National Repository of Grey Literature 1,831 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.05 seconds. 
What influences the impact of high-speed railway construction?
Sedláček, Dan ; Bajgar, Matěj (advisor) ; Kúdeľa, Peter (referee)
This thesis investigates the impact of high-speed rail (HSR) construction on mu- nicipalities in its proximity, focusing on the heterogeneity of these impacts with respect to several municipality characteristics. It focuses on Japan's Shinkansen network lines constructed between 1983 and 2016, using municipality-level data from Statistics Japan and a novel methodology for causal estimation of Difference-in-Difference designs with staggered project launches. It compares municipalities close to Shinkansen stations (impacted by construction) to a control group consisting of municipalities located farther from these stations. The study found significant positive effects of high-speed railway (HSR) construction on population size, economic output, and tax revenue in impacted municipalities. The heterogeneous effects were the most pronounced in the case of municipality size, with larger municipalities seeing substantial increases in per capita income and only marginal impact observed in smaller municipalities where the impact was marginal. Additionally, the impact on tax revenue was mainly driven by lower-income municipalities, while wealthier areas saw no significant change. No differences were noted between service-oriented and industry-oriented municipalities. JEL Classification F12, F21, F23, H25,...
Synthesis and properties of novel vitrimers from biobased feedstock
Kopilec, Ondrej ; Sedláček, Ondřej (advisor) ; Strachota, Adam (referee)
In this work, new materials based on dynamic polymer networks, also called vitrimers, were developed. These polymer networks have been developed from previously unused materials based on renewable raw materials, to maximize the renewable carbon content. The main starting monomer was based on D-isosorbide, which is prepared from starch. The latter was modified to bis-acetoacetate and used as the main building block of the networks. Di- and tri-functional amines of various origins were used as crosslinking agents - renewable sources based and for comparison, petroleum-based products. In order to get the best possible insight into the influence of the individual monomers on the final properties of the vitrimers, materials with 1:1 and 3:1 molar ratios of di- and tri-amines were developed. The prepared networks contained vinylogous urethane-type bonds - with a very low activation energy required for transamination reactions, which allows the vitrimers to retain their mechanical properties even after multiple recycling. In the case of this work, a 10% excess of free amine groups was maintained. The prepared materials in this thesis exhibit behaviour of vitrimers - network structure of thermosets and processability of thermoplastics. This was proven by thermal stability tests, tensile tests and tests...
Denial acts in insovency proceedings
Perničková, Barbora ; Sedláček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
1 Denial acts in insolvency proceedings Abstract This rigorous thesis deals with the issue of acts of denial. The aim of the thesis is to provide a comprehensive interpretation of the process of denial of claims in insolvency proceedings, starting from the filing of the claim, through the review hearing, to the subsequent denial of the claim, which may lead to an in-court dispute if the entities entitled to deny the claim exercise this right. The work first discusses the individual procedural subjects of the right of denial, then focuses on the review hearing as a key stage for denying clamis, the individual methods of asserting claims under the Insolvency Act and then explores the process of denying claims itself, including the grounds for denial, the effects of denial and the differences in denial of enforceable or unenforceable claims. The most attention is paid to disputes over the authenticity, amount and order of claims, or opposition disputes, which in practice are the most common insolvency disputes, alongside other disputes under the Insolvency Act, such as counterclaim, exclusion action, disputes for damages for breach of duties by the insolvency administrator, action for the division of the community property of spouses and action for the invalidity of contracts by which the assets were realised...
Sensation made in Gottwaldov, three views on prefabs (podcast)
Sedláček, Marek ; Němcová Tejkalová, Alice (advisor) ; Lovaš, Karol (referee)
This bachelor thesis presents the phenomenon of the construction of prefabricated houses in the territory of the Czech Republic and the life in them. The practical part, which consists of a three-part podcast series, deals with different perspectives on this stage of urbanism. The interviews focus on the history, technology and problematic aspects of building and living in housing estates. They are complemented by excerpts from the media and literature. The theoretical part summarises the history of prefabricated houses in the Czech Republic from the beginnings of construction in the 1950s to the last realisations after 1990. Subchapters provide the historical and political context for each period. Finally, the theoretical part presents the representation of prefabricated houses in Czech and Slovak cinematography.
Vaccination in HIV-infected persons.
Jilich, David ; Machala, Ladislav (advisor) ; Snopková, Svatava (referee) ; Sedláček, Dalibor (referee)
Vaccination is essential and very important part of long-term follow-up care in children and adults. Vaccination is at the same time effective and safe prevention against many infectious diseases including new infections like COVID-19. Efficacy of vaccination is based on healthy human immunity system. In case of immunosupressive diseases, immunogenicity and durability of protection can be alterated. HIV belongs to the group of immunocopromising diseases. First aim of the thesis was to collect all available data related to vaccination in HIV-infected persons. Aim of experimental part of the thesis was to analyze current situation within patient's cohort of our HIV Clinic FNB and amplify our knowledge using outcomes of research projects. We find as a key to research vaccination prevalence in targeted population, and evaluate or compare with general population. Another important task of our research is vaccination protecion and its durability. In our research projects following infections were included: Tetanus, Influenza, Tick-borne encephalitis, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and COVID-19.
