National Repository of Grey Literature 88 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Relationship Between Cognitive and Emotional Processes in Executive Functioning
Novák, Ondřej ; Stehlík, Luděk (advisor) ; Uhlář, Pavel (referee)
This thesis provides brief overview of key surveys and theories dealing with the influence emotions have on selected executive functions (decision making and judgment). It discusses the issue using the theoretical framework of cognitive-experiential Self-theory (CEST), and emphasizes current knowledge and experimental approaches. It describes various approaches to understanding of emotions and their influence, such as the theories of emotional valence and affect, embodied emotions or motivational role of emotions. The thesis includes a quality research design aimed on emotional goals of specific basic emotions (fear, anger, sadness and joy). The results will provide a theoretical framework for the "feeling-is- for-doing" approach focused on the motivational component of emotions, allowing to examine it empirically.
Informative society and psychology
Teichman, Viktor ; Uhlář, Pavel (advisor) ; Slaměník, Ivan (referee)
Mankind today seems to find itself in new era in context of information technologies. Following the era of industrial revolution with its stress on "the more is, the better is", now the subtle, complex and multi-meaningful era of information technologies seems to take over. We seem to see general increase of stress on cognitive actions of mental modelling, requiring some cognitive competence, like ability to deal with symbols. lntellective skills are not equally distributed in population, and having said that we can see there is a space for new hierarchies. Digital information processing seems to be more detached from direct sensory feelings. The experience is thus not any more gained by repeated exposure to known sensory-physical procedures, but it is gained by own private ideation and by symbolic action of mind. These kinds of thoughts bring with them number of philosophical and ethical questions, requiring to redefine for example What is the nature of human. ls it, that by developing new tools ba sed on electronic technologies, which can exceed traditional natural means, mankind is creating new world of such complex way, that it will have difficulties to deal with it?
Connectionist modelling of the development of some cognitive processes associated with acquisition of language skills in Czech language
Stehlík, Luděk ; Uhlář, Pavel (advisor) ; Bahbouh, Radvan (referee)
The thesis discusses questions about the nature of the human mind, the process of language acquisition and the cognitive development in general and presents results of connectionist modelling of one of the seminal developmentally-psycholinguistic phenomena - segmentation of continuous speech flow on the basis of phonotactic and prosodic cues. In the general part of the thesis there is at first briefly introduced the philosophical topic of mind-body problem and then there is described intellectual, historical and cognitively-anthropological background of the computational-representational paradigm which is in the contemporary cognitive science the most prevailing view of the human mind treating the mental life as a kind of computation in the sense of manipulation and transformation of syntactic structures.
Rehabilitation of cognitive functions in patients after brain injury
Umlaufová, Veronika ; Kulišťák, Petr (advisor) ; Uhlář, Pavel (referee)
The mm of the master thesi s "Rehabilitation of cognitive functions in patients afteľ bľain injury" was to claľify these problems fľom pľactical point of view. In the first chapter readers get acquainted with kinds of brain injury. The second chapter deals with cognitive tlmctions and the third, most extensive, lS dedicated to rehabilitation of patients after brain injury. The ľehabilitation lS conceived as a complex process involving care of patients in the biological, psychicaL social and physical sphere. The empirical part concentrates on training oť attention. Patients after brain injury. who were invol\"ed in the study. vvere divided into two groups. Within three weeks one group practiced on computer (programme RehaCom) and the other attended occupational therapy. We investigated whether there are any diťferences in the influence of training of attention by means oť computer programme or occupational therapy. In regard of a smalI sample (five patients in each group) and other conditions we came to the conclusion that the effect of training oť attention appeared in neither group after three weeks. The empirical part is completed with a questionnaire. We addressed the specialist who work with patients after brain injury and asked them what they thought about the training oť attention by means oť computer...
