National Repository of Grey Literature 38 records found  beginprevious29 - 38  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Alkaloids of Amaryllidaceae family: isolation, structural identification, biological activity. I
Burkertová, Alice ; Cahlíková, Lucie (advisor) ; Hošťálková, Anna (referee)
Dohnalova A: Alkaloids of Amaryllidaceae family: isolation, structural identification, biological activity. I; Diploma thesis, Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Department of Pharmaceutical Botany and Ecology, Hradec Králové, 2017, 64 p. The Amaryllidaceae family includes bulbous, beautifully flowering plants that have been used for thousands of years in traditional medicine. The major chemical compounds found in this particular plant family are alkaloids, namely Amaryllidaceae alkaloids. Until now, more than 500 isoquinoline alkaloids have been discovered, which exhibit a diverse biological activity including antitumor and antibacterial. They are also able to inhibit acetylcholinesterase. The aim of the diploma thesis was to process 34 kg of fresh bulbs of Narcissus cv. PROFESSOR EINSTEIN and to prepare an alkaloidal extract. This extract was further divided by column chromatography to almost 500 fractions which were merged based on TLC into 27 subfractions. The subfractione No. 17 was selected for isolation of at least one pure alkaloid. Preparative TLC was used for the the isolation. One pure compound was obtained in crystalic form which was then subjected to structural analysis by EI-MS and NMR methods. Further studies of biological activities were performed in...
Biological activity of plant metabolites XXXIV. Alkaloids from the herb of Glaucium flavum CRANTZ and their impact on human cholinesterases
Puzyrevská, Jana ; Hošťálková, Anna (advisor) ; Cahlíková, Lucie (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Botany and Ecology Candidate: Jana Puzyrevská Supervisor: PharmDr. Anna Hošťálková, Ph.D. Title of Thesis: Biological activity of plant metabolites XXXIV. Alkaloids from the herb of Glaucium flavum CRANTZ and their impact on human cholinesterases. Key words: Glaucium flavum Crantz, cataline, N-methyllaurotetanine, norchelidonine, protopine, AChE, BuChE. Alzheimer's disease, the most widespread neurodegenerative disease, causes decrease of cognitive functions and dementia. The most effective therapeutic approach is the application of central cholinesterase inhibitors, which alleviate cholinergic deficit in brain and thus improve memory. Currently, intensive investigation of new active compounds including natural substances is carried on. Within the preliminary testing, alkaloid extract from Glaucium flavum Crantz herb showed promising inhibition of human cholinesterases, so it was selected for further examination. The primary alkaloid extract was acquired from dried flowering herb by extraction with ethanol and subsequent liquid extraction at different pH. This extract was treated by preparative thin layer chromatography. The structure of alkaloids was determined by spectrometric methods (MS, NMR) and their optical...
Isolation of alkaloids of the species Magnolia soulangeana Soul.-​Bod. and study of their biological activity
Baková, Izabela ; Hošťálková, Anna (advisor) ; Opletal, Lubomír (referee)
Baková I.: Isolation of alkaloids of the species Magnolia soulangeana Soul.-Bod. and study of their biological activity. Diploma thesis, Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Department of Pharmaceutical Botany and Ecology, Hradec Králové, 2017. Key words: Magnolia solulangeana, secondary metabolites, alkaloids, biological activity. Secondary metabolites of plants are responsible for various biological activities. Alkaloids were described as a potentially suitable for Alzheimer's disease therapy (AD) through their inhibition activities against cholinesterases. Nowadays, these substances are important medicine for AD, therefore a screening of herbal drugs is still a current topic. An alkaloid extract of Magnolia × soulangeana flowers was tested in a preliminary testing on anticholinesterase activity. Because of the promising results, it was chosen for an isolation and identification possible effective alkaloids. The extract was separated by a column chromatography using aluminium oxide and a step gradient elution. Alkaloids were isolated by a repeated preparative thin-layer chromatography. Individual alkaloids were identified by a structural analysis (NMR, MS) and then their optical activity was measured. Substances were tested for an inhibition activity against human...
Alkaloids of Amaryllidaceae family: isolation, structural identification, biological activity. I
Dohnalová, Alice ; Cahlíková, Lucie (advisor) ; Hošťálková, Anna (referee)
Dohnalova A: Alkaloids of Amaryllidaceae family: isolation, structural identification, biological activity. I; Diploma thesis, Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Department of Pharmaceutical Botany and Ecology, Hradec Králové, 2017, 64 p. The Amaryllidaceae family includes bulbous, beautifully flowering plants that have been used for thousands of years in traditional medicine. The major chemical compounds found in this particular plant family are alkaloids, namely Amaryllidaceae alkaloids. Until now, more than 500 isoquinoline alkaloids have been discovered, which exhibit a diverse biological activity including antitumor and antibacterial. They are also able to inhibit acetylcholinesterase. The aim of the diploma thesis was to process 34 kg of fresh bulbs of Narcissus cv. PROFESSOR EINSTEIN and to prepare an alkaloidal extract. This extract was further divided by column chromatography to almost 500 fractions which were merged based on TLC into 27 subfractions. The subfractione No. 17 was selected for isolation of at least one pure alkaloid. Preparative TLC was used for the the isolation. One pure compound was obtained in crystalic form which was then subjected to structural analysis by EI-MS and NMR methods. Further studies of biological activities were performed in...
