National Repository of Grey Literature 119 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Determinants and origins of chinese consumer society
Horňáková, Petra Sofia ; Skřivan, Aleš (advisor) ; Tajovský, Ladislav (referee)
This study provides institutional and economic analysis of the phenomenom of consumerism in China. It identifies confucianism, maoism and dengism as key determinats of its development. As confucianism as well as maoism both declined consumerism as way of life from cultural point of view consumer society could develop in China only after ideological redefinition of what socialism is. As in 1979 chinese socialism was defined as system generating material wealth consumer society together with rapid economic growth started arising. From economic point of as China was agrarian economy with low rate of urbanization only after deep structural economic changes consumerism could arose. That happened after 1979. Deng Xiaoping reforms proved to be key break point for rising Chinese consumer society.
Analysis of the impact of Chavismo policies on economic and social development in Venezuela from 1999 to 2016
Korejs, Marek ; Tóth, Andrej (advisor) ; Tajovský, Ladislav (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyze the role of the chavista economic and social policies within economic and social development of Venezuela between 1999 and 2016. This thesis offers a comprehensive view of the economic performance during the tested period with major external and internal factors in mind. It uses the methods of analysis, description and comparison. The initial objective is to describe and analyze the circumstances which inevitably led to the election of Hugo Chavez and the Chavismo being accepted by the majority of people. Following with analysis of particular monetary and fiscal policies with special focus on the Exchange rate policy, redistribution policy and expropriations of parts of the private sector. The analysis has proved the economic policies of Chavismo to be ineffective, eventually leading to hyperinflation and causing Venezuela to undergo the worst economic and social crisis in its history.
US Federal Budget as an instrument to enforce ideological principles at the beginning of the 21st century.
Joukl, Petr ; Tajovský, Ladislav (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
In my diploma thesis, I deal with the federal budget of the US as an instrument designed to promote partisan policies on the example of the administrations of George W. Bush and Barack Obama in order to find out whether there are ideological differences in the budgetary policy of Democrats and Republicans at the beginning of the 21st century. The main part of the thesis is devoted to the analysis of the revenue side and spending side of the budgets of both presidents and the development of the balance they managed. The analysis suggests that, although the nature of the time, phase of the economic cycle and other external influences have a significant impact on budgets, the federal budget can still be considered as an effective tool for expressing partisan preferences.
ANALYSIS OF AMERICAN-GERMAN TRADE RELATIONS IN 1933 - 1945
Wachal, Viliam ; Johnson, Zdenka (advisor) ; Tajovský, Ladislav (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with mutual trade between the United States of America and the Third Reich during the years 1933 - 1945 and analyzes the influence of American companies that had their branches or other business interests in Germany during Nazism. The thesis analyzes the international trade and its development between both states in the pre-war period as well as international trade during the war. Thesis deals with the contribution of American companies to the German war economy and analyzes their influence and behavior change after the outbreak of war. The hypothesis on the reduction of business co-operation with the on-going war at state level has been confirmed, just as hypothesis of continuing the cooperation of American firms after the outbreak of war.
The Introduction of Medicare and Medicaid Programs and First Experiences with Their Functioning (untill 1967)
Křivánek, Jan ; Tajovský, Ladislav (advisor) ; Johnson, Zdenka (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the introduction of Medicare and Medicaid programs and examines their functioning in 1966 and 1967. It summarizes the historical development of American health care until 1965 and notes the possible causes leading to the emergence of their specific market based healthcare. It shows a different view on healthcare solutions from representatives of the Republican and the Democratic parties. Detailed analysis of individual programs shows their shortcomings and possible problems. A key part of the thesis is the analysis of empirical data from 1964 to 1967. This part confirms the main hypothesis about the impossibility of self-financing in the first years of its operation. The charts illustrate the need for reform and the percentage changes in different types of healthcare costs. At the same time, it also points to the marginal cost of the programs in the context of the entire federal budget. It also shows the introduction of Medicare and Medicaid as a turning point and a starting point for the rise in total health spending in the US.
Economic Policy in the USA and Germany 1933–1939
Johnson, Zdenka ; Tajovský, Ladislav (advisor) ; Krebs, Vojtěch (referee) ; Slaný, Antonín (referee)
The dissertation provides an analysis, evaluation, and comparison of selected areas of economic policy in the United States of America and Germany from 1933 to 1939 within the context of the 1920s, the Great Depression, and the Second World War. Based on a thorough analysis of the determined objectives, tools, the intended and unintended impacts of their fiscal policies, monetary policies, and foreign-trade policies, the dissertation thesis aims to verify the basic hypothesis that the United States and German economic policies were largely similar as responding to similar issues that both advanced economies had to face. During the verification process, the author relies mainly on the genuine processing and analysis of original statistical sources. In the individual chapters of the dissertation both identical, and also different features in selected types of economic policies are presented. On the basis of a comparison of the main economic-policies trends, despite some differences in the partial characteristics of chosen economic policy types, it can be concluded that economic policies of the central governments of Germany and the United States of America were similar in surprisingly many respects.
