National Repository of Grey Literature 149 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo, Linnaeus, 1758) and the Development of the Number of its Nesting Sites in the Czech Lands
Hašpl, Filip ; Andreska, Jan (advisor) ; Hanel, Lubomír (referee)
The presented work deals with the development of the population of the Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo) in the Czech Republic in the period 1940 - 1979. The data are obtained from the archive of the Ringing Station of the National Museum in Prague and supplemented from available literature. The Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo) is our largest owl, which currently occurs in Europe, Asia and North Africa. However, especially in European countries, it has been abundantly hunted in recent history and its population is still recovering to this day. The work presents a brief history of man's relationship with this owl and describes its difficult path to legal protection. It also briefly presents the known nesting sites and the history of ringing of this owl before the years thoroughly examined in this work. The work also documents the increase in the number of eagle owls in the territory of our state during the 20th century (the lowest number of recorded nests in one year in the observed years is 0 and the highest 21 nests), including re-occupation of the area where the owl was at the turn of the 19th and 20th century completely exterminated. Furthermore, these data on the occurrence are processed into maps and tables, on which we can clearly see the locations of the owl's nesting grounds, which were...
Antiquity in history textbooks for secondary schools 1948-1989
Dubská, Hana
The thesis focuses on didactic and historical analysis of history textbooks used during the Communist totalitarian regime at secondary schools in Czechoslovakia republic between 1948-1989. Goal of this thesis was to find out if there were any changes of historical events interpretation of Classical antiquity in consideration of political development in the country. The theoretical part consists of brief political development and development of education in Czechoslovakia in observed period. The practical part deals with the analysis and the comparison of textbooks from totalitarian and present era with emphasis on didactics and content. I concluded that interpretative texts influenced by the communist ideology were more focused on social problems in contemporary society. Textbooks were also focused on slavery issue, especially their hard life and described passed slave rebellions. This is most obvious in textbooks published in the 1950s. Keywords: history textbooks, antiquity, secondary school, communism, Czechoslovakia, education, 20th century
The founders of alcohol abuse treatment centers in our country at the beginning of the 20th century
Hrubá, Dita ; Šejvl, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Popov, Petr (referee)
Background: The beginning of 20th century was in our country favourable for dealing with alcoholic issues. T. G. Masaryk takes the lead of the country. He and most importantly his sympathizers are continuously concerned with this issue and as the psychiatric institutions are filled with alcoholics these days, an effort to establish specialised institutes for alcoholism treatment is made. Aims: To map the beginning of institutionalized alcohol treatment in our territory. Describe the activities and ideas of main representatives and founders of institutional treatment of alcoholism of that time, namely MUDr. Jan Šimsa, Bedřich Konařík and Prof. Břetislav Foustka. Methods: A qualitative content analysis of documents that were available on given topic and their comparison was used for data collection. Afterwards, an analogy of obtained information was accomplished. Results: MUDr. Jan Šimsa, Bedřich Konařík and prof. Břetislav Foustka were very occupied with issue of addiction and excessive consumption of alcohol. At the beginning of 20th century a spread of anti-alcohol movement and establishment of constitutional hospitals in the same spirit arises. Key words: alcohol, addiction, treatment, sanatorium, Bohemia, 20th century
Fashion as a feminist tool of the 20th-century
Kosinová, Monika ; Svatošová, Zuzana (advisor) ; Magidová, Markéta (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the problems of the first two waves of feminism, which is reflected in the 20th century fashion. It explains what feminism is and what its historical contexts are. An overview of the evolution of fashion of the 20th century will be divided by decades and will show its fundamental changes a impacts on society in connection with the development of women's movements. The work differentiates between world and domestic fashion and accentuates the attitudes of crucial personalities of fashion design on this issue. The historical overview will be complemented by a proposal and reflection on the partial realization of its own pedagogical project aimed at linking the field of clothing design and feminist issues.
Protection of the population and measures against weapons of mass destruction in former Czechoslovakia from 1950's until the 1970's
Vrána, David ; Parkan, František (advisor) ; Koura, Petr (referee)
Presented diploma thesis is pursued to the topic of conceptual evolution of civil protection in the last century's 50's to 70's period. This period of time, population safety was secured by so called Civil Defence. Noticeable atribute of all the Civil Defence measures impacting population was mainly protection against mass destruction weapons. That is why protection against mass destruction weapons is given the most attention in this diploma thesis. Target of the thesis is historical analyse concerning Civil Defence and its evolution in Czechoslovakia in noted period. Out of it the thesis sketches also general formation and evolution of civil protection in previous period. Diploma thesis is done based on study of available literature and mainly based on accessible sources from military archive in Prague. Thesis is divided to six chapters, chronologically describing the most important milestones in Civil Defence conceptual evolution. Emphasis is laid on description of its organisational structure and way of population protection against mass destruction weapons. During studies of these sources, the emphasis was laid also on military evaluation of country territory according to level of expected threat by aerial attack that time, or later by nuclear weapon of mass destruction in case of war conflict....
Adversarial principle in the civil procedure of Czechoslovakia and later the Czech Republic throughout the 20th century: an analysis
Koževnikov, Michael ; Dvořák, Bohumil (advisor) ; Holčapek, Tomáš (referee)
Adversarial principle in the civil procedure of Czechoslovakia and later the Czech Republic throughout the 20th century: an analysis Abstract The aim of thesis is to analyse the adversarial principle in the civil procedure of Czechoslovakia and later the Czech Republic. The hypothesis states that there were three different time periods, each with its unique look at adversarial principle, which the later interpretation of courts and authors maintained. First, I challenge this hypothesis with respect to authors and courts continuing in the footsteps of creators. After that I search for any common ground between all of the concepts. Both topics are examined with respect to how the facts of the case were collected and to whether the court was obliged to follow cause of action pursued by the parties. Based on the analysis of literature and case-law from 1918 to present the conclusions are following: With respect to how the facts of the case were collected, majority of literature and case- law published in the first part of communist regime replaced the adversarial principle by the inquisitorial principle, giving precedence to the activity of court instead of rejecting the claimant's action on the basis of lack of facts presented. The situation changed in literature in the second part of the communist regime,...
Causes of the current crisis of the Parti socialiste
Pavlíková, Klára ; Perottino, Michel (advisor) ; Brunclík, Miloš (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on causes of the contemporary crisis within the French Parti socialiste. The PS, as the hegemonic party of the French left until the last presidential and legislative elections in 2017, formed one of the foundational pillars of today's French Fifth Republic. After these elections, however, the party found itself in an unprecedented crisis. The debacle was also felt by other traditional parties of the French right-left continuum. It is clear that such a great crisis could not be solely caused by the unsuccessful presidential candidate Benoît Hamon. The research question of this qualitative study is therefore: How deeply rooted in the history of the Socialist Party are the causes of this contemporary crisis? Are the causes of the contemporary crisis of a long-term nature, which can be seen already in the 20th century? Or is the current state of the party conditioned by causes that arose only in the 21st century? The thesis captures and then analyzes the external and internal factors (both, in the 20th and 21st centuries) that could possibly cause this contemporary situation.

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