National Repository of Grey Literature 171 records found  beginprevious157 - 166next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Physical-chemical property characterisation of thin reflective layers on polymer substrates
Stružínský, Ondřej ; Dzik, Petr (referee) ; Krčma, František (advisor)
This work deals generally with surface diagnostic and optical properties of thin layers which are created by plasma polymerization of hexamethyldisiloxane monomer. The influence of oxygen adittion on thin layers properties was studied, too. This polymer layers are commercially made to protect reflective layers in the headlights. Thin layers were made in deposition chamber AluMet 1800V at Zlin Precision Company. Teoretical part of this work deals with methods which are used for deposition of thin layers, mainly physical (PVD) and chemical (PECVD, CVD) depositions. The conditions which influenced plasma polymerization itself are discussed as well as, monomers which are used for plasma polymerization and stability of thin polymer layers. Also there are mentioned the most frequent plasma processes diagnostic methods applicable during the deposition (optical emission spectroscopy) and methods for thin layers diagnostic (wettability, UV-VIS and infrared spectroscopy). Spectrometer Jobin Yvon Triax 320 was used for emission spectra acquisition during the plasma deposition. There were analyzed only two spectra created at same conditions as power at 3 kW and monomer flow rate at 100 sccm; the first one was in pure monomer, the second was obtained with oxygen addition of 150 sccm into the monomer flow. There was not found any essential differences between these spectra in the range 300 nm to 800 nm. Besides the thin layers analyzes after their formation, the samples were exposed to common aging conditions with respect to their use. One third of the prepared samples was exposed by ultraviolet radiation for 48 hours (exposure power of 0.68 W.m-2 at 340 nm) and the other part of samples was inserted for four days into NaCl solution of 50 g.l-1. The surface properties of layers were studied by their contact angle with three liquids (water, diiodmethane, and glycerol) that allowed their surface energy calculation. Results of this measuring are as following: Oxygen addition decreased contact angle of water after exposure of UV radiation. If the highest flow rate of monomer was used and oxygen was added, NaCl degradation did not have any significant influence on contact angle to water. Optical properties of prepared thin films were characterized by UV-VIS spectroscopy. Optical properties were measured only for samples after deposition and samples that were exposed by ultraviolet radiation. Results showed that oxygen addition into the reacting mixture increased the light absorption in UV-VIS (300-800 nm). The absorption was significantly increased after exposure of ultraviolet radiation. With respect to the application of these thin layers is necessary to say that this influence is undesirable. On the other hand, absorption of thin layers deposited at 2 kW, without oxygen addition and flow rate of monomer at 125 sccm a 150 sccm was decreased. Results of this work can be useful for investigation and study of deposited thin layers. The most useful can be with another work which deals with plasma diagnostics during the deposition even more closely. Then it will be possible to adjust and predict properties of deposited layers.
Study of plasmachemical reduction of corrosive layers on copper
Šimšová, Tereza ; Selucká, Alena (referee) ; Krčma, František (advisor)
The present diploma thesis concerns the research of plasmachemical reduction of copper corrosion layers. The process was based on using low pressure hydrogen RF plasma in which copper samples are treated for several hours. Four series of copper corrosion layers were prepared in four different corrosion atmospheres. The first two were prepared using saturated vapors of HCl and ammonium acetate that affected copper samples for one week. The second two sets were prepared by samples dipping in HNO3 and H2SO4. EDX analysis confirms visual composition of corrosion layers – chlorides, nitrides and sulphate, respectively. The ammonium acetate produced no corrosion layers and thus this set of samples was omitted. The optical emission spectroscopy was used to find out reactions in a hydrogen RF discharge. At the first, a character of plasma without samples was taken by measuring in continuous and pulsed regime. The integral spectrum intensity (300-700 nm) and intensities of hydrogen atomic lines were observed in the dependences on hydrogen flow, power and duty cycle. After that copper samples were treaded under various conditions in continual and pulse regime, typically at pressure of 170 Pa, 200 W power and hydrogen flow rate of 10.2 ml/min. The integral OH radical spectral intensity in the range of 305 – 330 nm was used as a monitor of plasma treatment process. The experimental results showed that intensities of OH radical depended strongly on the corrosion layer kind as well as on the RF discharge mode. Reduction of corrosion layers treated in the pulsed regime was not so satisfactory then in the continuous regime probably due to lower temperature of sample during the treatment. The total supplied energy into the system was also lower in this case. The sample sputtering was observed during the reduction in continuous regime. It means the corrosion was successfully removed but the process was not stopped at that moment, so it is necessary to propose another additional monitoring process besides observing OH radicals. Our experimental results are the first step in the spread research of plasmachemical treatment of copper made archaeological artifacts.
