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Rye and triticale growing in Czech Republic
The aim of the bachelor thesis is to summarize the knowledge about cultivation of the rye and triticale in the Czech Republic. A partial goal was to summarize the knowledge about the use of life and tritical and the suitability for sustained management systems.
Identifikace alel pro zásobní proteiny obilky tritikale pomocí DNA markerů
Svojsíková, Nikola
Triticale belongs to the amphiploid cereals and was derived by crossing wheat and rye. Its baking quality is substantially worse than in wheat. The baking quality is determined by a composition and a content of the storage proteins. Both high and low molecular glutenin subunits have a major effect on the final quality of dough. The secalins of rye belong amongst the storage proteins of triticale, which negatively influence the baking quality. These are the reasons why lineages having translocated chromosome 1R and containing subunit Glu-D1d, which positively influences the baking quality, were created. The thesis is focused on identification of the allelic composition of loci of high molecular glutenin subunits (HMW-GS), low molecular glutenin subunits (LMW-GS), loci Pina a Pinb and null alleles of Waxy genes. 23 selected genotypes of triticale were analysed by using DNA markers based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Allelic composition of loci HMW-GS (Glu-A1, Glu-B1, Glu-D1), LMW-GS (Glu-A3) and Pina-D1, Pinb-D1 was described and null alleles were detected in the loci Wx-A1 and Wx-B1.
The cereals growing in ecological farming system
In this work were compared differences between organic, transitional and conventional farming systems. Grain yields were compared, the amount of agricultural engineering and economics in a selected company Farma Otročín Ltd. In the years 2007-2014.
Biodiversity of model agroecosystems on the ecological farm in the foothills of Šumava Mts.
The content of the thesis was research and study of the epigeal beetle communities at three different sites in the cadastral municipality Mačice near village Soběšice in Western Region. Habitats were managed under organic farming. Specifically there were three different sites, a field sown triticale, meadow and pasture. Method of pitfall traps was used for the collection of biological material. In total, there were intercepted and identified 640 individuals from 57 species and 14 families in the reporting period. In all of the habitats, species of beetles family (Carabidae) (23 species) were mostly represented, followed by family rove beetles (Staphylinidae) (11 species) and family carrion (Silphidae) (6 species). Most individuals were found at the field habitat with the numbers in total of 255 (30 species from 8 families), followed by habitat meadow with 198 individuals (36 species from 9 families) and the pasture habitat with 187 individuals (34 species from 10 families). The species spectrum of epigeal beetles was divided into groups according to the sensitivity to anthropogenic influences. Species that do not have special requirements on the quality and nature of the environment (group E) dominated in all habitats with 48 species. Total of nine species inhabiting habitats moderately affected by human activities (group R2) were found in all habitats, the least of them occurred in the field (1 species) , pasture (5 species) and at the meadow were found most (6 species). Index of anthropogenic impacts shows that these are very heavily modified habitats. When comparing individual sites, field habitat (ISD 1,67 %) was found to be the most affected. The least affected was the meadow habitat (ISD 8,34 %). As a result we can conclude that the hypothesis that organic farming has a positive impact on biodiversity was not confirmed.
Qualitative parameters of triticale grains
Triticale is a hybrid of rye and wheat. After both parents got good features. It is tolerant to worse conditions than wheat cultivation and has good health. Master thesis , Qualitative properties of grain triticale '' presents a comparison of the yield and quality evaluation of basic parameters of grain triticale. Among the selected quality parameters were included in the weight of a thousand grains, moisture , density and chemical composition of the grains. In 2010 and 2011 he was at the experimental plot Faculty of Agriculture, University of South Bohemia based varietal tests . Was grown and monitored 13 varieties of triticale. Based on the results of the thesis yielded the following conclusions. The values recorded for most varieties suggest the possibility of a potential for the breeding area of bakers use. The varieties showed lower gluten content and lower results in Zeleny test. The varieties have low values protein fraction and N-compounds. To improve the feeding value would increase the recommended dose of nitrogen fertilization. For the milling using these varieties are not suitable because of lower bulk density. Relatively good application would find these varieties in the use of bioethanol as a lower protein content means higher starch content. The results showed that triticale is more appropraite Grain other more intensive cultivation.
