National Repository of Grey Literature 104 records found  previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
How Bank Competition Influences Financial Stability
Vildová, Romana ; Horváth, Roman (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee)
How Bank Competition Influences Financial Stability Abstract This paper investigates the link between financial stability and bank competition by means of the Arellano & Bond (1991) GMM model using annual panel data over the period 2000 - 2014 for 205 countries. Our data source is a new, richer and updated dataset The Global Financial Development Database available at World Bank. Due to the specifics of this dataset we are able to use new combinations of measures of financial stability and of bank competition and to study their relationship in greater depth. We find a positive link between financial stability and bank competition. Furthermore, our results provide evidence that it matters what measures of financial stability and bank competition we apply. Lastly, we ascertain that the relationship between financial stability and bank competition does not change over time. Keywords Financial Stability, Bank Competition, Dynamic GMM, the Arellano and Bond Estimator Author's e-mail Supervisor's e-mail
Financial Stability Issues and Stress Testing of the Insurance Sector
Hauryliuk, Nadzeya ; Jakubík, Petr (advisor) ; Čech, František (referee)
The purpose of this thesis is to provide an overview of risk and vulnerabilities for financial stability of the European Insurance sector. The methods and principles of risk assessment are examined, as well as their application for the insurance sector. The current macroeconomic situation and its impact on insurers' financial stability is described. Downward changes of interest rates are identified as the biggest current risk. This results from a system-wide stress test conducted by EIOPA (European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority), analysis of sensitivities published by several big European Insurers published on a yearly basis and finally from an econometric analysis of the relationship between market data and changes in macroeconomic variables. Keywords financial stability, stress testing, insurance sector, insurance risks
The IMF and its role in the Czech Republic and Hungary since 1989
Malešová, Jana ; Duršpek Raková, Marie (advisor) ; Parrák, Radovan (referee)
This thesis focuses on the International Monetary Fund. The first part consists of three chapters and it examines the Fund as a respected, yet disputes sparking institution. The first chapter describes the history of the Fund from its founding in Bretton Woods in 1944 to the recent financial crisis. The second chapter focuses on the Fund's operation nowadays. Information about special drawing rights, member quotas system, and about Fund's financial resources and their use can all be found there. Recent reforms and the organizational structure are also a part of the second chapter. The third chapter presents the main points of critique of the Fund. The second part of the thesis examines specific Fund activities in two central European countries with the focus on periods in which the Fund's assistance was the most significant. The fourth chapter concentrates on Fund operations in the Czech Republic after the membership resumption in 1990. The fifth chapter explains Fund activities in Hungary, which has been a member since 1982 but has drawn particular attention in recent years since the outburst of the financial crisis.
Topics in Real Estate Analysis and Macroprudential Policy
Hejlová, Hana ; Hlaváček, Michal (advisor) ; Geršl, Adam (referee) ; Olszewski, Krzysztof (referee) ; Rychtárik, Štefan (referee)
This dissertation thesis consists of three chapters devoted to analyzing residential and commercial real estate prices, assessing risks related to residential real estate exposures for financial stability, and calibrating borrower-based macroprudential measures to address those risks. Each chapter presents a general approach(es), which can be used - after certain adjustments - for similar analyses across countries and application to the Czech Republic or the CEE countries. In Chapter 1, we first show the application of a standard inverted demand model of the equilibrium house prices, which we extend to take into account the population ageing in the Czech Republic with potential impact on the effective demand for owner- occupied housing. Then, we present an alternative model that considers possible amplification between house prices, mortgage credit, and the real economy and investigates whether non-linearities in the short-term house price dynamic are present in the Czech Republic. By this, we extend the scarce empirical literature on non-linearities in house prices. Next, we abstract from economic determinants of house prices, which may lead to biased results if procyclical, and analyze the interaction between asking and transaction prices as a kind of revealed expectations of buyers and sellers...
