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The Influence of EU Common Investment Policy on the System of International Investment Law
Svoboda, Ondřej ; Lipovský, Milan (referee)
1 The Influence of EU Common Investment Policy on the System of International Investment Law Abstract Extending exclusive European Union (EU) competence to foreign direct investment (FDI) in the Lisbon Treaty has had profound implications. The EU began to develop its own investment policy, including negotiating either international investment agreements or comprehensive trade and investment agreements with third parties. Taking into account the magnitude of the EU economy and the fact that EU Member States have concluded almost 1 400 bilateral investment treaties (BITs) out of roughly 3 300 in force worldwide, the potential of European influence over the system of international investment, based principally on BITs, is enormous. The aim of this dissertation is to assess how and in which way the new EU competence changes the system. The EU investment policy has developed a specific approach towards investment protection and investment dispute mechanism which does not envision content declared at its beginning. According to initial documents such as the European Commission's Communication Towards a comprehensive European international investment policy, the Union should have followed the available best practices of the Member States. Nevertheless, during the first bilateral negotiations with Canada and...
The Origins and Recent Development of Civil Protection in the Czech Republic and Abroad
The diploma thesis " The Origins and Recent Development of Civil Protection in the Czech Republic and Abroad " is based on the theoretical part, which will be devoted to population protection. This concept represents the fulfillment of tasks in planning, organizing and carrying out prevention activities, ensuring emergency preparedness and crisis management, crisis situations and their solutions. These activities are closely related to the performing tasks related to the protection of life, health, property and the environment in events of emergencies and crisis situations of non-military and military character. The introduction will introduce the basic concepts that will be linked throught the text. The main essence of the theoretical part is the history and the recent of civil protection and the protection of the population in the world, the European Union, selected countries: Slovakia, Germany, Austria, Poland and in the Czech Republic. A large part of the theoretical work according to significant time periods in this area of civil protection in the Czech Republic. The diploma thesis contains a practical part. It is developed on the basis of a system of questionnaires. They are ivided by age categories. Here is analyzed the evaluation of the population in terms of protection of the population, their own security comparison with the past in the field of civil protection in the Czech Republic, in the European Union and in the world. The aim of the work is to divide into selected stages of civil defense from beginning in the Czech Republic and in the other countries. What were the reasons for the emergence of civil defense and protection and in legal norms or international conventions were historically stated. General awareness of the issue of protection of population according to a questionnaire survey. This work can be used for study purposes in the field of population protection or to compare the modern concept of security of population protection and comparison with history. The protection of the population has been and will continue to be at the forefront of the state's interest in the distant future. In this situation, this diploma thesis would be used for further study of the author in the field of doctoral studies in this area.
Principy cirkulární ekonomiky v provozu školy
ČAPKOVÁ, Markéta
The main goal of this diploma thesis is to find out the current regulations and methodologies concerning the circular economy in educational institutions and at the same time to suggest how the operation of a school can introduce the principles of the circular economy into their daily operation. A partial goal is to create a general manual, according to which the schools involved could switch to circular economy by simple steps.
Strategical and financial instruments for support of regional development
ČERNÁ, Veronika
This bachelor thesis with the theme 'Strategic and Financial Instruments for the Support of Regional Development' explains regional policy on a transnational level, in this case from the point of the European Union, its goals, strategic documents, the future visions of regional policy and connections with the regional policy of the Czech Republic, which is described in detail too. The main focus of this thesis is the instruments of regional policy of the European Union and the Czech Republic which contribute to the regional development of the country. The practical part of this bachelor thesis analyses the specific Strategic Plan of Development of the town of Týn nad Vltavou and the financing of realized projects between the years 2016-2022. The strategic document was obtained from the official website of Týn nad Vltavou and another source are interviews with the town's representatives, which is helping with evaluating the use of financial instruments of regional policy of the town.
