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Methodology for calculating Nutritional Footprint and its practical use in the Czech Republic
Kapitulčinová, Dana ; Jelínková, Zuzana ; Havránek, Miroslav ; Zvěřinová, Iva ; Weinzettel, Jan
The methodological document describes the selection of environmental indicators for food items integrated in a single indicator of environmental impact, so-called Nutritional Footprint. The functional unit is one portion of a meal and nutritional values with respect to health are also provided. The document includes theoretical grounding and description of the Nutritional Footprint calculation. Based on a pilot testing of the concept methodological approaches to its practical use are suggested, especially for its use in education (EE and ESD).
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Determination of pharmaceuticals in wastewaters
Horkelová, Simona ; Sobotníková, Jana (advisor) ; Coufal, Pavel (referee)
The issue of pharmaceutical accumulation in the environment is a pressing concern today. Annually, the consumption and misuse of pharmaceuticals increase, with a significant portion ultimately being discharged into wastewater. Unfortunately, wastewater treatment processes often prove inadequate in effectively removing these substances, as they were not originally designed for this purpose. Consequently, pharmaceuticals gradually infiltrate water systems, resulting in heightened pollution of surface water, groundwater, and even drinking water sources. Due to insufficient legislation, there is a need for stricter monitoring and elimination of pharmaceutical substances containing. This master's thesis investigates the presence of pharmaceuticals and some metabolites in wastewater samples using an accredited method at ALS Czech Republic laboratory. It compares the input and output concentrations of drugs in wastewater treatment plants of varying sizes and assesses the efficacy of their removal. Additionally, it contrasts municipal sewage treatment plants serving communities with hospital wastewater treatment plants. Key words: LC-MS, pharmaceuticals, metabolites, wastewaters, environment
Application of Mathematical and Statistical Methods in Company Management
Davidová, Karolína ; Šustrová, Tereza (referee) ; Novotná, Veronika (advisor)
This thesis focuses on the systematic evaluation and comparison of various options for the location of a new factory. It utilizes mathematical and statistical methods, focuses on the use of algorithms, geographic information systems, and time series. It includes a proposal for the utilization of a specific type of transportation.
Prefabricated Housing and Sustainability
Orságová, Kristýna ; Kvasnica, Lukáš (referee) ; Pavlovský, Tomáš (advisor)
The bachelor thesis focuses on the panel housing estates in the Czech Republic as a symbol of mass housing, analyzes their impact on the city, and explores the possibilities and challenges associated with their long-term sustainability in today's context. The analytical part examines the historical development of panel housing estates as a whole, the principles, and models of sustainability. In the design part, these elements are interconnected and utilized in a proposal for the revitalization of a specific panel housing estate.
The influence of urban greenery on the quality of the environment
Prokš, Dominik ; Zlámalová Gargošová, Helena (referee) ; Doležalová Weissmannová, Helena (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the topic of the impact of urban green space on the quality of the environment. As the first topic the concept of urbanization appears and closely related to this is what the city as such represents for society. Furthermore, much attention is already paid to urban green spaces and their functions and effects on the urban environment. Public greenery has an impact on air and climate functions, as well as on rainwater management, preventing the spread of noise, trapping dust and, finally, greenery has a positive effect on the psyche of the inhabitants. Furthermore, the maintenance and care of plants and grassland is addressed. In the practical part, is discussed the concept of management and form of public urban greenery in the territory of the Statutory City of Brno, where, among other things, are described the assigned individual managers of urban greenery in the territory of the city and their duties and problems associated with maintenance. The function of the geological and informative system called GIS is also presented, which is an application for the administrators and the public for a clear orientation in the city and its environment. The last chapter is devoted to the measurement of pollutant concentrations in Brno's air.
Hydrogen and safety in transport
Rusek, Rostislav ; Böhm, Michael (referee) ; Poulíček, Matěj (advisor)
This bachelor thesis identifies the risks associated with the leakage, storage and handling of hydrogen as a promising low-emission fuel of the future. It starts by giving the basic characteristics of hydrogen, or its storage and transport methods. It then analyses existing safety measures, describes hydrogen transport and technological innovations from an economic and environmental perspective. The final section compares hydrogen with alternative fuels, namely compressed natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas. This thesis is based on a search of the relevant literature, summarises current knowledge and highlights the need for further research to ensure a secure future for hydrogen as an alternative fuel in transport vehicles and infrastructure.
