National Repository of Grey Literature 14 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Financial Distress Prediction in Digital Finance Platforms
Zhang, Lin ; Kočenda, Evžen (advisor) ; Krištoufek, Ladislav (referee)
Jaké faktory nejvíce přispívají k finanční tísni FinTech firem: kapitálová přiměřenost, provozní činnosti nebo ziskovost? Tato práce se snaží zodpovědět tuto otázku pomocí logistického modelu a zkoumáním účetních dat 973 FinTech firem z celého světa z let 2018 až 2023. Analýza také bere v úvahu nefinanční proměnné a robustnost je testována pomocí modelu uspořádané odezvy a metody Bayesovského průměrování modelů. Výsledky naznačují, že během krizí je finanční tíseň FinTech firem ovlivněna především ziskovostí a provozními činnostmi, přičemž kapitálová přiměřenost hraje méně významnou roli. Klasifikace C52, C53, C58, G21, G32, G33, M41 Klíčová slova FinTech, predikce selhání, CAMELS, logistická regrese, model uspořádané odezvy, ROC, vzácnáudálost, BMA
Bankovní identita v ČR
Netopilová, Kristýna
The aim of this bachelor thesis was to formulate knowledge and recommendations for the use of banking identity in the university student segment. In this the-sis, the state of digitalization of banking and finance in the world was described and then the project of bank identity in the Czech Republic was presented. Based on a questionnaire survey, the status of BankiD usage in a sample of university students was determined. During the evaluation, I came to the conclusions that the awareness of bank identity is high, especially among students of economics, but not so many students use bank identity for everyday life. In the conclusion of the paper, the status of the use of banking identity among university students is described in more detail.
Regulatory Sandbox in Financial Services
Stupková, Michala ; Kohajda, Michael (advisor) ; Sejkora, Tomáš (referee)
Regulatory Sandbox in Financial Services This thesis examines the issue of regulatory sandboxes in financial services. A regulatory sandbox is a legal framework under which innovative technologies, products or services can be tested in a real environment and on real customers. Sandboxes are emerging in areas that are heavily regulated, while in financial services they serve to make it easier for innovative companies to navigate regulation and enter the market. This work then focuses on regulatory sandboxes in financial services in the European Union, which are currently established in 11 Member States. The main objective of this thesis is firstly to introduce this relatively widespread but not well-known concept and secondly to analyse its use in financial services. Although the establishment of a regulatory sandbox in the Czech Republic has been debated, it is a rather unknown and unexplored concept in the Czech academic environment, but one which deserves appropriate attention. Especially if it were to be established in the Czech Republic. The first chapter is dedicated to the regulatory sandbox itself, its functioning and the various benefits and risks associated with its operation. It then introduces some of the sandboxes in areas other than financial services. The second chapter discusses in...
Three Essays on Asymmetric Information in SME Finance and Microfinance
Wang, Yao ; Drábek, Zdenek (advisor) ; Janda, Karel (referee) ; Brada, Josef C. (referee) ; Kutan, Ali M. (referee)
This dissertation thesis consists of three essays on asymmetric information problem in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) finance and Microfinance. The aim of the thesis is to address the key problem in the credit rationing in the SME finance and microfinance and strive to improve the credit analyzing model with the help of soft information. The first essay investigates the factors that hinder the growth of SMEs using a World Bank dataset, and access to finance is found to be their biggest constrain to growth. Asymmetric information between small business owners and banks generates high interest rates, complex application procedures and high collateral requirements, which are found to be the biggest obstacles business owners face when they seek external financing. Small business owners who cannot get loans from banks will turn to microfinance as an alternative source of funds. In the second essay, a new dataset from disintermediated Peer to Peer (P2P) lending market is used to investigate credit rationing efficiency when there is no financial intermediary. The results show the existence of adverse selection where investors are predisposed to making inaccurate diagnoses of signals and gravitate to borrowers with low creditworthiness, while inadvertently screening out those with high...
Regulatory Sandbox - International Experience
Černecka, Anastasija ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee)
The regulatory sandbox is a special regime provided by regulators and super- visory authorities to market participants for testing their innovative business models, while temporarily reducing certain regulatory requirements. It is a very recent topic and so far its impact has not been sufficiently empirically tested. However, the empirical evidence may be crucial for the authorities hesitating to adopt their regulatory sandboxes. The main contribution of this thesis is the empirical testing of the effect of the sandbox on the investments into FinTech in three European countries, using the Synthetic control method. The yearly aggregate amounts and numbers of FinTech investments were selected as mea- surable indices of the FinTech sector development. The most significant results show that in the United Kingdom, the aggregate yearly amounts invested into FinTech grew considerably compared to the values of the synthetic control unit, after the sandbox introduction. For the other two tested countries (the Nether- lands, Denmark), no significant outcomes were observed due to insufficiency of data. In the theoretical part, this thesis gathers information about the existing regulatory sandboxes in European countries. Also, the author seeks to outline the main legal issues related to the regulatory sandbox...