The aim of this study was to examine the production efficiency of processed triticale and compared to unmodified triticale during 135 day feeding experiment on ponds in the system Naděj. Dosing of feed, feeding technique and condition of the market carp in experimental ponds, the quality and quantity of natural food were observed. At the end of the experiment the main production indicators were evaluated and data were statistically evaluated. Higher production efficiency of mechanical and thermally processed cereals was not proved. The highest production efficiency was observed in variant with triticale supplementary feeding without processing (FCR ? 1.4; SGR ? 0.97 %.d-1; PER ? 6.74) and in variant with thermally processed triticale (FCR ? 1.63; SGR ? 0.88 %.d-1; PER ? 5.79). The lowest effective production was reached using grinded triticale (FCR ? 1.68; SGR ? 0.86 %.d-1; PER ? 5.62). Results were affected by different levels of quantity of zooplankton in the monitored ponds.
Conditional indicator in breeding market carp in semi-operation experiments in fish-ponds in Třeboň
In my bachelor thesis, I dealt with supplementary feeding of common carp (Cyprinus carpio, L.) in semi-operation experiments in fish-ponds in Třeboň. For the experiment, three-year carp of the operation line scaly Třeboň carp was used. The main objective of the experiment realized by me was to compare the feed triticale in various modified forms. For extra feeding, the feed triticale was used in three modified forms (whole triticale, pressed triticale, whole triticale thermally processed at 100°C). The feeding study was realized for the assessment of conditional indicators of market carp. For the experiment, which lasted 83 days, four fish-ponds were used. 363 pieces were set per hectare of fish-pond. In the fish-pond No. 1, whole triticale was used for supplementary feeding. In the fish-pond No. 2 pressed triticale was used for supplementary feeding. In the fish-pond No. 3, whole triticale thermally processed at 100°C was used for supplementary feeding. The fish-pond No. 4 was used for control without supplementary feeding. During the experiment, control fishing was performed to measure body length, body circumference, body weight and measure fat in the fish muscle. There was a considerable difference in the final weight between the feed whole triticale thermally processed at 100°C in comparison with the control group without supplementary feeding. It was the biggest gain from all tested feed types and reached 12.061 kg. The results of all tested feed types were best for the feed whole triticale thermally processed at 100°C, which proved to be the most suitable.
Posibilities affecting of texture of common carp(Cyprinus carpio)
The diploma thesis deals with statistical comparison of the textural properties of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) ? (hardness, springiness, cohesiveness, chewiness) were kept during the experiment at store?ponds in Trebon. Carps in each pond were fed with triticale or modified form of triticale (not processed, pressed, crushed, not processed cooked at 120 °C and 100 °C and pressed at 120 °C) and one control pond with fish. After the experiment the fish were killed, and the recovery factor was esteblished. The fillets were obtained from samples of muscle precisely in a defined way, and property values texture by TPA (Texture profile analyst) was found. The results show that all four monitored mechanical properties of textures, reach the highest values of control (hardness: 4,756 kg, springiness: 0.689, cohesiveness: 0.788 and chewiness: 2,585 kg), and the lowest textural properties were observed in triticale, not processed, heat- prepared at 120 °C: hardness: 3,259 kg, springiness: 0.646 and chewiness: 1,579 kg, and cohesiveness was lowest in triticale not processed cooked at 120°C: 0.733. Only samples pressed at 120 °C and not processed triticale were statistically significanty different from the others in parameter of hardness. Triticale pressed at 120 °C were statisticanty different from not processed, pressed triticale and control in parameter of cohesiveness. Triticale samples pressed at 120 °C and not processed at 120 °C significantly were different from the others and triticale pressed from controlwere diferrent too. In springiness parameter, there was no statistically significant difference. Was used significancy level p=0.01.

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