National Repository of Grey Literature 337 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The EU response to the development in Belarus in 2021: the human rights scope
Kotielnikova, Olha ; Kolenovská, Daniela (advisor) ; Góra, Magdalena (referee)
European Politics and Society: Václav Havel Joint Master Programme Charles University The EU response to the development in Belarus in 2021: the human rights scope Master's Thesis Abstract Author: Olha Kotielnikova Supervisor: Mgr. Daniela Kolenovská, Ph.D. Year of defence: 2022 Length of the thesis: 18892 words Abstract Human rights abuse in Belarus has again become a topical issue on the European Union's agenda alongside political rights violations since 2020. The Union sees its role in influencing the internal policy of the proclaimed Belarusian government for it to start respecting human rights. As a united body, it has instruments to exercise its foreign policy instruments, such as restrictive measures, negotiations, and communication. The dynamics of their usage have been changing, but there is still potential to review and adapt possible European responses. Keywords European Union, Belarus, foreign policy, human rights, human rights defence, resolution, sanctions, restrictive measures.
Attitudes of Czechia and Slovakia towards the forced sterilization of Roma women in comparative perspective
Slaninová, Lucie ; Klípa, Ondřej (advisor) ; Kolenovská, Daniela (referee)
The bachelor thesis is a comparative two-cases study that compares approaches of Czechia and Slovakia towards forced sterilizations of Roma women that was taking place on their territory during several decades. Sterilization is a medical intervention disabling a human reproduction. Sterilizations were set in the seventies in the former Czechoslovakia in accordance with an eugenics ideology of controlling public reproduction and influencing quality of the society. Ongoing differencies between major society and Roma people lasted for centuries in spite of many attempts to assimilate Roma people and that is the reason why Roma women were the target. However, controlling reproduction of population is violation of human rights. For this reason, both countries had to accept apropriate restrictions. The sterilization policy was ignored for a long time, although complaints and activities of victims started to appear at the beginning of this century. All the speaking victims together with many nongovernmental organizations tried to obtain a compensation for victims of this unlawful policy of forced sterilizations. Therefore, state authorities of both countries started to act. First of all, Slovakia started interrogation as a consequence of a report "Body and Soul" in 2003. A new act of health care providing...
Patterns of democracy and human rights - An analysis of the relationship between changes in democracy and human rights at the European Court of Human Rights
D'Andrea, Giada ; Lipovský, Milan (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
Since the very beginning, the European Court of Human Rights has suffered from a systemic issue: case overload. And despite the continuous reforms of the Convention system, a final solution seems still quite far from being achieved. Despite the focus of researchers and practitioners on this topic, few have investigated the relationship between the internal mechanisms of the states and their consequences on the backlog of the Court. This thesis offers insights over the relationship between the democratic status of a country and the proceedings before the European Court of Human Rights. It analyses the development of the Court from 1959 until 2021, finding that the reforms put in place by the Court along the years seem to have sorted only a minor effect in reducing the backlog of applications. Second, the panel study between 2000 and 2021 revealed that the democratic status of a country has a significant and negative relationship with the number of applications per capita filed to the Court. Lastly, the qualitative study shows the lack of a clear pattern among the democratic score of a country and the type of violations committed. However, through this last method a new pattern appears. There seems to be a negative relationship between the democratic score of a country and the share of violations...
Czech Public on So-Called Istanbul Convention – June 2021
Hanzlová, Radka
In June 2021 the Public Opinion Research Centre included two questions related to the discussed topic of the so-called Instabul Convention. Specifically, we investigated whether the respondents knew what this Convention was concerned and whether, in their opinion, the Czech Parliament should had or had not have approved the Istanbul Convention.
Reservations to international human rights treaties
Machoňová Schellongová, Ivana ; Šturma, Pavel (advisor) ; Hofmannová, Mahulena (referee) ; Válek, Petr (referee)
1 Reservations to international human rights treaties Abstract Reservations to human rights treaties have been focus of theory and practice of international law for many years. While the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Reservations to the Genocide Convention and the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties set key parameters for making reservations to international treaties, in particular criteria of compatibility of reservations with the object and purpose of a treaty, many questions remained unanswered. A question whether the regime of the Vienna Convention of the Law of Treaties is appropriate for international human rights treaties, due to the special character of the later, raised to heated debates. Authority of treaty bodies, e.g. committees monitoring implementation of these treaties by their States parties, to decide upon compatibility of reservations with object and purpose of these treaties and consequences of such decision, has been discussed. In the meantime, the treaty bodies, as well as the regional courts, developed a rich jurisprudence in this respect. Finally, the International Law Commission analysed the issue of reservation thoroughly over 18 years, leading to adoption of the Guide to Practice on Reservations to Treaties (2011) clarifying most of the...
