National Repository of Grey Literature 89 records found  beginprevious80 - 89  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Czechoslovak and the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance in the 1950s.
Huf, Vladimír ; Szobi, Pavel (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
This dissertation is devoted to the Czechoslovakian entry into the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) and the consequences of this membership on Czechoslovak economics in the following ten years. The thesis discourses about the reasons for the entry into the COMECON by analysing the postwar economic and political situation as well as the elements Czechoslovakia was expecting from it. The emphasis of this dissertation is on the first two years of the functioning of the COMECON, during which it was revealed to be primarily an instrument of Soviet politics, and which affected the transformation towards the preference for heavy indrustry. The intention of the thesis is to confirm that Czechoslovakia was suiting its economical structure to the needs of the Eastern Bloc, which were pursued through COMECON. The study also focuses on the analysis of changes in COMECON activity and their impact on the Czechoslovak economy over the years. The purpose of the thesis is to review the motives behind the Czechoslovak entry into COMECON along with the consequences COMECON membership had on Czechoslovakia in the first ten years of its existence.
Economic and social context of the establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic in 1914 - 1918
Sedlmajerová, Jana ; Szobi, Pavel (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic in the years 1914 till 1918. It attempts to clarify the situation of a nation living in the Habsburg monarchy before the establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic. It analyzes also the economic situation of Czech lands and the whole Austria-Hungary before the First World War. In the first place, it concentrates on the Czechs and Slovaks and their efforts that led to secession from the Austrian hegemony. Next, the thesis points out whether the nation's independence from monarchy was considered before the outbreak of war or the war itself caused the destruction of programme ideas of the Czech political parties about the formation of an independent state, or whether the new emerging state was economically prepared for the secession from the Austria-Hungary. The major initiators are mentioned such as T. G. Masaryk, K. Kramář, E. Beneš and others, who stood behind the establishment of a new state. Primarily, the emphasis is placed on the events home and abroad in 1914 - 1918, on the formation of the National Council, on the Kramář project of Slavic Empire and the Masaryk's fight for independent state. In the thesis I prop myself upon published sources and recent professional literature.
The Czechoslovak collective farms in 1970s
Olič, Jan ; Szobi, Pavel (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
In my thesis I am going to investigate the Czechoslovak agriculture in 1960s. I am going to specifically focus on collective farms. I will try to find out how the agriculture complex was productive and how organized it was. The system was already quite stable in this decade, but everything unreels from its beginning. I am coming out of the presumption, that the agricultural cooperative system was inspired by the soviet model. Therefore I'm going to focus on analysis of analogy between the progressions of collective farms, let us say kolkhozes, in Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. I'm going to examine, whether Czechoslovak government avoided the mistakes occurred during the violent collectivization of Soviet Union in 1930s or the history has repeated. Thesis should contribute to analysis of Czechoslovak history in mentioned period, to extending the knowledge about the form of Czechoslovak collective farms and to understanding the large differences in the efficiency of agriculture comparing to USSR. My thesis is going to be based on the published origins and on the latest scholarly literature.
Political and economic intergation of Czechoslovakia to the Eastern Bloc
Kleinbauer, Jan ; Szobi, Pavel (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
My bachelor's thesis goes back to the period of the end of the World War II, especially to the period of three years after the end. The goal is to provide a complex insight of events of that period when Czechoslovakia got in thrall to the Soviet Union. It is focused on particular political and economic events in Czechoslovakia used by Moscow to show its objectives in Central Europe. Firstly, I analyzed the situation during liberation of Czechoslovakia by the Red Army and just after. I focused on the Government Programme of Košice, Soviet critic of the Prague Uprising and the Czech National Council. Secondly, I analyzed Moscow's pressure about Těšín area situation and annexation of the Subcarpathian Rus, government elections of 1946 and influence of its results on building up relations between Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union. In the area of economic relations, I focused on disputes about war booty, new trade contracts negotiations with the USSR and consequent problems that escalated with Moscow's dictate about the Marshall Plan adoption. After that, I examined the conception of politics of Edvard Beneš and his relation to the USSR being a person that believed in victory of democracy.
