National Repository of Grey Literature 77 records found  beginprevious68 - 77  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
On the use of correlates of German and Czech verbs
Uhlíková, Klára ; Maroszová, Jana (advisor) ; Šemelík, Martin (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the use of correlates of German and Czech verbs. First the theoretical part sums up the knowledge about correlates in form of pronouns es, das, dessen, dem and in form of pronominal adverbs, afterwards the Czech equivalents of correlates called correlativa are described. In both cases attention is payed to forms, functions, obligatoriness, optionality and position of correlates and correlativa. The practical part focuses on the analysis of the concrete language examples from the parallel corpus InterCorp and on the basis of these examples it explore and concludes in which way the use of correlates in German is coincident with the use of correlativa in Czech.
Word Formation in German-Czech Dictionary
Šemelík, Martin ; Vachková, Marie (advisor) ; Kaňovská, Michaela (referee) ; Petkevič, Vladimír (referee)
The present thesis is based on my experience as one of the contributors to The Large Academic Dictionary German-Czech. It attempts to discuss the role of word formation in German-Czech dictionaries in that it focuses on presentation of word formation in outer texts, macrostructural ordering procedures, treatment of word forming elements, special word formation parts of dictionary entries and possibilities of typography as a means word formation description in a bilingual dictionary. The approach taken is both contemplative and transformative. The thesis rests on the study of existing German-Czech dictionaries published mostly after 1945, partly between 1802 and 1945 as well. Concrete function-based proposals centred on the supposed target users of the LADGC are discussed here. A considerable part of the thesis deals with German derived nouns in Ge-...(-e) seen from a corpus linguistic view.
On the usage of perfect and preteritum in the dialogical texts interveiw and talk-show
Lukashyk, Yauheniya ; Dovalil, Vít (advisor) ; Šemelík, Martin (referee)
Yauheniya Lukashyk On the usage of perfect and preterit in the dialogical texts interview and talk-show Abstract This thesis deals with a question of the competing grammatical forms, namely whether the German preterit and perfect tenses are interchangeable in spoken texts. German interviews and talk-shows were used as a source for this study. The first part is theoretical and gives an outline of the most important views of the linguists, confronted with the German grammar books. It also provides the definitions of the key features of the interview and talk show. Based on these grounds, a thesis of this work is defined, the validity of which is tested in the second part. The second part is therefore practical and concentrates on the individual examples of the tenses in German interviews and talk shows. The sections chosen by listening include verbs both in preterit and perfect forms relevant for this thesis, which means that they deviate from the rules described in the first part. These sections have been analyzed. The thesis ends with a conclusion, where the answer is given, whether these two tenses are interchangeable or not, and whether the exchange has an impact on the meaning of the utterance.
About the apposition in the modern German language
Kučerová, Lucie ; Šemelík, Martin (advisor) ; Maroszová, Jana (referee)
This bachelor thesis is concerned with the state of apposition in contemporary German language. The first part gives a definition of the apposition and its characteristics in the existing grammar books and linguistic studies as well as other related topics (classification of the apposition, the use of case, the declination of titles, professions and relatives). It also deals with some chosen aspects (the terminological inconsistency in the specialized literature, the vague state of apposition in the language, the type of als-apposition). The second part is based on a corpus analysis (DeReKo) which investigates the correctness of the rules about the declination of titles and professions from the grammar books. Keywords: apposition, declination, contemporary German language, the use of case, corpus analysis
"Dialect makes you smart". On the status of dialects in school lessons in the Free State of Bavaria.
Kolářová, Nina ; Blahak, Boris (advisor) ; Šemelík, Martin (referee)
The goal of this bachelor's thesis is to show, how the social attitude towards the usage of dialects in public space in Bavaria changed during the 20th century. By the example of the language usage in school lessons at state schools shall be examined in which relation dialect and standard language as language of instruction and as lesson subject are nowadays. The theoretical part of the thesis is supposed to give an overview about academic literature in which dialectologists and psycholinguists comment on the value of 'bilingualism' (dialect-standard language) in infancy and of the so called 'inner multilingualism'. Moreover is to analyze which directives the official Bavarian curriculum state to the usage of dialects in school lessons and how far these rules in fact are followed by the teachers. In the practical part of the thesis the results of a self-executed research will be presented. There will be two questionnaires available, one for the teachers from different Bavarian schools, the second one for pupils attending these schools. There will also be a comparison of the dialectological situation on the countryside and in (big) cities. The method of the research will be sociolinguistic and comparative.
