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Type-II thin film superconductors studied by terahertz radiation
Tesař, Roman ; Skrbek, Ladislav (advisor) ; Lipavský, Pavel (referee) ; Němec, Hynek (referee)
Title: Type-II thin film superconductors studied by terahertz radiation Author: RNDr. Roman Tesař Department: Department of Low Temperature Physics Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Ladislav Skrbek, DrSc. Consultant: RNDr. Jan Koláček, CSc. Abstract: Utilization of type-II superconductors for future practical applications such as fluxonics requires detailed knowledge of their physical properties, espe- cially at high frequencies within the THz spectral region. We have investigated interactions of thin-film NbN samples deposited on Si substrate and of a high quality epitaxial film of the NbN superconductor grown on a birefringent R-cut sapphire substrate with monochromatic linearly polarized laser beam both below and above the critical temperature Tc. For photon energies lower than the optical gap, detailed measurements of transmission in zero field provide BCS-like tem- perature curves with a pronounced peak below Tc which disappears as the energy of incident radiation is increased above the gap. In externally applied magnetic fields up to 10 T oriented perpendicularly to the sample, i.e., in the Faraday exper- imental geometry, the temperature behavior of transmission is modified because the gap is suppressed and vanishes at the upper critical field and, additionally, the presence of quantized vortices changes the shape...
Type-II thin film superconductors studied by terahertz radiation
Tesař, Roman ; Skrbek, Ladislav (advisor) ; Lipavský, Pavel (referee) ; Němec, Hynek (referee)
Title: Type-II thin film superconductors studied by terahertz radiation Author: RNDr. Roman Tesař Department: Department of Low Temperature Physics Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Ladislav Skrbek, DrSc. Consultant: RNDr. Jan Koláček, CSc. Abstract: Utilization of type-II superconductors for future practical applications such as fluxonics requires detailed knowledge of their physical properties, espe- cially at high frequencies within the THz spectral region. We have investigated interactions of thin-film NbN samples deposited on Si substrate and of a high quality epitaxial film of the NbN superconductor grown on a birefringent R-cut sapphire substrate with monochromatic linearly polarized laser beam both below and above the critical temperature Tc. For photon energies lower than the optical gap, detailed measurements of transmission in zero field provide BCS-like tem- perature curves with a pronounced peak below Tc which disappears as the energy of incident radiation is increased above the gap. In externally applied magnetic fields up to 10 T oriented perpendicularly to the sample, i.e., in the Faraday exper- imental geometry, the temperature behavior of transmission is modified because the gap is suppressed and vanishes at the upper critical field and, additionally, the presence of quantized vortices changes the shape...
Far-infrared magneto-optical measurements of superconducting NbN layer
Koláček, Jan ; Skrbek, L. ; Šindler, M. ; Tesař, Roman
Temperature dependence of far-infrared transmission of thin layer NbN deposited on SiO2 substrate has been measured at frequencies 0.40, 0.65 and 2.52 THz. The zero magnetic field data are in agreement with previous measurements. Additionally, temperature dependent transmission at 0.40 THz for parallel and perpendicular magnetic field orientation with respect to NbN layer from 1 to 10 tesla is reported. In order to interpret our data, we have calculated the transmission of the NbN layer using equations for complex conductivity. For zero magnetic field, the experimental and computed data are in good agreement. With increasing field, however, the experimental data start to deviate from the model prediction that neglects effects due to quantized vortices penetrating the superconductor. When moving, they absorb energy and affect both reflection and transmission. Presently, no way of calculating the complex conductivity in the presence of quantized vortices from the BCS theory is known.

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8 Tesař, Radek