National Repository of Grey Literature 102 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Psychological intervention for mothers of premature newborns
Matoušová, Milada ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (referee) ; Hříbková, Lenka (referee)
The disertation thesis focuses on the problem of premature delivery and the effect of a premature newborn on his parents' mental state and feelings. In particular, mothers of premature infants usually experience premature delivery in a very negative way. It is a difficult life situation, which increases demands on both parents, respectively on the whole family. The level of immaturity and medical condition of the premature child significantly affect and violate the natural contact and the early parent-child interaction, which in turn affects the development of their relationship. The consequences of the premature birth for parents and children may last very long, because the immaturity at birth carries a risk of health problems for the whole life. Medical care of premature newborns in the Czech Republic is at the high level and statistical indicators of this specialized care are at the top. In order to archive the best results, excelent medical care for premature infants must be completed by specialised psychological support and assistance given to the parents and whole families. Key words: risk pregnancy, premature delivery, prenatal development, limit of viability, premature newborn, early interaction, breastfeeding, child care
Self-regulation and Its Role in Socialization: Meditation Practice as a Means of Emotional and Behavioral Self-regulation
Doležalová, Petra ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Kalousová, Zuzana (referee)
This bachelor thesis investigates the possibilities for development of self-regulation by means of meditation practice. Its literary review part deals with self-regulation and self-control as variously defined mechanisms of one own's regulation of thoughts, emotions, and behavior and their role in one's capability to manage their actions and accept social norms throughout a life- long socialization process. It also briefly describes various forms, causes and consequences of failure in the socialization as well as the self-regulation domain. Further on, it discusses the mechanisms of meditation practice and its effects - particularly on the development of self- regulatory skills and concludes with a presentation of existing experience from this area of research in penitentiary practice. The empirical part proposes an experimental study of the effect of an intensive 10-day standardized meditation course of the vipassana technique as taught by S. N Goenka on the rate of impulsivity among the male prison population in the Czech Republic. Key words Self-regulation, self-control, impulsivity, meditation, vipassana, penitentiary practice
Post-abortion syndrome as a possible consequence of abortion
Marešová, Kateřina ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Šulová, Lenka (referee)
The thesis deals with the issue of spontaneous abortion as well as induced termination of pregnancy and its potential negative impacts on woman's mental and physical health. The theoretical part summarizes the findings about particular kinds of pregnancy loss and defines the possibilities of psychological adaptation to this loss. The author paid the close attention to Post-abortion syndrome (PAS), which is regarded as a special form of Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder. The thesis is further focused on the emotional, social, psychological and physical effects following abortion, the most threatened group of women with a higher probability of having PAS and finally the way of medical treatment. In the empirical part, the main symptoms of PAS were detected by means of the Helpline database analysis. Detection of these syndromes enabled to compile the questionnaire related to pregnancy loss. The main task was to discover the perceived changes in a woman's life after the pregnancy loss. In the final part of the work, the questionnaire regarding pregnancy loss had been tested and finally the main benefits together with limits had been critically evaluated.
First class primary school children's perspective of school
Freimannová, Sára ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Šírová, Eva (referee)
One of the important milestones in the development of a child is the transition into primary school. Unaddressed issues at the beginning of attendance can have negative impact on the later life of the individual. In the process of adaptation the child's preconditions are met with the external factors. There exists a body of research in this area, however only a fraction was based on the testimony of children themselves. The aim of this thesis is thus to map which aspects of the adaptation to school education can be grasped and described by children themselves. This thesis sums up what we know about the developmental stage of a first grader. The knowledge of prerequisites for reflecting one's own experience and its hindrances is essential. The following chapters focus on the external factors that influence the child during his or her transition into primary school. The research part focuses on how first graders perceive school and everything connected with it; its supportive and challenging aspects. The method used to collect data is a group associative verbal expression and drawing based on given questions. The children perceived as supportive mainly activities connected with play and movement. As challenging they perceived interactions with their peers, demands on discipline and pressure towards...
Reflection of personality in humour on social networks
Mičke, Marek ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Sedláček, Mojmír (referee)
The work is dealing with humour on social networks, focusing on Facebook, and its relation to personality traits of the people who search for this humour. It classifies types of humour and examines whether there may be a correlation between these types of humour and personality traits and demographics. This work is trying to find a relationship between what the respondent is like and what type of humour he chooses to subscribe to. The concept of NEO-PI-R is used to determine personality traits. It also focuses on humour on social networks itself, it attempts to capture the basic elements of its development and to show the often repetitive patterns that appear in the humour on social networks as well as the events that have an impact on this phenomenon. In the last part of the work there is designed a research based on quantitative survey and qualitative analysis. In the qualitative part, all respondent's Facebook profiles would be analyzed using Big Data Analysis software, which should show what kinds of humour and how big amount of it the respondent follows. Then the respondent would fill the NEO-PI-R inventory, so that we could discover his or her personality traits. Lastly we would be looking for a correlation between the results of the questionnaire and the humor that the respondent monitors...
