National Repository of Grey Literature 90 records found  previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Impact of Fukushima Accident on Energy Policy in France
Slepčan, Matej ; Weiss, Tomáš (advisor) ; Matějka, Ondřej (referee)
This master thesis examines how the Fukushima accident has affected the French energy policy and the impact on the perception of nuclear energy by policymakers, the public and energy companies. Nuclear energy does comprises three-quarters of the total electricity production in the country and thus forms the backbone of the energy mix in France. The study uses comparative analysis as a main approach, to compare public discourse of state actors (in particular the President, the Ministry of Energy and Nuclear Safety Agency) and the French energy companies before and after the accident from March 11, 2011. At the beginning, the study refers on the position of nuclear energy in the world, historical development of nuclear energy in France and its importance for the energy security of the country. It also describes the Fukushima accident and its immediate consequences on nuclear energy worldwide. In a research section it presents a summary of France's energy policy before the Fukushima accident, in which emphasis was placed on maintaining a high share of nuclear energy in the energy mix of the country. In the next part of the research is described the French energy policy after the accident and subsequently the prospect of possible change of energy strategy of France.
Transformations of the German energy policy after nuclear incident in Fukushima
Špeciánová, Sára ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Mlsna, Petr (referee)
On 11th March 2011 was Japan hit by tsunami, which caused among others the accident in nuclear energy station in Fukushima. This disaster has influenced the German energy policy a lot and this despite the fact that Japan is situated on the other side of the world. The real risks of nuclear power in Germany didn't change as well. This paper follows the changes of energy policy that were caused by the accident. Because of the long-term character of energy decisions, is it important to mention the period of red-green alliance, which was very essential. The paper concentrates on the years 2010 and 2011, when the most changes happened. The changes in nuclear sector and renewable sources sector are described more in detail. The aim of this paper is the qualitative description of these changes and the evaluation of their consequences and the overall impact on the German power industry. The nuclear disaster in Fukushima accelerated the development within the energy transition, which started in 2000. The changes were very fast and the biggest impact was caused in nuclear sector, which was the acceleration of nuclear phase out. In renewable sources sector was the effect minimal, the targets remained unchanged. The energy transition goes very well, despite some negative effects. In future would it be...
Russian geopolitics - constants and changes after the split of the USSR
Vosátková, Veronika ; Tomeš, Jiří (advisor) ; Jelen, Libor (referee)
As the diploma's thesis it was chosen the theoretical analysis of the geopolitical position of Russia. The primary objective of this study is the evaluation of current geopolitics of the Russian Federation after the collapse of Soviet Union and outlines its future development. This work tries to answer a few basic questions. What is the current geopolitical situation in Russia, in what direction it develops, and whether we can declare a major shift to any direction. The work is divided into several main parts. Introduction is followed by a theoretical grasp of key concepts and the main actors involved in geopolitics. The other two parts contain an analysis of the relationship of Russia to key actors such as the US and NATO, the EU, China, Ukraine, the near neighborhood in Central Asia and the Transcaucasia and geopolitics of oil and natural gas. The last is practical part, in which the information from the previous sections is applied to specific examples in Russian foreign policy. Keywords: Geopolitics, Russia, eurasianism, foreign policy, the US, the EU, China, Central Asia, Ukraine, NATO, energy policy, oil, natural gas
The Perspectives and Risks of Electricity Supply in the Czech Republic by 2030
Vinklerová, Tereza ; Průša, Jan (advisor) ; Kracík, Jiří (referee)
The thesis will focus on outlooks of the Czech energy system, especially with respect to supply-demand balance and generation adequacy. The current situation in the electricity market will be used as a starting point for projections of future scenarios. The scenarios will look at possible issues and challenges as well as further developments that the Czech energy system will be facing in the near future. These problems and challenges can be defined as the mid-term and long-term ability to balance supply and demand for electricity in the Czech Republic. The increase in production of electricity from renewable resources and the subsequent loss of flexibility of power sources go hand in hand with adverse economic conditions, together worsening the overall risk in the electricity system. At the same time we must take into account changes in EU energy policy and its effect on member countries, such as the planned shutdown of nuclear power plants in Germany, increased taxation of carbon dioxide production, supported production of electricity from renewable resources, and integration of energy markets. We must consider the harmonization of methods that are used to evaluate the adequacy and security of a production portfolio, known as a generation adequacy, while meeting the requirements of the given system and...
Political Reforms in Myanmar and Their Potential Impact on the Rivalry between the United States and China
Šoulavá, Blanka ; Bečka, Jan (advisor) ; Sehnálková, Jana (referee)
The series of political reforms in Myanmar, which started in November 2010, took place amid a strong alignment of interests among all regional powers in Southeast Asia. The reforms led to a limited democratization of the country and ended a long- lasting international isolation of Myanmar. Furthermore, they also had a great impact on Myanmar's foreign policy, because they gave rise to a great improvement of US- Myanmar relations, as well as its bilateral relations with India and Japan. However, they also caused problems for the Chinese strategic interests in the country. The purpose of this paper is to answer the following question: is the recent development in Myanmar going to lead to further cooperation or competition between the key regional powers? Myanmar has a great strategic importance in the context of the US's policy Pivot to Asia and Chinese strategic interests. Given to its abundance of natural resources and underdevelopment of infrastructure, it also has a great potential to develop into an energy and transportation hub, uniting the Indian subcontinent and connecting underdeveloped regions. Yet, the country suffers from mismanagement, internal conflicts and grave socioeconomic situation. Therefore, the internal political instability has large implications for the key regional powers and...