Study of electrolyte influence on diaphragm discharge stability and efficiency
Němcová, Lucie ; Krčma, František (referee) ; Kozáková, Zdenka (advisor)
This thesis is focused on so-called diaphragm discharge, which is one kind of electric discharges in liquid, which belongs among so-called AOP´s techniques, still more used for water cleaning in the present. One of effectiveness and stability indicators of diaphragm discharge is generation of hydrogen peroxide. In theoretical part, detail principle description of electric discharge in liquid is situated. Further, properties of electrolyte are introduced and general spectrophotometric method of obtained sample determination is described. In experimental part, a full procedure of experiment is introduced. Next part containing results and discussions introduces particular results of individual measurements and their reasons. Final chapter is the end, which forms total summary and evaluation of all results. By the application of all chosen electrolytes in solution at diaphragm discharge formation of hydrogen peroxide has appeared. Inorganic and organic electrolytes were used. As inorganic electrolytes following salts were selected – solutions of halogenides, next sodium nitrate as a representative of nitrates, potassium dihydrogenphosphate as a representative of phosphates, etc. Representative of organic electrolytes was citric acid. The value of initial conductivity of electrolytes had the main influence on hydrogen peroxide formation. Electrolytes potassium dihydrogenphosphate and sodium sulphate the great influence on effectiveness and stability of the diaphragm discharge. Their rate constants reached maximum value by the application of solution with initial conductivity of approximately 400 mikrosiemens, particularly 0.0492 mmol/l.min and 0.048 mmol/l.min. On the contrary, low values of rate constant were achieved in electrolyte ammonium chloride at around the same initial conductivity – 0.0269 mmol/l.min. During experiments stainless steel and platinum electrodes were used. It was found that kind of electrode material hadn’t influence on generation of hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide was formed only in the cathode space.
Formation of layered structures using PE CVD technique
Hoferek, Lukáš ; Krčma, František (referee) ; Čech, Vladimír (advisor)
The work is aimed at preparation and characterization of thin films deposited by Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PE-CVD) on silicon wafers. A comprehensive characterization of the deposition system in order to determine the range of deposition conditions was a part of the study. Subsequently, the single and multi-layers were deposited from tetravinylsilane monomer. The deposition process was monitored by spectroscopic ellipsometry and mass spectroscopy. Layers and layered structures were characterized by microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. The physical and chemical properties of deposited films were studied with respect to the deposition conditions and monomer fragmentation in low-temperature plasma.
Study of chemical processes in Titan atmosphere
Klohnová, Karolína ; Grossmannová, Hana (referee) ; Krčma, František (advisor)
The bachelor’s thesis deals with study of chemical processes in Titan atmosphere simulated under laboratory conditions. The abnormal glow discharge as a for-step for gliding arc discharge was used for the plasma generation in nitrogen-methane gas mixture corresponding to the Titan atmosphere composition. The optical emission spectroscopy was chosen as the basic plasma diagnostic method. The theoretic part of thesis describes briefly history of Titan atmosphere studies including the last space craft obtained results. Later, the fundamental properties of plasmas including their diagnostics are given. The general components determined in Titan atmosphere include N2, CH4, H2 molecules as well as a suite of lower weight hydrocarbons including HCN, C2H2 and C2H4; some traces of higher hydrocarbons and amino acids were determined, too. The electrode configuration corresponding to gliding arc arrangement with interelectrode gap of 2 mm was used with high voltage power supply giving power up to 300 W. Plasma was generated in the nitrogen-methane mixtures (0.5 – 2.5 % of methane) at atmospheric pressure. Both gases had purity better than 99.999% and all system was evacuated before measurement to suppress oxygen traces. Optical emission spectra were taken in dependence of applied power and gas mixture composition. Nitrogen and CN radical spectra as well as atomic lines of hydrogen and carbon were identified in the spectra. The vibrational temperatures of 2300 - 8000 K were determined from the spectra of nitrogen second positive, CN violet and C2 spectral systems. Rotational temperature calculated from nitrogen second positive and CN violet 0-0 bands varied in the interval of 1200 - 4800 K depending on the experimental conditions. The obtained results were submitted as a part of paper into international journal. The obtained results maybe used as a fundament for the future study of Titan atmosphere using also other discharge.
