National Repository of Grey Literature 24,583 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 1.39 seconds. 

Analysis of accounting non-profit organizations and the impact of legislative changes to its accounting
The goal of the graduation theses was to point out the impact of legislative changes to accounting of the specific nonprofit organization and to analyze an implementation of new revising legislation from 2010 until 2014 into practice. It was also focused on the related regulations in connection with economy of selected accounting entities with the focus on a specific subsidized organization. The specific subsidized organization is Městský dům kultury Sokolov, incorporated by municipal authorities, which is the center of cultural events in the town Sokolov. In the theses it was outlined, how the legislative changes are projected into practice in this specific subsidized organization. The theses also concentrates on the specifics of accounting and on the process of bookkeeping in the chosen subsidized organization and on its ways of financing and reporting. In the conclusion several measures were proposed, which mainly relate to the legislation, also to outflows of financial funds and finally recommendations related to a supplementary activity were proposed.

Differences between men and women in the Czech labour market
Stroukal, Dominik ; Kadeřábková, Božena (advisor) ; Pavelka, Tomáš (referee) ; Němec, Otakar (referee)
This thesis consists of five articles that apply current world research on labor economics at the Czech Republic and confirms the significant differences between men and women in this market. It shows that gender has a significant influence on the preference on the labor market and, consequently, on employment and health. First, the thesis shows that preferences are relevant determinant of career and then we study the difference in preference of salary for men and women. Subsequently it shows that gender plays a significant role in explaining the relationship between homeownership, and unemployment, as well as unemployment and health. The first chapter was able to demonstrate that the preference for a career has a positive influence on the choice of career. The influence of higher education on prioritizing career proved to be positive and significant. Probability of a career choice is reduced by the presence of children, however, is not dependent on their number, which is contrary to the theory of preferences. The second chapter shows that Czech women prefer more non-monetary rewards than men. It has also been shown that people with university education are same in the preferences of non-monetary rewards regardless of the gender of the respondents, however, compared to the world's research, the Czech higher education increases this preference. It turned out that women prefer risk less than men. The third chapter demonstrates that although the housing market undermines labor mobility and employment in the Czech Republic at the regional level, therefore, that in regions with a higher rate of home ownership is higher unemployment, at the individual level, the owners of housing are unemployed are less likely. The estimates are significantly different for men and women. Men living in owner-occupied housing have a higher likelihood of employment than women. At regional level, however, this thesis shows that the high rate of home ownership increases unemployment for both men and women, in the long run only to women. The fourth chapter showed that men transition to homeownership reduces the likelihood of unemployment next year. For women, this relationship has proved to be insignificant. In addition, as insignificant showed the opposite relationship, the transition from unemployment to the newly acquired home ownership. The last chapter shows that the change in the working status to unemployment will increase in the future probability of worse health. Influence in less than two years, however, proved to be significant. An important conclusion is that men have a significantly stronger relationship between health and unemployment than women.

The theory of redistribution and its application
Mihalčinová, Hana ; Dlouhý, Martin (advisor) ; Valenčík, Radim (referee) ; Peško, Štefan (referee)
The theory of redistribution systems is a practical extension of a game theory, which deals with a redistribution within a social system of more than two players with di?erent performances and ability to create coalitions. This thesis is divided into three chapters. The ?rst chapter describes the known knowledge of a game theory. The second chapter deals with the theory of redistribution systems. Using an elementary redistribution system and its generalization group behaviour when dividing a payment, achieved by a collective performance, is described. This part introduces the extension of the redistribution system to a compound redistribution system with a fractal structure. Furthermore the theory of discriminatory equilibrium and the theory of commonly acceptable equilibrium are veri?ed using the elementary redistribution system and utility theory. The third chapter deals with an application to the allocation of funds among faculty departments. A game theory approach was used to reduce the game to a non-cooperative game of two players by using the forming of coalitions. Also the theory of redistribution systems was applied when a reduction was used to create a non-cooperative two-player game. This reduced non-cooperative game between two players was converted to a cooperative play of more than two players by changing the rules of the game and allowing a formation of coalitions. In the practical part both of these approaches are compared with real data and a current state.

The Problems of Acceptability of Competence of a Specialist Nurse (ARIC) to Male Urethral Catheterization
The passing of the act on non-physician medical professions and the decree on activities of healthcare workers has brought numerous changes that are also linked to changes of nurse competences. Aim 1: To find out whether nurses with ARIC specialization perform male urethral catheterization. Aim 2: To find out whether nurses with ARIC specialization are interested in improvement of their knowledge of male urethral catheterization. Aim 3: To find out whether nurses with ARIC specialization have sufficient practical skills in male urethral catheterization. Aim 1: To find out what opinion physicians have on male urethral catheterization performed by a nurse specialized in ARIC. Aim 2: To find out whether physicians let nurses specialized in ARIC perform male urethral catheterization. The research part of the thesis was based on quantitative and qualitative research. The research results will be provided to head nurses in the hospital where the research was performed. The results might be useful for preparation of a specialization course focused on male urethral catheterization not only for nurses specialized in ARIC, but also for nurses that are interested in performing the procedure in the future, particularly as it is known that no such a course exists in the South Bohemia. The results might also be used as an input to further research.