Financial services provided by FinTech companies
Lupač, Tomáš ; Kohajda, Michael (advisor) ; Sejkora, Tomáš (referee)
Financial services provided by FinTech companies Abstract The diploma thesis focusing on Financial Services provided by FinTech companies aims to provide a comprehensive legal overview of modern issues in the financial market. The financial market has undergone a significant shift in the last decade, especially thanks to new innovative solutions, that are made possible by the rapid technological development of the 20th and 21st century. FinTech companies are often startups which, unlike the traditional financial institutions, have not been and today are still not bound by the pitfalls and strict conditions of the regulatory environment, when creating their business model and their products. FinTech companies little by little began to benefit from these regulatory gaps and gradually brought new types of financial services to financial market customers, which in certain situations may pose a very dangerous risk to the financial market and its stability. The diploma thesis is divided into three chapters and tries to give a comprehensive description of how technologies have influenced the world of finance throughout history, what legislation currently affects FinTech and what approach is taken by individual states and the European Union. The first chapter focuses primarily on the complete foundations of...
Cross-border Anti-competitive Agreements
Tupá, Kristýna ; Růžička, Květoslav (referee)
1 ABSTRACT Cross-border Anti-competitive Agreements Functional market mechanism, as an essential element of a market economy, is a prerequisite for the economic prosperity of advanced democratic states. A completely crucial element of its functionality is free competition, the protection of which is regulated by competition law. However, competition does not apply consistently across all sectors. In this thesis I focuse on its application within the financial services area. This sector`s nature is very specific because we must always strive to maintain financial stability when implementing any measures. How should legislation respond to these aspects respond and how should the competition policy itself be shaped? Is regulation of this area necessary or does the competition intself represent a thread to the financial stability of the system? In order to fully understand the specifics of this area, it is firstly necessary to become familiar with the economic aspect of competition law and the nature of these white-collar crimes. Consequently, I will focus on the application of the competition law on financial services, taking into account new technologies and their influence on the structure of this market. The impact of competition on the banking sector is one of the core parts of this thesis. Based on an...
FinTech and AML from a legal perspective
Zacpal, Mikuláš ; Kotáb, Petr (advisor) ; Vybíral, Roman (referee)
and keywords FinTech and AML from a legal perspective The subject matter of this thesis is the impact of regulations preventing money laundering and terrorism financing in the field of FinTech. The goal is to analyse these regulations and to offer a critical standpoint which would reflect the technological development in the financial sector and take into consideration the cost of adhering to these regulations. With this objective in mind, the first chapter defines the concept of FinTech, breaks down its specifics and provides typical examples of the financial services currently fitting this definition. In the second chapter, the obligations stemming from the AML/CFT rules are defined along with an evaluation of their impact on obliged persons. The current and future possibilities of remote identification which represents the simplest way of acquiring a client are further evaluated in a separate chapter. In the last part, this paper analyses the applicability of the AML/CFT Act in relation to neobanking, crowdfunding and crypto-assets. The paper concludes by summarizing the findings, formulating views on the current state of the topic, and presenting suggestions for future development. Money laundering and terrorism financing are detrimental social phenomena affecting the FinTech sector. The...
Regulation of alternative payment system operated through FinTech platforms
Řehůlka, Karel ; Sejkora, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kohajda, Michael (referee)
Regulation of alternative payment systems operated through FinTech platforms Abstract (ENG) The aim of this master thesis is to focus on payment systems, define alternative payment systems, comprehensively summarize the effective regulation in the Czech Republic and then critically evaluate the level of this regulation regarding future technological developments in this area. In the introductory parts of this master thesis the author focuses on the general definition of payment systems, the possibilities of their theoretical division. Different types are afterwards compared to each other and some pros and cons are listed. Subsequently, the author focused on practice-based payment systems in the Czech Republic, namely CERTIS and ABO, and then ones functioning at the European Union level, especially TARGET 2, EURO1, SEPA 1, SEPA 2 and RT1. The next section describes the payment system with settlement finality as an example of a traditional payment system and then discusses three potential alternatives that could be considered as alternative payment systems. These are mobile payments and mobile wallets related thereto, the system on which digital currencies are based, and finally electronic money systems. For each of these options, their operation is explained in detail and then the conclusion is made as to...
Cross-border Anti-competitive Agreements
Tupá, Kristýna ; Růžička, Květoslav (referee)
1 ABSTRACT Cross-border Anti-competitive Agreements Functional market mechanism, as an essential element of a market economy, is a prerequisite for the economic prosperity of advanced democratic states. A completely crucial element of its functionality is free competition, the protection of which is regulated by competition law. However, competition does not apply consistently across all sectors. In this thesis I focuse on its application within the financial services area. This sector`s nature is very specific because we must always strive to maintain financial stability when implementing any measures. How should legislation respond to these aspects respond and how should the competition policy itself be shaped? Is regulation of this area necessary or does the competition intself represent a thread to the financial stability of the system? In order to fully understand the specifics of this area, it is firstly necessary to become familiar with the economic aspect of competition law and the nature of these white-collar crimes. Consequently, I will focus on the application of the competition law on financial services, taking into account new technologies and their influence on the structure of this market. The impact of competition on the banking sector is one of the core parts of this thesis. Based on an...

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