National Repository of Grey Literature 63 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The changes of the position of unexpelled Germans in Czechoslovakia 1945-1953.
Kaufholdová, Jenny ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šmidrkal, Václav (referee)
In the post-war period, the Czechoslovak Republic was subject to many difficulties and demanding changes. One of the most important tasks was connected to the renewal, which lead to the request to create a nation state without a German minority. However, the whole issue was not quite simple and encountered many complications. Although the post-war goal was eventually declared as a success, it was not entirely accomplished. In spite of all efforts, a part of the Germans remained in Czechoslovakia after the main expulsion. The approach to the Germans was influenced by many circumstances, but overall, the unexpelled Germans were still marginalized. The situation of these Germans in the period of the third Czechoslovak Republic changed slowly over time, but the decisive change came after the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia consolidated its power in February 1948. In order to fulfil the aims and ideals of the new regime, the previous approach to the Germans who remained in the Czechoslovakia had to be modified. This thesis focuses on the time period after the end of the Second World War and maps the transformation of the status of the unexpelled Germans according to historically determined events until 1953. It compares the attitudes towards Germans in the political system of the third Czechoslovak...
The private Business in Czechoslovakia in the second half of the eighties
Novák, Pavel ; Štemberk, Jan (advisor) ; Šalanda, Bohuslav (referee)
The diploma thesis "Private business in Czechoslovakia in the second half of the eighties" focuses on the period of "perestrojka" in the conditions of socialist Czechoslovakia in the second half of the eighties. The aim of the thesis is to describe and especially evaluate the beginnings of private business in socialist Czechoslovakia at the end of the eighties. The research question then is whether this economic form of production and trade had any hope of greater development given the given political order. Derived questions are to what extent private business was successful, what and how big a response it evoked among the population and especially how it was accepted and evaluated by the ruling elite. The thesis traces the change in the attitude of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia towards private business after Mikhail Gorbachev took over as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the reconstruction of the economic mechanism announced by him both in the Soviet Union and in its satellites. The primary method will be work with archival materials from the National Archives of the Czech Republic, the Archive of the Security Forces and other state organizations, as well as work with information from the contemporary press. The secondary source...
The fate of Zdeněk Fierlinger after the February Coup
Sedmíková, Kateřina ; Šindelář, Jan (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
This bachelor thesis is focused on Zdeněk Fierlinger and his life and is divided into two parts. The first part of the thesis focuses on his youth, work in the diplomatic services, servis to legions, fate during the Second World War and shortly after it. The first part of the thesis is about important events in the life of Zdeněk Fierlinger, due to which he was directed to the services of the communists in Czechoslovakia, enforced in February 1948. The second part of the thesis deals with the life of Zdeněk Fierlinger after 1948. This main section is focused on his overall political activity in high party positions, and above all on Zdeněk Fierlinger's contribution to building the communist regime. It is based on source research, selected professional literature and additional sources, which are mainly oral history interviews, contemporary press, university theses and internet sources. The aim of the work is therefore to comprehensively process the life of Zdeněk Fierlinger, focusing on the events that shaped his legacy today, i.e. especially on the events after 1948. KEYWORDS Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party, Communist Czechoslovakia, Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, February Coup in 1948, Czechoslovak diplomacy
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and Parliamentary Elections in 1925
This diploma thesis deals with the development of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia during the years 1921-1925, its work in the party-political system of the first Czechoslovak Republic and the elections to the National Assembly, which took place in November 1925, in which it measured forces and popularity against other political parties. This was the first parliamentary election for the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia since its inception. Despite this, it was a huge success, gaining almost one million electoral votes, making it the second strongest party in the whole Czechoslovakia. Greater attention is paid to the internal party disputes that accompanied the party during its development throughout almost all of the 1920s, the Communist Party's attitudes towards the state regime, the methods of spreading Marxist-Leninist ideology during the election campaign and the election results from a communist point of view.
