National Repository of Grey Literature 113 records found  previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Smart food polymer layers
Valíková, Michaela ; Kovalčík, Adriána (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
Smart packaging represents a group of packaging with great potential when used in the food industry. Active packaging can have a positive effect on the condition of stored food and smart packaging can inform consumers about the condition of stored food. In the theoretical part, a search was made on the topic of packaging in the food industry, with emphasis on active and intelligent packaging, including the legislative framework. The substances from which smart packaging is made have been described. In the experimental part, partially water¬insoluble polymer layers were prepared from gelatin, glycerol, crosslinking agent and anthocyanin extract. Glutaraldehyde or tannic acid was used as a crosslinking agent. Anthocyanins were obtained by extraction from red cabbage. The total concentration of anthocyanins in the extract was determined by the difference method. For prepared layers, their water solubility was measured and the colour response to the pH environment was evaluated spectrophotometrically. The stability of the layers over time was also monitored. It was found that the prepared layers are able respond to changes in pH.
Microbial contamination packaging glass
Bělohoubková, Tereza ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
The bachelor thesis contemplates the formation of microbial contamination during production of glass packaging used in food industry. The theoretical part defines the word packaging, its function and legislation of glass packaging. Glass packaging production is described as well as arising risks of potential microbial contamination. Unacceptable microorganisms with ability to live on the surface of glass packaging and possible determination of the microorganisms are characterized in the thesis. In the practical part swabs of produced glass packaging were analyzed by ATP bioluminescence and pH of the inner glass surface was determined to assess species of microorganisms able to live on glass surface. Conclusion of the thesis discusses establishments to lower the risk of microbial contamination.
Study of natural substances of ginger
Dobiáš, Vojtěch ; Vespalcová, Milena (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
The aim of this study was to determine the quantity of natural substances in ginger. Extracts from organic ginger tea and ginger rhizome were prepared using three different solvents. Antioxidant activity and the content of polyphenols and flavonoids were determined spectrophotometrically. Effects on bacterial growth of the extracts were studied against bacteria Bacillus cereus and Serratia marcescens by agar well diffusion assay. The obtained data showed, that there is a significant amount of difference between the contents of studied compounds in the two extract samples. The highest amount of polyphenols was found in ginger tea with concentration of 0,481 mgml-1, compared to 0,078 mgml-1 found in the ginger rhizome. The tea showed a greater antioxidant activity than the rhizome. Bacterial growth was slightly inhibited only by water extracts of the tea and this was only observed against Bacillus cereus.
Study of antimicrobial substances of ginger
Ciburová, Alena ; Skoumalová, Petra (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
For thousands of years ginger rhizomes are used in traditional Chinese medicine. Because of his significant pungent flavour is commonly used in foods and beverages all over the world. Nowadays many of the beneficial pharmacological positive effects of ginger rhizomes are identified. Their occurrence is due to the high concentration of bioactive compounds. This thesis is focused on analysing of occurrence of bioactive compounds such as polyphenols and flavonoids and their influence on antioxidation and antimicrobial properties of samples of fresh and dried ginger. The results show that for extraction of bioactive compounds in different ginger samples is more suitable to use different types of extraction solvents. The highest antioxidation activity was measured for macerate of 100% bio ginger tea from Sonnentor company in 96% ethanol. Antimicrobial properties were showed only for 100% bio ginger tea against gram-positive bacteria Microccocus luteus.
Obtaining and complex charaterization of Aronia spp. extracts
Seidlová, Kateřina ; Zemanová, Jana (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa) is a berry fruit with distinctive sensory characteristics and health-promoting properties. Polyphenols are the main bioactive compounds found in aronia including natural pigments – anthocyanins. Bioactive compounds are usually obtained from natural materials by extraction, in this work, two methods of extraction were compared – maceration and PHWE. Based on the total phenolic content, maceration was chosen as a more suitable method and then was optimized with statistical model – Design of Experiment. Optimal conditions were set to temperature of 30 °C, extraction agent 50 % ethanol, solid-solvent ratio 10 g per 50 ml and time of extraction for 30 minutes. Extract obtained under these conditions was characterised by total phenolic content – 1441 ± 90 mg/100 g DW, total anthocyanin content 943 ± 8 mg/100 g DW and antioxidation activity by ABTS 24,78 ± 0,09 molTE/g. In total of 25 volatile compounds were indentified in the optimal extract with content > 0,5 %. Major part created aldehydes and esters, with the main compounds being benzaldehyde (32,25 %) and methyl hexanoate (21,37 %).
Preparation and characterization of Echinacea extracts
Pallová, Jana ; Veselá, Mária (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
Echinacea purpurea is a rich source of biologically active compounds, which are attributed to several therapeutic effects. This thesis is focused on the optimization of the extraction process, considered these substances. Maceration was chosen as a type of extraction, due to its simplicity. The Optimal conditions were solid-solvent ratio 1: 5, 40% ethanol, 60 °C, 60 minutes. An extract from the dried flowers of Echinacea purpurea was prepared by this optimized process. The content of total phenolic compounds was set on 365.18 ± 3.51 [mg_GAEl^(-1)] and the antioxidant activity was 507.50 ± 6.89 [mg_TEACl^(-1)]. The percentage of radical scavenging activity ABTS•+ was 95.45 ± 1.30. The antimicrobial activity of the extract was tested against 3 microorganisms – Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus and Candida glabrata. There was not detected inhibitory effect on the growth of microorganisms. In a total, 39 volatile compounds were identified, and the biggest group were represented sesquiterpenes (70.9%). The obtained results confirm that Echinacea extract has antioxidant activity and contains several interesting aromatic substances, In the future, it can be used as a natural resource of nutritionally and sensory valuable compounds, e.g., into various foods and delicacies.
