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Fasciolid flukes: from genes to diagnostic tools
Ježková, Monika ; Leontovyč, Roman (advisor) ; Sojka, Daniel (referee)
Liver flukes of the family Fasciolidae are parasites of mammals including human. Fascioloides magna and Fasciola hepatica are considered as a veterinary and medically important species occurring also in the Czech Republic. Fascioloides magna and F. hepatica infect wide spectrum of wild and domestic ruminants and in case of F. hepatica human can be also infected. Both flukes are responsible for damage of liver tissue and/or bile-ducts of their definitive hosts causing weight lose, anemia, reduced productivity and in specific cases the death of the host. Effective diagnosis plays the key role in control of F. hepatica and F. magna infections. Current diagnostics is predominantly based on serodiagnostic methods using specific antigens e.g. from excretory-secretory products (ESPs). Due to heterogenity of ESPs, such diagnostic markers can lack the specificity and also the reproducibility of the method is poor. Particular proteins of ESPs are often used in diagnostics of fasciolid flukes. Such approach requires biological material and laboratory procedures associated with identification, purification and antigenicity testing of selected proteins. Recent development of parallel sequencing technologies results in huge amount of genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic data, which are publicly available. Such...

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