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Depiction of social and political changes in apartheid and post-apartheid South Africa in novels by P. Jooste and J. M. Coetzee
Laubová, Kristýna ; Chalupský, Petr (advisor) ; Topolovská, Tereza (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to depict the social and political state of South Africa during the apartheid and after in two novels, Dance with a Poor Man's Daughter (1998) by Pamela Jooste and Disgrace (1999) by J. M. Coetzee. The Theoretical Part analyses the apartheid as a political ideology which is based on racial segregation and its projection in ordinary life. The Practical Part shows concrete features of apartheid and post-apartheid in the aforementioned novels.
Neologisms in Arundhati Roy's God of Small Things
Malá, Lucie ; Matuchová, Klára (advisor) ; Topolovská, Tereza (referee)
This thesis focuses on neologisms in the novel The God of Small Things by Arundhati Roy. It aims at describing their morpho-syntactic features, the word-formation processes from which they result, and their contextual function in the analysed text. The original text is compared with the Czech translation and the ways of translating neologisms in Czech are explored. The thesis explores three hypotheses. Firstly, the predominant word-formation process employed in creating neologisms in the text is likely to be compounding. Secondly, the Czech translation is expected to contain fewer neologisms than the original. Thirdly, it is supposed that the distribution of neologisms is not balanced throughout the book, and that their frequency will increase in those chapters which offer the children's perspective. Out of these three hypotheses the first and the third one were confirmed. The validity of the second hypothesis could be neither confirmed nor refuted, for that would require further research on the Czech translation of the text, which was beyond the scope of this thesis.
Magic of the Unreliable First-Person Narrator in Selected British Novels of the Second Half of the 20th Century
Mollová, Eliška ; Chalupský, Petr (advisor) ; Topolovská, Tereza (referee)
This thesis compares the unreliable first-person narrator in three British novels: A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess, The Remains of the Day by Kazuo Ishiguro, and The Wasp Factory by Iain Banks. The unreliable first-person narrative form has the power to assimilate the reader's mind with that of the narrator and make him/her believe whatever the narrator wants, even though the events that are being described can be truly shocking. This thesis analyses why and how these authors use the unreliable first-person narrative form, as well as its impacts on the reader. Key words: unreliable first-person narration, British novels, 20th century, male protagonist
The Theme of Art and Life in selected Jeanette Winterson's Novels
Gridneva, Yana ; Chalupský, Petr (advisor) ; Topolovská, Tereza (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to explore the theme of art in Jeanette Winterson's novels with special attention given to the relationship between art and life in her aesthetic system. The theoretical part of this work is concerned with describing Winterson's philosophy of art and defining it as a combination of modern and postmodern elements. The practical part deals with three novels, Written on the Body (1992), Why Be Happy When You Could Be Normal? (2011) and Art & Lies (1994), and explores how the theme of art and life is developed in each of these works. Key words: modernism; postmodernism; stories and archetypes; experimental literature; imagination and reality; physical and spiritual.
