National Repository of Grey Literature 7 records found  Search took 0.02 seconds. 
Protection of industrial property and international law
Přibyl, Josef ; Dobřichovský, Tomáš (advisor) ; Císařová, Zuzana (referee)
International Protection of Industrial Rights Abstract The aim of thesis is to analyse international protection of industrial rights. Emphasis is placed on theoretical aspects of international law, specifics of functioning of international system, reasons explaining why the protection of industrial rights is included into international law and consequences of that. On the contrary thesis avoids detailed analysis of relevant international treaties which does not apply to TRIPS Agreement for its underlying significance of current system of international protection of industrial rights. Thesis is composed of nine chapters, including introduction and conclusion. Just after introduction the chapter dedicated to a brief introduction to basic terms of industrial rights is included. The introduction to the international level is represented in chapter three, this chapter tries to map the evolution and reasons of creation the protection of industrial rights on the international level from the half of 19th century to the present. Some current issues are also discussed here. Chapter four consists of two parts. First part focuses on international treaties, the crucial source of law on protection of industrial rights. Not only multilateral agreements but also bilateral agreements are discussed here. Second part deals...
Influence of the sex of calf on milk production of cow
Fialová, Zuzana ; Přibyl, Josef (advisor) ; Jiří, Jiří (referee)
The current modern time brings knowledge that help streamline the efforts of breeders and interfere with the originally untouchable action, fertilization. Genetics and reproduction have become the main interest of biotechnological research. It was develop and operating implementation of biotechnological methods such as artificial insemination, embryo transfer, longterm cryopreservation of semen or sexsorting semen, which became the impetus the topic of this thesis. Milk production performance of cattle is the property caused by a plethora of internal and external influences. Recent interest in professional public switched to other options affecting the milk yield, which is the sex of the calf. The aim of this study, processed in following up on the research GRANT QJ1510139 National information system of genetic evaluation of livestock, was to verify the influence of the sex of the calf on the milk yield of the mothers in our conditions. From previous studies (Hinde et al., 2014; Grasboll et al., 2015), arose the hypothesis, that gender affects the milk yield. To evaluate the two files have been used the measured data from the 1995-2015 with data on the sex of the calf and milk yields of the holstein dairy cattle in the control days provided by ČMSCH, a.s. From raw data has been created file of cows with three lactations, while each breeding had registered at least 3 control days on lactation. Abnormal data, wrong control days and sires with low number of daughters were eliminated as well. After editing the file contained 4.7 million milk yields from 197 thousends cows. Thesis worked with model based test-day access. Average daily milk yield in the file was 27.29 kg. In the method of least squares for 10 models were used the following effects: HTD (herd test day), Pohl (the effect of gender), Porl (effect of lactation), Skup (group) (for first lactation created by age of calving, calving period, service period and year of calving, for second and third lactations is the intervening period used instead of the age of the calving). Fixed regression the Legendre polynomial (LP) was used with 4 parameters. Milk yield fitted using LP showed normal shape of the lactation curve. According to the approved models is the effect of the sex of the calf on milk yield of the mother of the calf statistically insignificant. Having bulls increase productivity of milk yield about 0.07 kg/day which is about 21 kg per lactation. Genetic parameters were not examined due to the insignificance of the effect.
Imputation of missing genetic markers SNP
Kranjčevičová, Anita ; Přibyl, Josef (advisor) ; Jindřich, Jindřich (referee)
Working with genomic information in cattle breeding has become a standard procedure. This study is focused on completion of missing genetic markers - SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) - on genetic chips. More specifically completion of missing values in datasets which contain pieces of information about SNP occurence in cattle genome. These polymorfisms are used for evaluation of genomic relationship, prediction of genomic breeding values and for the valuation of tested animals. The most common chips used for genotyping are Illumina and Affymetrix. Each company develops its own techniques of genotype obtaining. Affymetrix has unified coding type of SNPs among chips of different generations and thus even older data can be used. Illumina uses many coding types between different generations of chips. Thus, direct comparison of SNPs is not possible. Illumina has chips of different density and financial costingness. Illumina chips have become a standard all over the world and it is used by all breeding companies. The most used software programs for imputations are Beagle, AlphaImpute, Impute 2, FindHap, DAGPHASE, FImputePedImpute and MaCH. Each software requires a relationship between genotyped individuals. In common breeding business the genotyping is not in train of generations. That is why our own methodological process was used. The aim of this study is to map the current research about the completion of missing genetic markers on genetic chips and to verify the calculation process. In total, it was created 8 models with different amount of tested SNPs. From 10 to 100 neighbouring loci was tested. The testing was processed at chosen loci in two datasets. Dataset A contained 260 bull genotypes of different breeds from the Czech Republic. Dataset B contained 3982 genotypes of pure Holstein bulls from nine countries. In the first case a very good results were obtained. The prediction of missing values was almost accurate with model reliability 100%. The only exception was for almost entirely homozygous loci where the reliability reached only 55%. When the second dataset was tested, the most extensive model reached the reliability of 80 90% even in case of homozygous loci. The prediction error value was higher than in the first case. It was proven that missing values prediction is possible to calculate using the neighbouring SNPs. The outputs of this study are to be the base for further study of genomic data.