Creation as one of human needs
Melicharová, Julie ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Uhlář, Pavel (referee)
This thesis deals with the relationship between creation, human needs (focusing on the need for self-actualization) and creativity. The theoretical part describes the general and artistic creation and then creation is further divided into professional and amateur. The thesis briefly discusses the human needs and later focuses on the theory of basic human needs according to Maslow. Emphasis is put on the need for self-actualization. The last part of the theoretical section is devoted to creativity, the current perception of this phenomenon, and primarily focuses on the connection between creativity and self-actualization, as defined by Maslow. The empirical section describes the design of research that explores the correlation between self-actualization and creation, while comparing self-actualization and creativity among three groups: (1) people that create as a profession, (2) people that create as a hobby and (3) people that do not create. Keywords: Creation, human needs, self-actualization, creativity
Team problem solving - creative techniques
Bumbálková, Markéta ; Uhlář, Pavel (advisor) ; Rymeš, Milan (referee)
The paper is mapping the key definitions and approaches related to the terms of "team" and "working group" and their application in managing organizations. It provides the overview of the methods of creating and successive leading teams. The focal point of the paper contains the overview of basic creative techniques used by teams in problem solving as well as their key characteristics.
Engagement in organizational context
Sedloň, Tomáš ; Kirovová, Iva (advisor) ; Uhlář, Pavel (referee)
This thesis focuses on identification of predictors and conditions of employee engagement in organizational context. The theoretical part of this work is aimed on various approaches to identifying and measuring employee engagement, including modern approaches and methods. Theoretical concepts concerning gender and workplace diversity are also viewed, in order to identify engagement predictors. The empirical part consists of a research that identifies predictors and conditions of engagement in a specific organization. Statistical analyses and interpretations are made, based on the collected data. This thesis primarily aims to enrich Czech scientific literature concerning this topic by providing practical information and data from a manufacturing company. 2
Study of the application of yoga in daily life for the psychic development of the human
Galovičová, Anna ; Uhlář, Pavel (advisor) ; Kebza, Vladimír (referee)
The following study is an attempt to investigate the genesis of the traditional yoga and its evolution in our region. For this purpose we created the model of traditional structured yoga system based on the non-dualistic reality. The practical part of the study is based on the research of the application of the traditional yoga on development of an integrated sense of identity (self), which allows creating positive, longlasting and enduring social relationships needed for development of human relationship and growth. Its effects are visible on physical, mental, social and especially spiritual health. It helps to mobilize the will power, self-discipline, to remove the bad habbits, and risk factors, and it also helps to adapt healthy lifestyle. Psycho-social research of the human in multicultural environment, where yoga seminars take place, helps better understand ancient Vedic paradigma "one world - one society" and reveals how yoga contributes to self-confidence, helps to overcome the prejudices. Self-awareness and self-discipline play important role. It can be a way how to develop human resources and to solve burning problems of our modern multicultural society and health resort transformation . This practical part includes also effects of the yogic exercicing, called Hospital Yoga Model on the...
Systemic thought
Tomková, Markéta ; Uhlář, Pavel (advisor) ; Kebza, Vladimír (referee)
This graduation thesis tries to summarize the systemic thouf.(ht, its scientist sources, systemic thought development and general and tbeoretical bases. This NL A. thesis is theoretical/y aimed and its objective is to present a synthesis of the systemic approach .. The systemic approach is a new point oť view in psychology, with its roots in 1950's. The systemic thought is inspired by three basic theoretical sources: general system theory, radical constructivism and social constructionism. The theory of systems is an interdiscip/inary theory that studies properties of systems as a whole. The radical constructivism is an approach to the problem of knowledge and knowing. ft starts from the assumption that knowledge is in the heads of persons, and that the thinking subject has no alternative but to construct what they know on the basis of their own experience. The social constructionism aims to discover the ways in which individuals and groups participate in the creation of their perceived reality. ft involves looking at the ways social phenomena are created, institutionalized, and forged into tradition by humans. The "socially constructed reality" is seen as an ongoing, dynamic process: the reality is reproduced by people acting on their interpretations and their knowledge of it. Furthermore, this thesis...
Value orientations in adolescence and early adulthood
Morávková, Kateřina ; Uhlář, Pavel (advisor) ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (referee)
This work handles a topic of values and value orientations. We treat values as one of the issues on a broader field of motivation. From this point of view we placed values in a motivation system pattern. We deal with a more general characteristics of motivation just in order to understand a topic of values. The values and value orientations are elaborated with the help of a number of psychological theories. We are concerned with a developmental traits of values especially in adolescence and early adulthood. The theoretical part is followed on by a concept of psychological research - qualitative and quantitative. The purpose of this project is to get a basic understanding of value orientations among teenagers and young adults and to estimate their moral values and motivation. Keywords: values, value orientations, adolescence, early adulthood

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