Dispersal and personality
Rišová, Slavomíra ; Frynta, Daniel (advisor) ; Sedláček, František (referee)
Dispersal of animals is an important area of ecology, the study of which is crucial for understanding population composition and dynamics. The acquired knowledge has broad applications in various fields, whether in the efforts to introduce endangered species or, conversely, to suppress the spread of invasive ones. However, dispersal begins at the individual level, so it is first necessary to determine which traits dispersing individuals possess. One possible aspect in which dispersers may differ from residents is their personality. This bachelor thesis provides a summary of literature that focuses on personality predictors of dispersal, comparing personality traits among each other, both within and across three selected taxa: fish, birds, and representatives of mammals - rodents. The literature suggests that in the context of individual personality, besides others, three main types of dispersal exist. In the first type, primarily observed in early stages of life, dispersal of more submissive individuals of territorial fish and rodents is enforced due to aggression from more dominant individuals. However, in birds, it is necessary to secure suitable territory as quickly as possible, leading to the opposite dependence - earlier dispersal of dominant individuals. The second type involves voluntary...
Right of action in collective proceedings
Just, Adam ; Sedláček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Holčapek, Tomáš (referee)
Right of action in collective proceedings Abstract This thesis is focused on the analysis of the persons with right of action and interested class members in collective proceedings and the draft law on collective proceedings going through the national legislative process, which is the transposition of Directive (EU) 2020/1828 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2020 on representative actions for the protection of the collective interests of consumers and repealing Directive 2009/22/EC. The aim of the thesis is to assess the current readiness of the Czech legal environment to adopt the new institute coming from common law. The thesis is based on analysis, abstraction, classification, deduction and comparative analysis of several European countries. Appropriate de lege ferenda solutions are proposed. The first chapter of the thesis defines the institutes and notions of adversarial proceedings related to right of action and standing in the Czech legal environment.The second chapter is focused on the definition of collective proceedings. The chapter also includes an evaluation of the appropriate opt-in and opt-out model for national legal systems, concluding that the opt-in model is more appropriate for the Czech environment. The third chapter of the thesis presents concept of the right...
Judicial review of the decision of the general meeting of a business corporation
Strachoň, Josef ; Holčapek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Sedláček, Miroslav (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the topic of judicial review of the decision of the general meeting of a commercial corporation. It pays attention to the general meeting of a business corporation, its importance for the management of a business corporation, the decision of the general meeting of a business corporation, the protest against the decision of the general meeting as the basic premise of the judicial review of the decision of the general meeting. It also defines general grounds on the nature of the proceedings and the judicial review of the general meeting's decision in uncontested proceedings, as well as the issues related to the initiation of the proceedings and procedural conditions and the status of the parties. It examines the involvement of the public prosecutor, the conduct of the proceedings and the evidence. Separately, it defines the scope of the review of defects of the decision of the general meeting in the registry proceedings, where it focuses on the formal and substantive review in the registry proceedings in relation to defects of the decision of the general meeting. One of the objectives of this thesis was, besides the effort to provide a comprehensive treatment of the topic, also an effort to analyse specific principles and institutes of this form of civil proceedings,...
Insolvency administrator's remuneration in bankruptcy
Netroufal, Dominik ; Sedláček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Holčapek, Tomáš (referee)
Insolvency administrator's remuneration in bankruptcy Abstract This thesis is divided into nine individual parts, the aim of which is to introduce the reader to the issue of insolvency administrator's remuneration in bankruptcy. The first parts primarily introduce the institution of insolvency proceedings, the insolvency administrator and concepts related to these institutes. Subsequently, in the next part, the thesis deals with concepts such as the bankruptcy estate, monetization of the bankruptcy estate or the proceeds of monetization. In the following parts, the thesis deals with the remuneration of the insolvency administrator in bankruptcy, in which it analyses its essence, the reasons for its existence and then the functioning of the institute itself. The ambition of this thesis is to provide the reader not only with a general idea of the insolvency administrator's remuneration, but also of its functioning. The aim is also to present the method of determining the insolvency administrator's remuneration, its calculation, its historical and current amount, as well as related institutes and concepts, such as the use of the advance payment of the insolvency administrator's remuneration, the moderation right of the insolvency court, or the reasons for reducing and increasing the insolvency administrator's...
Parental care in crocodylians with an emphasis on acoustic communication between parent and young
Míka, Milan ; Frýdlová, Petra (advisor) ; Sedláček, Ondřej (referee)
Parental care for offspring encompasses a variety of behaviors aimed at increasing the offspring's survival rate. However, as the care of the offspring requires a lot of energy it raises a conflict between the parents. It would be more advantageous for each parent to leave a larger portion of parental care to the other. This would reduce the costs associated with care while increasing the success of gene transmission through offspring. This bachelor thesis describes parental care in several selected groups of animals. It reports the most common forms of parental care in these groups and, through individual examples, points out more complex or unusual forms and types of reproductive behavior. Examples are selected with consideration of similarities or differences with parental care in crocodiles. In the second part of this work, I focus on the order of Crocodylia, where parental care and acoustic communication are key elements of reproductive behavior and often determine the lives of crocodile offspring. I highlight similarities between crocodiles and their closest relatives, birds (Aves). Emphasis is placed on the analogy between crocodiles and birds and my observations suggest possibilities of ancestral behavior for the order Crocodylia and the entire group Archosauria. The result of the work is a...

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