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Contemporary populism in Europe
Senft, Matěj ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Agha, Petr (referee)
Thesis title: Contemporary populism in Europe This thesis maps the development of populism across Europe and investigates its manifestations and core elements in its complexity, which is the groundwork for analysis of populist party, movement or individual. Populism is not considered solely as the relieving strategy meant to maximize the voter's votes by comprehensible, straightforward and hardly feasible promises. Without this attitude in mind, we would hardly be able to put some reason behind the populist boom, which we had chance to witness during the last decade. Therefore this thesis considers populism as the ideological construct, the way politicians present themselves, the rhetorics, the mastered political style or the structure, which provides the foundations of programme documents of political movements and parties. It would be a mistake to a priori consider it as some kind of purely negative phenomenon, but more of as the reflection of various and continuously changing demands of European electorates. Desperation, which mainstream parties evoke in their voters, is toxic and continues to spread across all society classes. This creates a space for various populists to dominate. Thus while tracking their activities, specific kind of critical thinking is necessary, because populists...
Archaeology of glass beads in north Italian Iron Age
Matznerová, Jana ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Venclová, Natalie (referee)
Glass beads are small personal ornaments, which are occurring especially in funerary contexts. The aim of this work is to to chart the distribution of glass bead types in northern Italy and to study their chronology. The secondary aim is to explore if there are any regional, chronological, or cultural specifics. To answer these questions the database of small glass personal ornaments in the north Italian Iron Age is set up. The majority of the corpus consists of undecorated glass beads, which do not show any specifics. On the contrary, some types of the decorated beads show obvious chronological development. The most evident is the development of beads with circular decoration, where it seems that the earliest were beads with simple circles, which were replaced in the 5th century BC by beads with stratified eyes. This type of bead is followed by beads with spiral decoration. Beads with spiral decoration together with beads with irregular lines are specific of the north Italian La Tène culture. Regional specifics have not been detected with a few exceptions: beads with coloured prunts and beads with the spots in simple circles are exclusive of Verucchio, while beads with prunts appear only in Adria.
Pardon in constitutional law
Stejskal, Jakub ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Hřebejk, Jiří (referee)
Pardons in constitutional law Abstract This thesis is focusing on the constitutional institute of pardon both in its individual and collective form. The highest attention is paid to the legal framework of the Czech Republic. The thesis is divided into five sections. The first one deals with the theoretical term of mercy and its origin. In this section are also described four forms of pardon, namely suspension of a criminal proceedings, mitigation and pardoning of a sentence, remission of its legal consequences and amnesty as a pardon granted collectively. In this section are also outlined legal provisions of chosen states. Arguments in favour of a future existence of pardon as well as arguments against are also introduced. The second part elaborates a development of constitutional pardon in the Czech legal history starting from the first constitution declared in 1848 to the separation of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic. Besides of historical constitutions, provisions of ordinary statutes are also mentioned as well as examples of granted pardons which performed an important historical role. The third part focuses on current legal provisions in the Czech Republic and the distinction between the article 62 and 63 of the Constitution. Besides, the relation between constitutional provisions and other...
Vanth and Charun on the relief urns in the context of the Hellenistic period in Etruria.
Zubajová, Marína ; Musil, Jiří (advisor) ; Kysela, Jan (referee)
This thesis presents a research on Vanth and Charun type demon depicted on relief urns from northern Etruria. The research focuses on urns from the Hellenistic period in Etruria (from the end of the 4th till 1st century BC). These urns were made in workshops in three Etruscan cities, which are now called Volterra, Chiusi and Perugia. The urns along with the centers of their production are described in one of the introductory chapters. Subsequently, the thesis focuses on a female demon Vanth and a male demon Charun, identified by their names inscribed on various media. Based on these, basic characteristics of these demons are evaluated and used as a basis for identification of demons on the relief urns in the database. The database is the core of the thesis. Its items are then classified by the production centers and the type of scenes that are in the reliefs on the front of the urns. Description of the urns is supplemented by pictures labeled with the names of the demons identified for a better representation. The data followed in the database are summarized in two analytical tables attached to the thesis. The database is evaluated in the last chapter and the appearance of demons and the attributes they hold in their hands are paid attention to. They are often related to the involvement of Vanth...
Liberal democracy and its enemies
Slanina, Daniel ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Agha, Petr (referee)
Nowadays liberal democracy is faced with a crisis bought mainly by the liberal-democratic elites with their approach and the politics they established during the period of boundless triumphalism in the 1990s. Sand castles, whether it was the inevitability of progress or capitalism as a miraculous elixir to all the ills of society at the time, built during this period, began to crumble like a house of cards. Associated with the financial crisis that erupted in the United States in 2007 it spread practically all over the world. The period of the global financial crisis has shown that the creation of a legal framework, building of a conscious civil society and the system of values on which the society is built and identifies with them, or the construction of a liberal-democratic identity fell behind economic transformation and economic growth after 1989 and the people's relationship to liberal democracy was built primarily on economic aspects. This created space for those who for many years hid rather in the shadows, on the edge of the spectrum of political power. A fraction of the liberal-democratic elites, with their approach and politics of a kind of arrogance of power and the style of labeling their opponents, have turned against them even those who a priori did not have a negative attitude...
