National Repository of Grey Literature 167 records found  beginprevious158 - 167  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Adaptive optics for control of the laser welding process
Mrňa, Libor ; Šarbort, Martin ; Řeřucha, Šimon ; Jedlička, Petr
The laser head with fixed focus optics is commonly used for the deep penetration laser welding. In such case the geometry and position of the beam waist are defined by the focusing lens. If the laser beam incident on the focusing lens is not well collimated but divergent and its divergence can be varied by proper adaptive optical elements, then also the geometry and position of the focus will be changeable. In this way it is possible to affect the energy coupling from the laser beam to the keyhole walls and thus to control the geometry and quality of the weld. In this paper we present a theoretical and numerical study of the beam shaping by adaptive optics and its influence on the weld quality. For the CO2 laser welding machine the adaptive optics was realized by a deformable mirror and its effect was tested also experimentally. For the solid-state laser welding machine we designed a laser head with changeable distance between the optical fiber and the collimating lens and we simulated its performance.
Use schlieren method for displaying flow in laser technologies
Mrňa, Libor ; Pavelka, Jan
It is important to know the flow of gas protective atmosphere for the laser welding degree of protection of the weld pool from the atmosphere and for the interaction between the gas and the plasma plume rising from the keyhole. The gas flow from the nozzle during laser cutting of material has a significant impact on the quality of the final cut. In both cases the schlieren method a very useful tool for understanding the dynamics of gas flow. There were performed multiple experiments to clarify the flow of various kinds of gas (argon, helium, nitrogen) and their dynamics.
Deformable mirror for high power technology lasers
Mrňa, Libor
We present our design of an adjustable mirror for high power fiber or disc lasers. The mirror design supposes cooling fluid not only for conducting temperature but also for levering flexible reflecting wall.
Main Activites of the Institute of Scientific Instruments
Müllerová, Ilona ; Radlička, Tomáš ; Mika, Filip ; Krzyžánek, Vladislav ; Neděla, Vilém ; Sobota, Jaroslav ; Zobač, Martin ; Kolařík, Vladimír ; Starčuk jr., Zenon ; Srnka, Aleš ; Jurák, Pavel ; Zemánek, Pavel ; Číp, Ondřej ; Lazar, Josef ; Mrňa, Libor
Institute of Scientific Instruments (ISI) was established in 1957 to develop diverse instrumental equipment for other institutes of the Academy of Sciences. ISI has long experience in research and development of electron microscopes, nuclear magnetic resonance equipment, coherent optics and related techniques. Nowadays the effort concentrates on scientific research in the field of methodology of physical properties of matter, in particular in the field of electron optics, electron microscopy and spectroscopy, microscopy for biomedicine, environmental electron microscopy, thin layers, electron and laser beam welding, electron beam lithography using Gaussian and shaped electron beam, nuclear magnetic resonance and spectroscopy, cryogenics and superconductivity, measurement and processing of biosignals in medicine, non-invasive cardiology, applications of focused laser beam (optical tweezers, long-range optical delivery of micro- and nano-objects) and lasers for measurement and metrology. ISI works both independently and in cooperation with universities, other research and professional institutions and with private companies at national and international level.
Power Laser Technology at ISI 2013
Mrňa, Libor
The article described the activities of the ISI laser center. It was advanced diagnostics of laser welding process using frequency analysis, the development of a new type of adaptive mirrors for high power laser applications, an apparatus construction for laser hybrid laser-TIG welding, the development of new types of solar absorbers. Contract research for companies was offered.
Examination of metals and alloys with slow and very slow electrons
Mikmeková, Šárka ; Mrňa, Libor ; Mikmeková, Eliška ; Müllerová, Ilona ; Frank, Luděk
In materials science and engineering the scanning low energy electron microscopy (SLEEM) is a technique routinely applied to investigation of advanced materials, which permits us to visualize the initial microstructure of these materials at high spatial resolution and very good sensitivity. However, this technique is only rarely used for examination of conventional materials. Here we present the SLEEM as a fast and simple tool to study also the standard materials.
Manufacturing of Solar Absorber by Unconventional Methods
Mrňa, Libor ; Lidmila, Z. ; Podaný, K. ; Forejt, M. ; Kubíček, J.
Solar absorbers of flat type have the advantage of relatively simple production, but on the other hand, they have lower thermal efficiency and require perpendicular incidence of solar radiation on their surface. This contribution presents new type of solar absorbers where the above-mentioned disadvantages are reduced while keeping relative production simplicity. The solar absorber is characterized by the creation of the appropriate spatial structure in sheet metal by forming through a technology of drawing in flexible tools. This spatial structure not only increases the heat-transfer surface but also eliminates the need for perpendicular incidence of the incoming solar radiation. The component with this structure is fixed to the rear side of the absorber by laser welding. Inlet holes for the fluid are produced by Flow drill method.
Institute of Scientific Instruments: An Overview Presenatation
Kolařík, Vladimír ; Zobač, Martin ; Fořt, Tomáš ; Vlček, Ivan ; Dupák, Libor ; Mikmeková, Šárka ; Mikmeková, Eliška ; Mrňa, Libor ; Horáček, Miroslav ; Sobota, Jaroslav
The aim of this contribution is to present the Institute of Scientific Instrument of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, mainly from the potential of applied research viewpoint. It covers mainly the six application fields including material study of metals and alloys, nano layer residual stress observation methods, 2 kW fibre laser, impact testing of hard coatings, e-beam welding, machining and engraving, and finally e-beam lithography. Recently achieved results as well as the new application potential are presented. Furthermore, each topic is assumed to have a separate presentation prepared in more details within this event. A brief overview follows. Scanning low energy electron microscopy (SLEEM) is increasingly becoming recognized as a valuable analytical tool in the field of materials science. The SLEEM is also used for observation of compressive stress in nano layers that leads to wrinkling and film delamination. Using the fibre laser, we can offer 3D laser welding and cutting of various type of materials and laser surface hardening too. For the hard coatings testing and evaluation of their impact resistance a new method was suggested (Dynamic Impact Wear Test). During testing the specimen is cyclically loaded by tungsten carbide ball that impacts of the coating/substrate surface. In house e-beam welding machine allows for welding, machining, engraving and other utilizations of intense electron beam. The group of micro lithography is able to prepare micro and nano structures in thin layers of metals and other materials; including the characterization of the realized structures
Adaptive optics for control of the laser welding process
Mrňa, Libor ; Šarbort, Martin ; Řeřucha, Šimon ; Jedlička, Petr
The laser head with f xed focus optics is commonly used for the deep penetration laser welding. In such case the geometry and position of the beam waist are def ned by the focusing lens. If the laser beam incident on the focusing lens is not well collimated but divergent and its divergence can be varied by proper adaptive optical elements, then also the geometry and position of the focus will be changeable. In this way it is possible to affect the energy coupling from the laser beam to the keyhole walls and thus to control the geometry and quality of the weld. In this paper we present a theoretical and numerical study of the beam shaping by adaptive optics and its inf uence on the weld quality. For the CO2 laser welding machine the adaptive optics was realized by a deformable mirror and its effect was tested also experimentally. For the solid-state laser welding machine we designed a laser head with changeable distance between the optical f ber and the collimating lens and we simulated its performance.

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1 Mrňa, L.
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