Selected aspects of motivation for parenthood
Geuss, Hana ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Kučerová, Andrea (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to identify some of the motives for parenthood - especially the most frequent ones. These motives are divided into groups and analysed. With respect to the trends in last decades, where the decrease in birth rates has been reported and parenthood is often being postponed, the thesis aims to cover changes in importance of the motives in comparison to the past. The first part of the thesis consists of six chapters. The first chapter con- tains definition of the term motivation, the second one deals with a brief overview of family forms, nature of parenthood and position of children in the past, whereas in this part some aspects of motivation for parenthood are already introduced. A part of this chapter is also a discussion of parenthood development and related topics in last decades. The next chapters deal with groups of aspects of motivation for parenthood, i.e. the biological, econo- mic, social, emotional and miscellaneous ones. The second part is a research proposal. The proposed research deals with changes in motivation for parenthood during the part of life in which many people become parents. The research proposal counts with addressing a lar- ge group of respondents and subsequent statistical analysis of the received data. Keywords: motivation, family, parenthood
Relaxation massage as an intervention for children with ADHD
Vostřelová, Hana ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Šírová, Eva (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the possibility of using relaxation massages as an intervention by children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The whole thesis is divided into two parts, the theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part includes the basic characteristics of the disorder, the symptomatology, it deals with the developmental and personality traits of the ADHD, it is concerned with the functioning of the child in the domestic environment and at school. It describes standard and less common treatment options. In addition, the work focuses on selected options for mitigating disruptive behavior and suitable relaxation techniques that can help children with ADHD to improve concentration. The practical part presents own research, where in the quantitative part it was examined whether the massage improves the performance in the test of attention by children with ADHD, if it alleviates the symptoms of the disorder and whether it improves the child's short-term state of mind. A qualitative mothers' reflection about the massages that they performed with their children for 4 weeks specifies the findings. The research did not confirm statistically significant effect of massages neither on the performance in the attention test, on the short-term state of mind nor on the...
Parental Competence and Resilience of Preschool Children
Pražáková, Eva ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The presented work aims to verify whether there is a relationship between the perceived parental competence of fathers and mothers and the resilience of their pre-school children. The theoretical part of the work introduces the concept of children's resilience, its development in the context of socialization and the factors that affect the development of resilient behaviour. Then, it focuses on the parenting sense of competence in relation to positive parenting. The empirical part analyses the relationship between the resilience of pre- school children and the parenting sense of competence as perceived by their parents. The data were gathered by means of standardized questionnaires that determined the range of the observed variables. The research questionnaire sample comprised 62 mothers and fathers of pre-school children. The results of the analysis did not prove a statistically significant relationship between a child's resilience and the perceived parental compentence. Nevertheless, there was a link between a child's resilience and between one of the aspects of the parenting competence, i.e. the parental efficacy of its mother. At the same time, the study did not prove any differences in the perceived parental competence between mothers and fathers of pre-school children. It did not prove any...
Social competencies and personality
Mouchová, Denisa ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Niederlová, Markéta (referee)
The thesis deals with the topic of social competences and their relation to the personality traits. The definition of social competences differs by different authors. This work understands them as the whole spectrum of skills and abilities that allow the social functioning of an individual and are related to it. The linkage of personality traits and social skills has been proven by various research, but a deeper insight is still lacking. This study examines the relationship between personality traits and social competences through the Social Competence Inventory (ISK) and the NEO-PI-3 Personality Questionnaire. The results confirm the findings of previous ISK validation studies. Furthermore, it has been shown that the degree of relationship between these concepts varies according to the specific social competences and personality traits. The percentage of explained variance of social competences through personality traits ranged from 28.9% to 86.3%. The most linked to personality traits have been emotional stability, extraversion, and ability to assert. Conversely, the least linked have been self-reflection, indirect attention to oneself and perception of people. It has also been shown that the same personality trait can influence one social competence positively and another negatively. Keywords:...
Self-efficacy in transition from elementary school to high school
Hodoval, Radek ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (referee)
This diploma thesis focuses on changes of academic self-efficacy at the time of transition to high school, as well as students' expectation about this transition. Academic self-efficacy is one of the main predictors of school success, also affecting emotional experience and aspira- tional level of pupils. There were two groups of participants that were tested before the transition in April (N=321) and then after the transition in September and November (N = 169). To measure self-efficacy, Myself as a learner scale and Child's self-efficacy scale were used. We also used the Emotions connected with change inventory to measure the expectation of transition to high school. The results confirmed the relationship between academic self-efficacy and school grades. Contrary to expectations, a positive perception of change by pupils during this transition was demonstrated. The most important area for adolescents are their future classmates. The self-efficacy decline during the transition to high school has not been confirmed, while girls have a higher level of self-efficacy than boys. Students of grammar schools have a signifi- cantly higher degree of self-efficacy than secondary technical school students. Key words: Academic self-efficacy, transition moment, transition to high school, expectation

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