
The calculation of the shortcircuit currents and voltages of given distribution network
Vyčítal, Václav ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
This thesis deals with the transient phenomena in electric power systems especially short circuits. Than short circuit is classified to other types of faults in electric power system. The study also describes short circuit current as a function of time. However to complete a basic theory of short circuits, separate chapters are devoted to the causes of short circuits and to hazards connected with short circuit currents. The main part of this paper is devoted to the derivation of the formulas for calculation of short circuit currents using symetrical components and to calculation method presented in IEC 60909. In the end of this part there is a example of a simple network with calculation of symetrical and asymetrical short circuit current. In the last part of this thesis there is an example of 110 kV network with calculation of short circuits currents on busbars. The topology of the network and elekctrical equipment data are based on real part of a distribution network situated in the Czech Republic.


The calculation of the distance protection relay setings for HV line
Doležal, Marek ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
I divided this work into two parts: theoretical and practical. The first part deals with theoretical calculation of setting for distance protection of high voltage line, possible defective states, which can appear on this network, and methods of calculating these defective states. The second part deals with application of the earlier described theory to calculation of distance protection for specified part of the network. The results of this work are all the parameters needed for setting of distance protection for one part of the network.


Testing of Distance Protection
Holub, Martin ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Orságová, Jaroslava (advisor)
Bachelor thesis Testing of Distance Protection introduces us to the issue of distance protection and its detailed principle. It deals with its individual elements and shows us different types of impedance characteristics of measuring elements. It describes a situation that occurs during a short circuit on a homogeneous line, then introduces us to a DC component compensation and discuss the effect of distance protection degrees. Among other things, it deals with the digital distance protections and settings of their characteristics. Finally the theoretical part evaluates advantages over other protections and advantages and disadvantages of distance protections themselves. Thesis will introduce the digital distance protection REL 511 from the company ABB and characterizes its settings, parameters and connection to the testing equipment OMICRON CMC 256plus, which is used to control the protection via personal computer. Description of the programs OMICRON Test Universe and CAP 540 and their settings follows. This section can serve as a manual for future operators of REL 511 protection. The work provides a suitable methodology for measuring the operating characteristics and uses this method in practice. Given the limited version of the OMICRON Test Universe, polygonal tripping characteristics are measured in the module "Distance" with the shot test. Evaluation of measurements is summarized at the end.


The analysis of parallel operation variants of supply areas 110 kV Čebín and Sokolnice
Reiter, Martin ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
The diploma thesis is focused on the analysis of parallel operation of Čebín and Sokolnice substations. Different variants of parallel operation are researched. A calculation of steady state by the iterative method is described in the theoretical part. The next part briefly mentions a shortcircuit and dimensioning of conductors. The possibility of overloading of lines and transformers is discussed in the last chapter of the theoretical part. The current state of the situation is described in the practical part. Main goal of the practical part of the diploma thesis is to design a configuration capable to parallel operation. Also another configuration of supply of this area is designed. There must be no direct connection between Čebín and Sokolnice substations on 110kV level in this configuration. This configuration should eliminate a transit flow of power. Each configuration has to fulfill the requirements on the steady state and on shortcircuit current capability. One of the last chapters is focused on the steps, that should by undertaken to prevent transit flow of power.

 

Calculation of distance protection relay setting for 110kV line.
Bartoš, Petr ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
This work deals with both the calculation of short circuit conditions of 110 kV network in the Czech Republic. This network is divided into two parts, each of which feeds a 400/110 kV substation and the calculation is performed for different locations of a short circuit. The second part deals with the calculation of distance protection settings for one part of this network. The result of this work are the values of network parameters needed to set up distance protection, which protects our individual lines of the network.

 

Calculation of the network steady state on the voltage level 110 kV
Macháč, Petr ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Mastný, Petr (advisor)
This thesis deals with load flow calculation of electrical network 110 kV before and after the connection to the 70MW gas supply and the 58MW steam and gas supply. This grid can be powered from two 400/110kV substations, namely Sokolnice and Otrokovice. The load flow calculation is realized for the power supply either from Otrokovice or Sokolnice. Furthermore, the calculation of the uniphase and three phase short circuits in the substations of 110kV network is realized in this thesis. The result of the thesis is the assessment of the voltage ratio in the network, current load of the power line and short circuit resistance of the substations.


Proposal for the Procedure of Supply Restoring for Power Plant Teplárny Brno Auxiliary System after Extensive System Fault in PS
Jára, Jaroslav ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Orságová, Jaroslava (advisor)
This work deals with the issue of supply restoring for heating plant Teplárny Brno, a. s. Špitálka division, after a systemwide failure of the “blackout”. The thesis solves the “black start” of the Špitálka Teplárny Brno operation by delivering a voltage from the hydroelectric power Vír I, proposes a methodology for commissioning of individual devices, up to phasing the generators with subsequent possibility of creating an “island mode” in the area of Brno city, which the work already does not deal with. The work also deals with the preparation of the operational test, while starts of the selected devices are tested. The schedule of commissioning of each device is supported by calculations of the parameters for the entire system with regard to voltage drops while connecting the high load. The result of this work is the proposal of methodological process of supply restoring for power plant Teplárny Brno – Špitálka division, by submission a voltage from the hydroelectric power Vír I, which can be used both in any systemwide failure of the “blackout”, or during the operational test.


The voltage restoration in Prostějov and Zlín distribution area
Wasserbauer, Vojtěch ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
The aim of this thesis is description of critical situations in the electrical grid and the consequences which can be caused by these situations. Further possibilities of voltage recovery and ways how to reach the needed voltage are described. Another part is firstly about regulation electrical system and resources which are connected to this system. Secondly there is appraisal of possibility of connection new resource into distribution system 110 kV and conditions of connection new resources. The result of the thesis is description voltage recovery and the rules which have to be kept during critical situations.