Literární noviny, Literární listy and Listy (1966-1969): The story of the demise of the Union of Czechoslovak Writers' weekly
Čáp, Johan ; Čeňková, Jana (advisor) ; Končelík, Jakub (referee)
This bachelor's thesis aims to describe the functioning of a weekly Literarni noviny, one of the most influential periodicals in Czechoslovakia in the 1960s. Between 1966 and 1969, the publication of this cultural magazine was stopped twice and Literarni noviny was renamed twice - first to Literární listy and later to Listy. In the theoretical part, the thesis deals with the phenomenon of cultural magazines in the 1960s, the functioning of censorship in Czechoslovakia, and important topics with which the periodical influenced contemporary discourse. In the practical part, using qualitative methods - historical-comparative analysis and text analysis - summarizes the content and graphic changes of the periodical in individual stages, and puts everything in context with other cultural periodicals of the time. Part of the bachelor's thesis is also an oral history interview with Vladimír Karfík, then editor-in-chief of the cultural section of Literarni noviny. The conclusion of the thesis shows the periodical changed structurally relatively little between 1966 and 1969 and the changes in content corresponded to the progress of media liberalization - the tightening or loosening of censorship. The unique interview with Vladimír Karfík complements some details that do not appear in the literature and is a...
Criteria for prohibition or suspension of political party's activity and their fulfillment by the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
Sedlář, Jiří ; Hájek, Lukáš (advisor) ; Charvát, Jan (referee)
The topic of banning or suspending the activities of the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) has long resonated in Czech society. The aim of the thesis is to answer, on the basis of summarized criteria and expert opinions, whether the KSČM did not meet the conditions for its prohibition or suspension of its activities in a certain period of its existence (1989-2012). The text is theoretically based on the concept of defensive democracy, the foundations of which are brought closer to the reader both in general terms and in a more detailed form in the environment of the Czech Republic. Among other things, the thesis reflects selected historical cases associated with the Communist Party, which led to the development of this concept in the Czech Republic. Individual efforts to legally sanction the Communist Party culminated in 2011 with a request from the Ministry of the Interior for expert opinions. The aim of these assessments was to support the reasoning of the upcoming proposal to suspend the activities of the KSČM. The result of this work is the finding that on the basis of a comparison of general criteria and arguments from expert opinions, the activities of the Communist Party could not be banned or suspended.
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia on the road to the illegality
Vostrčil, Jan ; Doubek, Vratislav (advisor) ; Polášek, Martin (referee)
Bachelor thesis discusses the possibilities of semi-underground work of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) since the late 1920s through to the final period of the legality of the Communist Party during the "Second Republic". The paper is divided into three thematic blocks. The first section deals with the context in the form of development of the party system since the late 1920s to the end of the First Republic, and also the legal framework for the protection of the republic. The second part is devoted to the history of the KSČ during this period. The third part is devoted to the analysis already semi-underground work opportunities, which is the main theme of my thesis. The main objective is to show the possibilities of semi-underground work. In fact, it is the kind of analysis the official party press, in which the articles could describe the illegal activities of illegal foreign parties. These articles could eventually serve as role models for the domestic illegal work. This fact is examined in the second part of the analysis. The thesis is also partly concerns the question of the influence of the Comintern on organizing these activities and even general influence on the Comintern on the inner side management. The analysis is based on analysis of articles official Communist press (Rudé...
Regional Committee of The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia in Brno under the leadership of Otto Šling
Lehnert, Jiří ; Houda, Přemysl (advisor) ; Wohlmuth, Petr (referee)
This thesis deals with the regional functioning of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia at the regional level in the first years after the end of the Second World War, specifically the Regional Committee of the Communist Party in Brno, which at that time was headed by the regional secretary Otto Šling. He was arrested in October 1950 as an enemy of the party and the state. He then became the key figure in the political process with Rudolf Slánský, the Communist Party's general secretary. Otto Šling was a former interbrigadist in the civil war in Spain in the period from 1936 to 1939. During the Second World War, this communist politician of Jewish descent participated in the Czechoslovak anti-nazi resistance movement in the Great Britain. These facts certainly contributed to his arrest in 1950 and his later condemnation and execution in 1952. Otto Šling was one of the first senior officials of the Communist Party to be a target of the policy of seeking "class enemies" in the Communist movement in Czechoslovakia. The inhuman brutal investigation of his person led to the prosecution of the second man in the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Rudolf Slánský. However, this work is primarily focused on Šling's activities in the Brno branch of the Communist Party between 1945 and 1950 in connection with his...

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