Characterization of plasma during organosilicone thin film deposition using haxamethyldisiloxane monomer
Blahová, Lucie ; Mazánková, Věra (referee) ; Krčma, František (advisor)
The aim of this thesis is plasma diagnostic during deposition of thin films based on organosilicones. Hexamethyldisiloxane was used as a precursor for plasma deposition in the presence of oxygen, and the diagnosis was performed by using optical emission spectroscopy. The theoretical part summarizes the basic characteristics of plasma and processes occurred at plasma polymerization and deposition. It also deals with thin films and their use in coating materials. A relatively large part is devoted to the specification of the physical-chemical nature of the used analytical method – optical emission spectroscopy. Finally, the principles of rotational, vibrational and electron temperature calculations are described. The contemporary deposition process was carried out in continuous and pulsed mode of radiofrequently excited capacitively coupled discharge. The effects of monomer flow rate, plasma power and duty cycle on the deposition process were studied. In the individual spectra, atomic hydrogen lines of Balmer’s series as well as an atomic oxygen line were identified. Molecular bands of CO have been identified as Angstrom’s system and 3. positive system. In the case of the identified fragments, the intensity dependencies on the monomer concentration in mixture, plasma power and duty cycle were detected. Electron temperature of plasma was also calculated using the relative intensities of atomic hydrogen lines of Balmer’s series. Vibrational and rotational temperature could not have been determined because no suitable fragments for their determination were found in the spectrum. Based on findings mentioned above, partial composition of plasma and some of its properties were estimated. The subject of the further research will be determination of the exact content and structure of the thin films and investigation of other plasma characteristics. Plasma deposition is influenced by many factors, and the study of their optimal combination for the most efficient deposition process is a goal for the future research.
Corrosion layers removal in low-pressure plasma
Kujawa, Adam ; Grossmannová, Hana (referee) ; Krčma, František (advisor)
A plasmachemical reduction of corrosion layers on copper was studied. In this case two series of copper samples were prepared and putted in two corrosive environments for one week. The first corrosive environment contained a concentrated nitric acid and the second environment contained a concentrated sulfuric acid. Samples thus prepared were ready to be plasmachemicaly treated. The plasmachemical reductions took place in low-temperature, low-pressure, non-isothermal, high-frequency-inducted hydrogen plasma on the Faculty of Chemistry in University of Technology in Brno. The discharge was generated in continual or pulse mode with changeable pulse ratio. To monitor the reduction process an optical emission spectroscopy was used. The radiation from plasma discharge was measured by an optical spectrometer in the intervals of 1 to 10 minutes. An object of our concern in collected spectrum was the radiation of OH radicals with electromagnetical wavelenght in a range of 305 – 330 nm, and which were produced in a reaction between the hydrogen radicals and the oxygen atoms, contained in the corosion layers. A rotation temperature of plasma was calculated from the spectrums of OH radicals in a dependence of discharge conditions. Gathered findings will give us a better knowing of this conservation technique, that is used for treatment of the corroded surfaces of the archeological artifacts, and will also allow more provident appliance of this method on a copper historical objects.
Plasma diagnostics during the organosilicone layers deposition
Jakobová, Martina ; Dvořák,, Pavel (referee) ; Krčma, František (advisor)
This Bachelor thesis deals with plasma diagnostics during deposition of thin organic-silicone layers. Hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) was use as a precursor and emission spectroscopy of plasma was used as diagnostic method. Theoretical part describes plasma and its most important properties. Attention has been also paid to processes of plasma-chemical deposition of thin layers, their use and properties. Finally, principles of emission spectroscopy and calculation procedures of vibrational, rotational and electron temperatures in plasma are described. Deposition itself was realised both in pulse and continuous mode of RF discharge under decreased pressure of 60 Pa. Apart from deposition in pure HMDSO also depositions with HMDSO with addition of 10 and 25 % of oxygen were realised. Measurements were performed in wavelength interval from 320 to 780 nm. Individual lines of atomic hydrogen H-alpha and H-beta were identified in the obtained spectra, as well as molecular bands of CO transitions 0-0, 0-1, 0-2, 0-3 and the second positive nitrogen system transitions 0-0, 0-1. The spectral line of atomic O was identified if oxygen was added into the reaction gas mixture. The dependences of selected bands and lines intensities on the power supplied to plasma were observed. Electron temperature was determined from hydrogen atomic lines, and it was varied within the interval from 2700 to 5500 K in dependence on deposition conditions. It was impossible to determine vibrational and rotational temperatures, since the necessary molecular constants for the detected particles were not found. Based on the obtained results, it was possible to determine partly composition of plasma and to determine some of its properties. Results show that composition and supplied energy influence considerably plasma itself and that in future it will be necessary to investigate relation between these parameters and properties of created thin layers.