Alkaloids of Papaver rhoeas L. (Papaveraceae) and their biological activity related to Alzheimerʼs disease II.
Čakurdová, Marta ; Chlebek, Jakub (advisor) ; Hošťálková, Anna (referee)
Čakurdová, M.: Alkaloids of Papaver rhoeas L. (Papaveraceae) and their biological activity related to Alzheimer's disease II. Diploma thesis, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Department of Pharmaceutical Botany and Ecology, Hradec Králové, 2017. The aim of this work was focused on isolation of alkaloids from the fraction 1 (joined fractions 20-27), which was obtained from the summary alkaloid extract of Papaver rhoeas L. (Papaveraceae). The alkaloids were identified by structural analysis NMR, GC-MS, optical activity and melting point. Two alkaloids were identified as (-)-stylopine and (+)-rhoeadine. Isolated substances were tested on ability to inhibit the enzymes acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase and prolyloligopeptidase. Obtained data were expressed as IC50 values: (-)-stylopine (IC50 AChE = 522 ± 67 µM, IC50 BuChE = >1000 µM, IC50 POP = >790 µM); (+)-rhoeadine (IC50 AChE = 915 ± 64 µM, IC50 BuChE = >1000 µM, IC50 POP = >790 µM). None of the isolated substances showed so potent cholinesterase inhibitory activity as the alkaloids galanthamine (IC50 AChE = 1.71± 0.065 µM, IC50 BuChE =42.30 ± 1.30 µM) and huperzine A (IC50 AChE = 0.033 ± 0.001 µM, IC50 BuChE = >1000 µM) or rivastigmine (IC50 AChE = 0.037 ± 0.001 µM, IC50 BuChE = 3.3 ± 0.3 nM)....
Biological activity of plant metabolites XXXIV. Alkaloids from the herb of Glaucium flavum CRANTZ and their impact on human cholinesterases
Puzyrevská, Jana ; Hošťálková, Anna (advisor) ; Cahlíková, Lucie (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Botany and Ecology Candidate: Jana Puzyrevská Supervisor: PharmDr. Anna Hošťálková, Ph.D. Title of Thesis: Biological activity of plant metabolites XXXIV. Alkaloids from the herb of Glaucium flavum CRANTZ and their impact on human cholinesterases. Key words: Glaucium flavum Crantz, cataline, N-methyllaurotetanine, norchelidonine, protopine, AChE, BuChE. Alzheimer's disease, the most widespread neurodegenerative disease, causes decrease of cognitive functions and dementia. The most effective therapeutic approach is the application of central cholinesterase inhibitors, which alleviate cholinergic deficit in brain and thus improve memory. Currently, intensive investigation of new active compounds including natural substances is carried on. Within the preliminary testing, alkaloid extract from Glaucium flavum Crantz herb showed promising inhibition of human cholinesterases, so it was selected for further examination. The primary alkaloid extract was acquired from dried flowering herb by extraction with ethanol and subsequent liquid extraction at different pH. This extract was treated by preparative thin layer chromatography. The structure of alkaloids was determined by spectrometric methods (MS, NMR) and their optical...
Study of Chemical Constituents of Taxons from Order Laurales and Ranunculales with Potential Neuroprotective Activity
Hošťálková, Anna ; Opletal, Lubomír (advisor) ; Kokoška, Ladislav (referee) ; Drašar, Pavel (referee)
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Botany and Ecology Candidate: Mgr. Anna Hošťálková Supervisor: Prof. RNDr. Lubomír Opletal, CSc. Title of Doctoral Thesis: Study of chemical constituents of taxons from order Laurales and Ranunculales with potential neuroprotective activity. Key words: Berberis vulgaris, Peumus boldus, Hydrastis canadensis, isoquinoline alkaloids, acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase, prolyl oligopeptidase. Commercial goldenseal extrakt, boldo leaves and barberry root bark were selected as sources of isoquinoline alkaloids for study of their biological activity. Mixtures of summary tertiary alkaloids were prepared by standard extraction and subsequently fractionated in aluminium oxide chromatography column using the step gradient elution with petrol, chloroform and ethanol. Repeated column chromatographies, preparative TLC and crystallizations led to the isolation of 28 isoquinoline alkaloids, 6 of them were identificated as new structures (some of them were propably artifacts). The chemical structures of isolated compounds were determined on the basis of spectrometric techniques (NMR, MS) and by comparison with literature. Isolated alkaloids in sufficient amount were tested on ability to inhibit human...
