National Repository of Grey Literature 999 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Awareness of women with endometriosis about influence of nutrition factors on this disease
Vavroušková, Edita ; Starnovská, Tamara (advisor) ; Fiala, Luděk (referee)
Endometriosis is chronical, inflammatory and very painful disease which contains with estrogen. This disease affect about 10 % of female population in childbearing age. Etiology and pathogenesis of this illness is largely unkown. 20-40 % of women who suffer from endometriosis have concurrent problems with sterility and 50 % of women suffer from various forms of sexual dysfunction, the most common of which is pain. It is assumed that, that symptoms of endometriosis might be affected by diet interventions. Objectives of this thesis: 1. Determine awerness of women in fertile age with endometriosis about influence of nutritional factors on this disease. 2. Determine, if women with endometriosis were instructed by their doctor (gynecologist) about influence of nutritional factors on this disease. 3. Determine, if women with endometriosis changed their eating habits. Part of the research were 212 women with diagnosed endometriosis, which were addresed with using of questionnaire in Nemocnice České Budějovice and electronical questionnaires. Women with diagnosed endometriosis, which were part of the observed sample were not even half informed about influence of nutritional factors on this illness. There has not been proven significant statistical dependence between awerness about influence of nutritional...
The role of nutrition and physical activity in breast cancer patients
Kafková, Tereza ; Matoulek, Martin (advisor) ; Tesařová, Petra (referee)
Introduction: In most countries in the world, breast cancer is the most frequent type of cancer diagnosed for women. A key factor that positively influences the prognosis of patients is physical activity, ideally supported by nutritional intervention. Adequate physical activity has a beneficial effect on increasing overall fitness and prolonging life of patients in the metastasis stage, especially in the subgroup of HER2+ patients. Furthermore, physical activity also improves the mental condition of patients. Aim: The aim of this research is to describe the effect of nutritional and physical exercise intervention for generalized breast cancer patients. The effectiveness of the interventions evaluated was based on the data from body composition measurements and the physical fitness test that was performed for the patients. Methodology: Data for this research was collected as a part of the ONKO-FIT program, which was created in co-operation with the Oncology Clinic of the General Teaching Hospital in Prague and the 1st Faculty of Medicine. The duration of this program was set for 3 months. The program was executed by 24 patients. Data was completely collected and evaluated for 13 of those patients. The patient's age range was from 39 to 57 years, with an average of 47 ± 6 years and the time since...
Immune System: Project Based Learning at the 2nd Level of Elementary School
Kotrč, Jan ; Ehler, Edvard (advisor) ; Pavlasová, Lenka (referee)
This thesis is focused on lifestyle and the relationship between lifestyle and the human immune system. The theoretical part is dedicated to the literary research of the immune system, its definition, physiology and anatomy and lifestyle factors, such as nutrition, physical activity, stress and hardening, as well as the definition of the concept of project teaching. Of all the connections between lifestyle and the immune system, this work devotes the most space to nutrition. The practical part of the work includes the design, implementation and evaluation of project teaching in the scope of four lessons at the 2nd grade of the elementary school in Radonice. I designed the project called "How to support immunity" as a project intended to be implemented within the subjects of the Human and health education area and is included in the 6th grade. It is a year-long project that requires the creation of several working groups. The duration of the project is one teaching day (four teaching hours). The goal of the project is to connect knowledge of practical principles of life management to support the optimal function of the immune system in everyday life, as well as the development of competencies such as the ability to search, sort and present information and collaborate on a common task. The final...
Public health in terms of eating habits of adolescents
Duchoňová, Andrea ; Šteffl, Michal (advisor) ; Petr, Miroslav (referee)
5 Abstract Context: Healthy lifestyle promotion is an important long-time process for today's society. Nowadays, models and theories are developed to enhance public health. Objectives: Create a systematic review of theories and models based on healthy diet promotion. Methods: The Master Thesis consists of 5 independent systematic reviews. Particular studies were examined based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. A search was carried out of 2 electronic databases (PubMed and Web of Science) using following keywords - adolescence, eating habits, diet, nutrition a names of particular models/ theories. Results: 6 studies based on Health Belief Model, 8 based on Transtheoretical Model, 7 based on Social Ecological model, 8 based on Social cognitive model and 8 studies based on Nudge theory were included into the systematic review. Conclusion: Models and Theories are considered as successful ways to modify people's eating habits. More research within this area is needed due to wide diversity of healthy diet determinants. Keywords: diet, nutrition, healthy eating, adolescent, particular model/theory
Awareness of primary school pupils about healthy eating.
