National Repository of Grey Literature 2,647 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
The attitude of the Czech populist parties towards the European Union during the coronavirus crisis
Koryntová, Eva ; Kubát, Michal (advisor) ; Mejstřík, Martin (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the approach of Czech populist political entities, the ANO 2011 movement, the Freedom and Direct Democracy movement (SPD) and the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) to the European Union (EU) in connection with the coronavirus crisis. These parties are examined by discursive analysis based on debates of its members in the lower house of the Parliament of the Czech Republic - the Chamber of Deputies. The thesis revealed that despite the Eurosceptic nature of all examined parties, their approach to the EU was not the same. The parties that were in the reviewed period in the opposition, the SPD movement, and KSČM - were critical to the EU at almost all examined points. They asked the government to act at the national level and used nearly identical arguments. The ANO government movement had more moderate rhetoric toward the EU, and in some cases, it even positioned itself as a defender of the EU policies. The only person criticizing the EU in the ANO movement turned out to be Andrej Babiš, whose statements toward the EU became more and more acute with the upcoming elections to the Chamber of Deputies.
Recovery Plan for Europe in Response to the Covid Crisis
Mikulka, Martin ; Dupáková, Lenka (advisor) ; Čihák, Jakub (referee)
This diploma thesis is focused on the Recovery Plan for Europe, which is also sometimes called NextGenerationEU. This is one of the measures which were taken at the European Union level in response to the coronavirus crisis and its consequences in order to support the economic recovery of the EU Member States. The main aim of the diploma thesis is to analyse the legal- economic aspects of the EU instrument adopted under the title Recovery Plan for Europe, or also NextGeneration EU, and its functioning. The diploma thesis is divided into two large sections. The first one consists of parts 1 to 3 and the second one of parts 4 and 5. The first descriptive-analytical section initially describes the macroeconomic principles of crises and possible response steps to them so that it could be explained how, especially in the fiscal area, it is possible to react to crises from which economies cyclically suffer, taking the specificities of the European Union into account. Afterwards, the traditional EU fiscal instruments, in particular the Multiannual Financial Framework and the EU budget, are described and the extent to which these instruments can be used to respond to crisis situations, such as the coronavirus crisis, is analysed. The impacts of the coronavirus crisis are also subject to a brief discussion....
Parliament of the Czech Republic and the European Union
Trejbal, Jakub ; Grinc, Jan (advisor) ; Syllová, Jindřiška (referee)
Parliament of the Czech Republic and the European Union ABSTRACT What are the effects of European integration on the functioning of the Parliament of the Czech Republic and how does the European law set the boundaries for the involvement of this key constitutional institution in European affairs? To what extent do the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate deal with the European agenda and engage in European Union policy-making, and are there differences between them in this respect? What is the role of both chambers in the European legislative process and what is the level of their activity compared to the activity of parliamentary chambers of other EU member states? The search for answers to these questions is the focus of this thesis. The first part of this thesis defines the concept of a parliament and its functions and powers as understood in theory, followed by a general characterisation of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, its two chambers and the constitutional basis for their involvment in European affairs. The second part introduces the major milestones in the history of European integration that have shaped the relationship between the Parliament of the Czech Republic and the European Union and an assessment of their impact on the functioning of national parliaments. The third part analyses...
Attitudes Towards Free Movement of Workers from the Perspective of Welfare Regimes
Janáková, Šárka ; Young, Mitchell (advisor) ; Rovná, Lenka (referee)
This Master's Thesis studies the connection between welfare regime clusters, their institutions and public attitudes towards the free movement of workers in the European Union. It aims to analyse, whether welfare regime clusters can serve as a useful tool for understanding the cross- national differences in public opinion on intra-EU labour migrants. To do so the Thesis uses the institutional theory and looks at three dimensions of welfare state institutions - the universality of the welfare state, economic inequalities and job opportunities. The study is conducted on the case of eight (former and current) EU member states, which are divided into four pairs, each representing one of the welfare regimes - conservative, liberal, social democratic and Southern European. The Thesis concluded that neither clustering into welfare regimes, nor institutional dimensions represent a sufficient tool to explain the variations in attitudes between the chosen countries. Insufficiency of clustering was shown in the case of some countries, that are part of the same welfare clusters but show different levels of support for free movements of workers. Additionally, countries with the positions in the studied institutional dimensions which should lead to the most positive attitudes do not reach the predicted degree of...
Geopolitical significance of the European Union in the perspective of economic influence on its surroundings
Sušanka, Adam ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the analysis of the geopolitical significance of the European Union in terms of its economic impact on neighboring countries. Using the concept of geographical distance, Heartland and Rimland theories, geoeconomic theory and the world system theory, it examines its economic impact on six target countries in the geopolitically important area of Rimland in comparison with the world's three largest power actors. The main goal is to find out whether the European Union as a whole is competitive in geopolitical rivalry with the USA, China and Russia. The first hypothesis of this research claims that the EU's geopolitical influence is comparable to other world powers. Furthermore, a second hypothesis is presented that argues the importance of geographical distance in relation to geopolitical influence, ie the greater the distance of the domestic actor from the target he wants to act on, the more his overall geopolitical influence decreases, which is also analyzed in this project in the case of the European Union and others.
