National Repository of Grey Literature 22 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Role of the Civil Society in the Transformation of the North African States
Jiránková, Adéla ; Střítecký, Vít (advisor) ; Ditrych, Ondřej (referee) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
The rigorous thesis focuses on the role of the Civil Society in the processes of transition to democracy as a part of the possible democratization wave in the Middle East also know as the Arab Spring. For the purposes of the thesis the author examines three case studies of countries with the successful revolutions - Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia and two countries, where the revolutions were not successful - Morocco and Algeria. Using the method of process-tracing with focus on the path-dependency it traces the changes in the dynamics of the Civil Society in the pre-revolutionary period, concretely during Mubarak's regime in Tunisia, Qaddafi's rule in Libya, Ben Ali's regime in Tunisia, reign of the king Muhammad VI. in Morocco, and Bouteflika's regime in Algeria through the revolutions to the post-revolutionary period. Moreover, the main assumption is that the initial non-democratic regimes have been significantly influencing the transformation process of all three countries and this also applies to the Civil Society as such. The Civil Society, in this thesis, is based on two paradigms. The first is based on the liberal modernization framework and the second is connected with stagnation and socio-economic deprivation. This unique combination contributed to the transformation of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Morocco,...
History and the present of Algeria and the development of the French language
Landová, Adéla ; Klinka, Tomáš (advisor) ; Machleidtová, Silva (referee)
Title of the thesis: The history and the present of Algeria and the development of the French language Keywords: Algeria, arabization, Arabian, Berber, French language, history, colonization, Maghreb, nationalism, independency, present, education Abstract: Algeria, the second largest country in Africa, is a part of an area called Maghreb. As well as other Maghreb countries, also Algeria has been influenced by the French colonization in the beginning of the 19th century. Not only did the colonization change the Algerian community, it mainly resulted in the introduction of the French language which is used in Algeria till this day. The target of this bachelor thesis is to outline the history and the present of this country, the development of the French and other languages such as Arabian and Berber, and also to comment on the development of the education system in Algeria. This bachelor thesis is divided into three main chapters that are chronologically arranged and that start with studying the history of Algeria. After that, they deal with the question of language in each particular historical period. The first chapter describes Maghreb from its furthest history up to the French colonization. The second chapter aims at the period of the French supremacy in Algeria and the last one chapter studies...
Harkis - traitors or victims of the Algerian war? Reflection of the auxiliary units in the French army in Algeria after 1962
Ondrová, Sára ; Emler, David (advisor) ; Matějka, Ondřej (referee)
This bachelor's thesis aims to describe the formation and evolution of auxiliary units in the French army, called harkas during the Algerian war. Moreover, it analyses the reflexion of members of the auxiliary units in Algeria after 1962, the year of independence in Algeria, until the present. The first chapter presents the origins of the auxiliary units and their development in the context of the Algerian war. The text underlines motivation of the Algerians for entering into the auxiliary units and practices used by the French army to perceive as many indigenous natives as possible to engage in the army. The chapter also describes the fates of members of auxiliary units at the end of the war and after the ceasefire. In the second part of the paper, the thesis describes the history of independent Algeria with a focus on the connection between the new regime and the army. Additionally, it also incorporates the fusion of the governing elite with the National Liberation Front which endures until present day. This chapter reflecting the development of the newborn Algerian Republic also examines the Algerian conception of history and its impact on image of former members of the auxiliary units in Algerian society. In the context of Algerian history the thesis describes the history of former harkis who...
Annotated Translation: L'Algérie des Français (Pierre Laffont, 2003, Paris, pp. 93-124)
Felčer, Petr ; Duběda, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šotolová, Jovanka (referee)
The bachelor thesis consists of two main parts. The first part contains a Czech translation of selected chapters from a book by the French journalist Pierre Laffont concerning the colonial history of French Algeria, called L'Algérie des Français. The second part is dedicated to an analysis of the source text, partly based on Christiane Nord's model, as well as to the presentation of the translation method, the typology of translation problems and their concrete solutions.