Study of emulsion stability by means of physical-chemical and optical methods
Kuchyňová, Jitka ; Veselá, Mária (referee) ; Zmeškal, Oldřich (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the stability determination of model O/W (30/70) emulsions at 25°C. In fact, the time and emulsifier concentration (Tego Care PS) dependences of physical properties (aging) were monitored. In the second part of the work, the influence of conservant on emulsion stabilities were studied. In order to study physical properties of emusions rheometry, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and optical microscopy were employed. The rheological measurement provided information on viscosity and viscoelastic modulus. DSC experiments used the repeated freezing/thawing cycles which allowed monitoring of changes in crystallization temperature of water present in emulsions and melting enthalpy of ice formed during the cooling. The optical microscopy was used to examine the change in oil droplet size in the course of emulsion destabilization and phase separation. In this case the image analysis was carried out using program HarFA. The results showed that due to the emulsion creaming, the oil droplets diffuse and aggregate which causes phase separation. Those processes were quickest for the emulsion with lowest emulsifier concentration 0.1 % (destabilization during 51 days) The emulsions with emulsifier concentration about 1.5 and 1.3 % were stable at least for 4 months. The presence of the coemulsifiers increased the elastic modulus and descreased the phase difference due to the network formation. It was shown that for the stability determination is necessary to use conservant due to risk of microbial contamination. DSC experiments allowed to distingush samples prepared under different conditions. Lower rotational speed during emulsion preparation caused the appearance of two melting and crystalization peaks while for higher speed only one peak was observed.
Photocatalytic inactivation of yeast in flow reactor
Lipenská, Michaela ; Drbohlavová, Jana (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
This diploma thesis focuses on the photocatalytic effect of titanium dioxide and ultraviolet light. Theoretical part shows the effect of titanium dioxide and aplication in various branches. Antibacterial effect of titanium dioxide iluminated by ultraviolet light was observed in the flow tube reactor on the yeast Hansenula anomala. After adjusting the optimal flow rate experimented with different inicial concentration of yeast cells. To increase desired effect also silver was used in the photocatalytic system. As observed in many previous studies, silver decreases the time needed for killing the microorganisms. The optained date were analysed.
Bioactive compounds of fennel
Nentvichová, Aneta ; Vespalcová, Milena (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to study the bioactive substances contained in fennel, to determine the content of polyphenols, flavonoids and to investigate the antioxidant and antimicrobial activity in aqueous and ethanol extracts of fennel. The theoretical part discusses the characteristics of fennel, its classification in the system, its use and especially the bioactive substances contained in it. The experimental part is divided into two sections, where the first part focuses on spectrophotometric determination of polyphenols, flavonoids and antioxidant activities. In the second part the antimicrobial effects of prepared extracts of fennel were examined. Two microorganisms Serratia marcescens and Bacillus cereus were exposed to the said extracts. Antioxidant activity and relatively high content of polyphenols and flavonoids were found in the extracts in the first experimental part. The second experimental part proved that the antimicrobial effect of the extracts was very low, in most cases almost negligible. Ethanol extracts showed higher antimicrobial activity, while hot water extracts found to support the growth of Bacillus cereus.
Determination of antimicrobial activity of herbal extracts
Žitková, Barbora ; Veselá, Mária (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
The aim of this bachelor thesis was to observe the antimicrobial activity of selected herbal extracts and essential oils against three selected microorganisms, bacteria – Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli and the yeast Candida glabrata. Two diffusion methods were used to verify and compare the antimicrobial activity, namely the diffusion well and disk method. The theoretical part describes the characteristic of plants from which extracts and oils were made. It also focuses on active substances, vitamins and minerals contained in herbs. Other methods that can be used to determine antimicrobial activity are also mentioned in the work. At the end of the theoretical part the characteristic of the microorganisms used for observation is mentioned. The result of the diffusion well method shows that only eucalypt oil showed antimicrobial activity against all selected microorganisms. It was most effective against Bacillus cereus with an inhibition zone size of 1.73 ± 0.11 cm. The result of the diffusion disk method shows that there are two oils which showed antimicrobial activity against selected microorganisms, namely marrow and eucalypt oil. Nevertheless, the most effective oil was made of mint against Bacillus cereus with an inhibition zone size of 1.57 ± 0.31 cm.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 113 records found   previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
3 VESELÁ, Marcela
20 VESELÁ, Markéta
2 VESELÁ, Marta
21 VESELÁ, Martina
28 VESELÁ, Michaela
2 VESELÁ, Miluše
18 VESELÁ, Monika
2 Veselá, Magdalena
3 Veselá, Marcela
12 Veselá, Marie
1 Veselá, Marika
20 Veselá, Markéta
2 Veselá, Marta
21 Veselá, Martina
28 Veselá, Michaela
1 Veselá, Milada
3 Veselá, Miroslava
2 Veselá, Miroslava,
18 Veselá, Monika
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.