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Work activity as part of therapeutic - formative activities in children's home
LOMOVÁ, Michaela
This bachelor thesis focuses on the issue of preparing children in children's homes for real-life once they leave institutional care. One of the ways of improving the current state of affairs is to use therapeutic-formative methods in everyday pedagogical activities of educators, particularly suitable seem to be therapies based on work or activities. Consequently, the aim of this bachelor thesis is to prepare, implement and evaluate an educational project that uses these working activities to boost competences (skills, proficiency, knowledge and attitudes that children from institutional orphan care need to lead an independent life). The body of this work consists of four parts. The first chapter studies institutional orphan care as educational institutions for institutional education, primarily the way they are rooted in law, their function, target group characteristics and current trends in this field of studies. The second part specifies and introduces therapeutic-formative approaches that constitute a part of pedagogical praxis in Czech Republic and other countries, including therapies based on games, activities or work, animal-assisted therapies, expressive arts therapies or psychomotorical therapies. The third part analyses the importance of work and working activities in the life of man. In this thesis, work is considered to be one of the most basic human activities; its aim is to achieve not only material provision, but also to satisfy physical needs and to initiate a positive change in the social role of individual. The fourth chapter contains well-proven educational project that is based on the results of before-mentioned informational resources analysis and, in concordance with these results, focuses on a development of real-life competencies (which are, in this particular case, represented by food preparation skills). The methodical part of this project defines goals and approaches, formulates primary principles of implementation and specifies evaluation criteria. Subsequently, it describes the structure of the project itself and contains implementation records and final evaluation. This project was based on an analysis of professional resources and takes into account the needs and characteristics of its target audience ? 8 children from orphan care institutions aged 12 to 18 years. Its name (?Gourmet tour of Italy?) clearly reveals that it is all about preparing dishes from Italian cuisine, which today enjoys a lot of popularity. The broader primary goals of this project are to bolster children?s training for independent life after they leave institutional care and to initiate a more positive approach towards everyday work-related activities. Specific goals of this project are to train basic cooking skills, prepare several simple dishes, acquire information about ingredients needed to prepare given meals, connect data about geography and real life in Italy gained during education with particular information connected to local gastronomy and a motivation to further develop personal cooking skills. Evaluation of the project has three tiers: self-evaluation of project leader, evaluation of the project from participants and evaluation of competencies gained by participants from project leader using games and interview techniques. The project was implemented in cooperation with Dětský domov in Boršov nad Vltavou from February to May 2013. On the basis of given evaluation we can safely state that the planned goals were achieved and the project turned out to be a success. This educational project can be, without further modifications, implemented for another group of children (in another orphan care institution). Another possibility is to modify the project topic and implement it with the same group of children, which could have a positive influence on boosting the acquired knowledge and skills and achieving a further improvement of their attitude towards food preparation in real life.
External incentives for the transformation of children's homes in the Czech Republic
This bachelor thesis deals with a most current topic - transformation of institutional education; more specifically, with the transformation of children's homes in Czech Republic. Taking into account the fact that also several other European countries had undergone a similar process of change, we may look to them for inspiration. I have chosen two neighbouring countries, Slovak Republic and Austria, because their history and culture is similar or, at least partially, much the same.The goal of this thesis is to provide a comparison between system, structure, organization and educational activities in educational institutions that provide education of children without serious behavioural disorders in Czech Republic and those two above-mentioned countries. To achieve this aim I have studied and analysed Czech and foreign information resources and legislature in this specialist field.The body of the text is divided into four chapters. The first part focuses on the issue of children's homes in Czech Republic, more specifically, on the basic features of these institutions, their system and organisational structure, target groups, advantages and downsides of the system of institutional education, transformation trends and substitute parental care. Taking into account the goal of this thesis, the following two chapters follow much the same structure and describe current forms of institutional education in children's homes in Austria and Slovak Republic. As both states provide some forms of professional foster care, a certain part of these chapters deals with this issue. The last part of my bachelor thesis compares the data I gained from the above-mentioned countries. This comparison of systems in these particular countries may become a source of inspiration for the transformation of institutional education in Czech Republic. First such input is an idea to integrate all these issues under one ministry, for example under the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. In considered countries, the education in educational institution is the responsibility of one ministry only. Compared with the numbers from neighbouring countries and taking into account the overall number of children in Czech Republic, it also becomes apparent that the number of children in educational institutions here is rather high. If a legislation dealing with placing of children in institutional care is proposed, it may help to lower these numbers. In neighbouring Austria, children´s homes are being set up only for a small number of children. In Czech Republic, a child may be placed in institutions also because his or her parents are not able to provide material security. In Slovakia, this is not possible. For this reason, it may be advisable to look for an inspiration also here. Another input for our current system is an extension of substitute education so that it would able to react to the state of affairs more sensitively and flexibly and with respect to the situation as well as without any lasting interferences into the biological family. In this respect, current legal regulations that allow for ordered institutional upbringing or preliminary measure ad infinitum are deemed to be unsatisfactory. Conversely, in Slovak Republic there is a legal provision that allows for the child to be removed from its family for a maximum period of half a year. A similar legal provision in Czech Republic would be advisable, or we should at least set a maximum time for applicability of orders for institutional upbringing.In discussions among professionals on the topic of the transformation of the system in Czech Republic, the most frequently mentioned idea is to replace upbringing in institutional care with professional foster care. This kind of care has already a long and successful track record in Austria and Slovak Republic. However, there are also significant differences between these two countries. Probably the most important one is the formal relation with the child. ...