del Corro, Elena ; Peňa-Alvarez, M. ; Morales-García, A. ; Bouša, Milan ; Řáhová, Jaroslava ; Kavan, Ladislav ; Kalbáč, Martin ; Frank, Otakar
The research on graphene has attracted much attention since its first successful preparation in 2004. It possesses many unique properties, such as an extreme stiffness and strength, high electron mobility, ballistic transport even at room temperature, superior thermal conductivity and many others. The affection for graphene was followed swiftly by a keen interest in other two dimensional materials like transition metal dichalcogenides. As has been predicted and in part proven experimentally, the electronic properties of these materials can be modified by various means. The most common ones include covalent or non-covalent chemistry, electrochemical, gate or atomic doping, or quantum confinement. None of these methods has proven universal enough in terms of the devices' characteristics or scalability. However, another approach is known mechanical strain/stress, but experiments in that direction are scarce, in spite of their high promises.\nThe primary challenge consists in the understanding of the mechanical properties of 2D materials and in the ability to quantify the lattice deformation. Several techniques can be then used to apply strain to the specimens and thus to induce changes in their electronic structure. We will review their basic concepts and some of the examples so far documented experimentally and/or theoretically.

Čermák, Jiří ; Král, Lubomír ; Roupcová, Pavla
Hydrogen solved in amorphous alloys (AAs) influences their magnetic characteristics. AAs are also perspective\nas additives that can improve hydrogen storage kinetic in certain types of ball-milled hydrogen storage\nmaterials (HSMs). Therefore, knowledge of hydrogen solubility and hydrogen sorption kinetics in AAs are of a\ngreat importance for aimed design both AAs with optimal magnetic parameters and HSMs with desired sorption\ncharacteristics. In the present paper, amorphous alloy Co30Fe55B15 (an example of the type a-TM1xTM2y Bz ;\nTM - transition metal) was investigated. Hydrogen concentration c H was measured by Sieverts method in\ntemperature interval from T = 150 °C to T = 350 °C under hydrogen pressure p up to 6 MPa. It was found that\nc H was an increasing function of p and its maximum value was typically 0.5 wt.% H2 at 350 °C and 6 MPa.\nHowever, when the alloy was preliminary hydrogen charged (PHC), the pressure dependence of total c Htot in\nthe first absorption cycle(s) is non-monotonous in dependence on PHC conditions. For the sake of comparison,\nthe same absorption characteristics were measured also in Mg2Ni intermetallic that is a common constituent\nin Mg-based HSMs. Comparing Co30Fe55B15 and Mg2Ni, it was concluded that Co30Fe55B15 shows lower\nhydrogen solubility, but much better absorption kinetics.

Comparative evaluation of protein composition in human breast cancer cells using mass spectrometry
Flodrová, Dana ; Toporová, L. ; Macejová, D. ; Laštovičková, Markéta ; Brtko, J. ; Bobálová, Janette
Bottom-up proteomic approach was used for detailed characterization of proteins from\ntwo human tumour cell lines representing major clinically different types of breast\ncancer. The aim was to show the differences between them on proteomic level. Here\nwe present almost 100 unequivocally identified proteins out of which 60 were mutually\ndifferently expressed for MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7. Some well-known breast cancer\nmarkers like annexins A1, A2 and vimentin were found in the MDA-MB-231 cell line.\nOn the other hand, MCF-7 cells were found to be positive for cytokeratins and keratins\nand thus we were able to distinguish both cell lines sufficiently.

The Tax Assignation and Theater
Gerneš, David ; POKORNÝ, Jiří (advisor) ; VÁVROVÁ, Hana (referee)
Bachelor thesis aims based on an analysis support system theaters in the Czech Republic, the analysis of the tax system in the Czech Republic and analysis of tax assignations in the Slovak Republic, to investigate whether for the Czech theater network, this measure was beneficial and whether it would be worth it to deal with its introduction into practice. The thesis also examines the impact of the introduction of the assignation of income tax on Czech public budgets and polls. Within the survey sent to 120 respondents who were asked about their relationship to culture and whether they would be introducing a possibility for assignations and what area non-profit sector would contribute. On the basis of these steps is then designed a system of assignations suitable for Czech Republic.

Intuition in creative process of animation movie
Nováčková, Jana Kristýna ; DĚCKÁ, Eliška (advisor) ; ČIHAŘOVÁ, Libuše (referee)
This work deals with the relation of emotions to contemporary experimental animation. It engages in the emotional experience of a viewer to non-narrative film storytelling and its means of expression. At the same time, it examines what the creative processes and attitudes of filmmakers towards emotions in experimental animation are. Analysis of the questionnaires also reveals whether the creator counts on the viewer's specific interpretation of the film.

Characterization of Submicron Aerosol in Prague by Source Apportionment Analysis of Combined AMS Data.
Makeš, Otakar ; Vodička, Petr ; Schwarz, Jaroslav ; Ždímal, Vladimír
PM1 non-refractory chemical composition and concentration was measured by Aerodyne Compact Time-of-Flight Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS) during two six weeks long summer and winter campaigns in 2012-2013. The retrieved highly time resolved data were analyzed using the SoFi graphical user interface that is developed by Paul Scherrer Institute (Canonaco et al., 2013) and is running under IGOR software (WaveMetrics).
Fulltext: Download fulltextPDF