National Repository of Grey Literature 86 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Legal and socio-economic integration of ethnic Germans in Austria from 1945 to 1955
Štolová, Tereza ; Klípa, Ondřej (advisor) ; Konrád, Ota (referee)
The bachelor thesis focuses on the legal and socio-economic aspects of the integration of ethnic Germans in Austria during the years 1945-1955. The methodology of this work involved compiling available secondary sources, including historical studies, academic articles, books, and documents related to the integration of ethnic Germans in Austria during the aforementioned period. The thesis aims to answer how the displaced group of ethnic Germans from Central and Eastern Europe was integrated into Austria's legal system and its socio- economic sphere. Ethnic Germans were not included in international law and refugee protection in the early post-war years by any of the organizations addressing these issues, leaving all integration efforts to the Austrian government. However, Austria began to identify itself as the first victim of Nazi Germany, relieving the government of legal and financial obligations towards displaced ethnic Germans. The Austrian government began addressing the issue of integrating ethnic Germans in 1950. The first impulse was the establishment of an advisory board for refugee issues at the Ministry of the Interior in August 1950. The initial agreements of the board served as a basis for improving the social and economic conditions in the lives of ethnic Germans. In the...
Carpathian German Minority 1953-1990: Changes of Homeland Images in Expellee Journal Karpatenpost
Ďurková, Mária Kristína ; Emler, David (advisor) ; Konrád, Ota (referee)
The master's thesis deals with the linguistic images of homeland (Heimat) in the expellee journal Karpatenpost. The research subject is the newspaper of the displaced Carpathian Germans, Karpatenpost, which began to be published in the Federal Republic in the early 1950s under the auspices of the Carpathian German Expellee Association. This periodical dealt with issues of homeland and intensively discussed the state of the Carpathian German minority. It contains memories from the old homeland and information about the state of the Carpathian German minority in the Federal Republic. Therefore, Karpatenpost can be considered an authentic source of the displaced Slovak German-speaking minority. Discourse analysis was chosen as the method, which shows that in the expellee journal Karpatenpost, there are semantic shifts in the concept of Heimat. The loss of the territorial old homeland forced the expellees to retreat into the homeland of memory. Their ideas about the old homeland are often idyllic and exalted. However, the confrontation with transforming familiar spaces during the expellees' journeys conditioned a re-definition of the concept.
The impact of the arrival of displaced Germans for the economic development of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Hudecová, Dominika ; Kučera, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Konrád, Ota (referee)
The objective of this work is to analyze the influence of the arrival of expelled Germans on postwar reconstruction of West Germany in connection with their labor market integration. The precondition how to become an active participant on the economy recovery is a stable job. The conclusion of this work is, that expelled Germans were from the beginning an active part of postwar economic reconstruction of Germany, despite of the fact, that there were some structural problems in the economy like a black market, lack of accommodation facilities in the cities or unequable dislocation of these people in the occupied zones. These problems were removed by the currency and economy reforms. After the reforms came in sight, that expelled Germans represented a positive part of the economic reconstruction in form of free, qualified and cheap labour force, which could be purposefully use. This evaluation is based on critical interpretation of the facts received from the literature, scholarly articles and Internet sources.
A Comparative Analysis of Nationalist Terrorism in the Case of the IRA and the Italian Fascist Movement 1919-1922
Šimák, Vojtěch ; Pešta, Mikuláš (advisor) ; Konrád, Ota (referee)
The work examines the violent campaigns of the Irish Republican Army and the fascist movement in Italy between the years 1919-1922, with the aim of demonstrating the utilization of terrorist methods in the case of the fascists. Subsequently, both examples undergo a comparative analysis, where the IRA serves as a control sample, in order to confront them with David C. Rapoport's generational theory of waves of international terrorism and to place them within a specific wave or offer an alternative theoretical framework for fascist violence. The research primarily relies on extensive secondary literature supplemented by primary sources of archival, newspaper, and propagandistic nature. The ambition of the entire work is not only to contribute to the study of fascism but especially to terrorist studies and the understanding of the role of political violence in the interwar period.