Collocability of German Adjectives in a Bilingual Dictionary
Budín, Tomáš ; Vachková, Marie (advisor) ; Šemelík, Martin (referee)
This diploma thesis researchs the collocability of the german adjectives and gives some suggestions for the presentation of the collocability in the microstructure of the adjectival entries in the German-Czech translatory dictionary. The diploma thesis is a secondary product of the project of The Large German-Czech Academic Dictionary which has been realized in the Institute for German studies of the Phaculty of Arts of Charles University in Prague since 2000. The lexicographs use the methods of the corpus linguistics, especially a combination of the concepts corpus-based and corpus-driven. Analogous methods were used in this diploma thesis. By means of the Cooccurrence Data Bank (CCDB) of the Institute for the German language in Mannheim the most frequent cooccurrence partners of an adjectiv were found, concrete dictionary examples were found out in the corpus DeReKo of the IDS Mannheim using COSMAS II or on the Internet using the search engine Google. The dates were saved in a special numerical chart of a data bank which is structured on the basis of word classes. The diploma thesis comes to the conclusion that each adjectival entry can be carried out in more ways depending on the preferred criterion which can be frequency based, syntactical, semantical or didactical. In the practical part of the...
On the use of the progressive in the modern German language
Boček, Lukáš ; Šemelík, Martin (advisor) ; Hejhalová, Věra (referee)
This bachelor thesis is concerned with the use of progressive form in the contemporary German language. The first part gives a definition of the progressive form and compares its description in the existing (and mostly newest) grammar books. It also deals with other related topics such as the category of aspect. In spite of the fact that the progressive form appears in both contemporary spoken and written German, it has been widely discussed whether it belongs to the standard language or not. The second part is based on a corpus analysis (DeReKo and DWDS) and investigates the use of progressive form by means of several examples. In addition, the thesis aims at resolving the status of the progressive form in the German language. It inclines to the view that the progressive form belongs to the standard contemporary German which should be reflected by the standard-setting instances accordingly.
On the TEKAMOLO rule in the modern German language
Ekimova, Svetlana ; Maroszová, Jana (advisor) ; Šemelík, Martin (referee)
This bachelor thesis researches the problems of the usage of the TEKAMOLO rule, which determines the sequence of the Adverbials in a German sentence. Its main aim is to make an attempt to give an exact definition of this rule and also to determine the conditions under which it can be used in the communication. The thesis is divided in two parts: a theoretical and a practical part. In the theoretical part there are some explanations of the TEKAMOLO rule given which can be found in textbooks and grammars of the German language and some terms explained which are related with this rule. The practical part has primarily to show how the native speakers and those who study German as foreign language understand the rule. Then there are some further aspects mentioned which affect the word order and which can modify the sequence of Adverbials determined by the TEKAMOLO rule.
On the Use of the Conjunctions bis, bevor and ehe in the present German language and their translation into Czech
Trojanová, Jana ; Dovalil, Vít (advisor) ; Šemelík, Martin (referee)
This thesis deals with the use of conjunctions bis, bevor and ehe in the present German language. The characterization of them in grammar books and selected textbooks is compared, special attention is given to the difference between anteriority and posteriority and the synonymity between conjunctions bevor and ehe. There are also concerned the problems of translation of these conjunctions into Czech. One part is dedicated to the searching of sentences which are related with the future and in which occur conjunctions bis, bevor and ehe in the sense of anteriority. With conjunctions bevor and ehe the use of implicit negation is crucial. Keywords: anteriority, posteriority, negation, tense combinations
On the nesting phenomenon in a bilingual dictionary
Šemelík, Martin ; Berglová, Eva (referee) ; Vachková, Marie (advisor)
dictionary. Crucially, the thesis deals with the question, which of the ways of ordering entries, the alphabetical order or nesting, will be more advantageous to the supposed addressee group of a new German-Czech Academic Dictionary (GDTAW). Besides strictly linguistic points of view, factors such as the user aspect and usefulness are given special attention in this thesis. The analysis shows that the alphabetical order of entries might be more useful to the users of the new dictionary than the nesting or other types of regroupment. As a result, the author focuses on how to indicate word-formation links in dictionaries with a strictly alphabetical macrostructure. In connection with this, the thesis presents an analysis of selected bilingual and monolingual dictionaries.

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