National Repository of Grey Literature 130 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Learning disorder prevention of pre-school children following the start of school attendance
Týmalová, Eva ; Bartoňová, Miroslava (advisor) ; Květoňová, Lea (referee)
This thesis concerns with the prevention of specific learning disabillities of children during their start of schooling, using the predictive test battery. The paper's goal is to focus on prediction signals of specific learning disorders and their timely prevention. Conclusion of our thesis is an up-to-date knowledge about preschool phase, school maturity and preparedness of children, knowledge about sub-function deficits, specific learning disabillities, its manifestation and posibilities of timely prevention. Research part's focus point is practical testing and evaluation of sub-functions with the help of diagnostic material named:"learning and writing disability hazards test for preschoolers." Test is undertaken by a group of six children in their mandatory preschool education year and is followed by intervention targeted at discovered areas with defecits. This group is filled in with case studies. After 6 months of intervention, during which the students started attending primary school, a post-test is performed to evaluate achieved results and compare them with a control group consisting of randomly chosen pupils attending first year of primary school as well. By combining theoretical and practical knowledge, we can define risk factors that allow us to predict specific learning disabilities...
Difficulties in chidren of preparatory classes with a focus on impaired communication ability
Smejkalová, Eva ; Felcmanová, Lenka (referee)
Abstract:Abstract: Communication constitutes the ability to express and share our thoughts, experiences and feelings in everyday life. Communication also plays an important role in the process of education. In education, we gather information, adopt it, learn how to work with it and continue to use it. The position of the child and the pupil with impaired communication ability is much more complicated in this case, because the difficulties in speaking are transferred to the communication process and can affect the management of school skills. Educating pupils with impaired communication skills is a challenging task. Pupils are unable to organize and express their thoughts sufficiently, their speech is often incomprehensible, they do not understand the teacher's interpretation exactly, they cannot speak fluently enough to meet a common communication standard. For these reasons, they come under psychological pressure and sometimes prefer to stop communicating completely. The main goal of the presented rigorous work is the analysis of the most common difficulties of children with impaired communication skills included in the preparatory classes of primary schools. Subsequent evaluation with a description of the most common difficulties due to school immaturity leading to school postponement are part of the...
School maturity and school readiness of pupils in preparatory class
Rejmanová, Adéla ; Němec, Zbyněk (advisor) ; Marádová, Eva (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the issue of school maturity and readiness of pupils in the preparatory class. In the theoretical part the basic terminology from the field of pre-school education and problems of entering the elementary school is defined. There are also the principles of the preliminary test of school maturity described in detail. They are subsequently applied in practical research. The research part focuses on the comparison of the level of school maturity and readiness of pupils in the preparatory class and children in kindergarten. The survey was mainly conducted using qualitative methods, specifically through interviews, questionnaires and anamnesis. However, one quantitative method was also included - the standardized preliminary test of school maturity. This test focuses on fine motor skills and visuo-motor coordination ability. The research was carried out in preparatory classes and kindergartens in Mladá Boleslav and its surroundings. The goal of this diploma thesis was to find out whether education in a certain kind of preschool facility can affect children's readiness for school. Research results showed, that preparatory classes have better conditions for the development of a preschool pupil with postponement of school attendance than kindergartens. KEY WORDS Preschool...
Work with children with postponement of school entrance in current practice of pre-school education
Žáková, Petra ; Loudová Stralczynská, Barbora (advisor) ; Pěnička, Jaroslav (referee)
In my bachelor's thesis I am dealing with issues related to the postponement of compulsory school attendance. I have researched the topic in accordance to the new conditions - the introduction of the compulsory pre-school education of five-year-old childern. The thesis is divided into two main parts − a theoretical part and a practical one. The purpose of the theoretical part is to introduce the topic. The development of the view on the concepts of school maturity, readiness and competence, and the legislative legalisation of the postponement of beginning of the schol attendance is presented here. It also outlines the development of postponements of school attendance from approximately, the middle od the 20th century to the present, and a brief comparison of the Czech Republic and some other European countries concerning the issue of school attendance. Since the rate of postponements of compulsory school attendance in the Czech Republic is relatively high, the countries where the share of posponements is lower, we used for the comaprison. The aim of practical part is to find out how are the childern with postponed school attendance in selected kindergartes in the Vysočina region and Prague being prepared and supported fot the future school attendance. A semi-structured questionnaire with...