History of the German-speaking Inhabitants of the Czech lands in the Museum: Comparison of the Exhibitions Experience Homeland and Our Germans
Nagy, Kristýna ; Konrád, Ota (advisor) ; Swider, Malgorzata (referee)
The master thesis examines and compares two new museum exhibitions dedicated to the history of the German-speaking population of the Czech lands. These are the exhibition Experience Homeland in the Sudeten German Museum in Munich and Our Germans in the Ústí nad Labem City Museum. The subject of the analysis is the creation and current form of these exhibitions and the story of history they present to the visitor. Both exhibitions were documented and compared on the basis of a catalogue of questions based on a critical analysis of historical sources. The results of the analysis show that, although both museums were planned in the same time period and in an atmosphere that encouraged a shared critical perspective on the previously different interpretations of Czech-German history, the final forms of the two museums continue to present a significant part of history in different ways, and neither has fully fulfilled its original intent. The exhibitions present the 18th and 19th century periods very similarly and also critically reflect the development of nationalism among both Czech and German speakers. The political development of the 20th century, however, is depicted by the exhibitions each from its own perspective. The results of the research suggest that despite the current functioning...
The Window of Opportunity. Cross-border environmental exchange on the South Moravian-Lower Austrian border in 1984-1995
Vnoučková, Kateřina ; Konrád, Ota (advisor) ; Olšáková, Doubravka (referee) ; Šimková, Pavla (referee)
The dissertation deals with cross-border contacts and transfers between South Moravia and Lower Austria in the field of environment. The thesis traces this topic from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s. During this time, the global de-escalation of tensions between East and West enabled the development of cross-border contacts already in the era of the closed border and subsequently after the fall of the Iron Curtain. Thus, the thesis draws on the transnational history of late socialism and the transition period and extends this research to include a regional perspective. The aim of the thesis is to show which role the environment played in cross-border contacts between the examined border regions. The thesis follows this aim in three levels of research. Firstly, it addresses the question of whether 1989 was a significant turning point in cross-border contacts, or whether there was continuity between developments in the 1980s and 1990s. Secondly, it examines the relationship between central and local developments and how they affect each other. Thirdly, the thesis focuses on cross-border transfers and the question to what extent asymmetry and different living standards discouraged or created opportunities for these transfers. The thesis answers these research questions in three thematic chapters - the...
Postwar Expulsion of Germans from Liberec, 1945-1947
Záveský, Michal ; Konrád, Ota (advisor) ; Nigrin, Tomáš (referee)
This bachelor's thesis deals with the issue of the post-war displacement of Germans from Liberec and its surroundings. In the introduction, the German history of the city is presented. It mainly focuses on the period of the Munich Agreement and the associated incorporation of the city into the German Empire. Furthermore, the work examines the events of the end of the Second World War and the liberation of Liberec by the Red Army. The next part describes the development and change of attitude regarding the issue of expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia. After that, the work deals with the process itself and the organization of the transfer of Germans from Liberec. First, the disorganized expulsion that began in Liberec immediately after the end of the war is examined. This phase was often accompanied by violent incidents and organizational difficulties. Then the Potsdam Conference is mentioned, which was perceived as an intermediate link to the preparation of organized transfers. These transfers began in January 1946 and thesis mainly examines their organization and process, which was not always without problems. This phase of expulsion was officially ended in November 1946, but the transports continued with an additional phase that ended in 1951. At the end of the work, the immediate...
The Realistic and Idealistic Lines of Thought in British Foreign Policy During the Italo-Ethiopian Conflict
Rybák, David ; Váška, Jan (advisor) ; Konrád, Ota (referee)
This thesis studies the effect of realistic and idealistic lines of thought on British foreign policy during the Italo-Ethiopian conflict. The research is based on chosen events, which are classified as realistic or idealistic and then shows the manifestations of these lines during the Italo- Ethiopian conflict and their influence on British foreign policy. The main goal of the thesis is to analyze the manifestations of these two lines of thought and then confirm or refute the general way of accepted definitions of manifestation these lines of thought defined in literature. In the conclusion, the work confirms the generally accepted thesis, that the realistic line dominated British foreign policy and the idealistic line replaced it, albeit significantly, but only for a short period of time.

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