National Repository of Grey Literature 264 records found  previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Causes of increased risk of drug abuse in adolescents
Rychnovská, Simona ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Boukalová, Hedvika (referee)
This work deals with the problem of drug use among adolescent populations. The aim is to find out what the risk of excessive drug use causes. The focus is based on the increasing in drug-dependent adolescents in the Czech Republic and the need to systematically address this issue. In our country, there is research that primarily aims to warn children and adolescents from using drugs. In my work I deal why pubescent and adolescence decide to try the drug and continue to use it as a solution to their problems. The work consists of five chapters. The first chapter is devoted to the period of adolescence, the definition of the developmental period of time from the perspective of different theories. The second chapter deals with changes in puberty and adolescence. First, it is focusing on the biological changes, then the psychological and social. The third chapter is devoted to drug use and its consequences, including a description of the physical and psychological dependence. Also in this chapter are discussed in more detail the effects of the most commonly used drugs in the Czech Republic. The fourth chapter contains a summary of the causes of drug use in adolescence. The last chapter is devoted to the prevention and rehabilitation of the individual. The work also includes a proposal for a research...
Importance of pre-school children's play for mental development
Domkářová, Lucie ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Šírová, Eva (referee)
The bachelor's thesis deals with the importance of preschool children's play for mental development. The main target of the theoretical part is create the most comprehensive overview of current knowledge on the topic. The first part provides general theoretical definition games. Here I present various definitions, classifications and theory of play. Another part is devoted to a detailed description of the importance of the play for the mental development. I focus here on the cognitive, motor, motivational-voluntary, emotional and social development. Since the preschool period begins to appear cooperative play, I consider it important to include a chapter on playmates. Parents, grandparents, siblings, peers and imaginary friend. This chapter describes the importance of the participation and style of play of playmates in the preschool children's play. Conclusions of the thesis is a research project focused on the parents play with preschool children.
Deliberate self-harm in adolescence within the context of family system
Řehulová, Alena ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (referee)
Main aim of this diploma thesis is to summarize mostly foreign findings concerning deliberate self-harm in adolescence with emphasis on family context. Theoretical part deals with definition, prevalence, functions, course, risk factors and possibilities of prevention and therapy of self-harm. There are also mentioned findings about family system and its possible influence on personality. The research question of empirical part is interested in traits of those families, where adolescent self-harm. Family context is shown both on case studies and on summary based on families of 20 adolescents. These results are in accordance with previous research and also suggest some new characteristics for next verification. Characteristics concerning discordant family relationships (both between parents and between one parent and adolescent) seem to be most important. Majority of respondents feel like their parents are not interested in them at all and are too critical. Almost half of them said that they tried to draw their attention by engaging in risk behavior (including self-harm). There was also high incidence of self-destructive behavior in parents of these adolescents.
Psychological Aspects of the Father-Daughter Relationship
Matoušková, Lenka ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Šturma, Jaroslav (referee)
MATOUŠKOVÁ, Lenka. Psychological Aspects of the Father-Daughter Relationship. Prague: The Faculty of Arts of Charles University, 2012. 259 pgs. The final thesis. The title of this work is "Psychological Aspects of Father-Daughter Relationship". In its theoretical part it summarizes mainly Czech, but also some foreign, contributions related to the topic of fatherhood, the specifics of paternal behavior and the importance of a functional father for the psychological development of girls. The issue is also viewed from the perspective of possible negative impacts on the psychological development of women who grew up without their fathers. The analysis is primarily focused on their problems with self- esteem, self-confidence and self-image, identity, emotions and emotional life but also on difficulties in future partner and intimate relationships. The theoretical part, with regard to the research, also discusses the concept of risk and protective factors. It respects the current trend of leaving aside pathogenic and shifting towards salutogenic factors, so it focuses mainly on mapping the protective factors in the psychological development of girls who grew up without their fathers while not excluding the risk factors. In the practical part, the topic is treated in qualitative way using retrospective...
Psychological aspects of amniocentesis
Skutilová, Vladana ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (advisor) ; Šulová, Lenka (referee)
Genetical counselling represents complex activity with multidisciplinar overlap. Most of patients are pregnant women who usually pass amniotic fluid sampling. The aim of this diploma work is to describe these womens behaviour and feelings on the basis of chosen aspects. The text is divided into twelve chapters Theoretical part presents surveyed problems from two poits of view - psychological and medical. It describes indication to invasive prenatal nealth check, thereinafter it talks about most frequented chromosomal deficiency which can be exposed by karyotypisation. Further it talks about the doctor and patinet's realition and about aspects of genetical counselling as well as about ethical aspects of prenatal diagnostics. On the basis of questionaire results, empirical part presents feelings, behaviour and attitudes of women to prenatal health check within in process. Thereinafter it shows and verify which factors influence women's far of health check results.
