National Repository of Grey Literature 20 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
Steam boiler with grate firing burning mix coal and wood (mixing ratio 30/70-wood)
Dvořák, Aleš ; Kohout, Přemysl (referee) ; Skála, Zdeněk (advisor)
This diploma work attends to presentation of steam grid boiler for wood and brown coal burning in scale (30/70-wood) in load 60t/h, with parametres of outgoing vapour p=7MPa, t=490°C. The work is splitted to several chapters. At the beginning I’m going to make stechiometric calculation and entalpic calculations of air and compustion gas. After that I’m going to calculate heat balance, losses of boiler and set heat efficiency of boiler. Then I’m going to suggest combustion chamber of boiler and make heat calculation. After suggestion of combustion chamber I’m going to set proportions of pulls and heat-delivery surface. In last chapter I’m giong to check heat balance. Inclosure of my work contains drawing documentation of steam boiler.
Inspection authorities of nuclear safety in the world and their purpose
Dvořák, Aleš ; Nerud, Pavel (referee) ; Šen, Hugo (advisor)
This thesis deals with issues of nuclear safety. The first section provides an overview of international organizations and associations, which control via their activities all regulations concerning nuclear safety, the technical state of equipments and systems in nuclear power plants. The second part deals with technical description of important equipment and systems of the nuclear powerplants at chosen nuclear reactors of II. and III. generation. The last part explains the conception of nuclear safety deeply. The reader can gain a deep overview of the different levels of protection and attention is also paid to the methods that contribute to the evaluation of nuclear safety.
Study of bilirubin and its oxidation products
Capková, Nikola ; Dvořák, Aleš (advisor) ; Vejražka, Martin (referee) ; Holendová, Blanka (referee)
Phototherapy (PT) with blue-green light (420-490 nm) is the standard treatment for severe neonatal jaundice to prevent infants from toxic bilirubin (BR). Upon blue-green light exposure, BR is converted to more polar photoisomer (PI) lumirubin (LR) and the other oxidation products (mono-, di-, tripyrrols) which can be more easily disposed of the body via urine and/or bile. Although generally considered to be safe, PT is accompanied by an increased risk of various pathophysiological conditions (inflammatory processes, allergies, diabetes, and some types of cancer), in extremely low-birth-weight newborns. Thus, to account for these consequences, our study aimed to understand the mechanism of BR secretion in different tissues and cell lines and investigate the bioactive properties of BR and its main photooxidation product LR. At first, we focused on the detection of BR in the bile and feces of hyperbilirubinemic Gunn rats. Simultaneously, we tested the antioxidant and pro-oxidant effects of unconjugated BR in human hepatoblastoma (HepG2), proximal tubular (HK2), neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y), and murine endothelial (H5V) cells by exposing them to progressively increasing concentrations of BR. To compare the BR and LR effects on metabolic and oxidative stress markers, the biological activities were...
Application of monosubstituted cyclodextrins in chiral separation of omeprazole by capillary electrophoresis
Dvořák, Aleš ; Čabala, Radomír (advisor) ; Coufal, Pavel (referee)
Chiral separation of omeprazole was the subject of this work. Five diferent monosubstituted derivatives of α- and β-cyclodextrins, two of them cationic and three anionics, were used as chiral selectors in various buffers of different pH. The influence of CD and buffer concentrations on chiral separation was studied. Voltage of 25 kV, UV detection in the range from 202 to 303 nm and constant temperature of 20 řC was used for all measurements. Concentration of CDs between 0 and 7 mmol.l-1 was used. Fused silica capillary of 50 µm ID and 375 µm OD, 48,5 cm total and 40 cm effective lenght was used as separation capillary. Dimethylformamide was used in stock solution of omeprazole as solvent, and was simultaneously applied as EOF marker. Succesfull chiral separation of omeprazole was achieved under the application of 2'-O-carboxymethyl-β-cyclodextrin (2'-CM-β-CD) and mono-6-deoxy-6-N,N,N',N',N'-pentamethylethylendiammonio- cyclomaltoheptaose dichloride (PEMEDA-β-CD) where the resolution of 1,42 (pH = 5,1) and 4,29 (pH = 11,1) was measured, respectively.
Mitochondria as a target of anticancer therapy.
Dvořák, Aleš ; Ježek, Petr (advisor) ; Poučková, Pavla (referee) ; Vecka, Marek (referee)
Mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) catalyzes reductive carboxylation (RC, reverse Krebs cycle pathway) and 2HG synthesis (2HG) - metabolite of which many scientists are interested. 2HG may be concurrently synthetized in cytosol by IDH1. RC is involved in anabolic reactions necessary for cell proliferation - produces citrate, fatty acid precursor - especially in hypoxia. IDH2 and IDH1 are not the only enzymes that are involved in 2HG synthesis. Recently, several enzymes, which participate in 2HG production, have been discovered. 2HG is useful in cancer diagnostics due to its overproduction by transformed cells. Moreover, 2HG may cause epigenetic changes via inhibition of 2-oxoglutarate dependent dioxygenase. In this work, the importance of RC and 2HG synthesis in cancer and healthy cells was investigated by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry detection as well as IDH2 influence. We found that IDH2 significantly participates in reverse RC and 2HG synthesis in breast cancer cell lines and uses glutaminolysis as a supplementary anaplerotic pathway. RC is increased by hypoxia, inhibition of respiration, and decreased by activation of respiration or hypocapnia. We confirmed 2HG synthesis and RC in healthy cells (fibroblasts, breast epithelial cells etc.) as well as in cancer cells....