Prevalence of Etatism in the 20th-Century Great Britain
Erva, Martin ; Kovář, Martin (advisor) ; Tajovský, Ladislav (referee) ; Soukup, Jaromír (referee)
The United Kingdom is imprinted in our historical memory as the birthplace of modern democracy, the rule of law and respect to private ownership. However, this memory reflects deep history of the 19th century rather than the present state of affairs. The English like other developed nations have acquired the policy of state interventions, nationalization of private enterprise for a compensation, fight against the economic cycle in an unprecedented consensus. Many of the contemporaries assess England through the prism of Margaret Thatcher, however, as demonstrated in this work, her right-winged policy proved an exception to the Conservative Party's rule. Historiography ascribes the reasons of the situation especially to the Labour Party. A number of history works limits the causality of the state growth to the onset of the Laborites. It is apparent, however, that the search for the reasons of the state of affairs needs to quest much deeper in history. Despite its name, the Liberal Party is an institution with a long tradition of state-positive thinking. It was the new Radical Liberals who arrived with a "ransom" theory as well as the program of urban socialism, which does not seem to be a symptom of the laissez faire era in the today's regulated world of private waterworks, gas and electric power...
German-American Relations in the Era of the Chancellor Ludwig Erhard
Janoušek, Petr ; Horčička, Václav (advisor) ; Skřivan, Aleš (referee) ; Tajovský, Ladislav (referee)
The dissertation deals with relations of the Federal Republic of Germany and the United States in the era of Chancellor Ludwig Erhard. At that time, Erhard's partner on the American side was President Lyndon Baines Johnson. Therefore, the subject of my research were the ups and downs through which the relationship between Bonn and Washington went from 1963 to 1966. Both countries were bonded within the Western bloc with solid friendship, but in the given period they ran into a few points of friction that hindered their cooperation. The first issue that was causing tension were the Multilateral Forces (MLF). Although both countries were among the biggest supporters of the MLF, Johnson understood earlier than Chancellor Erhard that this project represented a blind alley. On the diplomatic contacts between the two countries it was evident that the Germans were heading to a certain isolation because of their pressure to implement the MLF. During 1965, Johnson and his administration chose to prefer the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) to the MLF, but for the Germans it was more difficult to absorb this change of priorities. Another point of conflict was the question of the U.S. forces stationed in the Federal Republic, which meant heavy economical burden for Washington. Johnson,...
The Role of Greece anf Turkey in the U.S. Strategy of Containment, 1945-1953
Koura, Jan ; Kovář, Martin (advisor) ; Horčička, Václav (referee) ; Tajovský, Ladislav (referee)
Among the states, the history of which was affected by the Cold War can undoubtedly be ranked both Greece and Turkey. Their geostrategic singularity, accentuated by the outcomes of the World War II, caused that the "struggle" between the United States and the Soviet Union for influence in those countries had considerably contributed to a shift in the course of U.S. foreign policy towards the Soviet Union and to adopting an entirely new strategic concept which was to be called as the "strategy of containment". A number of quality books have already been dealing with the general characteristics of this strategy; however, historians have not turned enough attention - which is rather surprising - to its implementation in particular countries and territories. Therefore, an analysis of particular impacts of the strategy of containment on Greece and Turkey, as well as an evaluation of how successfully this approach of the United States towards both the countries worked, have become primary aims of my dissertation. The U.S. strategy of containment, which can be regarded as an example of the so called "grand strategy", had become a key factor of the U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War. The process of its coming into existence was complicated and cannot be marked off by one document or an event; its...
Nuclear Society - United States of America 1945 - 1964
Ulvr, Michal ; Kovář, Martin (advisor) ; Skřivan, Aleš (referee) ; Tajovský, Ladislav (referee)
Michal Ulvr Abstract It was the near-end of the Second World War, which defined the popular reception of the Atomic bomb for upcoming decade. In the first year of the nuclear monopoly, the feeling of uncertainty and fear of death in the nuclear war was not yet present in strength. The mood of relative safety dominated the American society till the fall of the monopoly in 1949. Since the first atomic explosion occurred in the USSR, the atmosphere of fear, that never faded back and was latent since August and September 1945, made an exuberant appearance in press and other media. Suddenly, the American government made (after years of neglect) a great effort to calm down the uncertainty of the public. A Federal Civil Defense Administration was established at the end of 1950 and provided more or less useful information, propaganda, material and logistical support for a war with the Soviet Union, which was expected to come sooner or later. Plenty of educational and propaganda pamphlets, books and training films were produced in determination to make it clear, that survival under nuclear attack was possible. And indeed, at that time, there was even a good chance, that keeping some basic survival rules in mind an individual could come out of a nuclear attack relatively unscathed. Administration even tried to...

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