NetZero – carbon neutral living in Brno
Thunová, Nicola Vanesa ; Gebauer, Pavel (referee) ; Sedláček, Michal (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the design of an apartment block conceptually designed as a carbon-neutral building in Brno. The selected object is a continuation of the pre-diploma project PURE CITY, in which a set of buildings was designed as part of the urban study, which dealt with the issue of NET ZERO within the urban and social scale. The demarcated area is located in the cadastral area of Starý Lískovec on Jihlavská street near the new Západní Brána (West Gate) stop and not far from the campus of the Bohunice Faculty Hospital. The NET ZERO concept deals with sustainability and the effort to achieve a neutral balance of carbon footprints throughout the building's life cycle. The inner block is designed as a set of 8 housing sectors. The inner space of the park-like courtyard is used for staying and relaxing and is a completely private space for the residents of the block. The building in the corner parts reaches up to 7 above-ground floors, thus responding to the orientation to the cardinal points. In terms of shape, it prescribes a rational rectangular shape from the north side, but on the south side, the facade is slanted, as it was necessary to give way to the ongoing existing communication. The apartments are designed in several categories and mainly aim at the density of the population. The apartments are complemented by spacious balconies, and the apartments on the ground floor have terraces located at the street line, which demarcate public and private space with a double barrier and height difference. The height difference thus also responds to the descending terrain, which reaches a height difference of up to 3.5 m on the southern side. On the ground floors in direct contact with the street line, active parterres with smaller shops or services are designed, or WORK and LIVE housing units, which combine work environments, such as studios, with living space. These spaces are designed over 2 above-ground floors in the style of a loft apartment. The roof plane is designed as flat roofs in several height levels, on which are located private terraces for residential apartments, located on the highest floors, as well as community gardens for residents of the inner block, and a large part is occupied by an extensive green roof supplemented by photovoltaic panels for pumping solar energy.
Vyhodnocení emisí amoniaku z chovu drůbeže ve vybraném zemědělském podniku
HES, Adam
This bachelor's thesis focuses on the assessment of ammonia emissions from agricultural operations and their potential impact on the environment and human health. The aim of the work is to analyze the factors affecting ammonia emissions and propose possible measures to reduce them. To achieve this goal, measurements of ammonia emissions were carried out using specialized sensors located in different places of the farm. At the same time, information was collected on the procedures and technologies used in animal husbandry and fertilizer storage. The analyzes carried out showed that the main sources of ammonia emissions in the analyzed agricultural company MTD Ústrašice are the breeding of farm animals and the application of fertilizers to the fields. We identified factors such as the type and size of animal husbandry, storage methods, and fertilizer application techniques that affect ammonia emission rates. Based on our findings, we propose the implementation of measures aimed at reducing ammonia emissions, such as optimizing fertilizer storage technologies, modifying procedures and using alternative animal husbandry methods. These measures should contribute to the protection of the environment and human health in the given agricultural enterprise.
Tax Revenues in the Area of the Environment
BLÁHOVÁ, Tamara
The thesis focuses on the development of tax revenues in the Czech Republic, particularly regarding energy taxes. It seeks to accurately characterize and define environmental tax revenues, primarily through theoretical exposition, and subsequently in the practical section using basic tax indicators. The practical part further analyzes the evolution of energy tax collections. This analysis involves confirming or refuting seasonality using a specific statistical test, namely the F-test of seasonality. Additionally, it examines the trend and seasonal fluctuations in monthly tax collections of these taxes over the years. The thesis describes possible causes of these fluctuations and the trend in energy tax collections, as well as the consumption of commodities subject to these taxes. Monthly tax collection data (i.e., taxes on electricity, natural gas, and solid fuels) are obtained from statistics provided on the customs administration website, while data related to macroeconomic variables (e.g., GDP) are obtained from the Czech Statistical Office. Regarding tax indicators, it was found that the share of energy taxes in total tax revenues is increasing, the partial tax quota of energy taxes has been decreasing over the years, and the share of energy taxes per capita is slightly increasing. A detailed analysis of monthly collections then reveals that collections from electricity and natural gas taxes, as well as the consumption of commodities subject to these taxes, are increasing. Conversely, a decreasing trend was observed in collections from solid fuel taxes, which was also observed in the consumption of one of the most commonly used solid fuels, namely coal. Seasonality on a monthly basis was evident for all three observed taxes, with the most pronounced seasonality observed in collections from solid fuel taxes.
Slow tourism
HAŠKOVÁ, Michala
The aim of this bachelor's thesis is to define slow tourism and clarify how this form of tourism differs from other forms and what benefits it has compared to mass tourism. This work is divided into a theoretical and a practical part. The theoretical part deals with defining tourism, sustainability in tourism and the positive and negative impacts that tourism brings. The work then focuses more closely on slow tourism itself, on its definition and the emergence of this form of tourism, as well as on the requirements that destinations should meet in order to be suitable for slow tourism. Furthermore, the work examines the potential for the development of slow tourism in the Czech Republic and deals with the only destination in the Czech Republic that focuses on slow tourism, namely Orlické hory and Podorlicko. At the end of the analytical part, there is a proposal for a new slow destination. The practical part uses research based on data from questionnaires, it was distributed in electronic form and then each question is processed graphically and commented.

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