Prerogative and Brexit
Jelínek, Filip ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Wintr, Jan (referee)
The thesis deals with prerogative powers and their role in the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. It explains the meaning of the prerogative, shows how British courts employed it in Miller I and Miller II decisions, and outlines their effects on it. The first part of the thesis explains the concept of prerogative. Firstly, it analyses concept's theoretical background in early modern constitutional thought and its conceptualization in the work of John Locke. Secondly, it explains the role of royal prerogative after the Glorious Revolution, as described by William Blackstone and Albert Venn Dicey, and its current position in the constitutional system of the United Kingdom. Furthermore, it introduces a general distinction between two conceptions of prerogative powers - the political (non-legal) one and the legal one - and outlines the relationship between the British royal prerogative, law, Parliament, and courts. The second part of the thesis deals with a case study of judicial decisions pertaining to the process of withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. Specifically, the Miller I case, which addressed the existence of prerogative power to notify the intent to withdraw from the European Union (under Article 50 TEU), and the Miller II case concerning the...
Disenchanted" Democracy at the Crossroads of Late Modernity (Two German Concepts)
Potocký, Tomislav ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Kosek, Jan (referee)
"Disenchanted" Democracy at the Crossroads of Late Modernity (Two German Concepts) Abstract The Thesis introduces two descriptions of democracy which represent recent contribution of German social science to the international academic discourse on the crisis of democratic governance in changing conditions of contemporary modernity. Specifically, these are the concepts of "simulative democracy" by Ingolfur Blühdorn and "decentered democracy" by Helmut Willke. Within the German academia, both social theorists are respected personalities; meanwhile in the Czech environment, their conceptualizations reaching beyond the normative borders of liberal democracy have not yet been reflected. The question whether liberal democracy is an adequate form of political self-organization of a society at its current stage of development is approached by each of the authors from a different analytical perspective: Blühdorn critically analyzes traditional intentions of the post-enlightenment democratization and its ambition towards the formation of emancipated and responsible citizen. He considers the evaluation of modern emancipatory processes as a necessary step before assessing prospects for an authentic and environmentally sustainable democratic order. The starting point for Willke's reflections on democratic forms of...
Artefacts identified as medical instruments of the Iron Age or the Roman Age from, what is known today as, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and the Lower Austria - North of the Danube
Burešová, Lucie ; Alušík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kysela, Jan (referee)
(in English): The aim of this thesis is to present a catalogue of artefacts identified as medical instruments of the Iron Age, or the Roman Age, from what is known today as the Czech Republic, Slovakia and the Lower Austria - North of the Danube. This thesis presents results from the analysis of the terms "physician" and "medical", their origin and legitimacy of use for artefacts from the La Tène period and the Roman Age, for which the original purpose is assumed to be diagnosis and treatment. A brief overview of the types and the variety of shapes of the artefacts, interpreted as medical instruments in the European environment, was presented and a catalogue of artefacts of the Iron Age or the Roman Age, from the territory under examination, which were identified as medical instruments, was compiled. The individual artefacts were critically reviewed, and it was decided whether they could have been used for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.
President of the Russian Federation: legal status and factual role
Hradský, Kamil ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Reschová, Jana (referee) ; Svatoň, Jan (referee)
President of the Russian Federation: legal status and factual role Abstract The dissertation primarily deals in five sections with a question why the President of the Russian Federation is such a powerful government body and how the Russian legal regulation participates in the factual powerful role of Russian president. The first section deals with the perspective of The Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, in other words it shows which fundamental issues about the president were decided by the court, what the solutions were and what the argumentation was. Individual constitutional court decisions are carefully chosen to point out the general tendency and the quality of the court argumentation. The second section is focused on the issues of the legal institute of the Plenipotentiary Representatives of the President of the Russian Federation . Its current legal and factual form is determined by the effort of the President to centralize the federation and reinforce the vertical principle of exercising the state power. A critical analysis of Plenipotentiary Representatives and their supportive apparatus, which should give a clue about the way of how the presidential power is put into effect in the subjects of the Russian Federation. The explanation does not avoid issues of the federal districts,...
Unrestrictable core of human rights as a precondition for democratic rule of law?
Kubitová, Alžběta ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Preuss, Ondřej (referee)
A democratic rule of law state combines two legal principles: the principle of democracy and the principle of rule of law. The democratic principle requires rule of the people and therefore implicitly the protection of political rights (in particular the right to vote, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and association) that allow an individual to actively participate in the political community. The formal conception of rule of law, which is defined by the exercise of state power based on law, requires in particular the right of access to a court and the right of due process, which guarantee genuine enforceability of the law. The material conception of rule of law requires a much wider range of rights: according to Czech jurisprudence essentially all that are included in the Charter. This does not mean that any interference with the abovementioned rights means that a state is no longer a democratic rule of law state; if it did, there would not be a single democratic rule of law state in the world. However, any interference with fundamental rights must be carried out according to statute, must be proportionate to a legitimate aim and not interfere with the unbreachable core of human rights. The unbreachable core of a fundamental rights is a limit for the proportionality test; it is the core of...

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See also: similar author names
1 Kysela, Jindřich
3 Kysela, Jiří
4 Kyselá, Jana
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