Project Support for Regional Development
This bachelor thesis summarizes the basic theoretical knowledge in the field of the regional development. The first part, theoretical summary, deals with the definition of basic concepts and introduction to the issue of regional development, both from the perspective of the Czech Republic and the view of the European Union. The main principles, objectives and tools of regional development are defined. The part of the thesis contains the characteristic of the European structural and investment funds. In addition, the thesis focuses on the analysis of the grant opportunities provided by the EU. It also focuses on municipal budgets which constitutes their income, expenses. The second practical part of the text focuses on the analysis of the EU 2004-2020 structural funds and their contribution to the development of the regions in Czech Republic. This part of the thesis also represents the main strategic documents that are crucial for the development of regional policy in the Czech Republic.
Adoption of the Euro in the Czech Republic
The bachelor's thesis introduces the issue of the theoretical adoption of the Euro in the Czech Republic to which the country was undertaken in the process of accession to the European Union in 2004. There is not fixed date for joining the Euro Area yet, despite meeting part of requirements in the past. The presumption of Euro acceptance is the government decision and to fulfil the criteria. The main aim is to give a detailed description of the process of the switching to the Euro Area with all economic and legal aspect. The thesis describes the history of the Economic and Monetary Union, its current situation, scenarios of adoption and national plan. There are answered the issues of when and how it will be the most profitable way to adopt the Euro and what are the main benefits and risks. In conclusion, there is described and analysed the process of fulfilment of the Maastricht convergence criteria and amendment arising from the transition to the single currency.
Triangular trade
This work focuses on the legal regulation of triangular trade. It examines breaches of the terms of these transactions, mainly in relation to value added tax, and how effective the enforcement of sanctions is under the European Union rules and if this type of trade is sufficiently legally treated from the point of view of the European Union law and within two Member States, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Furthermore, the work shows how the triangular trade is reflected in the accounting of individual stakeholders and in the financial statements it examines what effect it has on the company - whether it pays to conduct a triangular trade or not. The results are obtained through example a fictional companies that deals with this type of trade. And finally how trade between the European Union and Great Britain developed after Brexit.
Differences in productivity of individual sectors in EU countries
The diploma thesis deals with labour productivity in the states of the European Union, primarily in terms of industry. The main objective is to assess the differences in the sectoral labour productivity of the EU countries. The thesis is focused first on the economics of growth, productivity and its types and then on labour productivity. The practical part in the first part deals with the analysis of labour productivity for the whole economy in individual EU countries. The next part analyses the labour productivity of EU countries in the manufacturing industry and individual sections of this sector, which are divided according to technological intensity. EU countries are analysed using labour productivity in absolute terms and according to the dynamics of labour productivity growth in the period 2010-2019. The last part shows the change in the level of labour productivity during the period under review and further defines the main differences in the sectoral labour productivity of the EU countries.
The similarity of the Member States of the European Union in the field of Excise Duties
The diploma thesis deals with the issue of excise duties in the EU. The aim is to answer what extent the EU member states are similar in terms of these taxes. It represents a harmonization process and excise legislation binding on all Member States. The actually excise duty rates in the Member States for 2021 and selected studies that have been carried out on the examination of taxation in EU are presented. The most recent data available from 2019 are examined using discriminant analysis, which makes it possible to determine the links between the variables. It presents the factors that can affect the data and can be used to justify the similarity of EU Member States in taxation.
PETROVÁ, Michaela
The diploma thesis deals with trade agreements that the EU concludes with third countries in order to remove tariff and non-tariff barriers to foreign trade. The theoretical part deals with the description of legislative documents that regulate the conclusion process of these agreements, where the EU member states are represented by the EU and act externally as a whole. The practical part dealt with the economic impacts of trade agreements with selected countries on the EU in comparison with its member state the Czech Republic. The impacts were assessed according to selected indicators, which focused mainly on the trade balance and employment. According to the studied literature, agreements have a higher impact on small economies and companies, as tariff and non-tariff measures are more difficult for them to overcome than for large corporations. The EU promotes global economic openness and seeks liberalization of the world market, but in recent years there have been increasing views on maintaining barriers, as some studies could jeopardize the competitiveness of the European market in certain commodities.

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