Alkaloids of Narcissus 'Dutch Master '(Amaryllidaceae) and their biological activity. I.
Vacková, Lucie ; Chlebek, Jakub (advisor) ; Hošťálková, Anna (referee)
Vacková, L.: Alkaloids Narcissus 'Dutch Master' (Amaryllidaceae) and their biological activity. I. Diploma thesis, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Department of Pharmaceutical Botany and Ecology, Hradec Králové 2016. From a selected fraction ND-6, which was obtained by column chromatography of an alkaloid extract of Narcissus 'Dutch Master' (preparation of the alkaloid extract and column chromatography was performed by Mgr. Daniela Hulcová within her doctoral thesis), lycorine alakloid O-acetylpluviin was isolated using preparative TLC. Its structure was determined on the basis of MS, NMR analysis, and optical rotation, the obtained data were compared with the literature. The isolated alkaloid was tested on its possibility to inhibit human acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase. The activity was expressed as IC 50 values (IC50 AChE = 648.03 ± 53.95 μM, IC50 BChE = 602.50 ± 48.50 μM) and compared with IC50 values of galanthamine, huperzine A and physostigmine. O-acetylpluviine showed a very low inhibitory cholinesterase activity, and so, the alkaloid does not seem to be a suitable cholinesterase inhibitor for potential use in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Keywords: Narcissus 'Dutch Master', Amaryllidaceae, lycorine alkaloids, Alzheimer's disease,...
Study of Chemical Constituents of Taxons from Order Laurales and Ranunculales with Potential Neuroprotective Activity
Hošťálková, Anna ; Opletal, Lubomír (advisor) ; Kokoška, Ladislav (referee) ; Drašar, Pavel (referee)
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Botany and Ecology Candidate: Mgr. Anna Hošťálková Supervisor: Prof. RNDr. Lubomír Opletal, CSc. Title of Doctoral Thesis: Study of chemical constituents of taxons from order Laurales and Ranunculales with potential neuroprotective activity. Key words: Berberis vulgaris, Peumus boldus, Hydrastis canadensis, isoquinoline alkaloids, acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase, prolyl oligopeptidase. Commercial goldenseal extrakt, boldo leaves and barberry root bark were selected as sources of isoquinoline alkaloids for study of their biological activity. Mixtures of summary tertiary alkaloids were prepared by standard extraction and subsequently fractionated in aluminium oxide chromatography column using the step gradient elution with petrol, chloroform and ethanol. Repeated column chromatographies, preparative TLC and crystallizations led to the isolation of 28 isoquinoline alkaloids, 6 of them were identificated as new structures (some of them were propably artifacts). The chemical structures of isolated compounds were determined on the basis of spectrometric techniques (NMR, MS) and by comparison with literature. Isolated alkaloids in sufficient amount were tested on ability to inhibit human...
Pyrazine derivatives as potential drugs III
Hošťálková, Anna ; Kopecký, Kamil (referee) ; Doležal, Martin (advisor)
Deriváty pyrazinu jako potanciální léčiva III. Tuberkulóza je problém v celosvětovém měřítku. Rostoucí počet nakažených lidí, vznik lékově rezistentních kmenů Mycobacterium tuberculosis a ko-infekce HIV vedly k naléhavé potřebě nových antituberkulotik. Tato diplomová práce referuje o současných léčivech používaných při léčbě tuberkulózy a některých nových potenciálních antituberkuloticích. Také bylo v rámci diplomové práce syntetizováno deset nových látek, derivátů anilidů kyseliny pyrazin-2-karboxylové, které byly charakterizovány jejich fyzikálními vlastnostmi a poté byla zkoušena jejich antimykobakteriální a antifungální aktivita in vitro. Abstract Pyrazine derivatives as potential drugs III. Tuberculosis is a health problem worldwide. The increasing number of infected people, emergence of drug resistant strains Mycobacterium tuberculosis and HIV co-infection have resulted in the urgent need for new antituberculosis drugs. This degree work reviews drugs used in current treatment for tuberculosis and some of new potential anti-tuberculosis drug candidates. Within the task of this work were also synthesized ten new compounds, derivatives of anilides of pyrazin-2-carboxylic acid, which were characterized by physical properties and then was assayed their antimycobacterial and antifungal activity in...

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