EU democracy promotion in contemporary sub- Saharan Africa: the case study of South Sudan
Husák, Jim ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Weiss, Tomáš (referee)
Democracy promotion aims to force or encourage a foreign state to become more democratic. This includes direct democracy assistance, or direct financial aid or training to the electoral arena, government and civil society, but also rhetorical commitments, political gestures, information dissemination, sanctions, conditionality and through "soft power" - cultural ties and their significance in promoting European values. The Diploma Thesis EU democracy promotion in contemporary sub-Saharan Africa: the case study of South Sudan examines these strategies as they were used by EU actors in democracy promotion in South Sudan. South Sudan is the youngest country in the world, and the EU, both in terms of EU institutions and member states has aided the country in its uneasy development to become a democratic state. How EU actors attempted to accomplish this, and how have these strategies changed between 2011 and 2020 is the focus of the research. The thesis comes to the conclusion, that the EU used a top- down approach, engaging more with government and other state institutions than with civil society. It also focused on developing good governance and rule of law, together with enhancing socio-economic sectors. The EU also promoted democracy in South Sudan through regional organisations, the IGAD, and the...
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Zajíc, Marek ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Volf, Jaromír (referee)
The subject of this diploma thesis is a comparison of the liberalisation of passenger rail transport on the example of the Czech Republic and Austria. Based on the legislative framework of the European Union, which both countries have to follow not merely in the field of transport policy, the aim of the thesis is to compare the situation in the two neighbouring Central European countries. Regarding the research, literature and other sources, the thesis focuses on a comparative analysis of how the two countries, comparable in terms of size and population, approach liberalisation. In this thesis, I conclude that the liberalization of the EU passenger rail market process in the Czech Republic and Austria through railway packages is undertaken by different methods. Whilst in the Czech Republic the "vertical separation" is used, where the infrastructure manager and carrier are two different subjects, which leads to business competition objectivity, in Austria the infrastructure manager and the carrier remain in one holding arrangement in relation to the subsidiary companies. It is important to analyse both of the approaches continuously, especially with regard to the period of 2023-2033, which is to be the last transitional decade, followed by absolute liberalisation of the passenger rail market....
Evolution of the preferences of the Council of the European Union in negotiating Transparency Register
Štefániková, Michaela ; Martinková, Viera (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
The thesis examines the evolution of the preferences of the Council of the European Union in the context of the approval of the European lobbying control mechanism, the so-called Transparency Register. In the thesis, the author sets three research hypotheses that seek to prove the influence of three different factors on the positions of the Council, as the last institution to enter the negotiation process. The thesis is based on rational choice theory, specifically the agenda-setting as well as the principal-agent sub-theory. The methodological form of the thesis research is based on the qualitative method of process-tracing, which explains the investigation of the chain of events or decision processes through which conditions are transformed into outcomes. The examination of agenda-setting confirmed the fact that although the Commission as the primary actor of agenda-setting at the EU level has fulfilled this role, it uses only soft power and a diplomatic narrative that lacks authority, which prevents it from convincing the Council to actively cooperate in negotiating the Register. On the contrary, the informal but significant agenda-setting role of the European Parliament, through publicity and inter-institutional dialogue, has achieved that the Council has agreed to the negotiations, even in the...
EU CSDP as discourse and identity: towards a security actor in the neighbourhood
Freitag, Vojtěch ; Karásek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Hynek, Nikola (referee)
This diploma thesis explores the European Union's identity as a security actor in its neighbourhood. More specifically, it aims to find persistent discursive elements that contribute to form its actorness identity. To this end, the thesis analyses the EU official discourse of two 'opposite' CSDP missions in its neighbourhood - Operation Concordia in FYROM and Operation Sophia in the Mediterranean Sea. It develops a theoretical approach which highlights internal functions of external actions. As a consequence, the CSDP is regarded as identity- building exercise and the discourse surrounding the military missions is viewed as directed to strengthen the EU actorness identity. The discursive fields of Concordia and Sophia are examined through three dimensions or 'lenses' named as 'distinctiveness', 'normative justifications', and 'part of a bigger picture'. With their help, the analysis reveals that in spite of the notable development of CSDP in the past two decades, there are long standing discursive tools the EU uses to build its identity as a security actor and enhance its standing both at home and on the world stage.
Goal Setting in the Climate Policy of the EU
Vinařská, Lucie ; Young, Mitchell (advisor) ; Bauer, Paul (referee)
Master's Thesis Lucie Vinařská SS 2022 Abstract This master's thesis deals with goal setting in the climate policy of the European Union. It examinates in detail the available literature on goal setting in the context of the general global, but more importantly, European governance. The aim of this thesis is to define factors that contribute to successful goal setting, which ensures that the goals can be used as an efficient governance strategy. These factors are (a) nature of the problem, (b) character of the actors, (c) the principal features of the setting and (d) mobilisation of support in specific cases, (e) funding, (f) scientific knowledge, (g) origin of the goal (h) translation of goals. The cases were chosen due to their ability to cover three distinct decades of EU's climate policy development. In each of these three cases, the goal setting process was described according to the criteria using official documents of the EU institutions such as the European Commission's communications or Council of the European Union's conclusions, official websites of the EU institutions or official reports. Based on the research, the goal setting process became much more comprehensive in terms of its length and the quantity of work necessary for a goal to be set. Though fulfilling all the criteria might not...

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