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State supervision over financial activities
Michalec, Filip ; Bakeš, Milan (advisor) ; Karfíková, Marie (referee)
State supervision of financial activities I have chosen this topic because financial supervision plays a very important role as it ensures stability of financial markets and thereby helps to stabilize national economies. Contemporary legislation in the area of financial supervision is undergoing major changes in order to reflect devastating impact of the financial crisis. Therefore it is substantial to analyze this legislation because its effect on financial law can be significant. The aim of this thesis is to analyze financial supervision and its different methods together with the proposed changes of financial supervision in the European Union. I have decided to concentrate on current and proposed legislation in the European Union because it will directly affect the Czech Republic as a member state. Chapters two and three explain the term financial supervision and major methods of financial supervision used in different countries. Chapter four analyzes legislative aspects of financial supervision in Czech Republic and its major current objectives. Legal status of the Czech National Bank as an integrated financial supervisor is also assessed in this chapter. Different types of financial supervision are then compared in chapter five. No financial supervision method is preferred because I believe...
Financial market supervision
Balvínová, Helena ; Bakeš, Milan (advisor) ; Kohajda, Michael (referee) ; Dřevínek, Karel (referee)
This thesis deals with supervision over the financial market and its legal framework. I chose the topic because I have always been interested in the issue concerning the financial market. This thesis enables readers to get familiarized with the current situation of the financial market supervision in the Czech Republic, European Union and three member states of European Union, i.e. United Kingdom, France and Slovakia. The Chapter One is an introduction to the theme. The second chapter deals with the basic terms used in the thesis as financial market, supervision, inspection etc. It is a theoretical part of the thesis. The third chapter examines relevant legislation of the European Union and it is dedicated to the EU financial supervision. A new structure for EU financial supervision was agreed in 2010 following the adoption of the de Larosière report in November 2008. At the beginning of 2011 the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB) and three European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) were established. The purpose of the new structure is to ensure effective surveilance of the EU financial market. The ESRB is responsible for monitoring and assessing potential threats to the stability of the financial system. It can issue risk warnings when necessary, and can make recommendations for remedial action,...
The tax system and agreements on double taxation avoidance
Žiačik, Jan ; Bakeš, Milan (advisor) ; Karfík, Zdeněk (referee)
The subject of the thesis is analysis of tax systems. The author is writ ing about the subject from general point of view as wel l as focusing on the tax system in the Czech Republic as in 2008 whi le indicat ing the possible future development in terms of the EC tax harmonization process and existing double taxation t reaties. The first part explains the general characteristics of the tax system. It defines some related key terms: tax, tax system, subject and object of the tax immunity, tax base, tarrif rate, period of taxation and the main functions of taxation: allocation, redest ribution, stabilization and the fiscal function. Author also mentions some of the requi red characteristics of the tax system - fairness, effectiveness, stimulation, legal perfection and transparency and some of the possible tax divisions, the most commonly used division between assessed and excise taxes in particular. The author describes the process of the tax harmonization within the EC. The fi rst chapter finishes with the key part of the thesis - the analysis of the current tax system in the Czech Republic in the 2008 and some suggestions for its improvement. The second part focuses on the double taxation t reaties. These are important in the international point of view. Firstly, the author names the double taxation causat...
Tax execution
Veselá, Eva ; Karfíková, Marie (advisor) ; Bakeš, Milan (referee)
66 TAX EXECUTION This thesis examines the tax execution in the Czech legal system. Tax execution represents an eminent interference with the rights and duties of a tax debtor, who has only limited possibilities of procedural defence. The thesis is composed of ten chapters. Chapter One includes introduction of my thesis. Chapter Two is subdivided into two parts. Part One analyzes idea execution. Part One of this chapter is formed by an explanation of further details about the concept of execution. Part Two describes particular groups, kinds and ways of execution. Chapter Three focuses on history of tax execution. Chapter Four includes outlines of czech law. There are showed basic acts of czech law. Presumptions of the recovering of the tax debts are analysed in the next chapter. Chapter Five consists of two parts. Part One describes the procedural presumptions (for example authority, pertinence). Part Two contains material presumptions ( title of execution, inactivity of a tax debtor,) Course of the tax execution describes chapter Six. This chapter is divided into seven part. Part One addresses the issue of look for information about tax debtor (his property, his employer, his number of bank account ,…) Next parts of this chapter deal with writ of execution, delay of tax execution, stop of tax execution,...
Operation with securities and financial derivatives
Peroutková, Marie ; Bakeš, Milan (advisor) ; Karfík, Zdeněk (referee)
Resumé 94 Název: Operace s cennými papíry a finančními deriváty Title: Securities and financial derivatives operations Klíčová slova: deriváty, cenné papíry Key words: derivatives, securities Resume: This thesis describes securities and financial derivatives in context of investments instruments. First chapter is dedicated to securities and deals mostly with the term of securities and its sorting. Czech legal system doesn't contain any clear definition of securities and enumerate only demonstrative list of securities. Definition of this term can be found only in legal theory and says that securities are connection of subject right and carrier instrument, which can be for example paper or record in evidence. According to the Czech law of capital market are most of the securities investments instruments. Second part characterizes financial derivatives, describes legal base of derivatives and divides them into categories. These instruments are derived from other basic ones and their value is changeable depending on price or value of underlying instrument. Basic instrument can be stock, bond, interest rate, index and etc. These instruments are characteristic by derived feature, big leverage effect, risk managing possibility and speculative function for investors. These instruments are classified as investments...
Relations between central banks and commercial banks
Kubo, Aleš ; Bakeš, Milan (advisor) ; Karfíková, Marie (referee)
RELATIONS OF CENTRAL BANK TO TRADING BANKS Diploma paper First chapter is called The Introduction. This chapter describes the content of my diploma paper. Two basic ideas are mentioned here too: 1. Banking regulation and supervision are necessary in our system. 2. Banking regulation and supervision must be flexible and easy to check all the time. Second chapter is called The Banking System. This chapter defines what the banking system is. It consists of banking institutions and relations among these institutions. That`s why the banking system has two components - institutional component and functional component. Institutional component of banking system implies every single bank. The bank can be specified in two ways (economical and legal): 1. The bank conducts business and manipulates with money (economical). 2. The bank is an institution with banking licence (legal). Functional component of banking system comprises arrangement of all relations among banking institutions. It is proper to make differences among single stage, two stage and three stage banking systems. There are two types of two stage banking system - universal and specialized. Basic criteria of bank specialization are territory, sector, clients and offered bank products. Third chapter is called The Banking Regulation. This chapter is divided...

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