Study of plasmachemical reduction of corrosive layers on bronze
Miková, Petra ; Selucká, Alena (referee) ; Krčma, František (advisor)
One of the important stages of the human history is certainly Bronze Age, on our territory dated 1900 - 800 BC. At that times, it was produced many objects of bronze, such as swords, spears, daggers, ornaments, jewelry. These artifacts are now found by archaeologists in excavations around the whole world. During the years there was an exposure to various types of substances and the environment and result in extensive corrosion of the used materials. To better understand the culture and traditions of our ancestors, it is necessary to carefully eliminate the corrosion and thorough inspection of these subjects. In this work, we consider the model corrosion layers removal by reduction in low-temperature hydrogen plasma. Plasma chemical reduction method was developed during the eighties years of last century and currently is further rapidly improved. Unfortunately, the process mechanism is not yet precisely known. Preparation of model corrosion layers were as follows: bronze blocks (weight approximately 80 g) were sharpend by electrical grinding machine (used paper 280 and then 600). Thus treated samples were rinsed in ethanol, dryed by hot dryer and stored in plastic bags. A Petri dish was placed at the bottom of the desiccator and it was poured by 20 ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid. Above the bowl has punched ceramic grid, on which the samples were placed. Closed desiccator was placed in darkness at the ambient laboratory temperature. To accelerate the samples corrosion process in a desiccator, the samples were sprinkled with acid. Plasma chemical treatment was carried out in a cylindrical reactor of quartz glass with outer copper electrodes. The RF (13.54 MHz) capacitivelly coupled plasma was used for the samples treatment. For each sample have been selected specific conditions: power (50 - 300 W), pulse (duty cycle of 10 – 25 %) or continuous mode. The optical emission spectroscopy monitored dependence of OH- intensity during the reduction. The decrease to the 1/10 of the maximum value leads to end the experiment. Based on this criterion, the treatment time of samples was in the range of 30 - 80 minutes. Corrosion has been removed from 7 samples. All the samples were covered by corrosion deep green color with a clearly visible crystalline structure before their inserting into the reactor. After the treatment, the color was dark black, and after leaving the air began to surface green, in some samples was observed in white and yellow tint. Surface top layer was removed on samples 1 and 5, where spontaneous dropout was reached. The pulse mode with duty cycle of 10 % and the powers of 200 and 300 W were applied for these two samples. The surface layer of samples treated with pulsed mode of 25 % was easily removable by spatula. The work demonstrated the applicability of hydrogen RF plasma in pulsed mode for the corrosion removal from bronze samples. The further work will be focused on the optimal treatment conditions search.
Diagnostics of diaphragm discharge in liquids
Dřímalková, Lucie ; Krčma, František (referee) ; Kozáková, Zdenka (advisor)
The main goal of this thesis is the diagnostics of the diaphragm discharge generated in liquids. Although many applications of electric discharge in liquids have been developed during the last years, the exact mechanism of the discharge ignition is not sufficiently known up to now. Based on this reason, this work focused on the investigation of processes before the discharge ignition, breakdown parameters and the discharge itself both in the irregular and stable regime. Using two kinds of inorganic salt solutions the work studied the influence of conductivity and electrolyte kind on the diaphragm discharge and its static current-voltage characteristics. The last task of the work investigated the emission spectra produced by the discharge. The theoretical part of the work presents mechanisms of the discharge generation in gases including the description of particular kinds of known discharges. The base theories of the discharge ignition in liquids are mentioned as well. Experiments were carried out in the reactor divided by the dielectric barrier (diaphragm) with a central pin-hole into two electrode spaces. Diaphragm was made of PET and the pin-hole initial diameter was 0.4 mm. Stainless steel electrodes were installed in the same distance of 2 cm from the barrier and symmetrically with respect to the diaphragm. Time resolved characteristics of current and voltage were recorded using two-channel oscilloscope which detected their output values. Parameters were measured by the constantly increasing DC voltage with a step of 50 V. When the regular discharge was ignited voltage had been gradually decreased. Used solutions contained sodium sulphate or sodium phosphate electrolyte at six different conductivities. Radiation emitted by the discharge was recorded by the spectrometer Jobin Yvon TRIAX 550. Emission spectra were investigated for one electrolyte at two different conductivities. The part with results presents all dependencies that were achieved during the measurements and all obtained data are compared. Recorded time resolved characteristics determine breakdown moment and describe current and voltage in particular parts within the static current-voltage curve. The work compares the influence of conductivity change on current-voltage characteristics as well as the effect of inorganic salt kind. By the conductivity enhancement the measured curve moves towards lower voltage which means that the breakdown voltage is decreased. Changing the inorganic salt the change of voltage related to the creation of bubbles in the diaphragm surroundings is observed. However, the change of electrolyte does not induce any significant change of the breakdown voltage. The last part of the work was focused on the optical emission spectroscopy of the discharge. Typical line system of OH radicals was identified in measured spectra which intensity was not dependent on the salt concentration. The work show particular processes taking place in the diaphragm surroundings when DC voltage is applied on the electrodes in electrolyte up to the diaphragm discharge ignition. Further, results describing the influence of conductivity and electrolyte changes on the processes are presented. The breakdown moment of the discharge and its dependence on the solution conductivity was determined. Optical emission spectroscopy revealed the contents of radiation emitted by the discharge.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 171 records found   beginprevious157 - 166next  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
1 Krčma, F.
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.