The Quality of Life Analysis with Circadian and Diurnal Rhythms at Pubescent and Adolescent in South Bohemia Region.
This thesis deals with quality of life with regard to circadian and diurnal rhytm of children at children´s homes in South Bohemia. The theoretical part deals with pubescent and adolescent age of a child, circadian and diurnal rhytm, sleep and life quality of children. I also describe issues of value orientation, family and upbringing at children´s institutions. The most important part of the thesis was questionnaire development. QuestionnaireThe Circadian Typology CIT Harada, Krejčí (2010). There is a group of pubescents (10-14 years) and a group of adolescents (15-19 years). My research involves children´s homes in Písek, Volyně, Radenín, Žíchovec, Koryto, Boršov nad Vltavou, Homole and in Zvíkovské Podhradí. Data collecting took place since February 2012, to October 2012. The conclusion of the thesis shows results of completed questionnaires from 118.
Characteristics of creative expression of boys living in a children's home
The bachelor thesis is focused on creative expression of boys living in a children's home. The theoretical part deals with pubescence, children's homes, mental deprivation and creative expression of children especially drawing of the human figure. In the research part characteristics of creative expression of boys living in a children's home are observed and differences are found in comparison to creative expression of boys living in a usual family environment.
Subdeprivation and its consequences for a school development of the child
Dissertation serves for a cognition of a syndrom called psychological deprivation and subdeprivation. The theoretical part is used as defining specification the basic terms referring to the psychological deprivation, its characteristics and its manifestation. Part of the dissertation is also devoted to the subject of a substitute family case and children?s home as well. The practical part deals with the concrete research. There are two groups compared here ( children from the children?s home and children from functioning families ). These groups are mutually compared and evatuated on the basis of results achieved in a research of Prof. Matějček.
Subdeprivation and its consequences for a school development of the child
BÍLÁ, Radmila
The aim of my dissertation is to provide a look into the subdeprivation phenomena in contemporary child care institutions (children{\crq}s homes, foster care). The theoretical part is focused on defining of basic concepts related to psychological deprivation, defining of psychological needs of children and psychological deprivation displays. Further, it deals with children{\crq}s homes issues, with some kinds of foster family care and with the unwanted children matter. The practical part focuses on the aim of the work. There are compared three children groups (children growing up in a functional family, children from children{\crq}s homes and children from foster care). There are described the findings that were gained from selected tests and observations. In the end the outcomes were evaluated.
The Problem of Creches in Pre-School ad Basic Education
Bachelor´s work concerns problems of children´s home in nursery and basic school pedagogy background. Work is devided into three parts. The first part is theoretical part, the second part is practical and the third part includes enclosures. In the first part I observed family typology. Additionaly I describe changes in a view of child and its childhood.There is a chapter called pedagogy where I talk about difficulties of upbringing and education sciences.Other chapter is about history of maltreated and abused children. I observe substitute family care and institutional care as a short describtion of possibilities and uncertainties for children from children´s home. Practical part contains research of ages group at schools in Pribram region. My aim is determine differencis among teachers view of children from children´s home. I make an inquiry how often teachers meet children from children´s home. There are photos of children from research places in encloser. There is questionnaire too.
Evaluation of the Current Situation of Children and Young People of Romany Origin in Children{\crq}s Homes with regard to the Location.