Lexicon Evaluation of Preschool Children
Brožová, Kateřina ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Horynová, Jana (referee)
The diploma thesis Lexicon Evaluation of Preschool Children is divided into a theoretical and a practical part. The theoretical part of this work on speech therapy describes within four chapters the Czech vocabulary, psychological development of children up to the school maturity, speech development also up to the school maturity and finally presents diagnostic materials used in the Czech Republic for school maturity diagnostics and diagnostics of the lexical-semantic speech level. The practical part includes a quantitative research performed on children respondents in preschool classes in maternity schools. The main goal of this speech-therapy research was the modernization and verification of a testing set aimed at active vocabulary. The main reason was the fact that there is a lack of any adequate material for testing vocabulary in the Czech Republic. The new testing set could be also used as a subtest for school maturity diagnostics. The research conclusions were compared with the real situation of the tested children as referred by their teachers. As a part of the practical part there is the establishment of the research aims and hypotheses, and subsequently the research description, verification of the established hypotheses and definition of research conclusions. KEYWORDS Speech development,...
Differences in drawing of preschool children depending on their school maturity
Šanderová, Veronika ; Titmanová, Michaela (advisor) ; Klusák, Miroslav (referee)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to compare drawings of school mature and immature children. These drawings should differ in certain features. The group of children was divided by the expert into two parts - children mature and immature. The division was made on the base of psychological screening. These children were called by the author to paint two drawing - a tree and drawing of free theme (the drawing of a man was undertaken from their Kern Jirasek's School Maturity Test). On the basis of the literature analysis, the criteria for the evaluation of these drawings (including both graphomotorics and cognitive aspects) were choosed. The main theme of the research concerns the evaluation of the drawings of children of both groups. The main output of the thesis is a comparison of the two groups of children, the description of the main features of the drawings of school-mature and immature children and the estimating the fact, that the drawings are consistent with the psychological screening examination. KEY WORDS School maturity, school readiness, pre-school age, Kern-Jirasek's School Maturity Test, drawing of a male person, drawing of a tree, free drawing
Development of social and emocional skills of pre-school children
Aganjová, Lejla ; Hejlová, Helena (advisor) ; Koťátková, Soňa (referee)
This thesis defines social-emotional skills that need to be refined among pre-school children within the context of the beginning of schooling. The work also verifies the possibilities and limits of artefiletics in the development of social and emotional skills of pre-school children. The thesis is of a theoretical- empirical character and is divided into two parts - theoretical and practical. The chapters of the theoretical part deal with social and emotional development of pre-school children, the meaning of a play in social-emotional development and also with social-emotional constituent part of school maturity. The last chapter is devoted to artefiletics as an innovative approach towards the development of social- emotional skills of pre-school children. The practical part of this thesis consists of two parts - action research and questionnaire survey. The action research focuses on verifying the possibilities and limits of artefiletics when developing and refining social-emotional skills of pre-school children in kindergarten.The action research aimed at increasing the quality of complex maturity preparation for entering primary school, respectively adaptation to school environment. The second part of the practical part consists of questionnaire survey, the aim of which was above all to discover...
School readiness of children with dyslalia
Bachelor thesis has a goal to recapitulate current knowledge of school readiness and dyslalia problematics. Children with speech disorder, dyslalia attending main educational stream kindergartens were chosen on purpouse of research. Theoretical part of the thesis focuses on school readiness problematics and defines this concept. It also deals with dyslalia, its diagnosis and therapy. Conclusion of the theoretical part focuses on speech disorders prevention. The thesis follows up connection between school readiness and above- mentioned speech disorder. In particular individuals, it examines the current state of school readiness and assesses dyslalia problem areas. Quality reasearch was used in the thesis. Research information has been elaborated in case study design. For better clarity the dates are presented in charts. Main monitored areas are motorics, speech and auditory perception. Other areas related to school readiness, such as visual perception, perception of space and time, mathematical concepts, physical condition, ability to work and emotional maturity, were also monitored.

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