The causes of continuing existence of the French Foreign Legion
Dolejší, Daniel ; Karásek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
Daniel Dolejší The causes of continuing existence of the French Foreign Legion 2015 Abstract The core theme of this diploma thesis is the French Foreign Legion that is examined from the point of view of national interests and strategic culture of France. It is very unusual in developed countries to have foreigners as a part of national army. Goal of the thesis is to discover and describe the causes of continuing existence of the French Foreign Legion. First of all, the author defines national interests and strategic culture of France for certain periods, and then he assesses the contribution of the Legion to fulfillment of goals connected to the national interests and the strategic culture. To the main conclusions of this work belongs that the first hypothesis was confirmed, the French Foreign Legion helped to reach goals based on national interests in certain periods. On the other hand, the second hypothesis was not completely confirmed. The author expected that the strategic culture always stabilizes and supports the role of the Legion, but he found out the opposite for the interwar period. The author supposes higher importance of the Legion in the area of peacekeeping operations under a mandate of the UN or NATO because the EU currently lacks troops prepared to be deployed abroad.
Selected Geopolitical Aspects of the EU's Energy Security
Lang, Petr ; Romancov, Michael (advisor) ; Hnízdo, Bořivoj (referee)
This thesis deals with the geopolitical aspects resulting from the increasing EU dependence on natural gas imports from the external suppliers. In addition to the investigation into he current situation of the EU market with natural gas, nature of major suppliers is explored, the thesis tries to identify the main risks to the security of supplies, especially the possibility of politically motivated supply disruption. From a broader perspective, it scrutinizes whether the natural gas market is driven by the market-based principles and regulated by international organizations (Market and Institutions scenario) or the bilateral relations between producer and consumer are the decisive factor (Regions and Empires scenario). Furthermore, the analysis of relevant documents issued by the EU institutions is also included and the thesis aims to assess the feasibility of the single 2 European external energy policy. Finally, the thesis includes two case-studies: the first one is dealing with energy relations between Russia and Belarus and Ukraine. The second one is dedicated to the Nord Stream gas pipeline project.
Increasing the visibility of grey literature in Algerian institutional repositories
Ahcene, Babori ; Nabil, Aknouche
This paper aims to discover the benefits and the impact of institutional repositories and its role to support the scientific research and enhancing the global visibility and impact of grey literature through answering the following questions: Which are the best practices to improve the visibility of grey literature? How could we achieve a high visibility of grey literature in Algerian institutional repository?
Fulltext: Ahcene_Nabil_fulltext - Download fulltextPDF
Slides: Ahcene_Nabil_presentation_EN - Download fulltextPDF; Ahcene_Nabil_prezentace_CZ - Download fulltextPDF
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Modernization reforms in colonial Algeria: 1945-1962
Mlčoch, Kryštof ; Tomalová, Eliška (advisor) ; Matějka, Ondřej (referee)
Concerning the French colonial presence in Algeria after the Second World War, we can observe an increased effort of high representatives of both metropolitan France and French Algeria to realize a quick modernization of this territory. Those reforms took place in order to keep the territory under the French colonial scope by changing it into one of the French departments with a developed economy and well integrated inhabitants. At the time of the Independence War these efforts seem like an alternative, non-military approach how to realize it. The subject of this case study is to analyse the French colonial modernization in practice on the case of Algeria between the Second World War and its independence. Its goal is to present the system of modernization process the to readers. It examines especially the economic modernization as this domain demonstrates many examples of modernization as agricultural population reduction, efficiency of work, fast GDP growth, education, industrialization and efficient use of natural resources. This progress was based on huge four-year modernization plans. These reforms show many signs of modernization, but if their true goal was to keep Algeria French, they can not be considered as successful.
The Role of the Civil Society in the Transformation of the North African States
Jiránková, Adéla ; Střítecký, Vít (advisor) ; Ditrych, Ondřej (referee) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
The rigorous thesis focuses on the role of the Civil Society in the processes of transition to democracy as a part of the possible democratization wave in the Middle East also know as the Arab Spring. For the purposes of the thesis the author examines three case studies of countries with the successful revolutions - Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia and two countries, where the revolutions were not successful - Morocco and Algeria. Using the method of process-tracing with focus on the path-dependency it traces the changes in the dynamics of the Civil Society in the pre-revolutionary period, concretely during Mubarak's regime in Tunisia, Qaddafi's rule in Libya, Ben Ali's regime in Tunisia, reign of the king Muhammad VI. in Morocco, and Bouteflika's regime in Algeria through the revolutions to the post-revolutionary period. Moreover, the main assumption is that the initial non-democratic regimes have been significantly influencing the transformation process of all three countries and this also applies to the Civil Society as such. The Civil Society, in this thesis, is based on two paradigms. The first is based on the liberal modernization framework and the second is connected with stagnation and socio-economic deprivation. This unique combination contributed to the transformation of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Morocco,...

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