The degree work titled ``Evaluation of the Current Situation of Children and Young People of Romany Origin in Children{\crq}s Homes with regard to the Location`` required processing of theoretical knowledge regarding the issue of children{\crq}s homes and children{\crq}s homes with a school specialized in the Romany ethnic group, and carrying out qualitative research. The theoretical portion is based on specialized literature and other sources of information. The first chapter focuses on the characteristics of childhood and adolescence and also includes some thoughts about mental deprivation. The second chapter comprises information about the Romany minority, namely Romany families, identity issues and the related concept of romipen (the Romanism). It also describes specific features of children of Romany origin and education issues of Romany people. The last section of the second chapter mentions the topical problem of social exclusion of Romany people and the current possibilities of social inclusion of this minority. The third chapter focuses on the system of institutional care in the Czech Republic, specifically children{\crq}s homes and children{\crq}s homes with schools. The fourth chapter describes behaviour disorders. The last, fifth, chapter focuses on the issue of further care for children and young people who leave schools and institutional care facilities. The objective of the work was to capture and describe the reasons why Romany children and young people are placed in children{\crq}s homes and children{\crq}s homes with schools in selected regions (Cheb and České Budějovice) and to map the thoughts and ideas of Romany children and youngsters living in such facilities regarding their current situation and their future life after leaving the institution where they are now. The practical section contains interpretation of data from the qualitative research performed in the target group by means of interviewing (the technique of semi-structured interview) and observing; as regards the supplementary target group the method of questioning (the technique of a questionnaire) was applied. A total of 20 people participated in the research out of whom the basic target group comprised 10 Romany children living in the Children{\crq}s home in Aš and in the Children{\crq}s home with a school in Šindlovy Dvory; the supplementary group comprised 10 people from the staff of the identified facilities. The research showed that the number of children in the children{\crq}s home and the children{\crq}s home with a school does not correspond with the total number of Romany people living in the region, but with its social and economic situation. The prevailing reasons for placing Romany children in such facilities include problems at school, problems in the family and behaviour problems (stealing, drug addiction). The Romany children living in such facilities think that after they leave they will join their families and start working, some of them want to study first. 70% of the interviewed children said that they have an idea how to look for a job. However, the children{\crq}s ideas do not correspond with opinions of the staff who consider the return of these children to their original family environment and unemployment to be the greatest obstacles for independent life of Romany children after their departure from children{\crq}s homes or children{\crq}s homes with a school.
Psychologické aspekty Public Relations a Média Relations aktivít v neziskovom sektore
Čikovská, Jana Bc. ; Hiršová, Miloslava (advisor) ; Musil, Martin (referee)
Cieľom predkladanej diplomovej práce bolo porovnať prvky organizačnej kultúry s vnímaním týchto prvkov verejnosťou. Následne porovnať do akej miery sa zhoduje vnímanie týchto prvkov verejnosťou. Pre účely mojej práce boli sledovanými prvkami organizačnej kultúry poslanie, vízia a hodnoty organizácie. K účelom výskumu som si vybrala detský domov sv. Nikolaja v Medzilaborciach. Samotný výskum som rozdelila na dve časti. V prvej časti výskumu som zisťovala ako vníma organizácia samu seba a nakoľko je pre organizáciu činnosť PR dôležitá. Aby som naplnila tieto jednotlivé ciele využila som jednu z foriem dotazovania a to rozhovor. V druhej časti výskumu som sa zamerala na podnikateľské subjekty ako potenciálnych darcov a sponzorov v meste Medzilaborce. V tejto fáze výskumu bol vytvorený dotazník s ôsmimi otázkami a cieľom tohto šetrenia bolo zhodnotiť vnímanie organizácie verejnosťou. Záverom celého výskumu boli zistenia, že podľa riaditeľky detského domova sa po celý čas od svojho vzniku prezentuje domov ako dôveryhodná organizácia a je nositeľom deklarovanej vízie, poslania a hodnôt. Na základe uvedených kladov, ktoré respondenti uviedli v dotazníku, môžem povedať, že respondenti vnímajú organizáciu taktiež ako nositeľku deklarovaných hodnôt, vízie a poslania. Existujú tu však aj určite zápory, ktoré môžu viesť k negatívnej publicite a zníženiu dôveryhodnosti. Najväčšou zábranou vo vytvorení si bližšieho vzťahu je podľa respondentov hlavne veľká koncentrácia rómov v meste. Ľudia sa cítia byť rómami ohrozovaní a obťažovaní. Čo sa týka deklarovania hodnôt sledovaných prvkov navonok, ako najúčinnejšie formy a prostriedky PR aktiví sa ukázali byť rôzne spoločenské, kultúrne a športové akcie, osobná prezentácia zamestnancov a informačné plagáty, letáky a kalendáre. V úplnom závere sú navrhnuté určité opatrenia, ktoré sa týkajú PR aktivít. Výsledky práce budú poskytnuté riaditeľke detského domova. Práca by mala byť pre domov istým prínosom pri vytváraní stratégie Public Relations, hlavne čo sa týka odstránenia zistených nedostatkov.
Náhradní rodinná péče v ČR a ve VB
Košatková, Michaela ; Sedláková, Jaroslava (advisor) ; Sedláková, Jaroslava (referee)
Práce porovná situaci pěstounských rodin a ústavů nacházejících se na území naší republiky a obdobných institucí, které se na území Velké Británie snaží o zařazení dětí bez rodičů do běžného a plnohodnotného občanského života. Těžiště práce bude v komparaci přístupu obou států a jejich úředníků k jednotlivým formám náhradní rodinné péče a také přístupu k pěstounským rodinám ze strany státu. Práce zmapuje legislativu vztahující se k problému pěstounské péče, pokusí se také o ekonomický pohled na danou problematiku. Jedná se o týmovou práci. [cs]

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