National Repository of Grey Literature 213 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Jaroš, Josef ; Veverková, Kamila (advisor)
The thesis titled "Society and Church within the Territory of the Former Western Roman Empire in the 5th to 7th century AD" focuses on relations between the society and the church, specifically within territories which, at the given period, formed the Western Roman Empire (5th century AD) and its successor states (6th to 7th century AD). The given period was chosen as it marked a turning point in the relations between the state, or the society, and the church; the further development in Europe, not limited to religion, stems from this period. The 5th century represents a sort of a prologue to the dramatic and turbulent 6th century, while the 7th century is an afterpiece during which the details of the further direction and development of the Catholic Church were refined. The aim of my thesis was to confirm or disconfirm the hypotheses that Christianity (the church) did not accelerate the fall of the Western Roman Empire or that it did not significantly contribute to it, that it was not a bearer of progress as it did not improve the general conditions, and that the church had the character of any religion serving power and was not unique in any way at the time. Attention is paid initially to political and economic situation, which is followed by the study of the relationships between the church and the...
Contemporary populism in Europe
Senft, Matěj ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Agha, Petr (referee)
Thesis title: Contemporary populism in Europe This thesis maps the development of populism across Europe and investigates its manifestations and core elements in its complexity, which is the groundwork for analysis of populist party, movement or individual. Populism is not considered solely as the relieving strategy meant to maximize the voter's votes by comprehensible, straightforward and hardly feasible promises. Without this attitude in mind, we would hardly be able to put some reason behind the populist boom, which we had chance to witness during the last decade. Therefore this thesis considers populism as the ideological construct, the way politicians present themselves, the rhetorics, the mastered political style or the structure, which provides the foundations of programme documents of political movements and parties. It would be a mistake to a priori consider it as some kind of purely negative phenomenon, but more of as the reflection of various and continuously changing demands of European electorates. Desperation, which mainstream parties evoke in their voters, is toxic and continues to spread across all society classes. This creates a space for various populists to dominate. Thus while tracking their activities, specific kind of critical thinking is necessary, because populists...
Evaluation of rationality and risks of pharmacotherapy in older patients in long-term care facilities
Lukačišinová, Anna ; Fialová, Daniela (advisor) ; Alušík, Štefan (referee) ; Paluch, Zoltán (referee)
Objectives Main objectives of this doctoral thesis were to review available information on pharmacological properties of benzodiazepines and their age-related changes; to evaluate the prevalence of benzodiazepine use in older patients residing in long term care facilities; to investigate the association between use of benzodiazepines and occurrence of falls in acutely hospitalized older patients; and to describe utilization of benzodiazepines in the Czech Republic. Methods A narrative review of literature focused on pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, adverse effects and association of benzodiazepines with falls in older population was conducted. The evaluation of benzodiazepine use in long term care facilities was analysed in a retrospective cross-sectional study using data from the EC 7th Framework Program SHELTER project (Service and Health in the Elderly in Long Term Care). A prospective cohort study data of acutely hospitalized patients in Australia were used to evaluate association between benzodiazepines and falls. To describe utilization of benzodiazepines in the Czech Republic, data from the State Institute for Drug Control and from databases of General Health Insurance Fund were used. This dissertation thesis is a summary of published articles from above stated works and analyses. Results...
Military Conscription in contemporary Europe - how and why states still use it?
Hoppe, Dominik ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
This thesis addresses issues regarding military conscription within the European geographic area. It reflects lengthy and complicated evolution of military conscription, as well as its use case and eventual suspension or abolishment as a military recruitment tool in a post- Cold war Europe up until this day. Thesis also addresses academic and non-academic debate related to conscription and its development, typology, use-cases while it tries to uncover and summarize principal reasons, why was the concept of military conscription abandoned. Furthermore, it tries to evaluate those reasons against the current state of security environment in Europe, compare them and based on that, answer the question whether the relevance of those reasons is still valid or not. Especially in relation to the fact, that some of the countries that abolished conscription in the past, are bringing it back in form of mandatory military or civilian service, contrary to above mentioned reasons. Thesis comes to conclusion, that the relevancy of the issues with conscription from the past are less relevant in current European security environment.
Local Referendum in the European Area
Svoboda, Marius ; Svoboda, Petr (advisor) ; Kryska, David (referee)
The diploma thesis Local Referendum in the European Area offers a comprehensive overview of the legal regulation of the institute of local referendum in individual European countries. In four parts devoted to Central, Southern, Western and Northern Europe, it introduces the regulation of this institute in the local legal systems and compares individual solutions not only with the Czech regulation, but across all European states. It deals in detail with individual aspects of the local referendum, including its announcement, binding force and the possibility of a popular initiative.