The Determinants of central banking transparency: An Empirical Analysis
Ulrich, Tomáš ; Horváth, Roman (advisor) ; Jeřábek, Jakub (referee)
This thesis examines the central banking transparency and financial stability communication. The main goal is to find the determinants of the updated Monetary policy transparency index and the index for financial stability trans- parency, which cover 110 countries during the period 2000-2011. We analyse the individual components of transparencies and perform regression models with the set of economic and political variables in order to find drivers of all aspects of transparency. As a basic observation we verified the increasing trend in both types of transparencies during last two decades. We found out that economi- cally well developed countries with flexible exchange rates, quality government and stable political institutions tend to be more open about their monetary policies. Moreover, high degree of monetary policy transparency and the occu- rance of past systemic banking crisis implies higher openness of central banks about financial stability issues. The drivers of Financial stability transparency index components display significant variations, especially variables like rule of law or past financial distress. It is concluded that financial stability trans- parency is still a young field of study and many central banks are still in the developing phase of learning. Keywords central banking,...
Assessment of investment project
Zmeškal, Jakub ; Dostál,, Petr (referee) ; Kocourková, Gabriela (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the assessment of financial stability and investment activities in the municipality. It characterizes investments and feasibility study and describes the grant policy of the European Union and the Czech Republic. The diploma thesis also deals with the indicators of financial analysis, describes a specific municipality and assesses its financial stability. It also presents investment projects in the municipality, assesses their effectiveness and proposes further development of the municipality.
Can macroprudential policies curb house price booms? International evidence
Šváb, Ondřej ; Horváth, Roman (advisor) ; Geršl, Adam (referee)
This thesis examines the effectiveness of macroprudential policies on reducing housing price growth in the international database of 56 countries with the use of GMM and fixed effects between 2000 and 2017. The macroprudential index is added to the dynamic panel data model where the housing price index is regressed on housing price determinants as the economic growth or unemployment rate. The analysis is also conducted on the sample of countries with a higher market share of owners with a mortgage as there is a higher opportunity to control the housing market through the credit channel. Nevertheless, results show that we do not have enough evidence to state that macroprudential policies curb house price booms. Contrarily, the effect seems to work in the opposite direction which is probably caused by a reverse causality between the growth of real estate prices and the implementation of macroprudential tools. The debt-to-income restriction is the only tool that decreases housing price growth according to the fixed effects model. Detailed counterfactual analysis of the Czech market proposes only a slight impact of the loan-to-value measure on the apartment price development according to one out of four predictions. 1
Credit risk stress testing of the Czech banking sector
Vachušková, Karolína ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Švéda, Josef (referee)
This thesis aims to describe stress testing in the Czech banking sector focusing on the most significant banking risk, which is credit risk. The thesis examines the difference between regulatory and internal stress testing, compares their assumptions, outcome quality and usability. It deals with the regulation of stress tests, which banks must fulfil. Further, it uses the current Covid-19 crisis as a test of whether the adverse scenarios used are sufficiently severe to cover the risks for and impacts on the actual negative development of the economy. This analysis assesses the Czech banking sector's readiness and resilience and includes the reactions of banks and the Czech authorities to increasing risks.
Topics in central banking
Brož, Václav ; Kočenda, Evžen (advisor) ; Tůma, Zdeněk (referee) ; Égert, Balázs (referee) ; Martin, Reiner (referee)
This dissertation consists of three research papers dealing with selected issues relevant for central banks after the global financial crisis. The post-crisis world has seen a significant strengthening of the role of central banks with regard to the financial system as well as the real economy. Correspondingly, agendas of some central bankers have grown substantially, encompassing among others monetary policy, financial stability (macro- and microprudential policies) as well as resolution mechanisms. This dissertation thesis reflects the broad focus of some contemporary central banks in three original research articles that concern current unexplored issues for monetary policy and financial stability in the European Union, the Czech Republic, and the United States, potentially bringing policy implications for the relevant authorities. The first article analyzes inflation convergence in the whole European Union (EU) over 1999-2017 and provides comprehensive and robust evidence that the process of inflation convergence among the countries of the EU was not permanently disrupted during the global financial crisis, the European sovereign debt crisis, or the period of zero lower bound interest rates. Specifically, the convergence process did not noticeably weaken after the crisis and the occurrence of...

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