National Repository of Grey Literature 96 records found  beginprevious87 - 96  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Are Registration Numbers from Prague Officials Allocated Randomly?
Rovný, Jan ; Bolcha, Peter (advisor) ; Babin, Jan (referee)
This bachelor thesis verifies random allocation of registration number of vehicles in the capital city of Prague. The aim is to determine whether vehicles with attractive registration number have a statistically significantly higher purchase price, which disproves random allocation. The second aim is to verify whether vehicles with attractive registration number statistically significantly use the left lane in the driving direction, which is the lane designated for overtaking. The data needed to verify these hypotheses was gained by two day measuring during which were captured more than 4,000 vehicles. From footbridge over the Nuselský Bridge in Prague were recorded passing vehicles using the camera. From the entire sample were randomly generated 184 vehicles. For cars was estimated the purchase price in the time of allocation of registration number. The numerical combinations of registration numbers were divided into three categories according to attractiveness. These categories were compared with each other in the three models based on their average prices. According to measurement results we can at one percent significance level reject the null hypothesis and say that at this level of significance are not the registration numbers allocated randomly. The result of the fourth model is not statistically significant. It did not confirm that the vehicles with an attractive registration number use more left lane in the direction of travel.
Analysis of Causes of the Housing Bubble in Spain with Special Regard to Euro Currency
Fišer, Radim ; Babin, Jan (advisor) ; Mirvald, Michal (referee)
This paper examines fundamental causes of the housing bubble in Spain in 1999-1997. The thesis also critically evaluates the low interest rates of ECB, which are caused by inherent system fault of one interest rate for every state, even for states with high inflation rate and growth such as Spain or Ireland. I was able to provide evidence that ECB's interest rate was appropriate for France and Germany, but not for Spain. With econometric analysis of time series I was able to prove that low interest rate with regard to Taylor rule lead to a historically unprecedented housing bubble. These rates were even negative after inflation.
Harmonizace fiskálních politik
Kosek, Petr ; Babin, Jan (advisor) ; Sedláček, Petr (referee)
Economies of member states of EU are very dependent on each other, most of them due to common currency. If they want to avoid negative spillover effects of their fiscal politics, they create a collection of ruels, which they have to follow. The main object of this work would be estimation of harmonization of fiscal policies (generally) and estimation of real effects of fiscal harmonization target on economies of EU member states. Another object would be analysis of new fiscal harmonization in EU, which was introduced in spring 2008 by European Commission.
Government intervention during economic downturn:pros and cons
Vítek, Jan ; Janíčko, Martin (advisor) ; Babin, Jan (referee)
My thesis has two aims. The first one is to present anti-crisis measures adopted during the Great depression and the current financial and economic crisis. Afterwards, I evaluate and criticize those measures from the point of view of the Austrian school and Keynesian. Both those schools are each other in opposition concerning the opinion on government interventions. Austrian school represents one of the most liberal economical streams, while Keynesians are part of those economical streams that support government participation in the field of aggregate demand. The second aim is to find analogy between the Great depression and the current financial and economic crisis. The searched analogies are related to events that foreran both crisis and that had a direct influence on those crises.
The Laffer curve and its application in practice
Kadlecová, Lucie ; Mirvald, Michal (advisor) ; Babin, Jan (referee)
This paper aims answer the question what is the revenue--maximizing rate of corporate income tax. Before analysis the literature of Laffer curve criticism and conversly literature of Laffer curve applications is summarized. In paper the relationship of tax rates and tax revenues is examined for Czech republic in time period from 1993 to 2009 and for Ireland in time period from 1981 to 2009 by regression analysis. Analysis showed the relationship described by Laffer theory. Revenue--maximizing tax rates reach values of 27,66% for Czech Republic and 25,1% for Ireland. Because the current statutory corporate tax rates are in both countries lower than calculated Laffer points, further reduction in tax rates will result in decline in tax revenues.
Endogeneity of OCA Criteria in the Context of EMU Periphery
Drnek, Adam ; Hlaváč, Petr (advisor) ; Babin, Jan (referee)
This study examines the hypothesis of an endogenous nature of the business cycles synchronization of countries forming a monetary union, based on the Theory of Optimum Currency Areas (OCA). The model analyzes alignment of business cycles correlation between the core countries and the periphery of the European Monetary Union. Using tests of cointegration and OLS examines the presence of long-term or short-term synchronization of the cycles. After comparing the measured values of synchronization before and after joining the EMU with contribution of Differences-in-Differences method concludes the endogenous nature of business cycles correlation between peripheral and core EMU countries.
Alcohol and Cigarettes: Substitutes or Complements?
Totzauer, Přemysl ; Koblovský, Petr (advisor) ; Babin, Jan (referee)
This paper uses agregate level data in the Czech Republic from 1995 to 2008 to estimate if alcohol and cigarettes are complements or substitutes. The question whether alcohol and cigarettes are substitutes or complements is crucial for considering efficient anti-drug policies, however there has been only a few discussion regarding this topic. My estimation results suggest that cigarette price plays a significant role in both cigarettes and alcohol demand and an increase in cigarette price leads to a decrease in both cigarettes and alcohol consumption. This suggest that alcohol is a complement to cigarettes and anti-drug policy focused on cigarettes causes double win effect. Alcohol price increase leads to increase in cigarette consumption but alcohol price is statistically signifficant neither in alcohol nor in cigarette consumption, therefore we can't use this as evidence for cigarettes being substitutes to alcohol.
Impact of national debt on the behaviour of households
Řehůřek, Tomáš ; Janíčko, Martin (advisor) ; Babin, Jan (referee)
Do Czech households behave on the basis of Ricardian equivalence? Do we threaten the future of our children? These are the questions I want to solve in my thesis. I implemented the regression analysis on an annual and a quarterly data. Its results allow us to deny Ricardian equivalence (which is in violation of much foreign research), so we can agree with, so-called, traditional hypothesis. This means that macroeconomic consequence of society is: higher spend, than avaible product. The main criterion of these consequences is, whether borrowings are used to consume or to investments, complying with criterion of investment.
Poskytla RIA podklady k efektivnímu politickému rozhodnutí ohledně programu podpory filmového průmyslu?
Novotný, Martin ; Lipka, David (advisor) ; Babin, Jan (referee)
The Film Industry Support Programme offers filmmakers up 20 % eligible costs on their production related expenses provided that they film in the Czech Republic. The aim of the programme is to improve amount of foreign film productions in the Czech Republic. EEIP, a.s. created a Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) study in which the impacts of the Film Industry Support Programme on the state budget have been quantified. They concluded that the impact of the subsidy programme on the state budget will be positive. In my work I made evaluation after a year of existence Support Programme. According to my calculation no measurable positive impacts on the state budget occured so far.
U.S. monetary and fiscal policy since Great Depression to the present
Lochmanová, Kristýna ; Babin, Jan (advisor) ; Čermáková, Klára (referee)
In my bachelor's work I would like to focus on monetary and fiscal policy of the U.S. since the Great Depression to the present. My work will focus especially on three main topics. In the first part I will try to summarize the causes and consequences of the Great Depression, in another part I will pay attention to 1950s and 1960s in which the Keynesian theory prevailed. Finally I will try to find out if there are any common elements of the financial crisis in 1930s and of the current one. Seeing that I want to reveal the causes of the Great Depression, on which I will base my findings later, I will devote a few words to the characteristics of the golden era in the 1920s at the beginning of my work.

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