Energy security perspectives of the European Union
Petříček, Tomáš ; Kučerová, Irah (advisor) ; Karásek, Tomáš (referee) ; Vošta, Milan (referee)
The main aim of the PhD thesis Perspektivy evropské energetické bezpečnosti v kontextu vývoje energetické politiky EU is to complement existing body of literature concerning with the evolution and characteristics of European energy policy. It attempts to add new dimension related to the influence of ideational and discursive factors on this policy. In order to explain the role of discourse in shaping the European energy policy into its current form, which is characterized by its segmentation into three distinct pillars - competitiveness, sustainability and security, the thesis applies the theoretical and analytical framework of discursive institutionalism. The thesis identifies an internal tension between component discourses, which prioritize different cognitive and normative ideas, to be one of the causes of incoherence and fragmentation of contemporary energy policy of the European Union. The main argument of this text is that three distinct discursive lines has been developed at the European level - liberalization-market, environmental and security lines. Nonetheless, these discourses are rather separate phenomena as they provide ideational frameworks often incompatible with each other due to the non-existent unifying elements. Building on different and often contradicting philosophical and...
Comparation of official energy policies of SR between 1998-2012
Mačuga, Radovan ; Petříček, Tomáš (advisor) ; Romancov, Michael (referee)
The main aim of this bachelor's thesis is analysis of official energy policies of the Slovak Republic in the period of time from 1998 to the presence. The thesis is conducted in the spirit of methods of qualitative research, namely diachronic interpretative comparative study. The primary aim of the thesis is to analyse official strategic documents dealing with the energy policy in the examined time period. The paper deals with two research tasks. First task of the paper is to examine whether there is continuity among individual strategic documents, as well as whether there is continuity among the goals which are set within these documents. In other words, the aim is to find out whether these documents are knit together. The second aim is to find out to what extent where these goals set in strategic documents fulfilled in the reality. In other words, the paper aims to examine whether policies undertaken by the executive of the Slovak republic were in accordance with official energy policies.
The impacts of the policy entrepreneurship of the European Commission in the field of energy on the gas markets of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and Lithuania
Bednář, Martin ; Šlosarčík, Ivo (advisor) ; Škrábalová, Lenka (referee)
The goal of this thesis is to explain the current dynamical development of the energy policy of the EU with the focus on the gas sector. Furthermore, this work examines what role in that process plays the European Commission. Lastly, it seeks to ascertain whether the EU's energy policy has a real impact on the development of the gas markets of Bulgaria, Czech Republic and Lithuania. The first two questions are answered with the aid of John W. Kingdon's Multiple stream theory. The conclusion has it that the key role in the creation of the EU's energy policy was taken up by the European Commission, which can be described as the Kingdon's policy entrepreneur. As a true entrepreneur the Commission attempted to build the way for the creation of the single EU gas market, which would be based on sufficient cross-border infrastructure and diversified gas imports. Such a conclusion is supported by the Commission's activities leading to the adoption of important energy legislation, as the third energy package, and essential funds as were European Energy Programme for Recovery and the Connecting Europe Facility. Latter, this work looks into the third research question. On the case studies of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and Lithuania it proves, that the outputs of the entrepreneur activities of the Commission...
Energy policy of the EU towards Russia: 2000-2013
Koutník, Jan ; Litera, Bohuslav (advisor) ; Svoboda, Karel (referee)
The interdependence of the EU and Russia in the energy sector led to the establishment of "EU-Russia Energy Dialogue" in 2000. Since its formation the Dialogue had to face various external influences, including two Russia-Ukraine gas disputes in 2006 and 2009 during which the gas supplies to the EU were interrupted. The Bachelor's thesis examines, how the Dialogue answered to the consequences of the gas crises. Firstly this paper analyses the development of the Dialogue between 2000 and 2013, as well as the impacts of the two crises. The reactions of the Dialogue to the crises are presented by the comparison of the Dialogues work before and after they occurred. The author concludes that although there were some responses, EU and Russia didn't manage to sufficiently resolve the most challenging issues, including the ongoing problems with the transit states and the energy infrastructure security.
The Impact of Renewable Energy on the EU Electricity Prices and CO2 Emissions
Čech, Marek ; Janda, Karel (advisor) ; Luňáčková, Petra (referee)
This thesis is focused on the topic of electricity pricing in the European Union connected with the increasing use of renewable energy sources in electricity production and consumption. It provides background information related to the types of energy sources along with the summary of their advantages and disadvantages regarding both the environmental impact and financial costs. Furthermore, it involves fundamental global and European electricity production statistics and a summary of the European Union approach to the support of environment-friendly energy production methods. The core of the thesis is then the econometric panel data model (data collected from 13 member states of the European Union over the period between 2010 and 2013) analysing two relationships. First, the impact of the share of renewable energy sources in the final electricity production on the European consumer electricity prices. Second, whether the replacement of fossil fuels by renewable energy causes a significant decrease in the greenhouse gases (specifically carbon dioxide) emissions. In conclusion, this paper provides suggestions for further research based on the analyses included in it. JEL Classification H20, Q20, Q40, Q47, Q48, Q54 Keywords carbon dioxide emissions, electricity price, energy sources, renewable energy...

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