The Pikler Early Childhood Education
Noack, Dana ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
Title: The Pikler Early Childhood Education Author: Dana Noack Department: Katedra psychologie, FF UK Supervisor: Prof. PhDr. Lenka Šulová, CSc. Abstract: The intention of this study was to explore how the parents who are familiar with the Piklerian principles use these in upbringing their children in the family in the period of early childhood. The theoretical part describes the process of socialization (with the emphasis on the preconditions for the early interaction both on the child's and the parent's side) as well as the topic of upbringing in the family (basic models and the relation of upbringing to the socio-cultural and the historical context) and the most important aspects of the child development in the first three years. The last chapter of the theoretical part introduces the Hungarian pediatrician Emmi Pikler, the basic pediatrist Emmi Pikler, the basic premises of her approach and it's principles related to the issue of the motor development, care and play. The empirical part presents the results of the qualitative content analysis of data gathered by a questionnaire. These data provide us with a basic picture of how the concrete parents use the Piklerian principles in upbringing their children.
Elder abuse and neglect
Haluzíková, Lenka ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Slaměník, Ivan (referee)
This thesis deals with the subject of elder abuse and neglect (EAN). The author in her theoretical part presents all sorts of aspects of the EAN phenomenon which is broadly interdisciplinary and whose definition and prevalence were not assessed yet. It describes exposures of single types of EAN and symptoms, whose knowledge is necessary for effective detection of particular cases of EAN. Hitherto most of the cases stay concealed because the victims tend to hide the abuse and simultaneously neither the community of specialists nor non-specialists have sufficient awareness about the problem in order to perceive it. In this course an education of the public is crucial but also the author deems necessary to change the attitude of all-society towards the elder people which at the present time seems quite discriminatory. Farther the author attends to a victim and an offender of EAN and their interaction, in this respect she presents risk factors and searches for potential causations of abuse. Detailed knowledge of these causations is crucial for suitable aiming of prevention. For a complex intervention of EAN would be ideal to create multidisciplinary teams of different specialists. But such teams are rather exception worldwide. Among these specialists a psychologist should be present as he can play an important...
Handicap in the context of ressilience
Iblová, Petra ; Šturma, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Šulová, Lenka (referee)
Resilience je neopominutelmi zivotni realita, vsudypritomna v Bibli, v pohadkach a legendach vsech kultur. Ve francouzské psychologii se jedna o velmi aktualni a diskutovanou problematiku v poslednich sedmi letech. V anglosaském svete je znama o neco déle. V Ceské republice zustava resilience okrajovym tématem, predevsim z duvodu jazykové hariéry pramenu. Profesor Matejcek uvedl v roce 1998 tento koncept do ceské psychologie kratkym clankem v psychologickém casopise ,Ceskoslovenska psychologie", rocnik XLII, cislo 2, 1998, s. 97-105. Resilienci bychom mohli definovat spolecne s M. Rutterem jako:Zto : « Resilience je fenomén, ktery se objevuje u mladych jedincu, vyvijejicich se zdarne i pres to, ie proiili takovy stres, ktery pro beznou populaci pfedstavuje zavainé riziko negativnich dusledku. » v nasi rigor6zni praci bychom chteli prestavit tento koncept, jeho historii, definice a nektera prakticka vyuziti. Zamerili jsme se predevsim na studii resilience jedincu s pohybovym postizenim nasledkem urazu nebo nemoci. Teoricka cast rigor6zni prace ma za ukol predstavit historické pozadi a teoretické zaklady konceptu resilience, ospravedlnit zarazeni urazu a nemoci mezi zatezové situace a popsat mechanismy vyrovnavani se s temito situacemi. Dale se zabyva definicemi handicapu a podrobne se venuje psychologii...
Risk factors during the prenatal period
Krátká, Michaela ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Šivicová, Gabriela (referee)
This bachelor's thesis is focused on risk factors during the prenatal period and is divided into two main parts: a theoretical section, which is the principal part of the thesis, and a practical section. The theoretical section is primarily a literature overview and aims to present the main group of risk factors that may already affect the child in the prenatal period. The conclusion of this theoretical section is concerning with ways of monitoring the effects of these risk factors, especially genetic ones. The practical section is focused on designing a research project aimed at monitoring the relationship between prenatal maternal stress and any subsequent occurrence of infantile colic of the infant. Keywords: risk factors, prenatal period, infantile colic, prenatal stress
The psyche of women during their maternity leave
Hlaváčková, Marie ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee)
The aim of my thesis was to try to describe changes in perception that occur to women taking the parent role and accession to maternity leave. In the theoretical part, therefore, I first deal with the concept of motherhood in general, as well as changes in the psyche of a woman from pregnancy to baby and toddler age of children. Individual chapters are devoted to childbirth as a major event for the development of relationship with the child and the puerperium. In the empirical part of the work I am looking for different areas in which change in experience is reflected and context of these changes with other variables. The research was conducted in form of a questionnaire, the sample 71 women who spend their maternity or parental leave with her first child responded. These women showed a significant increase in responsibility, caring and a sense of fear, then increased feeling of happiness and life fulfilment as well as overall satisfaction. In contrast decrease was recorded in the possibility of selfdevelopment and communications possibilities of these women. For other items there was not seen a significant increase or decrease. When searching for the relationship between women's feelings and other variables was found non-linear relationship of certain items on the length of time spent by women on maternity...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 264 records found   previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record:
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3 Šulová, Lucie
1 Šulová, Ludmila
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