Antitrust policy in the Progressive Era
Rybáček, Miroslav ; Tajovský, Ladislav (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
My study represents an explanation of roots of antitrust policy and development particularly during the Progressive Era. My thesis summarizes effectiveness of new antitrust law and attempts to show impact of antitrust law on society. One of the most important contributions of my study is, to explain some myths regarding to antitrust policy. Therefore, I show some doubts passing of new antitrust acts. Further contribution is showing of social and economic situation in the Progressive Era and development of antitrust law. A then I write about impact of interest group on passing of antitrust law.
Czechoslovak-Israelis realtions in years 1948-1953
Hurt, Tomáš ; Soběhart, Radek (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
The master thesis discusses Czechoslovak-Israelis relations in years 1948 -- 1953. The paper describes a wobble in Czechoslovak foreign policy, which initially diplomatically and materially supported the formation of State Israel in post-war years and in a period closely after the communistic putsch in the Czechoslovak republic. Later, the relation between states was described like unfriendly. The paper attends the particular aspects of declining cooperation -- questions of emigration, ordnance supply, diplomatically relations and pressure of political trials to correlation. In fine, it could be resume that the Czechoslovak republic turned its traditional policy of friendship to Jews at Soviet commands. Czechoslovakia brought in elements of anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism to interrelationship. The paper ends in the year 1953, when the hostile relations between both states were accomplished.
Czechoslovak Spartakiads as an example of abuse of sport within the totalitarian regime
Mikulecká, Marta ; Soběhart, Radek (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
The thesis deals with Czechoslovak Spartakiads, which were held by the Communist Party every fifth year from 1955 till 1985 (with exception of 1970). Spartakiads were one of the symbols of the Communist regime, when thousands of gymnasts performed and created different figures by synchronized exercises of their bodies at the Strahov Stadium in Prague. Introduction of my paper is focused on description of history of mass gymnastic displays, which Spartakiads came from. I also indicate how and when Spartakiads originated, how they realized and who and how organized them. Spartakiads were very popular, that's why I describe in the paper, why and how the Communist regime succeeded to hold their popularity. Spartakiads became a tool of communist propaganda. So, I realize the difference in a public perception of Spartakiads and the official interpretation. I examine the transformation of a face of Spartakiad in time in my thesis. I compare its transformation with evolution of the Communist ideology. I evaluate the point and purport of Spatakiad in conclusion of the paper and I think about a chance of survival of Spartakiad in present time.
Monetary reform in Czechoslovakia in 1953
Rumíšková, Hana ; Soběhart, Radek (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
This thesis analysis causes, process and consequences of monetary reform in Czechoslovakia in 1953. Thesis also includes theoretical review of monetary policy from various economic schools but main part is focused on historic circumstances of monetary reform and economic situation in the country in years 1948 - 1953. It shows the influence of Soviet Union on its satellites, particularly in monetary policy. Thesis is divided according to individual topics. First part covers different attitudes to monetary policy, the next part deals with the reform itself and outlines the significance of the reform's preparation and organization. It is followed by the part of particular role of central bank in this reform and the last chapter discusses economical, political and social consequences of this economic move.
The Bank Holiday and Their Impact on the American Banking System in the 1930's
Jiráň, Michal ; Tajovský, Ladislav (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
This bachelor thesis analyses economical and financial crisis in the 30's of 20th century. It mainly focuses on the bank system in the United States of America, especially the monetary action - Bank Holidays. The Bank Holidays were pronounced by president F.D. Roosevelt on the 4th of March 1933 in order to recover collapsing financial system. The reforms which significantly influenced the final stage of the bank system were applied in years 1933 - 1935. These reformative laws are deailed analysed in this bachelor thesis, especially their effectivity and if it was necessary to take these actions or better take another alternative steps.
Edvard Benes's concept of socializing (humane) democracy
Skřítek, Radim ; Soběhart, Radek (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
The bachelor thesis focuses on the theoretic concept of socializing (humane) democracy made up by chairman Edvard Beneš in London during the Second World War. I want to analyse and explain this concept in the first part of the thesis. The other parts of the thesis concentrate on particular themes which was influenced by Benes's activity and concide with the time of creation of the concept. The particular themes are Benes's relationship to Soviet Union, expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia and negotiations about first government after the second world war. Both theoretic and practical view are considered. The main task of the bachelor thesis is to give answer, whether the concept was purposeful and whether the realization of this concept was possible.

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