Brodská, Nikol ; Váchová, Alena (advisor) ; Hanušová, Jaroslava (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the issues of healthy eating in pupils of the 2nd grade in primary schools. The theoretical part discusses with the topics related to this work. At the beginning the concepts of nutrition are explained. The work also includes the topic of rational nutrition, nutrition of children of school age or the risks associated with nutrition. Last but not least, this part is devoted to alternative directions in nutrition, programs supporting health in schools and inclusion of nutrition into the Framework Educational Program in primary schools. In the practical part, the research was conducted using a questionnaire survey which was questioned by pupils of the 8th and 9th year at the primary school Mnichovo Hradiště and the primary school Úvaly. The questions were about various nutrition topics. The information obtained is processed in the form of tables and than commented on. The research revealed that 33 % of pupils have knowledge of a healthy eating above 60 % and the remaining 67 % of students do not meet this limit. The surprising findings are insufficient knowledge of students about civilizational diseases, with at least 60 % of pupils unaware of the issue. Another truth is that more than 50 % of pupils eat healthy. The positive findings contains information on health...
The influence of social networks on the idea of ​​a healthy lifestyle among young girls
Soukupová, Michaela ; Majorová, Simona (advisor) ; Mahrová, Andrea (referee)
Author: Bc. Michaela Soukupová Title: The influence of social networks on the idea of a healthy lifestyle among young girls Objectives: The main goal of the thesis is to find out and then describe how social networks influence young girls in selected factors of a healthy lifestyle. The secondary goal of the thesis is to find out what is the positive and negative influence of social networks on selected lifestyle factors among young girls. Methods: A quantitative research method (internet questionnaire) was chosen for the thesis due to a broader focus and the need for more respondents, combined with a qualitative method (semi-structured interview). 50 female respondents aged 15-18 took part in the internet questionnaire, a 17-year-old minor and an 18-year-old adult took part in the semi-structured interview. The survey was created in the Survio program and placed on the social networks Instagram and Facebook. The interview took place online via the Skype platform. Results: 50 respondents aged 15-18 participated in the questionnaire and 2 girls aged 17 and 18 were involved in the semi-structured interview. The results of the thesis showed that teenage girls mainly represent healthy eating and exercise under the concept of healthy lifestyles, which was also an area we investigated further. We found...
Nursing care of children with cleft lip and palate
PRÁŠKOVÁ, Kateřina
This bachelor thesis deals with the nursing care of children witch cleft lip defects and palate. The prevalence of cleft defects has decreased thanks to modern prenatal diagnosis, but cleft palate and cleft lip are still at the top of the ranking among the most common congenital developmental defects. The thesis is divided into two parts, a theoretical part and an empirical part. The theoretical part describes the anatomy and physiology of the oronasal region, prenatal care, classification of cleft lip and palate, history of treatment and current surgical treatment, nursing process and multidisciplinary care. In this bachelor thesis three objectives were set. The first objective was to determine the nutritional nursing care of children with cleft lip and palate defects. The second objective was to determine the nursing care after surgery for a child with cleft lip and palate defect. The third and final objective was to determine parental awareness of cleft lip and palate defect in their children. The research investigation of the bachelor thesis was conducted through qualitative research in the form of a case study. The case study includes a description of the situation, a description of the factors that caused the situation, a description of the procedures used and their impact on the resolution of the situation, and in particular an evaluation of the resolution of the situation and, where appropriate, suggestions for further action. The content structure became case studies: the characteristics of the client and his/her initial situation. To obtain this information, an analysis of medical records, nursing documentation, child observation and the nursing process was carried out to create a detailed nursing case history of children with the problem using the Nanda Taxonomy II. Based on the information obtained, we developer a nursing plan for two children with surgical correction of this defect. Categorization of the case study was done. According to the detailed analysis of the nursing case studies, we have created categories and subcategories, which are discussed and described in detail under each scheme. The research investigation was conducted in a specialized unit dedicated to the treatment of developmental defects of the lip and palate in pediatric patients. The research was conducted from February to mid-April 2023. Parents of children with cleft defects were interviewed to supplement the information. All of this information that was found is completely anonymous. The interview included a total of 23 pre-designed questions. Individual interviews were recorded on a mobile phone and then transcribed verbatim into Microsoft Word. Then, the parents´ interviews were analyzed and categorized using the pencil-paper method. Based on the research investigation, it was found that care is provided individually, according to the congenital defect in the lip and palate and the extent of its damage. This determines the timeliness of surgical treatment and associated nutrition. A detailed analysis of the nursing process and the creation of nursing diagnoses related to the specific patient with a congenital defect in the lip and palate region was performed. The research revealed that careful professional awareness of the parents was taken care of. Despite the fact that mothers reported sufficient awareness, some sought further information on the internet and/or in leaflets from the doctor. In terms of nursing care for children after surgery, these children are hospitalized as soon as possible after birth. These early surgeries are done for faster healing and from a psychological point of view. This bachelor thesis can be used in theoretical teaching in nursing process focused on surgical issues. In my opinion, this thesis could also be used to expand the awareness of cleft defects among health care professionals in practice.

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