The media image of colapsed Bangladesh textil factory in april 2013 and analysis of way czech media inform about textil industry in developing countries before and after this event
Lešková, Veronika ; Hronová, Tereza (advisor) ; Macků, Lucie (referee)
In April 2013 in Bangladesh building with five textile factories in which 1,129 people died, collapsed. A period of two months followed by when the media reported on violations of human and labor rights more than for the whole period of eight years before followed. The aim of this work is media image of human rights shown on the largest textile disaster in April 2013. The aim is to describe the media construct of human rights in the Czech serious media and their Internet sites. The solution I used is a combination of qualitative and quantitative analysis and analytical part is divided into two periods. The first part of the analysis focuses on the period of one year after the collapse of the factory, the second part analyzes the period from January 2005. I managed to describe how the Czech serious long-term media ignore human rights themes and focuses only to the news reporting.
Involvement of the People's Republic of China in Africa
Svobodová, Petra ; Kučerová, Irah (advisor) ; Karásek, Tomáš (referee)
Diploma thesis "Involvement of the People's Republic of China in Africa' deals with the evolution of China-Africa cooperation in the three specified time periods. Mainly it deals with the time period of the last nearly sixty years. This time period was subsequently divided into the period of the Cold War, 1990s and the last period is representing the year 2000 up to the present. Even though the diploma thesis deals with the African continent as a whole unit, the special emphasis was put on the four specific countries - namely Angola, Nigeria, Sudan and Zimbabwe. It analyses how the mutual cooperation has changed during these three different time periods and what has been the main components of China-Africa relationship. Primarily cooperation in the economic (foreign direct investments, foreign aid, balance of trade etc.), the political, but also the military sphere is analysed. The emphasis is also put on the Chinese status of a genuine alternative to the Western donor block, especially its policy of non- interference and aid without conditions. Diploma thesis also briefly touches on the approach of the traditional Western countries towards Africa (Washington versus Beijing Consensus). Positive and negative sides of mutual cooperation is also discussed.
Institute or field services?
Kavalírová, Olga ; Tomášková, Vladimíra (advisor) ; Čabanová, Bohumila (referee)
This diploma thesis, "Institute or field services?", deals with the topic of social services for people with intellectual disabilities. It focuses on the analysis of various types of social services - field, outpatient and residential services - due to the specific needs of different clients with intellectual disabilities. The aim of the thesis is to determine the structure of clients in residential institutions for people with intellectual disabilities and to identify factors on which families choose to use specific social services and determine the views of stakeholders in the field of social services on the benefits and limits of those types of services for people with intellectual disabilities. The issue of social services is assessed through the theoretical concept of rights of people with intellectual disabilities and the concept of de-institutionalization of social services. As a research method the questionnaire was used for providers of residential services in the capital city of Prague and interviews with various stakeholders in the field of services for people with intellectual disabilities. The conclusion discusses the most important issues in the care of people with intellectual disabilities and specific recommendations for improving the issue.
International terrorism and human rights
Gurská, Zuzana ; Šturma, Pavel (advisor) ; Bílková, Veronika (referee)
Summary: International Terrorism and Human Rights Key words: international terrorism, antiterrorist measures, human rights First part of the thesis is centered on characteristics of international terrorism, concept of human rights and three aspects of their mutual relationship: the immediate impact of terrorist attacks on human rights of their direct victims and the society as a whole and aspects linked to the states' response consisting of human rights breaches of suspects during repressive measures and curtailing the rights and freedoms of us all during preventive measures. Many states have tighten their current antiterrorist measures, introduced new ones and strengthened the powers of military and law enforcement at the expense of internationally guaranteed human rights and fundamental freedoms, argumenting with the need of neccessary trade-off between personal rights and freedoms and national security. Nevertheless, there are flexible institutes imbedded into international law that allow for realization of represive and preventive measures whithout compromising the guaranteed human rights. Secong part is devoted to these flexible institutes, namely limitation and derogation of human rights. Listed are necessary conditions of their implementation, in case of limitation of human rights the adherance to the...

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