Mitochondria as a target of anticancer therapy.
Dvořák, Aleš
RK se podílí a prolifera i ádorový h u ěk ve stíže ý h zkrá e é Kre sově klu v tváří reverz í reak í z OG itrát, který ůže ýt e portová do tosolu, kde slouží jako prekurzor ast ý h k seli a další h olekul. )ároveň IDH při RK spotře ovává stej ě tak i při s téze HG NADPH. RK se tak z výzku u zdá ještě zají avější, e oť ůže ovliv it produk i ROS a íru o idač ího stresu. HG ůže ýt s tetizová a IDH i ěkolik další h e z ů. HG regulač í olekul součas é do ě je v užívá Bývá oz ačová jako ož ý i hi itor α DD , jež se pod í a růz ý h epige eti ký h z ě á h a zv šují alig itu rakovi ého fe ot pu spoje ou se z ě ou prolifera e u ěč ý h li ií h kar i o u prsu a další h uňká h, včet ě pri ár í h potka í h fi ro lastů a aktivitě respira e. de o strují, že HG ádorový h uňká h, a aví že ve zdravý h uňká h z ě hladi ovlivňují prolifera i. elkově jeví jako vhod ý íl proti ádorové terapie, zej é a ve světle edáv ý h o jevů, ve který h se ukázalo, že utova á íře s tézu α Klíčová slova: MS, uňk prs ího 6, fi ro last , HG/ OG po ěr, C izotopi ké z ače í, prolifera e fi ro lastů, h po ie
Mitochondria as a target of anticancer therapy.
Dvořák, Aleš
RK se podílí a prolifera i ádorový h u ěk ve stíže ý h zkrá e é Kre sově klu v tváří reverz í reak í z OG itrát, který ůže ýt e portová do tosolu, kde slouží jako prekurzor ast ý h k seli a další h olekul. )ároveň IDH při RK spotře ovává stej ě tak i při s téze HG NADPH. RK se tak z výzku u zdá ještě zají avější, e oť ůže ovliv it produk i ROS a íru o idač ího stresu. HG ůže ýt s tetizová a IDH i ěkolik další h e z ů. HG regulač í olekul součas é do ě je v užívá Bývá oz ačová jako ož ý i hi itor α DD , jež se pod í a růz ý h epige eti ký h z ě á h a zv šují alig itu rakovi ého fe ot pu spoje ou se z ě ou prolifera e u ěč ý h li ií h kar i o u prsu a další h uňká h, včet ě pri ár í h potka í h fi ro lastů a aktivitě respira e. de o strují, že HG ádorový h uňká h, a aví že ve zdravý h uňká h z ě hladi ovlivňují prolifera i. elkově jeví jako vhod ý íl proti ádorové terapie, zej é a ve světle edáv ý h o jevů, ve který h se ukázalo, že utova á íře s tézu α Klíčová slova: MS, uňk prs ího 6, fi ro last , HG/ OG po ěr, C izotopi ké z ače í, prolifera e fi ro lastů, h po ie
Mitochondria as a target of anticancer therapy.
Dvořák, Aleš ; Ježek, Petr (advisor) ; Poučková, Pavla (referee) ; Vecka, Marek (referee)
Mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) catalyzes reductive carboxylation (RC, reverse Krebs cycle pathway) and 2HG synthesis (2HG) - metabolite of which many scientists are interested. 2HG may be concurrently synthetized in cytosol by IDH1. RC is involved in anabolic reactions necessary for cell proliferation - produces citrate, fatty acid precursor - especially in hypoxia. IDH2 and IDH1 are not the only enzymes that are involved in 2HG synthesis. Recently, several enzymes, which participate in 2HG production, have been discovered. 2HG is useful in cancer diagnostics due to its overproduction by transformed cells. Moreover, 2HG may cause epigenetic changes via inhibition of 2-oxoglutarate dependent dioxygenase. In this work, the importance of RC and 2HG synthesis in cancer and healthy cells was investigated by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry detection as well as IDH2 influence. We found that IDH2 significantly participates in reverse RC and 2HG synthesis in breast cancer cell lines and uses glutaminolysis as a supplementary anaplerotic pathway. RC is increased by hypoxia, inhibition of respiration, and decreased by activation of respiration or hypocapnia. We confirmed 2HG synthesis and RC in healthy cells (fibroblasts, breast epithelial cells etc.) as well as in cancer cells....

National Repository of Grey Literature : 20 records found   1 - 10next  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
15 DVOŘÁK, Adam
15 Dvořák, Adam
2 Dvořák, Antonín
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