The Concepts of Multiculturalism in Zadie Smith's White Teeth
Tran Thu, Tra ; Chalupský, Petr (advisor) ; Topolovská, Tereza (referee)
This master thesis discusses the concepts of multiculturalism in Britain in the novel White Teeth by Zadie Smith. The theoretical part provides a theoretical background of British multiculturalism. Firstly, the colonial period is presented with the particular focus on the British Empire and the colonies of India and Jamaica. Secondly, the postcolonial period after the dissolution of the British Empire is analysed with the focus on the migration to the UK and the theoretical foundations of the postcolonial literature. Thirdly, the concept of multiculturalism in Britain is looked into, discussing the changes in society, construction of British identity and its negotiation. The practical part analyses the presented notions on the novel. Firstly, multicultural London as presented in the novel is described. Secondly, the development of multiculturalism is traced in the novel. Thirdly, multicultural identity of its characters is discussed. KEYWORDS: Multiculturalism, British Empire, colonialism, postcolonialism, history, identity, Zadie Smith, White Teeth
Indian Family in Selected Novels by Anita Desai
Kolmanová, Jitka ; Topolovská, Tereza (advisor) ; Chalupský, Petr (referee)
The purpose of this diploma thesis is to analyze the parent-child relationship in selected novels by Anita Desai. The novels chosen for the analysis are Cry, the Peacock; Clear Light of Day; Fire on the Mountain; Fasting, Feasting. The aim of the theoretical part is, firstly, to introduce Anita Desai and her style of writing, secondly, to lay the theoretical basis for further analysis of the attachment between children and their parents. In this part the author presents the Attachment theory, behavioural patterns and parenting styles (authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, uninvolved). The theoretical part is concluded by a portrait of Indian society and typical Indian family structure - the environment in which Desai's protagonists live. The practical part consists of thorough analysis of the selected novels. The analysis shows Desai's tendency to portray such parenting styles that instil insecurity in children. The results prove that these approaches to raising a child affect the personality development negatively. It was interesting to find out that gender bias influences not only the life-path and self-concept of the protagonists but also the quality of their relationship with their parents.
Fictional Man: Ned Kelly in Peter Carey's True History of the Kelly Gang in Comparison with Older Portrayals
Prentis, Adam ; Chalupský, Petr (advisor) ; Topolovská, Tereza (referee)
TITLE: The Fictional Man: Ned Kelly in Peter Carey's True History of the Kelly Gang in Comparison with Older Portrayals AUTHOR: Adam Prentis DEPARTMENT: Department of English Language and Literature SUPERVISOR: PhDr. Petr Chalupský, Ph.D. ABSTRACT: The thesis concerns itself with the analysis of various personality aspects of the protagonist of Peter Carey's True History of the Kelly Gang (2000) - Ned Kelly. Albeit a historical figure, Ned Kelly is approached as a fictional character with focus placed on his symbolic status of Australian nationality, myth and manhood, and on the literary means that point to this. The separate aspects are placed in an evolutionary context through comparisons with older portrayals of the same character - in Max Brown's Australian Son (1948) and J. J. Kenneally's The Complete Inner History of the Kelly Gang and their Pursuers (1929), all of which use a heroising approach to the man. The work shows that Ned Kelly may be perceived in many complex ways, with further possibilities for analysis suggested. Comparing the three books, it is found that although considerable unifying tendencies and moments exist, some aspects have a significant difference in focus or emphasis. A shift is noted from a confrontational idealising defence of what is perceived as a historical person to a...
Ned Kelly: aspekty mýtu a mužství v textech ze tří generací
Prentis, Adam ; Chalupský, Petr (advisor) ; Topolovská, Tereza (referee)
TITLE: Ned Kelly: Aspects of Myth and Manhood in Texts from Three Generations AUTHOR: Adam Prentis DEPARTMENT: Department of English Language and Literature SUPERVISOR: PhDr. Petr Chalupský, Ph.D. ABSTRACT: The thesis concerns itself with the analysis of various personality aspects of the protagonist of Peter Carey's True History of the Kelly Gang (2000) - Ned Kelly. Albeit a historical figure, Ned Kelly is approached as a fictional character with focus placed on his symbolic status of Australian nationality, myth and manhood, and on the literary means that point to this. The thesis looks into the ways in which Ned Kelly's manhood status is constructed and maintained, and into the fictionality derived from an absence of hard evidence and conflicting testimonies concerning the protagonist's life and deeds. The separate aspects are placed in an evolutionary context through comparisons with older portrayals of the same character from two earlier generations - in Max Brown's Australian Son (1948) and J. J. Kenneally's The Complete Inner History of the Kelly Gang and their Pursuers (1929), all of which use a heroising approach to the man. The work shows that Ned Kelly may be perceived in many complex ways. Comparing the three books, it is found that although considerable unifying tendencies and moments exist,...

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