Trust in International Relations: Case study of transatlantic cooperation in the security sphere
Doleželová, Sabina ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Kozák, Kryštof (referee)
The realm of trust has of late become the subject of a new agenda of research. Withal, as this paper demonstrates, trust has always implicitly been at the core of international relations theory. The object of the research is the transatlantic relationship and the role that trust plays on the field of security, using NATO as the platform. In this connection, at first, the author considers the category of trust in international relations as a whole. A detailed analysis of the phenomenon of trust, its principles and distinctive signs will be conducted. For the further application of the theoretical findings to the case of transatlantic relations, special methodology as exploratory research is elaborated. It develops a multiframework strategy for recognizing signals of trust in a relationship, emphasizing the role of the security dilemma, hedging strategies and reassurance in this manner. The selected research methods are determined by the theoretical basis and the available data for the research. Taking stock of the history of transatlantic relations on the basis of researching literature and using the research findings of the case study, the author estimates the level of trust between the United States and European NATO members during periods of turmoil. The aim is to reveal the causes of such state of...
Fundraising and Investment in Private Equity in Europe
Hoang, Ha Phuong ; Mejstřík, Michal (advisor) ; Haas, Emma (referee)
The attractiveness of private equity has been steadily increasing over the past years. This thesis aims to investigate the determinants of commitments to new funds raised and subsequent investment into companies on a data set covering 20 European countries spanning over the period 2007-2018. Using Ex- treme Bounds Analysis, the number of explanatory variables of diverse nature - macroeconomic, labour, financial, political, legal and social - is reduced as a large number of regressions are run to determine the robustness of each vari- able. Furthermore, a panel data analysis is conducted with fixed effects and random effects models. Three models are built for each fundraising activity and investment split according to stage focus. The analysis identifies differences in the determinants of fundraised and invested capital, tertiary education attain- ment and domestic credit to private companies as major drivers of fundraising, whereas market capitalisation and unemployment rate are confirmed as the key stimuli for investments in private equity. JEL Classification C33, C51, E22, F21, G24, G30 Keywords fundraising, investment, private equity, venture capital, buyout, Europe Title Fundraising and Investment in Private Equity in Europe
New parameterizations in the RegCM model
Pitaš, Ondřej ; Belda, Michal (advisor) ; Karlický, Jan (referee)
This thesis compares new physical parameterizations in the regional climate model system RegCM with the standard settings used at the Department of Atmospheric Phy- sics and observed climatic conditions. The first part is dedicated to the description of individual parameterizations and to the essential introduction to the RegCM model. In addition, model preprocessing and running simulations are discussed. The simulations were conducted over Europe domain for the ten-year period (1990-1999) with five dif- ferent model settings. Holtslag PBL(Holtslag, 1990) type boundary layer scheme, Grell cumulus convention scheme over land and ocean and Explicit moisture scheme (SUBEX; Pal et al 2000) were used in the reference simulation. In the conducted simulations, the following physical parametrizations were used separately: UW PBL (Bretherton and McCaa, 2004) boundary layer scheme, Explicit moisture Nogherotto/Tompkins mois- ture scheme, Tiedtke (1996) and Kain-Fritsch (1990) & Kain (2004) cumulus convention schemes over land and ocean. None of the new physical parameterizations showed impro- vements over standard setting in all analyzed variables at the same time. Precipitation is best described by reference simulation as well as by simulations with UW PBL and Kain- Fritsch & Kain parametrization type. Kain-Fritsch...
The cytotype diversity and population demography of invasive aster from Symphyotrichum lanceolatum a S. novi-belgii groups in Central Europe.
Varvažovská, Adéla ; Slovák, Marek (advisor) ; Chrtek, Jindřich (referee)
Asters from Symphyotrichum lanceolatum and S. novi-belgii a species complexes are native to North America from where they were imported to Europe as ornamental plants during the 19th century. They were naturalized and later became invasive in the humid habitats along rivers and lakes. Both species groups are karyologically and morphologically highly variable what is reflected in their complex taxonomy. A crucial role in the formation of their intricated diversity play inter- and intraspecies hybridization, polyploid evolution as well as phenotypic plasticity. The biological and ecological diversity of Asters was thoroughly studied in their natural environment in North America, however only little is known about their variability in their new, invaded European habitats. Numerous polyploid cytotypes were reported from their native distribution range in North America, however, only a single cytogeographic study in Europe has been published to date. The outcomes of this study accompanied by occasional chromosome counts indicated the existence of higher ploidy levels only. Specifically hexaploid and octoploid cytotype was reported for S. lanceolatus while hexaploids in S. novi-belgii. The problem of the karyological variability of these taxa in Europe deserves attention and further research. Key words:...

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