse their power and mistreat citizens, especially African Americans, with impunity. People of the opposite opinion believe that reports of police brutality are exaggerated and that accusations of widespread racism in the American police force are simply unfounded. The death of an unarmed African American man George Floyd in 2020 has partially revealed to the world how real police brutality in America really is - as well as how much this issue resonates in American society. During the riots, President Donald Trump was often compared to his predecessor Barack Obama, who faced a similar situation in 2014. and issued several comprehensive police reforms as a result. Trump was also forced to proceed with police reform in the tense situation. At the same time, Democratic lawmakers were drafting a more comprehensive and legislatively stronger police bill. This paper examines these federal attempts to reform American policing. Its goal is to analyse all of the federal police reforms that have occurred during the terms of these two presidents. The secondary aim of this thesis is to illustrate the differences in the approaches of the two presidents through this analysis.
Alleged Chinese Currency manipulation: the case of Yuan in relation to the USD from 2005 to 2020
Belon, Sander ; Semerák, Vilém (advisor) ; Macháček, Vít (referee)
Currency manipulation has been an increasingly infamous studied topic espe- cially since the US accusation of Chinese currency manipulation in the sum- mer of 2019. Such accusations raise the question as to what extend the Chi- nese RMB exchange rate might be considered misaligned. This paper seeks to identify grounds of the accusation of currency manipulation by applying the Behavioural Equilibrium Exchange Rate Model (BEER) to indicate possi- ble misalignment. Annual data from 1980 to 2019 is employed for which this paper will emphasize on the period of 2005 to 2019. The utilised Johansen co-integration test and the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) suggest a consistent undervaluation of the RMB exchange rate from 1980 to 2019. Such undervaluation ranges from -4.623% to -2.016% with a mean undervaluation from 2005 to 2019 of -2.464%. JEL Classification F12, F21, F23, H25, H71, H87 Keywords Behavioural Equilibrium Exchange Rate, Currency Manipulation, Vector Error Correction Model, China, Renminbi Title Alleged Chinese currency manipulation: the case of the Yuan in relation to the USD from 2005 to 2020. Author's e-mail sander@belon.be Supervisor's e-mail vilem.semerak@fsv.cuni.cz rozmezí od -4,623% do -2,016% s průměrným podhodnocením od roku 2005 do roku 2019 ve výši -2,464%.
Strategies of actors involved in space race
Brabcová, Karolína ; Doboš, Bohumil (advisor) ; Pražák, Jakub (referee)
The master thesis entitled Strategies of actors involved in space race aims to answer the question of what the strategies of selected space actors for the present and the near future are, and in what these goals can we predict cooperation or competition. Furthermore, the work examines in which directions the strategies of the actors are declining, what is the possible success rate and in which areas of space policy the actors should further develop. The work is structured into four chapters, which present the specific current and future goals of selected state space actors (USA, ESA, Russia, China, India, Japan) and commercial space actors. The strategic goals are analysed and compared from primary available official sources and put into practice within the list of main areas of interest and specific space missions. The main issues of space activities influencing current and future space policy are also defined here.
Presentation of the result of the US presidential election of 2020 in the media
Hegerová, Lucie ; Konrádová, Marcela (advisor) ; Skalický, Matěj (referee)
This bachelor's thesis deals with how four selected American media - The New York Times, Washington Post, CNN and FOX News reported on the results of the US presidential election in 2020. These elections were by their circumstances (Covid-19 pandemic), the process and subsequent conflicts regarding their results specific in many ways. This text focuses mainly on the topics that the media reported on in connection with the elections, as well as the possible relationship between their political inclination and the way in which they reported on individual candidates. For this purpose, a combination of quantitative and qualitative content analysis was used, which allowed the collection of sufficient data for comparison and at the same time capture latent meanings and fundamental context. The author relied on several basic media theories, especially the normative media theory and theories dealing with the effects of the media, specifically those related to news. The thesis also describes the American media market and the process of electing the US President and his functions, which are a context important for understanding the role of the media in informing about the election results and the political situation in the country. The result of the work is a summary of the events concerning the fight for...