Analysis of the selection program for the White Shorthaired qoat in the Czech Republic
Holecová, Alena ; Přibyl, Josef (advisor) ; Vít, Vít (referee)
Selection program is a set of principles and practices for genetic improvement of animals. The aim of breeding is to ensure the desired level of production traits and thereby to influence the economic results of farming in favor of farmers. Genetic improvement is achieved by selecting the best individuals as parents for the next generation. The basis for the organization of a selection program are breeding goals, appropriate selection criteria and a system to performance record. Next step is the selection of the best individuals and their mating based on established principles. The quality of the selection program is given by the selection response in traits, maintaining the genetic diversity expressed by the rate of inbreeding and the economic profit. In the case of genetic resources, among which the White Shorthaired goat in the Czech Republic belongs, the emphasis is on maintaining the genetic diversity, but also for the economic gain, which increases the interest in the breed. The achieved genetic gain, the rate of inbreeding and economic profit are compared with the expected and in case of differences are the causes analysed and the program changed. In the breeding program for the White Shorthaired goat in the Czech Republic are set the breeding objectives and the performance record system. The organization of the mating ensures avoidance of the inbreeding. The breeding value is not estimated, the parents of the next generation are selected on the basis of measured gross phenotypic values for protein content in milk and of the exterior evaluation. It is not possible to evaluate the genetic progress. In the analysis of selection programs in chosen countries (France, Switzerland, Croatia, Slovenia, Germany and Austria), it was found that in all these countries is the breeding values of the animals estimated by using BLUP - Animal Model for production traits, exterior or fertility, or it is currently being prepared. I recommend to estimate the breeding value for the amount of milk, protein and fat for the White Shorthaired goat in the Czech Republic and create a selection index with emphasis on the amount of protein in milk as a base for the selection of the parents of the next generation. I also recommend the introduction of the linear exterior evaluation because of the possibility of a more precise evaluation of the exterior traits that are associated with the production traits, health, fertility and longevity, and estimating the breeding value in these indicators
Design and implementation of multi-dimensional measurement system of performance
Přibyl, Josef ; Menšík, Michal (advisor) ; Jedlička, Radek (referee)
The purpose of thesis is to design measurment system of productivity in SME (real company from It sector). The theoretical part consists of a description of the applied methodology and description of the company itself. The practical part focuses directly on the strategic analysis including identification of strengths and weaknesses , opportunities and threats. It is followed up setting strategic objectives for each perspective of the Balanced Scorecard , strategic mind-map creation and establishing scales individual sub- strategic objectives. The end of thesis consider possible applications of the Balanced Scorecard.
Comparison of accounting of current assets under Czech Accounting Standards and under U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
Přibyl, Josef ; Ďurianová, Gabriela (advisor) ; Vašek, Libor (referee)
Bachelor thesis describes and explains the basic differences of current assets reported under Czech Accounting Standards and U.S Generarly Accepted Accounting Principles. The thesis is divided into four chapters. The first chapter describes the legislative process of Czech Accounting Standards and Generarly Accepted Accounting Principles. The second chapter describes bookkeeping and accounting under Czech Accounting Standards and the third chapter describes bookkeeping and accounting under the U.S. GAAP. The fourth chapter models an example of the application of U.S. GAAP on current assets of a in real company.

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