"Special relationship" before the World War 2?
Bayer, Michael ; Soukup, Jaromír (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
The thesis describes the relationship between the United States of America and Great Britain in the period before the Second World War, with emphasis on the interwar period. The two Anglophone countries have been in some elementary connection since the War of Independence, which did develop further during the administration of President Theodor Roosevelt and later his cousin and distant relative Franklin D. Roosevelt. However, close cooperation, as was the case after the outbreak of World War II and during the Cold War, was rather non-existent and relations were not always ideal. What never disappeared, however, was the mutual effort to lead the discussion, despite almost sometimes hostile relations. This work aimed to examine those difficult relations between Great Britain and the United States and to show how mutual relations changed and over time connected their destinies.
Current issues of metamphetamine use and support care of its users with a focus on Montgomery County, Maryland state in the USA
Pacák, Michaela ; Šejvl, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Barták, Miroslav (referee)
Background: In the United States, methamphetamine use has increased significantly in recent years, resulting in an increase in overdose deaths. In 2020 alone, 2.6 million people in the country used this substance. Reasons leading to this trend are not described in the literature, nor is this issue documented from the perspective of individual US states. Aims: The aim of this bachelor thesis is to describe the use of methamphetamine in Montgomery County, Maryland. Based on the study of methamphetamine problems in this county, the subsequent aim of this work is to evaluate the current care of methamphetamine users. Methods: A qualitative approach was used for data processing. Methods of pattern search and text coloring were used in the data analysis. The method of intentional (purposeful) selection through institutions was used to obtain data. Data collection was carried out using a semi- structured interview. Data interpretation was performed based on the selection of relevant information. Sample: The research sample included 5 semi-structured interviews with addiction specialists in this county, Maryland, including a visit to the Outpatient Addiction Treatment Center and the state therapeutic center Avery Road. The research sample also included fixation and analysis of written materials. Results:...
A case study on public diplomacy and nation branding - the Czech center in New York City
Richter, Daniel ; Klabíková Rábová, Tereza (advisor) ; Konrádová, Marcela (referee)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to determine the success of the Czech Center in New York in public diplomacy and nation branding. The thesis is divided into 5 parts and a conclusion. The main objective of the thesis was to find out the mission of the Czech Center and then to follow this up with research on whether it is successful in its activities. The thesis notes the development of the Czech Centers in general and the specifics of center in New York, then discusses the economic situation. Mainly the thesis notes what the most important activities of the centre are. I worked with sources from the Czech Centrers directly (interviews with the Director General of the Czech Centres and the Director of the Czech Center in New York), as well as with professional literature or news reports. A large part of the work also consists of research. There I found out from both Czech and American respondents what they would like to see in at a Czech Center. Then, by comparing these results with other information found, I can say whether the Czech Center in New York is effective and add short recommendations for their communication.
Vietnam War during the years 1964-1975 from the perspective of Rudé právo and New York Times
Matoušek, Martin ; Bednařík, Petr (advisor) ; Groman, Martin (referee)
The main goal of this bachelor's thesis is to focus on key events of the conflict known as the Vietnam War through the perspective of the Czechoslovak and American periodicals i.e., the Rudé právo and the New York Times. By examining newspaper articles focusing on the most important events, it will help to understand the extent to which the subjective interpretation of the Czechoslovak communist periodicals differed from the American ones, and then to objectively put this information in a historical context. Given the period in which the war took place, it is assumed that both periodicals were to some extent subject to propaganda and did not inform their readers objectively. The work consists of three main parts, the first part outlines the historical and political situation in Vietnam and the United States. It then analyses the researched periodicals in a historical context. The second part focuses on the qualitative analysis of selected newspaper articles from both periodicals and their subsequent comparison. The third part then focuses on the final analysis of the data obtained in the second part and evaluates with what accuracy the information in the articles with the historical context coincided and whether the periodicals were objective in their information.

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